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Career Enhancement Training Study (USAF) (CETS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04067401
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 26, 2019
Results First Posted : July 8, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
United States Department of Defense
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Peter Wyman, University of Rochester

Brief Summary:
A study evaluating a training program to decrease risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors among early career trainees in the United States Air Force.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Suicidal Ideation Behavioral: Wingman Connect Behavioral: Stress Management Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Relationship disruptions and social isolation are major precipitants for military suicides and a range of problems that impair functioning and reduce mission readiness. However, nearly all current military suicide prevention programming focuses on a narrow range of approaches for individuals already at high-risk (e.g., training to detect warning signs and refer for treatment services). This project addresses the need for universal prevention approaches to proactively strengthen protective factors across military populations, including strengthening social connectedness and skills to grow and sustain relationships across service.

The aims of this project are to (a) develop an intervention for early-career, enlisted United States Air Force personnel using an active training approach to strengthening social bonds, and (b) test the intervention (i.e., Wingman-Connect) using a randomized controlled trial design.

Wingman-Connect focuses on Airman-in-Training to build protective factors in: Kinship (healthy bonds); Guidance (support from mentors and mental health); Purpose (goals, sense of being valued and valuable); and Balance (self-care and support). Half of the training is focused on the class as a group to build belonging and shared purpose.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1485 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The study design will involve randomizing approximately 1440 Airman-in-Training (AiT) within 160 Technical Training classes to one of two conditions: Wingman-Connect or a brief Stress Management training. Randomization will occur at the class level, since Wingman-Connect is designed to train AiTs within a class together as a group (those who voluntarily enroll).
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Career Enhancement Training Study (USAF)
Actual Study Start Date : October 3, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Suicide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Wingman Connect
Wingman-Connect total training time is 5 hours, typically spread over three consecutive training 'blocks'(or days), plus 1-hour of booster training (one month later).
Behavioral: Wingman Connect
Wingman-Connect combines group and individual skill training. Group exercises build cohesion, belonging and shared purpose, and promote value of healthy unit, giving and receiving support. Individual skills promote the ability to thrive during transitions, manage stressors and meet career goals, and decrease barriers to utilizing organizational resources (family, health). The training has a total of 22 modules comprised of specific learning objectives and activities. Six months of text messages (1-2 per week) to reinforce and extend program concepts and skills.

Active Comparator: Stress Management
The control training condition will consist of a 2 hr. informational training that provides an overview of the human stress response system and strategies to manage stress. The training will be delivered through lecture format using PowerPoint, supplemented by brief videos and interactive discussion.
Behavioral: Stress Management
Stress management training reviews the basics of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis stress-response system; common experiences of stress (physiological, cognitive, emotional); the impact of chronic stress on the brain and other domains of health; how exercise reduces harmful effects of stress; and relaxation techniques that have been shown to reduce stress and adverse effects of stress on health. Additional modules review the physiological stress response and effects of stress on health; introduces how cognition influences stress responses; common cognitive distortions/attributions are reviewed that affect stress including strategies to strengthen protective cognitive responses. Six months of text messages (1-2 per week) to reinforce and extend program concepts and skills.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Computerized Adaptive Testing for Suicide Severity [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Participants will complete a computerized adaptive test for suicide severity. Participants will answer questions about their mental health. Participant scores will range from 0-100 with 100 indicating higher likelihood of current suicidal ideation and higher risk for suicide attempt.

  2. Mean Computerized Adaptive Testing for Suicide Severity [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Participants will complete a computerized adaptive test for suicide severity. Participants will answer questions about their mental health. Participant scores will range from 0-100 with 100 indicating higher likelihood of current suicidal ideation and higher risk for suicide attempt.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Computerized Adaptive Testing for Depression [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Participants will complete a computerized adaptive test for depression. Participants will answer questions about their mental health. Participant scores will range from 0-100 with 100 indicating higher risk for clinical depression.

  2. Computerized Adaptive Testing for Depression [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Participants will complete a computerized adaptive test for depression. Participants will answer questions about their mental health. Participant scores will range from 0-100 with 100 indicating higher risk for clinical depression.

  3. Mean Behavioral Occupational Performance Outcomes [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Participants will complete 5 yes/no questions about job performance, including if superior has expressed concerns about work performance, if Airman has received corrective training for substandard performance, received a negative counseling statement, received a Letter of Reprimand. The sum of affirmative responses will be calculated. Scores will range from 0-5 with 5 indicating greater work impairment.

  4. Mean Behavioral Occupational Performance Outcomes [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Participants will complete 5 yes/no questions about job performance, including if superior has expressed concerns about work performance, if Airman has received corrective training for substandard performance, received a negative counseling statement, received a Letter of Reprimand. The sum of affirmative responses will be calculated. Scores will range from 0-5 with 5 indicating greater work impairment.

  5. Mean Class Cohesion [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Participants will complete a 3-item scale on how well members of their class cooperate, can depend on each other and stand up for each other. Scores range from 0 to 4 with higher scores indicating higher class cohesion.

  6. Mean Number of Positive Connections to Classmates [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Participants will be asked to name up to 5 other students in their class who they respect and would choose to spend time with. Participants can name 0-5 classmates.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Airmen-in-Training (AiT) in Technical Training classes in the 365 or 363 Training Squadrons of the 82 Training Wing (82 TRW)
  • Eligible classes must be between 37-91 class days in length

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Airmen from other countries receiving training in US
  • Airmen who are not in their first year of enlistment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04067401


Locations
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United States, Texas
Sheppard Air Force Base
Wichita Falls, Texas, United States, 76311-9999
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Rochester
United States Department of Defense
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Peter A Wyman, PhD University of Rochester Medical Center, Psychiatry Dept
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Peter Wyman, University of Rochester:
Publications:
Williams, J, Brown, JM, Bray, RM, Anderson Goodell, EM, Olmsted, KR, Adler, AB. (2016) Unit Cohesion, Resilience, and Mental Health of Soldiers in Basic Combat Training, Military Psychology, 28:4, 241-250, DOI: 10.1037/mil0000120

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Peter Wyman, Professor, University of Rochester
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04067401    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1337
First Posted: August 26, 2019    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 8, 2020
Last Update Posted: July 8, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Suicidal Ideation
Suicide
Self-Injurious Behavior
Behavioral Symptoms