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Peer to Peer Programs for Military Suicide Prevention (P2P)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04021758
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 16, 2019
Xcelerate Innovations
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Craig Bryan, University of Utah

Brief Summary:

In the present project the investigators propose to test the efficacy of a peer to peer program entitled Airman's Edge. The Airman's Edge program plans to utilize peer mentors that will be trained in specialized skills designed to impact suicide risk at multiple levels of the military community without creating "extra duties" that increase workload and interfere with mission demands. Peer mentors will introduce primary prevention strategies to their units that target broad-based risk factors across the entire population (i.e., sleep disturbance, social support, meaning in life, firearm safety) with secondary prevention strategies that target individual-level risk factors (i.e., crisis response planning, firearm safety counseling). Peer mentors will complete a structured training process using existing curriculum and procedures that have been tested and refined within military groups. Peers mentors will also participate in monthly consultation calls with the investigative team to receive ongoing support, share resources and lessons learned, and address challenges and barriers to program implementation.

The purpose of the Airman's Edge peer to peer program is to influence indicators of suicide risk among military personnel at two levels, group and individual, consistent with the program's hybrid design that combines group-based education and individual-level suicide prevention skills training. The hypotheses are therefore designed to examine outcomes and effects at multiple levels of the community, which could inform subsequent implementation and translational efforts. The following aims are proposed:

Aim 1: To test the efficacy of a peer to peer program for the reduction of suicidal behavior among military personnel.

Aim 2: To identify moderators and mediators of the peer to peer program's effects on suicidal behavior.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Suicide Behavioral: Peer to peer program intervention Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Suicides among military personnel doubled from 2001 to 2015 and have remained elevated. Although new treatments and interventions have been shown to reduce the occurrence of suicidal behavior, they are predominantly available only in mental health clinics. Data indicate that the large majority of military personnel who die by suicide do not access mental healthcare services in the months preceding their deaths. New strategies that are based on these empirically-supported interventions but can be delivered outside the mental healthcare system, thereby reaching a larger proportion of the military community, are therefore needed. Peer to peer (P2P) support programs hold promise as a method for achieving these aims, but the evidence supporting this intervention model remains limited or, in the case of suicide prevention, absent. In light of this gap, the proposed project aims to test the efficacy of a P2P program for the reduction of suicidal behaviors among military personnel. The proposed P2P program, called Airman's Edge, is a hybrid model that includes both group-based peer educator and individual-based peer support components; these P2P program models have demonstrated the strongest outcomes with respect to changing attitudes, perspectives, and behaviors, all of which are key targets for reducing suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The Airman's Edge program is comprised of several skills-based strategies that have been shown to directly reduce suicidal thoughts and behaviors (i.e., sleep habits, firearm safety procedures, crisis response planning), and targets population-level contextual variables known to reduce suicide risk (i.e., purpose and meaning in life, social support). The mechanisms by which these strategies reduce suicidal behavior align with an empirically-supported conceptual model, the suicidal mode, which has guided recent advances in military suicide prevention. The delivery platform for the skills-based strategies employed in the Airman's Edge program have demonstrated very good acceptability and feasibility when used with military personnel.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1600 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

The study design entails a dynamic wait list design in which participants are randomly assigned to either the Peer-to-Peer (P2P) program or a wait list control condition. Randomization will be conducted at the squadron level using a computerized randomization algorithm.

The proposed dynamic wait list design differs primarily from the traditional wait list designs with respect to timing of intervention. In the traditional wait list design, half of the squadrons (i.e., N/2) would be randomized to implement the P2P program early in the study and the remaining half would implement the P2P program later in the study. By contrast, the dynamic wait list randomizes the timing of the intervention over the entire course of the study period by first dividing the overall study period into m equal time blocks, and then randomizing N/m squadrons to receive the P2P program during each time block.

Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Data analyses will be conducted by a quantitative psychology postdoctoral fellow under the supervision of Dr. Brian Baucom, PhD, at The University of Utah, and Kent Corso, PsyD, BCBA-D, at Xcelerate Innovations. Dr. Baucom serves on the University of Utah's Department of Psychology's Statistical Consulting Service, and has prior experience with clinical trial methodology and military research. Dr. Corso is a certified behavior analyst with extensive experience using single case design methodology and applying this approach to military settings. None of the data analysts will be involved in data collection procedures, and will remain therefore blind to treatment assignment. Prior to statistical analyses, data will be screened to identify distributional properties.
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Peer to Peer Programs for Military Suicide Prevention
Estimated Study Start Date : August 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 1, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Suicide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Peer to peer program intervention
The experimental condition for the proposed project is the Airman's Edge program, a peer to peer program in which peer mentors will be trained to provide a series of interventions aimed at reducing risk for suicidal behaviors both directly and indirectly through the targeting of emotion dysregulation, cognitive rigidity, and contextual risk factors (e.g., insomnia, meaning in life, social support, firearm availability).
Behavioral: Peer to peer program intervention
Peer to peer suicide prevention program aimed at reducing suicide in a military population.
Other Name: Airman's Edge

No Intervention: Wait list

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in number of suicide deaths from baseline [ Time Frame: Administrative data will be requested at baseline for the five years preceding the start of the study, and will be requested on a quarterly basis through study completion, an average of 20 months. ]
    Number of suicide deaths will be collected from Department of Defense Suicide Event Report data.

  2. Change in suicidal behaviors from baseline [ Time Frame: Participants will complete self-report assessments at baseline and every four months during follow-up for a total of 20 months. ]
    Include suicide attempts, aborted suicide attempts, and interrupted suicide attempts. Will be assessed using the self-report version of the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI; Nock et al., 2007). The SITBI is a PhenX Toolkit recommended common data element.

  3. Change in suicide ideation from baseline [ Time Frame: . Participants will complete self-report assessments at baseline and every four months during follow-up for a total of 20 months. ]
    Suicide ideation will be assessed using the self-report version of the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI; Nock et al., 2007). The SITBI is a PhenX Toolkit recommended common data element.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 18 years of age or older; and
  2. able to understand and speak the English language.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. an inability to understand and speak the English language and
  2. an inability to complete the informed consent process.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04021758

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Contact: Justin C Baker, PhD 801-587-7978
Contact: Craig J Bryan, PsyD 801-587-7978

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United States, Missouri
Whiteman Air Force Base Not yet recruiting
Base De La Fuerza Aérea Whiteman, Missouri, United States, 65305
Contact: Christopher J Button, PhD    660-687-4341   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Utah
Xcelerate Innovations
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Principal Investigator: Craig J Bryan, PsyD The University of Utah

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Craig Bryan, Associate Professor, University of Utah Identifier: NCT04021758     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PT170195
W81XWH-18-2-0064 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs, USAMRMC )
First Posted: July 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 16, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Craig Bryan, University of Utah:
Suicide prevention
Peer mentoring

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Self-Injurious Behavior
Behavioral Symptoms