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Treatment of Herpes Labialis by Photodynamic Therapy (Herpes)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04037475
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 30, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, University of Nove de Julho

Brief Summary:

Lesions of herpes labialis are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and cause pain and aesthetic compromise. It is characterized by the formation of small vesicles that coalesce and rupture forming extremely painful ulcers, that evolve to crusts, dry desquamations until their complete remission. Currently, the treatment of these lesions is done with acyclovir. Although it diminishes the symptomatology, it causes viral resistance and does not prevent the recurrence of the lesions. It is known that photodynamic therapy (PDT) has numerous advantages, among them: the reduction of the time of remission, and does not cause resistance.

A total of 30 patients with herpes labialis in the prodromal stage of vesicles, ulcers, and crusts will be selected to participate in the study and randomized into two groups: G1 control and G2 experimental. After signing informed consent, patients in group G1 will undergo the standard gold treatment for cold sores with acyclovir and simulated PDT treatment. Patients in the experimental G2 group will be treated simulating the gold standard treatment of herpes labialis (placebo) and PDT.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Photodynamic Therapy Herpes Simplex, Labial Device: photodynamic therapy herpes labialis Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Lesions of herpes labialis are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and cause pain and aesthetic compromise. It is characterized by the formation of small vesicles that coalesce and rupture forming extremely painful ulcers, that evolve to crusts, dry desquamations until their complete remission. Currently, the treatment of these lesions is done with acyclovir. Although it diminishes the symptomatology, it causes viral resistance and does not prevent the recurrence of the lesions. It is known that photodynamic therapy (PDT) has numerous advantages, among them: the reduction of the time of remission, and does not cause resistance.

Materials and methods: A total of 30 patients with herpes labialis in the prodromal stage of vesicles, ulcers, and crusts will be selected to participate in the study and randomized into two groups: G1 control and G2 experimental. After signing TCLE and TA, patients in group G1 will undergo the standard gold treatment for cold sores with acyclovir and simulated PDT treatment. Patients in the experimental G2 group will be treated simulating the gold standard treatment of herpes labialis (placebo) and PDT. In all patients will be collected saliva samples for analysis of cytokines, and will be performed exfoliative cytology in the lesions. The pain will be assessed through a pain scale and a questionnaire of quality of life-related to oral health (Ohip- 14) will be given to them. Patients will continue to be followed up after 7 days, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year and, if there is a recurrence of the lesion, they will contact the researchers.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 24 individuals will be randomly divided into 2 groups: G1 (control group) - conventional treatment with acyclovir and simulation of treatment with photodynamic therapy; G2 (experimental group) - photodynamic therapy placebo ointment simulating acyclovir cream.
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Masking Description: Only the researcher responsible for performing the treatments (which will open the envelopes of the randomization) will know which treatment was assigned to each patient. The identification of each group will be revealed only after the statistical analysis of the data for all those involved in the study by this researcher. Therefore, the researcher responsible for data collection, the microbiologist and the statistician will be blind regarding the treatments assigned to the groups. The patient will also be blind to the type of treatment performed, since the treatment of the lesion will be identical in both groups and the treatment with PDT will be simulated in the control group. Aciclovir placebo will be used in the experimental group, so the patient will not know which treatment will be effective.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of Herpes Labialis by Photodynamic Therapy: Controlled, Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind Protocol Study
Estimated Study Start Date : January 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 30, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 15, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Control (placebo)
The patients will receive an agent with the same vehicle as methylene blue to mimic irrigation with the photosensitizer and the laser will be switched off at the time of application. The placebo PDT procedures will be performed on the lesion: Application of methylene blue placebo with a carpule syringe and needle (with stop and without bevel) inside the lesions; 1 minute of pre-irradiation will be expected. The irradiations will be performed with the same device positioned in the same way and at the same time of application, however, the laser will be turned off. The beep sound will be recorded and turned on during application to blind treatment to the patient. The patient will receive a catheter with acyclovir cream and will be advised to spread on the lesions four times a day for 7 days, which will be their return for reevaluation. It will be washed in abundance with saline (saline solution) until the total removal of the placebo from the photosensitizer.
Device: photodynamic therapy herpes labialis
Patients will receive Photodynamic Therapy (PDT), irradiations will be performed with the Laser Duo® red laser diode (MMOptics, São Carlos, SP, Brazil) with a wavelength of 660 nm, with a power of 100 mW, the energy density of 300 J / cm², with energy of 3 J in the center of the lesion for 30 seconds. The laser will be positioned in direct contact with the lesion, perpendicular, applied centrally to each isolated lesion that presents with fixed energy per point of 3J. Wash in abundance with saline solution until the removal of the photosensitizer is complete. All treatment proposed in group 1 (simulation of PDT + delivery of aciclovir cream) in each patient will be concluded in a single session. Treatment for group 2 (PDT + placebo cream) will also be completed in a single session. All possible adverse effects will be noted and qualified during the treatment protocol and maintenance period (3/3 months) using the questionnaire developed for this protocol.

