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Bendamustine With or Without Cyclophosphamide in Preventing GVHD in Patients Undergoing Stem Cell Transplant

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04022239
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 17, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of bendamustine when given with or without cyclophosphamide in preventing graft versus host disease (GVHD) in patients undergoing stem cell transplant. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as bendamustine and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy and total body irradiation before or after a stem cell transplant helps kills cancer cells that are in the body and helps make room in the patient's bone marrow for new blood-forming cells (stem cells) to grow. Sometimes, the transplanted cells from a donor can attack the body's normal cells called GVHD. Giving tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and filgrastim after the transplant may stop this from happening.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipient Donor Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Cell Neoplasm Procedure: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Drug: Bendamustine Drug: Bendamustine Hydrochloride Drug: Cyclophosphamide Biological: Filgrastim-sndz Drug: Fludarabine Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate Drug: Melphalan Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil Biological: Rituximab Drug: Tacrolimus Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the safety of substituting the standard post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) given on day +3 and +4 with post-transplant bendamustine (PT-BEN) in patients undergoing HLA-mismatched hematopoietic cell transplantation.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate treatment-related mortality. II. To assess acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). III. To assess overall survival, progression-free survival and relapse rates. IV. To evaluate the risk of acute cystitis. V. To evaluate immune reconstitution after transplantation.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of bendamustine. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment schedules.

SCHEDULE I (NON-LYMPHOMA): Patients receive fludarabine intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days -5 to -2, melphalan IV over 30 minutes on days -5 and -4, and undergo total body irradiation (TBI) on day -1 and stem cell transplantation IV over 2-6 hours on day 0. Depending on when the trial was joined, patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours or bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes or cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours and bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 3. Patients also receive bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 4. Beginning day 5, patients receive tacrolimus IV followed by orally (PO) once daily (QD) or twice daily (BID) for 6 months and mycophenolate mofetil PO thrice daily (TID) until day 100. Beginning day 7, patients receive filgrastim-sndz subcutaneously (SC) QD until blood cell levels return to normal.

SCHEDULE II (LYMPHOID MALIGNANCIES): Patients receive fludarabine IV over 1 hour, bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on days -5 to -3 and undergo TBI on day -1 and stem cell transplantation over 2-6 hours on day 0. Depending on when the trial was joined, patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours or bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes or cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours and bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 3. Patients also receive bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 4. Beginning day 5, patients receive tacrolimus IV followed by PO QD or BID for 6 months and mycophenolate mofetil PO TID until day 100. Beginning day 7, patients receive filgrastim-sndz SC QD until blood cell levels return to normal. CD20+ patients receive rituximab IV over 4-6 hours on days -13, -6, 1, and 8.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed weekly for 3 months, every 3 months in year 1, and every 6 months in year 2.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Post-Transplant Bendamustine (PT-BEN) for GVHD Prophylaxis
Estimated Study Start Date : November 30, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Schedule I (non-lymphoma)
Patients receive fludarabine IV over 1 hour on days -5 to -2, melphalan IV over 30 minutes on days -5 and -4, and undergo TBI on day -1 and stem cell transplantation IV over 2-6 hours on day 0. Depending on when the trial was joined, patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours or bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes or cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours and bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 3. Patients also receive bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 4. Beginning day 5, patients receive tacrolimus IV followed by PO QD or BID for 6 months and mycophenolate mofetil PO TID until day 100. Beginning day 7, patients receive filgrastim-sndz SC QD until blood cell levels return to normal.
Procedure: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Undergo stem cell transplantation
Other Names:
  • Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation
  • Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • HSC
  • HSCT

Drug: Bendamustine
Given IV
Other Name: SDX-105

Drug: Bendamustine Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Bendamustin Hydrochloride
  • Bendeka
  • Cytostasan Hydrochloride
  • Levact
  • Ribomustin
  • SyB L-0501
  • Treanda

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Biological: Filgrastim-sndz
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim Biosimilar Filgrastim-sndz
  • Zarxio

Drug: Fludarabine
Given IV
Other Name: Fluradosa

Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • SH T 586

Drug: Melphalan
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Alanine Nitrogen Mustard
  • CB-3025
  • L-PAM
  • L-Phenylalanine Mustard
  • L-sarcolysin
  • L-Sarcolysin Phenylalanine mustard
  • L-Sarcolysine
  • Melphalanum
  • Phenylalanine Mustard
  • Phenylalanine nitrogen mustard
  • Sarcoclorin
  • Sarkolysin
  • WR-19813

Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF

Drug: Tacrolimus
Given IV and PO
Other Names:
  • FK 506
  • Fujimycin
  • Hecoria
  • Prograf
  • Protopic

Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation
Undergo TBI
Other Names:
  • TBI
  • TOTAL BODY IRRADIATION
  • Whole Body Irradiation
  • Whole-Body Irradiation

Experimental: Schedule II (lymphoid malignancies)
Patients receive fludarabine IV over 1 hour, bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on days -5 to -3 and undergo TBI on day -1 and stem cell transplantation over 2-6 hours on day 0. Depending on when the trial was joined, patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours or bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes or cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours and bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 3. Patients also receive bendamustine IV over 30-60 minutes on day 4. Beginning day 5, patients receive tacrolimus IV followed by PO QD or BID for 6 months and mycophenolate mofetil PO TID until day 100. Beginning day 7, patients receive filgrastim-sndz SC QD until blood cell levels return to normal. CD20+ patients receive rituximab IV over 4-6 hours on days -13, -6, 1, and 8.
Procedure: Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Undergo stem cell transplantation
Other Names:
  • Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation
  • Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • HSC
  • HSCT

Drug: Bendamustine
Given IV
Other Name: SDX-105

Drug: Bendamustine Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Bendamustin Hydrochloride
  • Bendeka
  • Cytostasan Hydrochloride
  • Levact
  • Ribomustin
  • SyB L-0501
  • Treanda

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Biological: Filgrastim-sndz
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim Biosimilar Filgrastim-sndz
  • Zarxio

Drug: Fludarabine
Given IV
Other Name: Fluradosa

Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • SH T 586

Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Cellcept
  • MMF

Biological: Rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABP 798
  • BI 695500
  • C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody
  • CT-P10
  • IDEC-102
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • MabThera
  • Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8
  • PF-05280586
  • Rituxan
  • Rituximab Biosimilar ABP 798
  • Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500
  • Rituximab Biosimilar CT-P10
  • Rituximab Biosimilar GB241
  • Rituximab Biosimilar IBI301
  • Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586
  • Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83
  • Rituximab Biosimilar SAIT101
  • rituximab biosimilar TQB2303
  • rituximab-abbs
  • RTXM83
  • Truxima

Drug: Tacrolimus
Given IV and PO
Other Names:
  • FK 506
  • Fujimycin
  • Hecoria
  • Prograf
  • Protopic

Radiation: Total-Body Irradiation
Undergo TBI
Other Names:
  • TBI
  • TOTAL BODY IRRADIATION
  • Whole Body Irradiation
  • Whole-Body Irradiation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose level (MTDL) (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Will employ the time-to-event Bayesian optimal interval design to find the MTDL. After the trial is completed, the MTDL will be selected based on isotonic regression as specified in Yuan et al. Specifically, MTDL will be selected as the dose for which the isotonic estimate of the toxicity rate is closest to the target toxicity rate. If there are ties, the higher dose level when the isotonic estimate is lower than the target toxicity rate will be selected and the lower dose level when the isotonic estimate is greater than or equal to the target toxicity rate will be selected.

  2. Dose-limiting toxicity (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 100 days ]
  3. Incidence of adverse events (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The trial is continuously monitored for toxicity per the statistical design.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with hematologic malignancies.
  • Eligible to receive an reduced-intensity allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).
  • Donor: Mismatched or haplo-identical.
  • Zubrod performance 0 to 2 or Karnofsky of at least 60.
  • Creatinine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/dL (at time of study entry).
  • Total bilirubin less than < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (UNL) (at time of study entry).
  • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) < 2.5 x ULN (at time of study entry).
  • Ejection fraction >= 40% (at time of study entry).
  • Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) >= 40% (at time of study entry).
  • Forced vital capacity (FVC) >= 40% (at time of study entry).
  • Diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) >= 40% (at time of study entry).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or nursing women.
  • Known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive.
  • Active and uncontrolled disease/infection.
  • Unable or unwilling to sign consent.
  • Current active hepatic or biliary disease (with exception of Gilbert's syndrome).
  • Active hepatitis B or C.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04022239


Contacts
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Contact: Issa F Khouri 713-792-8750 ikhouri@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Issa F. Khouri    713-792-8750      
Principal Investigator: Issa F. Khouri         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Issa F Khouri M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04022239     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018-0972
NCI-2019-03900 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2018-0972 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 17, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hematologic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Hematologic Diseases
Vidarabine
Mycophenolic Acid
Cyclophosphamide
Melphalan
Bendamustine Hydrochloride
Mechlorethamine
Nitrogen Mustard Compounds
Rituximab
Fludarabine
Fludarabine phosphate
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Tacrolimus
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Lenograstim
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Calcineurin Inhibitors