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Effect of Liraglutide on Microbiome in Obesity

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04046822
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2019 by Annamaria Colao, Federico II University.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : August 6, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Annamaria Colao, Federico II University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the trial is to assess whether the beneficial effect of liraglutide on weight is mediated by changes in the composition of the intestinal Microbiome. The main mechanisms of action of liraglutide were traced to a reduction in the secretion of glucagon and slowing gastric emptying resulting in decreased appetite and body weight. It also seems that liraglutide is capable of increasing the satiety signals thanks to a dual mechanism of stimulation and inhibition induced by medication. Pomc neurons (opiomelacortin) present in hypothalamic arcuate nuclei, stimulated by liraglutide, glucagon-like peptide- 1 (GLP-1) receptor expressed by inhibiting intensely appetite. At the same time through the GABAergic neuronal activity is inhibited neuropeptide Y(NPY) deputies to the production of orexins that are powerful promoters of appetite. Alterations in the composition of the human gut microbiome occur in metabolic disorders such as obesity, diabetes. Liraglutide has been reported to switch microbiome composition towards lean-related bacterial phylotypes in animal studies. This leads to hypothesize that the switch of microbiome by liraglutide may be one of the mechanisms through which liraglutide may exert its effect. In particular the investigators hypothesize that liraglutide could restore a healthy microbiome or at least improve the microbiome composition through slowing gastrointestinal motility. Moreover, the liraglutide-related change of microbiome could be an additional mechanism that contribute to the beneficial metabolic effect of liraglutide. To test this hypothesis the investigators will investigate if there will be any change of gut microbiome assessed as Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratio after liraglutide treatment. In order to understand if the change of gut microbiome after liraglutide treatment occurs as an association or contributes to the effect of liraglutide ,the investigators will correlate the Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratios with the changes of Body Mass Index, Body Composition, appetite parameters, chronic inflammation parameters, lipid profile and insulin resistance. All the subjects will follow the same diet in order to avoid any bias.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obesity Weight Loss Microbiome Drug: Liraglutide 6 MG/ML [Saxenda] Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled trial comparing liraglutide 3.0 mg with placebo both administered subcutaneously once-daily in subjects with established obesity. Subjects will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to receive either liraglutide 3.0 mg or placebo as an adjunct to standard-of-care.All baseline assessments will be done prior to administration of the first dose of trial product while all the follow up assessments will be done at the end of the trial. Dose escalation of liraglutide/placebo will take place during the first 4 weeks after randomisation as described. All subjects will aim at reaching the recommended target dose of 3.0 mg liraglutide once-daily or the corresponding volume of placebo. In this trial approximately 70 subjects will be randomly assigned to trial product.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Could Gut Microbiome Contribute to the Therapeutic Effect of Liraglutide 3.0 mg? A Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : January 9, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 9, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Liraglutide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Active drug
Liraglutide is administered once daily by subcutaneous injections with the pen-injector, either in the abdomen, thigh or upper arm. Injections can be done at any time of day irrespective of meals. Subjects will be instructed to escalate the liraglutide dose to 3.0 mg/day over a 4 week period following an initial dose of 0.6 mg/day and weekly dose escalation steps of 0.6 mg/day.
Drug: Liraglutide 6 MG/ML [Saxenda]
Liraglutide is administered once daily by subcutaneous injections with the pen-injector, either in the abdomen, thigh or upper arm. Injections can be done at any time of day irrespective of meals. Subjects will be instructed to escalate the liraglutide dose to 3.0 mg/day over a 4 week period following an initial dose of 0.6 mg/day and weekly dose escalation steps of 0.6 mg/day.
Other Name: Saxenda

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo is administered once daily by subcutaneous injections with the pen-injector, either in the abdomen, thigh or upper arm. Injections can be done at any time of day irrespective of meals. Subjects will be instructed to escalate the placebo dose to 3.0 mg/day over a 4 week period following an initial dose of 0.6 mg/day and weekly dose escalation steps of 0.6 mg/day.
Drug: Placebo
Placebo is administered once daily by subcutaneous injections with the pen-injector, either in the abdomen, thigh or upper arm. Injections can be done at any time of day irrespective of meals. Subjects will be instructed to escalate the placebo dose to 3.0 mg/day over a 4 week period following an initial dose of 0.6 mg/day and weekly dose escalation steps of 0.6 mg/day.
Other Name: Saline Injection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in gut microbiome composition assessed by Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratio using Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in gut microbiome composition at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on gut microbiome composition quantified as Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes ratio by Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in body weight (kg) assessed by scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in body weight at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on weight ( kg) assessed by scale

  2. Change in body weight (kg) that will be combined with height (m) to report BMI (kg/m^2) where kg is a person's weight in kilograms and m2 is a person's height in metres squared [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in body mass index at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on body weight (kg) that will be combined with height (m) to report BMI (kg/m^2) where kg is a person's weight in kilograms and m2 is a person's height in metres squared

  3. Change in body composition assessed by Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in body composition at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on body composition assessed by BIA

  4. Change in hormonal regulation of appetite assessed by ghrelin levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in ghrelin levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on hormonal regulation of appetite assessed by ghrelin levels

  5. Change in hormonal regulation of hunger suppression assessed by cholecystokinin levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in cholecystokinin levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on hormonal regulation of hunger suppression assessed by cholecystokinin levels

  6. Change in hormonal regulation of appetite assessed by polipeptide YY levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in polipeptide YY levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on hormonal regulation of appetite assessed by polipeptide YY levels

  7. Change in hormonal regulation of weight assessed by leptin levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in leptin levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on hormonal regulation of weight assessed by leptin levels

  8. Change in low grade inflammation assessed by C-reactive protein levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in C-reactive protein levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on low grade inflammation assessed by C-reactive protein levels

  9. Change in low grade inflammation assessed by erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in ESR levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on low grade inflammation assessed by ESR levels

  10. Change in low grade inflammation assessed by interleukin- 1 (IL- 1) levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in IL- 1 levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on low grade inflammation assessed by IL- 1 levels

  11. Change in low grade inflammation assessed by interleukin- 6 (IL- 6) levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in IL- 6 levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on low grade inflammation assessed by IL- 6 levels

  12. Change in low grade inflammation assessed by interleukin- 10 (IL- 10) levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in IL- 10 levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on low grade inflammation assessed by IL- 10 levels

  13. Change in low grade inflammation assessed by Tumor Necrosis Factor -α (TNF-α) levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in TNF-α levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on low grade inflammation assessed by TNF-α levels

  14. Change in low grade inflammation assessed by monocyte chemotactic protein - 1 (MCP-1) levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in MCP-1 levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on low grade inflammation assessed by MCP-1 levels

  15. Change in lipid profile assessed by total cholesterol levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in total cholesterol levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on lipid profile assessed by total cholesterol levels

  16. Change in lipid profile assessed by LDL cholesterol levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in LDL cholesterol levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on lipid profile assessed by LDL cholesterol levels

  17. Change in lipid profile assessed by HDL cholesterol levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in HDL cholesterol levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on lipid profile assessed by HDL cholesterol levels

  18. Change in lipid profile assessed by triglycerides levels [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in triglycerides levels at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on lipid profile assessed by triglycerides levels

  19. Change in insulin resistance assessed by Matsuda Index [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in insulin resistance assessed by Matsuda Index at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on insulin resistance assessed by Matsuda Index

  20. Change in insulin resistance assessed by homeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) Index [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in insulin resistance assessed by HOMA-IR Index at weeks 5 (visit 7) ]
    The liraglutide treatment effect on insulin resistance assessed by HOMA-IR Index



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Informed consent obtained before any trial-related activities. Trial-related activities are any procedures that are carried out as part of the trial, including activities to determine suitability for the trial;
  2. Age ≥ 18 years and < 65 years at the time of signing informed consent;
  3. Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2
  4. Stable body weight during the previous 3 months (< 5 kg self-reported weight change).

Exclusion Criteria:

General Safety

  1. Current or history of treatment with medications that may cause significant weight gain for at least 3 months before this trial;
  2. Current use or use within three months before this trial of GLP-1 receptor agonist, pramlintide, sibutramine, orlistat, zonisamide, topiramate or phentermine;
  3. Type 1 diabetes;
  4. Type 2 diabetes;
  5. Obesity related to endocrine diseases;
  6. Hepatic Failure (AST and/or ALT >3 times upper limit of normal and/or Total Bilirubin >1.7 upper limit of normal)
  7. End stage renal disease (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 ) or chronic or intermittent haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
  8. History or presence of chronic pancreatitis
  9. Presence of acute pancreatitis within the past 180 days prior to the day of screening
  10. Personal or first degree relative(s) history of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 or medullary thyroid carcinoma
  11. Presence or history of malignant neoplasms within the past 5 years prior to the day of screening
  12. Severe psychiatric disorder which in the investigator's opinion could compromise compliance with the protocol
  13. Known or suspected hypersensitivity to trial product(s) or related products
  14. Previous participation in this trial. Participation is defined as randomisation
  15. Receipt of any investigational medicinal product within 30 days before screening
  16. Female who is pregnant, breast-feeding or intends to become pregnant or is of child-bearing potential and not using a highly effective contraceptive method i.e.:

    • patients who use combined hormonal contraceptives (containing estreogen and progesterone) associated with inhibition of ovulation or oral, intravaginal that transdermal;
    • patients who use hormonal contraceptives based only progesterone that inhibit ovulation, whether oral, injectable or implantable
    • patients with placement of IUD (intrauterine device)
    • patients with positioning of hormone releasing intrauterine systems
    • patients with bilateral tubal occlusion
    • patients with vasectomized partner
    • patients who practice sexual abstinence
  17. Any disorder, unwillingness or inability, which in the investigator's opinion, might jeopardise the subject's safety or compliance with the protocol
  18. Previous surgical treatment for obesity (excluding liposuction >1 year before trial entry); 19 ) Inflammatory bowel diseases; 20 ) recent antibiotic therapy ( within 30 days before screening)

Cardiovascular- related

  • Any of the following: myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalisation for unstable angina pectoris or transient ischaemic attack within the past 60 days prior to the day of screening
  • Planned coronary, carotid or peripheral artery revascularisation known on the day of screening;
  • Presently classified as being in New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IV heart failure

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04046822


Contacts
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Contact: Annamaria Colao, MD 00390817462132 colao@unina.it

Locations
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Italy
"Federico II" University of Naples, Department of Clinical and Molecular Endocrinology and Oncology Recruiting
Naples, Italy, 80131
Contact: Annamaria Colao    00390817462132    colao@unina.it   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Federico II University
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Annamaria Colao, Principal Investigator, Federico II University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04046822    
Other Study ID Numbers: Microbiome 1
First Posted: August 6, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 20, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Annamaria Colao, Federico II University:
obesity
liraglutide
gut microbiome
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Obesity
Weight Loss
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Body Weight Changes
Liraglutide
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists