Nivolumab, BMS-986205, and Radiation Therapy With or Without Temozolomide in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04047706|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 7, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2023
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Glioblastoma||Biological: IDO1 Inhibitor BMS-986205 Biological: Nivolumab Radiation: Radiation Therapy Drug: Temozolomide||Phase 1|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Combination of Checkpoint Inhibition and IDO1 Inhibition Together With Standard Radiotherapy or Chemoradiotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma. A Phase 1 Clinical and Translational Trial|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 13, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 22, 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 1, 2025|
Experimental: Cohort I (radiation, temozolomide, BMS-986205, nivolumab)
RADIATION THERAPY: Patients with MGMT methylated promoter undergo radiation therapy 5 days per week (Monday-Friday) for up to 6 weeks. Patients also receive temozolomide PO QD, IDO1 inhibitor BMS-986205 PO QD, and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks for up to 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, the study ends, or until Q4W dosing begins.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive IDO1 inhibitor BMS-986205 PO QD on days 1-28 and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15 of cycles 1-5 and on day 1 of subsequent cycles. Within 4 weeks of radiation therapy completion, patients also receive temozolomide PO QD on days 1-5 of cycles 2-6. Cycles repeats every 28 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: IDO1 Inhibitor BMS-986205
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
Experimental: Cohort II (radiation, BMS-986205, nivolumab)
RADIATION THERAPY: Patients with MGMT unmethylated promoter undergo radiation therapy 5 days per week (Monday-Friday) for up to 6 weeks. Patients also receive IDO1 inhibitor BMS-986205 PO QD and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks for up to 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive IDO1 inhibitor BMS-986205 PO QD on days 1-28 and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15 of cycles 1-5 and on day 1 of subsequent cycles. Cycles repeats every 28 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal of consent, the study ends, or until Q4W dosing begins.
Biological: IDO1 Inhibitor BMS-986205
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo radiation therapy
- Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose ]Drug safety and tolerability will be evaluated by descriptively summarizing AEs, laboratory assessments, vital signs, and electrocardiogram assessments using tables of frequencies and counts for categorical variables and means (sds) or medians (ranges, interquartile ranges) for continuous variables.
- Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]The survival curve will be plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method. Median survival time and the 95% confidence interval will be presented for each study group and 1-year overall survival will be estimated. The 95% confidence intervals will be obtained by Greenwood?s formula.
- Median survival [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]The survival curve will be plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method. Median survival time and the 95% confidence interval will be presented for each study group and 1-year overall survival will be estimated. The 95% confidence intervals will be obtained by Greenwood?s formula.
- Progression free survival at 6 months [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]The Kaplan Meier curve will be plotted and median time to disease progression and the 95% confidence interval will be calculated. 6-month progression free survival will also be estimated. Since tumor assessment will only be performed periodically (every 8 weeks), the Kaplan-Meier estimate (estimated probability that a subject is progression-free at a specific time) and its 95% confidence interval will be provided at the end of each 8-week period.
- Median time to disease progression [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]The Kaplan Meier curve will be plotted and median time to disease progression and the 95% confidence interval will be calculated. 6-month progression free survival will also be estimated. Since tumor assessment will only be performed periodically (every 8 weeks), the Kaplan-Meier estimate (estimated probability that a subject is progression-free at a specific time) and its 95% confidence interval will be provided at the end of each 8-week period.
- Radiographic response rates (RR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]Response rate is the percentage of subjects who achieve partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) according to the immunotherapy Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (iRANO) criteria. Radiographic RR will be determined by iRANO criteria. The response rate will be calculated as the percentage of responders, and similarly, the 95% confidence interval will be calculated using the exact binomial method, if data allows.
- Response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]Defined as percentage of subjects who achieve PR or CR according to the iRANO criteria. The response rate will be calculated as the percentage of responders, and similarly, the 95% confidence interval will be calculated using the exact binomial method, if data allows.
- Median duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]Tumor response will be reported as CR, PR, stable disease (SD), PD, or unknown according to the iRANO criteria. The response rate will be calculated as the percentage of responders, and similarly, the 95% confidence interval will be calculated using the exact binomial method, if data allows.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
Patients must have a newly diagnosed histologically confirmed diagnosis of any grade IV glioma with documentation of MGMT methylation status. The histological diagnosis can be obtained either from a brain biopsy or from a neurosurgical resection of the tumor
- Note: Study enrollment is to be within 5 weeks from diagnostic surgery or biopsy
- Note: Pyrosequencing to determine MGMT methylation status will be performed at Northwestern Memorial Hospital as standard of care (SOC)
- Tumor tissue specimens from the GBM surgery or biopsy for central pathology review and exploratory analysis of immunocorrelative studies, if available (no minimum requirement)
- For subjects who had undergone tumor resection, preoperative gadolinium (Gd)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and immediate postoperative Gd-MRI performed within < 72 hours after surgery or biopsy is recommended. If computed tomography (CT) scans were performed perioperatively, an MRI should be performed before initiation of study treatment
- Patients must exhibit a Karnofsky performance score of >= 70%
Stable or decreasing dose of steroids for >= 7 days prior to registration
- Note: Patients must be off of all steroids at the time of initiation of study treatment (day 1 [D#1])
- Patients must have adequate organ and bone marrow function at registration, as defined below:
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mm^3
- Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
- Creatinine or creatinine clearance =<1.5 times upper limit of normal or >= 60 mL/min
Hemoglobin >=10 mg/dL
- Blood transfusion allowed
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SPGT]) =< 2.5 times above upper limit of normal
- Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 times above upper limit of normal
Females of child-bearing potential (FOCBP) and males must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 5 months following completion of therapy. Should a female patient become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Due to the potential interaction with study drug(s), contraceptions that use hormones are not considered to be highly effective for FOCBP participants in this study.
NOTE: A FOCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
- Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy. Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months (and therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months)
- Males who are sexually active with FOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment with study treatment plus 7 months after the last dose of the study treatment (i.e., 90 days [duration of sperm turnover] plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo approximately 5 half-lives). In addition, male participants must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during this time. Male participants with partners who are FOCBP are required to use a condom for study duration and until end of relevant systemic exposure defined as 7 months after the end of study treatment. This criteria applies to azoospermic males as well
- FOCBP must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days of registration on study and within 24 hours of beginning study treatment
- Clinically normal cardiac function without history of ischemic heart disease in the past 6 months and normal 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG)
- Patients must have recovered from the effects of surgery, postoperative infection, and other complications before study registration
- Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent prior to registration on study
- Patients who have had chemotherapy within 2 years prior to entering the study are not eligible
- Patients who have received brain radiation therapy (RT) are not eligible
- Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents. Patients may not have received an investigational agent within the past 30 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
Patients with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications are not eligible
- Note: Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid doses >= 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
- Patients with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease are not eligible. Patients with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
- Participants with a personal or family (i.e., in a first-degree relative) history or presence of cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency (previously called methemoglobin reductase deficiency) or other diseases that puts them at risk of methemoglobinemia are not eligible. All participants will be screened for methemoglobin levels prior to registration
- Participants with a history of G6PD deficiency or other congenital or autoimmune hemolytic disorders are not eligible. All participants will be screened for G6PD levels prior to registration
- Participants with active interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis or with a history of ILD/pneumonitis requiring steroids are not eligible
- Patients with a history of recent prior malignancy are not eligible. Subjects with curatively treated cervical carcinoma in situ or non-melanoma basal cell carcinoma of the skin, or subjects who have been free of other malignancies for >= 2 years are eligible for this study
- Patients who have a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab, temozolomide or BMS-986205 are not eligible
- Patients who have had prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways are not eligible
- Patients who have had prior treatment with BMS-986205 or any other IDO1 inhibitors are not eligible
- Patients who have received treatment with botanical preparations (e.g., herbal supplements or traditional Chinese medicines) intended for general health support or to treat the disease under study within 14 days prior to registration are not eligible
Patients who have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to any of the following, are not eligible:
- Hypertension that is not controlled on medication
- Ongoing or active infection requiring systemic treatment
- Symptomatic congestive heart failure
- Unstable angina pectoris
- Cardiac arrhythmia
- Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Any other illness or condition that the treating investigator feels would interfere with study compliance or would compromise the patient?s safety or study endpoints
- Female patients who are pregnant or nursing are not eligible
- Patients who have quantitative or qualitative G6PD assay results suggesting underlying G6PD deficiency are not eligible
- Patients who have blood methemoglobin > upper limit of normal (ULN), assessed in an arterial or venous blood sample or by co-oximetry are not eligible
- Patients with a concurrent illness, including severe infection, which may jeopardize the ability of the subject to receive the procedures outlined in this protocol with reasonable safety are not eligible. Concomitant use of strong inhibitors of CYP3A4/1A2 within 1 week or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) or strong inducers of CYP3A4/1A2 within 2 weeks or 5 halflives (whichever is longer) is not permitted
- Patients with a placement of Gliadel wafer at surgery are not eligible
- Patients receiving Optune therapy are not eligible
- Patients who are unable to undergo Gd-MRI are not eligible
- Patients with current known alcohol dependence or drug abuse are not eligible
- Patients with a history or presence of hypersensitivity or idiosyncratic reaction to methylene blue are not eligible
- Patients with a prior history of serotonin syndrome are not eligible
Known history of positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
- Note: Testing for HIV must be performed at sites where mandated locally
- Patients who have any positive test result for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus indicating presence of virus, e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, Australia antigen) positive, or hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) positive (except if hepatitis c virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] negative) are not eligible
- Patients with the presence of any familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule are not eligible; those conditions should be assessed with the patient before registration in the trial
- Patients with major medical illnesses or psychiatric impairments that in the investigator's opinion will prevent administration or completion of protocol therapy are not eligible
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04047706
|United States, Illinois|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611|
|Principal Investigator:||Rimas V Lukas, MD||Northwestern University|
|Responsible Party:||Northwestern University|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NCI-2019-04922 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
NU 18C02 ( Other Identifier: Northwestern University )
P30CA060553 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P50CA221747 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
|First Posted:||August 7, 2019 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||March 22, 2023|
|Last Verified:||March 2023|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
|Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:||No|
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating