Interventions That Promote Exclusive Breastfeeding
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04052984|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 12, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2020
Delayed umbilical cord clamping as well as immediate skin-to-skin contact between mother and newborn are emerging practices due to documented benefits. However, in caesarean sections it is not common.
The investigators evaluate twenty four pares of healthy mothers-newborns, with delayed clamping and immediate skin-to-skin contact after birth by caesarean section (intervention grup), compared to the same number of pairs attended by the same group of physicians under traditional techniques (control group). In both groups, morbidity and mortality as well as sole breastfeeding was evaluated for at least 6 months. The patients in the intervention group signed an informed consent form and the protocol was approved by an ethics committee.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Breastfeeding, Exclusive||Procedure: Delayed umbilical clamping and immediate skin-to-skin contact after birth by caesarean section||Not Applicable|
BACKGROUND: Delayed umbilical cord clamping as well as immediate skin-to-skin contact between mother and newborn are emerging practices due to documented benefits for the mother-child binomial. The American Academy of Pediatrics, through the neonatal resuscitation program, considers that late clamping should be a common practice in all healthy babies, but in the case of a baby at risk, it recommends cutting the umbilical cord early and treating newborn on radiant warmer for resuscitation. Caesarean birth is considered a risk factor.
In Mexico and in many other countries early contact, skin to skin between the mother and child in Cesarean sections, is not common.
The World Health Organization (WHO), among multiple strategies to promote breastfeeding, promotes skin-to-skin contact at birth, that is: "to place babies with their mothers since birth minimal an hour or until the baby has been fed to the mother's breast". Different publications has determined that the ideal period to strengthen breastfeeding corresponds to the first minutes of life and does not go beyond the first 2 hours. Because it is usual to take care of the baby in radiant warmer, away from his mother, in caesarean sections, these recommendations are generally not met.
Searching the benefit of delayed cut of the umbilical cord, researchers began placing healthy babies in their mother's chest, even in cesarean deliveries, thus generating immediate skin-to-skin contact and incidentally an increase in the frequency of breastfeeding during the first six months, so a protocol was initiated to compare the morbidity and mortality of this technique in relation to traditional care (immediate cut of the umbilical cord and separation mother-child) and follow-up of babies at least six months to register the form of breastfeeding.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pilot study. All healthy mother-neonates binomials, obtained by caesarean section by the same medical team in 3 private hospitals, born between January 2015 and August 2017 in Villahermosa, Tabasco, Mexico followed for a minimum of 6 months in the private consultation were included. They were compared with an equal number of historical binomials, attended by the same medical team under the traditional technique and with the same follow-up time. The variables in this group were collected from their files.
By protocol of the medical group in both groups, it was encouraged to carry out an adequate program of exclusive breastfeeding, as marked by the World Health Organization consisting of starting breastfeeding in the first hour of life, that the Infant only received breast milk excluding other beverages such as water, teas or food, that breastfeeding was made on demand, as often as the child wanted both day and night and no bottles or pacifiers were used during his hospital stay.
The statistical evaluation included univariate analysis with frequencies and proportions for qualitative variables, measures of central tendency and dispersion for qualitative variables. In the bivariate analysis, X2 (or Fisher's Exact test) and Student's t (or Mann Whitney U) were used, as appropriate.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||48 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Factorial Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||An intervention group compared to a similar historical group attended by the same group of doctors at an immediate previous time|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Delayed Cord Clamping and Early Skin-to-skin Contact in Cesarean Section as Interventions That Promote Exclusive Breastfeeding|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 2018|
Experimental: Intervention group
Twenty four pares of healthy mothers-newborns, with delayed clamping and immediate skin-to-skin contact after birth by caesarean section
Procedure: Delayed umbilical clamping and immediate skin-to-skin contact after birth by caesarean section
Mother: Placement of the insulating surgical arch was on the skin, between the abdomen and the thorax, electrocautery plate on the back, the gown superimposed, non-invasive blood pressure monitoring in legs and ear oximetry. The newborn was placed immediately on the mother's chest, passing it under the insulating arch and removing the mother's gown. Non-invasive monitoring was initiated with preductal pulse oximetry. The obstetrician cut the umbilical cord by not feeling the beats of the cord, or until 5 minutes. The newborn was reanimated without separating the baby from his mother. The temperature was taken with an infrared thermometer. Pulse oximetry was recorded. The newborn was colocated to the mother's breast as soon as possible, even if the mother was still in surgery. The mother's transfer to her room was with her baby skin to skin. The support staff was instructed not to separate the newborn until breast feeding occur for the first time or the mother required it.
No Intervention: Control group
Twenty four pares of healthy mothers-newborns, with early clamping without skin-to-skin contact after birth by caesarean section and newborn attended in radiant warm table
- Duration of feeding to the exclusive maternal breast [ Time Frame: six months or more ]Time in months when the newborn was fed to the exclusive maternal breast
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04052984
|Principal Investigator:||FARID ADAN PACHECO Y OROZCO, MD||Asociación Mexicana del Nacimiento Respetado|