Experimental: experimental group
Patients will be treated with photodynamic therapy and will receive a placebo ointment simulating acyclovir cream. If the lesions are in the vesicle phase, they will be ruptured with a sterile needle. The methylene blue solution at 0.005% concentration will be gently placed on the lesions. Application of methylene blue on the lesions.1 minute of pre-irradiation will be expected. The irradiations will be performed with the Laser Duo® with a wavelength of 660 nm, with a power of 100 mW(milliwatts), the energy density of 300 J / cm², with the energy of 3 J (joules) in the center of the lesion for 30 seconds. The laser will be positioned in direct contact with the lesion, perpendicular, applied centrally to each lesion with energy per point of 3J. Wash in abundance with saline solution until the removal of the photosensitizer is complete. Patients will receive a tube with a placebo cream simulating aciclovir and the same will be advised to spread the cream 4 times per day for 7 days.
Device: photodynamic therapy herpes labialis
Patients will receive Photodynamic Therapy (PDT), irradiations will be performed with the Laser Duo® red laser diode (MMOptics, São Carlos, SP, Brazil) with a wavelength of 660 nm, with a power of 100 mW, the energy density of 300 J / cm², with energy of 3 J in the center of the lesion for 30 seconds. The laser will be positioned in direct contact with the lesion, perpendicular, applied centrally to each isolated lesion that presents with fixed energy per point of 3J. Wash in abundance with saline solution until the removal of the photosensitizer is complete. All treatment proposed in group 1 (simulation of PDT + delivery of aciclovir cream) in each patient will be concluded in a single session. Treatment for group 2 (PDT + placebo cream) will also be completed in a single session. All possible adverse effects will be noted and qualified during the treatment protocol and maintenance period (3/3 months) using the questionnaire developed for this protocol.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of the resolution time of the lesions [ Time Frame: through study completion on average of one year ]
    Evaluation of the resolution time of the lesions in days (primary objective of the study). For this, a 15-day follow-up will be performed for this variable.The complete resolution will be accompanied by photos and telephone contact and noted in a specific clinical file. For this, a 1-year follow-up will be performed for this variable. The location of the lesions through sextants on the lips (sextants 1, 2 and 3 to upper left to right and sextants 4,5 and 6 from right to left, with sextant 2 in the labial filter region and sextant 5 is its lower lip antagonist.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Presence of ballooning cells [ Time Frame: through study completion on average of three years ]
    evaluated by exfoliative cytology at baseline (T0) and 3 (T1) days after injury. The swab on the lesion of the exfoliative cytology kit of the Female Swab Specimen Collection Kit TM (Qiagen Brazil) will be gently passed, made the smear on a slide for microscopic examination.

  2. Evaluate if the amount of HSV-1 decreases after treatment with PDT [ Time Frame: through study completion on average of three years ]
    by qPCR (polymerase reaction ) at the baseline (T0), 3 (T1) and 7 (T2).HSV lesion secretion samples will be collected at 1 single site in the central portion of the lesion with sterile swab after treatment of all HSV lesions. They will be stored in 500 μl of Tris-EDTA (ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid) in tubes of 1 , 5ml for microcentrifuge (Eppendorff®). During the collection period (in the clinic) the samples will be stored on ice inside a styrofoam. These samples will be properly identified and stored at -80ºC (centigrades) (freezer from the UNINOVE University nove de Julho Biophotonics Laboratory) until further analysis.

  3. evaluation of saliva cytokines IL-6, IL-1β, IL-8, TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor) and IL-10 (interleukine) [ Time Frame: through study completion on average of three years ]
    by ELISA method in non-stimulated saliva in the baseline (T0), 3 (T1) and 7 T2) and 30 days after treatment (T3).Samples of unstimulated saliva (2 ml) will be collected in 50 ml tubes (Falcon tube). In the laboratory 500 μl of pure saliva will be added to 500 μl TE (tris-EDTA), and stored at -80 ° C (freezer from the UNINOVE Biophotonics laboratory).

  4. presence of pain: visual analog scale [ Time Frame: through study completion on average of three years ]
    verify the pain by visual analog scale at baseline (T0), 3 (T1) and 7 (T2) and 30 days after treatment (T3).Will be assessed by applying the visual analogue scale (EVA) with a line of 100 mm, with both ends closed. One end has the indication "0" and the other "10" which means respectively no pain and unbearable pain. Instructions for marking will always be given to the patient by the same operator. Each patient will be instructed to mark with a vertical trace the point that best corresponds to the intensity of pain at the time of evaluation

  5. Oral health impact profile (Ohip-14) [ Time Frame: through study completion on average of three years ]
    This questionnaire is a simplified form of the original OHIP-49 questionnaire, the Ohip-14, and will be used to assess the impact of oral health on the quality of life of the research participants. The Ohip-14 is used to measure perceived needs. It measures the impact of oral changes on oral health related quality of life. The patient responds to 14 questions by assigning to his answers the values 0 (never), 1 (almost never), 2 (sometimes), 3 (most of the time) and 4 (always)

  6. Temperature [ Time Frame: through study completion on average of three years ]
    The temperature will be measured at the site of the lesion (at its central point) and at its side (healthy skin 2 cm from the edge of the lesion). The local measurement will be measured using the Safety 1st® digital thermometer (Safety 1st®, "No Touch Forehead", Columbus, USA

  7. evaluation of HSL lesions cytokines IL-6, IL-1β, IL-8, TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor) and IL-10 (interleukine) [ Time Frame: through study completion on average of three years ]
    by ELISA method in HSL lesions in the baseline (T0), 3 (T1) and 7 T2) and 30 days after treatment (T3).Samples of unstimulated saliva (2 ml) will be collected in 50 ml tubes (Falcon tube). In the laboratory 500 μl of pure saliva will be added to 500 μl TE (tris-EDTA), and stored at -80 ° C (freezer from the UNINOVE Biophotonics laboratory).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients of both sex,

  • with no predilection for race or socioeconomic status,
  • negative medical history

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a herpes infection in the dry desquamation stage will be excluded.
  • Participants in continuous use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and continued corticosteroid therapy for less than 1 week.
  • Diabetic participants, smokers
  • who need immunosuppressants,
  • pregnant women and/or nursing mothers.
  • HIV positive,
  • hepatitis B or C.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04037475


Contacts
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Contact: Anna Carolina R Horliana, PhD +5513981999848 ext 5513981999848 annacrth@gmail.com
Contact: Renata Matalon, PhD annacrth@gmail.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Nove de Julho
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Anna Carolina R Horliana, PhD University of Nove de Julho
Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, PhD, Postgraduate program professor, University of Nove de Julho
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04037475    
Other Study ID Numbers: Herpes
First Posted: July 30, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 27, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, University of Nove de Julho:
photodynamic therapy
herpes labialis
herpes simplex
laser
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Herpes Simplex
Herpes Labialis
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Skin Diseases, Viral
Skin Diseases, Infectious
Skin Diseases
Lip Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases