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A Single Arm Phase II Study of the Combination of DKN-01 and Nivolumab in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer (BTC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04057365
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : August 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Leap Therapeutics, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Goyal, Lipika, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
This research is studying the effect of the combination of how two study drugs (Nivolumab and DKN-01) works in people with advanced biliary tract cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Biliary Tract Cancer Drug: Nivolumab Drug: DKN-01 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the drug is being studied.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved DKN-01 as a treatment for any disease.

The FDA has not approved nivolumab for this specific disease but it has been approved for other cancers.

DKN-01 and nivolumab are both antibodies. An antibody is a protein that attaches to other cells to fight off infection. DKN-01 is believed to work by attaching to and inhibiting (stopping) a specific pathway in the cells that is responsible for processes such as cell growth. Nivolumab is believed to work by attaching to and inhibiting a specific protein in the cancer that controls parts of the immune system (the system in the body that fights off infections and diseases) by shutting down certain immune responses. The investigators believe that nivolumab will inhibit the protein, thus allowing the immune cells to recognize and destroy cancer cells.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Arm Phase II Study of the Combination of DKN-01 and Nivolumab in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer (BTC)
Estimated Study Start Date : August 31, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 31, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: DKN 01 and Nivolumab Safety Run in
  • DKN-01 will be administered intravenously on day 1 and day 15 of each 28 day cycle
  • Nivolumab will be administered intravenously on day 1 and day 15 of each 28 day cycle
Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab is believed to work by attaching to and inhibiting a specific protein in the cancer that controls parts of the immune system (the system in the body that fights off infections and diseases) by shutting down certain immune responses. The investigators believe that nivolumab will inhibit the protein, thus allowing the immune cells to recognize and destroy cancer cells.
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: DKN-01
DKN-01 is believed to work by attaching to and inhibiting (stopping) a specific pathway in the cells that is responsible for processes such as cell growth

Experimental: DKN 01 and Nivolumab
  • DKN-01 will be administered intravenously on day 1 and day 15 of each 28 day cycle
  • Nivolumab will be administered intravenously on day 1 and day 15 of each 28 day cycle
Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab is believed to work by attaching to and inhibiting a specific protein in the cancer that controls parts of the immune system (the system in the body that fights off infections and diseases) by shutting down certain immune responses. The investigators believe that nivolumab will inhibit the protein, thus allowing the immune cells to recognize and destroy cancer cells.
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: DKN-01
DKN-01 is believed to work by attaching to and inhibiting (stopping) a specific pathway in the cells that is responsible for processes such as cell growth




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: From the start of treatment until the end of treatment, up to approximately 3 years ]

    Overall response is evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria (RECIST 1.1). A participant is considered to have responded if they achieve either of the following outcomes:

    • Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm
    • Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: From the time of randomization until disease progression or death, up to approximately 5 years ]

    The duration of time from randomization until disease progression or death. Disease progression is assessed using RECIST 1.1 criteria.

    Progressive Disease(PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progression).


  2. Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From the time of randomization until death, up to approximately 5 years ]
    The median duration of time from the time of randomization until death.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed intra- or extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or gallbladder cancer
  • Participants must have measurable disease by CT/MRI by RECIST version 1.1 criteria
  • Prior chemoembolization, radiofrequency ablation, or radiation to the liver is allowed as long as the patient has measurable disease outside of the treated area or measurable progression per RECIST v1.1 at the site of the treated area.
  • Documented progression after ≥1 line of systemic therapy for advanced BTC. Prior adjuvant chemotherapy qualifies as this 1 line if the last cycle of adjuvant therapy was completed within 6 months of radiological progression.
  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • ECOG performance status ≤1
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL
    • Absolute lymphocyte count ≥1.0 x 10^9/L
    • Platelets ≥75,000/mcL
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (prior transfusions are allowed if given ≥ 7 days before testing)
    • Total bilirubin < 2.0 x institutional upper limit of normal; except patients with Gilbert Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin level of < 3.0 x ULN
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤3 × institutional upper limit of normal; < 5 x ULN in case of liver metastases
    • Creatinine < 2.0 x institutional upper limit of normal OR Creatinine clearance ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with creatinine levels ≥ ULN
    • International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 x ULN unless patient is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as INR is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
    • Serum albumin > 2.5 g/dL
  • Subjects with hepatitis B or C are eligible to enroll if they have:

    • Chronic HBV infection (evidenced by a positive HBV surface antigen or HBV DNA) as long as they have been on antiviral therapy for ≥ 4 weeks.
    • Chronic or resolved HCV infection (evidenced by a detectable HCV RNA or antibody). Antiviral therapy is not required for chronic HCV.
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception according to national guidelines (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 5 months for women and 7 months for men after completion of study drug administration.
  • Female subjects must be either of non-reproductive potential (i.e., post-menopausal by history: ≥ 50 years old and no menses for ≥1 year without an alternative medical cause; OR history of hysterectomy, OR history of bilateral tubal ligation, OR history of bilateral oophorectomy) or must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon study entry.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior DKK1 inhibitor or anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment
  • Participants with Child-Pugh B or C cirrhosis
  • Participants with a diagnosis of ampullary cancer
  • Treatment with any of the following within the specified time frame prior to the first dose of DKN-01 and nivolumab:

    • Any non-investigational or investigational anticancer therapy within 3 weeks or have not recovered from side effects of such therapy prior to treatment administration (mitomycin within prior 5 weeks). For targeted therapy, 5 half-lives are sufficient, even if <3 weeks. Concurrent participation in an observational study may be allowed after review by the Principal Investigator.
    • Patients with locoregional therapy, e.g., transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT), external beam radiation, or ablation within 4 weeks
    • Palliative limited field radiotherapy (i.e. bone metastases) within 2 weeks
    • Major surgery within the previous 4 weeks (the surgical incision should be fully healed prior to the first dose of treatment)
  • Fredericia's corrected QT interval (QTcF) ≥ 500 ms on ECG conducted during screening
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to DKN-01 or Nivolumab.
  • A serious illness or medical condition(s) including, but not limited to, the following:

    • Known brain metastasis (not including primary brain tumors) unless patient is clinically stable for ≥ 1 month without systemic corticosteroids beyond physiologic replacement (>10 mg prednisone daily).
    • Known acute systemic infection.
    • Myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • New York Heart Association [NYHA] Class III or IV (see Appendix D, New York Heart Association [NYHA] Classification) within the previous 2 months; if >2 months, cardiac function must be within normal limits and the patient must be free of cardiac-related symptoms.
    • Chronic nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea considered to be clinically significant in the opinion of the investigator.
    • Congenital long QT syndrome, or any known history of torsade de pointes, or family history of unexplained sudden death.
    • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that in the judgment of the investigator would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study.
  • Patients with a history of another primary malignancy that is currently clinically significant, and has potential for metastases or currently requires active intervention (except for hormonal therapy for breast or prostate cancer).
  • Any condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 2mg daily dexamethasone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of starting the study medications. Premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. to contrast for CT or gadolinium for MRI) is allowed.
  • Subjects with autoimmune disease active within the last two years including but not limited to Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, type I diabetes mellitus, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis

    • Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone are eligible for this study.
    • Patients with controlled Type I diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen are eligible
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan. History of radiation pneumonitis/fibrosis in the radiation field is permitted.
  • Patients who received treatment with live vaccines within 30 days prior to the first dose of study medication. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, shingles, yellow fever, seasonal flu, H1N1 flu, rabies, BCG and typhoid vaccine.
  • History of osteonecrosis of the hip or evidence of structural bone abnormalities in the proximal femur on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan that is symptomatic and clinically significant. Degenerative changes of the hip joint are not excluded.
  • Known osteoblastic bony metastasis. Screening of asymptomatic subjects without a history of metastatic bony lesions is not required.
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplant.
  • Known or current evidence of HIV
  • Pregnant or lactating female.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04057365


Contacts
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Contact: Lipika Goyal, MD 617-724-4000 lgoyal@partners.org

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Lipika Goyal, MD    617-724-4000    lgoyal@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Lipika Goyal, MD         
Dana Farber Cancer Institute Not yet recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Thomas A Abrams, MD    617-724-4000    tabrams1@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Thomas A Abrams, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Leap Therapeutics, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lipika Goyal, MD Massachusetts General Hospital

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Responsible Party: Goyal, Lipika, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04057365     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-200
First Posted: August 15, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 15, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: MGH - Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation
URL: http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Goyal, Lipika, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Biliary Tract Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents