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The Effect of Low Intensity Extracorporeal Low Energy Shock Wave Therapy on Stress Urinary Incontinence and Overactivity Bladder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04059133
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2019 by Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : August 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital

Brief Summary:
The hypothesis of the present study is low intensity extracorporeal low energy shock wave therapy (LiESWT) can decrease inflammatory disorders, increase pelvic floor blood supply, enhanced bladder stem cell activation, Using LiESWT can decrease bladder overactivity, eliminate urinary incontinence and improve stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. Therefore improve quality of life and improve social activity.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stress Urinary Incontinence Overactive Bladder Device: DUOLITH SD1-TOP focused shock wave system (STORZ MEDICAL EvoTronTM, GA)-Sham arm Device: DUOLITH SD1-TOP focused shock wave system (STORZ MEDICAL EvoTronTM, GA)-LiESWT arm Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Clinical application of low intensity extracorporeal low energy shock wave therapy (LiESWT) (2000 to 3000 impulses in 0.20-0.25 millijoule/mm2 (mJ/mm2)) initiated wound healing, promoted angiogenesis, reduced the level of oxidative stress, induced the releasing of VEGF, stimulated proliferation and differentiation of stem cells, and resulted in the effect of anti-inflammatory and tissue regeneration. Generally, LiESWT was used clinically to improve tissue regeneration at tendon-bone junctions, ischemic cardiovascular disorders, skin wound healing, chronic injuries of soft tissues and erectile dysfunction.

LiESWT has also been shown to increase vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in ischemic tissues in vivo and to promote angiogenesis and functional recovery in models of chronic myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction, and peripheral artery disease. Importantly, the advantages of LiESWT include therapies without medication or surgery, outpatient therapies, short treatment sessions, no anesthesia required, and non-invasive therapy.

The hypothesis of the present study is LiESWT can decrease inflammatory disorders, increase pelvic floor blood supply, enhanced bladder stem cell activation, Using LiESWT can decrease bladder overactivity, eliminate urinary incontinence and improve stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. Therefore improve quality of life and improve social activity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 180 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of Low Intensity Extracorporeal Low Energy Shock Wave Therapy on Stress Urinary Incontinence and Overactivity Bladder
Actual Study Start Date : February 27, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: LiESWT arm
  1. For SUI: The LiESWT was applied with 0.25 mJ/mm2 intensity, 3000 pulses of shocks, and frequency of 3 pulses/second, once weekly for 4-weeks (W4) and 8-weeks (W8). Probe be transcutaneous applied to the left and right labia minora of the genital area, and the applicator was gently placed on the middle, the left side and the right side of the labia with 0.25 mJ/mm2 intensity and 1000 pulses of shocks individually.
  2. For OAB: The LiESWT was applied with 0.25 mJ/mm2 intensity, 3000 pulses of shocks, and frequency of 3 pulses/second, once weekly for 4-weeks (W4) and 8-weeks (W8). Probe be transcutaneous applied to the lower abdomen with two fingers apart from the pubic symphysis, tilting to 45°, and the applicator was gently placed on suprapubic skin area over the bladder dome and bilateral bladder walls with 0.25 mJ/mm2 intensity and 1000 pulses of shocks individually.
Device: DUOLITH SD1-TOP focused shock wave system (STORZ MEDICAL EvoTronTM, GA)-LiESWT arm
Low intensity extracorporeal low energy shock wave treatment (shock wave probe w/ energy)

Sham Comparator: Sham arm
  1. For SUI: The LiESWT was applied with 3000 pulses of shocks, frequency of 3 pulses/second but no energy, once weekly for 4-weeks (W4) and 8-weeks (W8). Probe be transcutaneous applied to the left and right labia minora of the genital area, and the applicator was gently placed on the middle, the left side and the right side of the labia with 0.25 mJ/mm2 intensity and 1000 pulses of shocks individually.
  2. For OAB: The LiESWT was applied with 3000 pulses of shocks, frequency of 3 pulses/second but no energy, once weekly for 4-weeks (W4) and 8-weeks (W8). The applicator was gently placed on the suprapubic skin area over the bladder dome (1000 pulses) and bilateral bladder walls (each side 1000 pulses). The probe was placed on the lower abdomen with two fingers apart from the pubic symphysis, tilting to 45°.
Device: DUOLITH SD1-TOP focused shock wave system (STORZ MEDICAL EvoTronTM, GA)-Sham arm
Sham treatment (shock wave probe w/o energy)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pad Weight Difference [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    The pad test quantifies in grams urinary loss through the absorbent weighing as a measure of stress urinary incontinence.

  2. Overactive bladder symptoms scores (OABSS) [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    Change in OABSS scores during LiESWT treatment and follow-up period.

  3. International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire -- Short Form (ICIQ-SF) [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    Change in ICIQ-SF scores during LiESWT treatment and follow-up period.

  4. Urogenital distress inventory (UDI-6) [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    Change in UDI-6 scores during LiESWT treatment and follow-up period.

  5. Incontinence impact questionnaire -7 (IIQ-7) [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    Change in IIQ-7 scores during LiESWT treatment and follow-up period.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. maximum flow rate(Qmax=cc/s) [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    The maximum flow rate is the most important uroflowmetry index to diagnose bladder outlet obstruction or bladder contractility.

  2. Uroflow [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    Uroflow curve pattern: There are 5 uroflow curve patterns, bell-shaped, tower-shaped, interrupted-shaped, staccato-shaped and plateau shaped by uroflowmetry. The shape is determined by detrusor contractility and influenced by abdominal straining, coordination with the bladder outlet musculature and any distal anatomic obstruction.

  3. postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    PVR (cc): ultrasonographic bladder scan machines calculates bladder volume. PVR measurements in neurologically intact children are highly variable. PVR must be obtained immediately after voiding(<5min).

  4. 3-day micturition diary [ Time Frame: Data will be analyzed at study completion at approximately 3 years. ]
    The mean number of Intake (ml), output (ml), average urine volume (ml), functional bladder capacity (ml), urinary frequency (times/24hrs), urgency (times), and nocturia (times) per 24 hours were calculated from the data recorded by the participant during the 3-day micturition diary period.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women patients within 20~75 years old;
  2. OAB symptoms for ≥ 3 months;
  3. Frequency of micturition ≥ 8 times daytime as well as 2 times nighttime, and ≥ 2 episodes of urgency per week;
  4. Patients have a ≥ 3 month history of experiencing Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) per week (self reported);
  5. Patients with OAB symptoms including urgency or/and urgency incontinence, urinary frequency and nocturia in the previous 3 months without medical treatments: antimuscarinic or ß3 agonist therapy;
  6. Patients can understand, obey order and finish the questionnaires;
  7. Patients would like to sign the informed consent;
  8. Signature of informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Urinary tract infection (UTI) at screening and recurrent UTI defined as ≥ 3 UTIs in the previous 12 months;
  2. Patients who have other disease: diabetes mellitus, spinal cord injury, stoke history, brain disease and neurogenic disease which can cause OAB;
  3. Chronic urologic inflammatory condition (Interstitial cystitis, urethral syndrome, painful bladder syndrome);
  4. Bladder stone;
  5. History of carcinoma of the urinary tract;
  6. Lower urinary tract surgery in the last 6 months;
  7. Patients who have operation, wound or infection around perineum;
  8. Patients who have catheterization due to poor voiding function of urine;
  9. Patients who have severe cardiovascular disease;
  10. Patients who have severe coagulopathy or liver failure or renal failure;
  11. Patients who have underlying urologic cancer;
  12. Subjects with gross hematuria;
  13. Significant bladder outflow obstruction;
  14. Previous pelvic radiation therapy or previous, current malignant disease of the pelvic organs or having received intravesical injection or electrostimulation in the past 12 months;
  15. Drug or nondrug treatments of OAB (in the previous 14 days), Concomitant medications that affect detrusor activity;
  16. Subjects with history of kidneys stones;
  17. Treatable condition that could cause urinary incontinence or urgency;
  18. Neurological impairment or psychiatric disorder preventing appropriate understanding of consent and ability to comply with site personnel instructions;
  19. History of drug or alcohol abuse within the last 12 months;
  20. Within 1 month before entering the test and receive low-energy in vitro shock wave treatment process using antibiotics or phosphodiesterase inhibitors type 5 (PDE5i);
  21. There are chronic pelvic pains caused by the merger of other diseases or injuries;
  22. Urinary incontinence need to install the catheter;
  23. Severe cardiopulmonary disease or diabetes is obviously poor control;
  24. Obvious coagulation dysfunction or liver and kidney dysfunction.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04059133


Locations
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Taiwan
Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital Recruiting
Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 807
Contact: Yung-Shun Juan, MD., PhD    88673121101 ext 6361    juanuro@gmail.com   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04059133    
Other Study ID Numbers: KMUHIRB-F(II)-20180010
First Posted: August 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 20, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital:
low intensity extracorporeal low energy shock wave therapy
stress urinary incontinence
overactive bladder
urine leakage
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Incontinence
Enuresis
Urinary Bladder, Overactive
Urinary Incontinence, Stress
Urination Disorders
Urologic Diseases
Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Urological Manifestations
Behavioral Symptoms
Elimination Disorders
Mental Disorders
Urinary Bladder Diseases