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Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab in Cutaneous Melanoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04020809
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 17, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ashley Holder, MD, The Methodist Hospital System

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to see whether using atezolizumab before surgery is safe and does not cause side effects that delay surgery in participants with cutaneous melanoma that has not spread to other areas of the body (non-metastatic) and can be removed by surgery (resectable) but has a higher risk of coming back after surgery (high-risk).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cutaneous Melanoma Drug: Atezolizumab Phase 1

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this study is to test the safety of using atezolizumab before surgery in participants with cutaneous melanoma that has not spread to other areas of the body (non-metastatic) and can be removed by surgery (resectable) but has a higher risk of coming back after surgery (high-risk). Cutaneous melanoma in its earliest stages before it has spread to other areas of the body can usually be cured with surgery alone. Unfortunately, some cutaneous melanomas have a greater likelihood of coming back after surgery. Your immune system is normally your body's first defense against threats like cancer. But sometimes cancer cells produce signals that allow them to hide from attack by the immune system. One such signal is called programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1). Atezolizumab is a drug that blocks PD-L1. By blocking PD-L1, atezolizumab may boost your immune system to keep your cutaneous melanoma from coming back after surgery.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab in Patients With Non-Metastatic Resectable High-Risk Cutaneous Melanoma
Estimated Study Start Date : September 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Atezolizumab
Atezolizumab will be administered as 1200 mg intravenously on Day 1 every 3 weeks for 2 cycles.
Drug: Atezolizumab
Anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody
Other Name: Tecentriq




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants completing neoadjuvant atezolizumab [ Time Frame: 63 months ]
    Determine the number of participants who complete the 2 neoadjuvant doses of atezolizumab without any extended treatment-related delay (defined as >80 days from Cycle 1 to date of surgical resection)

  2. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events [ Time Frame: 63 months ]
    Determine the number of participants with treatment-related adverse events, as assessed by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v5.0


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathological response rate in primary tumor and sentinel lymph node(s) [ Time Frame: 63 months ]
    Determine the pathological response rate in primary tumor and sentinel lymph node(s) of neoadjuvant atezolizumab

  2. Two-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate [ Time Frame: 63 months ]
    Determine the 2-year RFS rate of neoadjuvant atezolizumab

  3. Two-year overall survival (OS) rate [ Time Frame: 63 months ]
    Determine the 2-year OS rate of neoadjuvant atezolizumab



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent form.
  • Female or male.
  • Age ≥18 years at time of signing informed consent form.
  • Ability to comply with the trial protocol, in the investigator's judgment.
  • Histologically confirmed cutaneous melanoma with pathological evidence of residual disease in place.
  • Clinically non-metastatic (stage I-II) disease.
  • Technically resectable disease (no significant vascular, neural, or bony involvement and potential to safely achieve R0 resection) per the treating surgical oncologist.
  • High-risk disease (clinical stage IA-IIC disease meeting criteria for sentinel lymph node biopsy as per the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines [clinical stage IB-IIC (i.e., T1b-T4bN0M0) OR clinical stage IA (T1aN0M0) with high risk denoted by T1a with greater than or equal to 2 mitoses per mm2 OR lymphovascular invasion OR their combination]).
  • Treatment-naïve.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2.
  • Adequate hematologic and end-organ function.
  • Negative human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test at screening, with the following exception: patients with a positive HIV test at screening are eligible provided they are stable on anti-retroviral therapy, have a CD4 count ≥200/µL, and have an undetectable viral load.
  • Negative hepatitis B surface antigen test at screening.
  • Willing to provide biopsy and blood specimens as required by the trial.
  • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods with a failure rate of <1% per year during the treatment period and for 5 months after the final dose of trial treatment. Women must also refrain from donating eggs during this same period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Anal melanoma, vaginal melanoma, mucosal melanoma, or melanoma of soft parts.
  • History of leptomeningeal disease.
  • Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring recurrent drainage procedures (once monthly or more frequently).
  • Uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia.
  • Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency, including, but not limited to, myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, Sjögren syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, or multiple sclerosis.
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis scan.
  • Active tuberculosis.
  • Significant cardiovascular disease (such as New York Heart Association Class II or greater cardiac disease, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident) within 3 months prior to initiation of trial treatment, unstable arrhythmia, or unstable angina.
  • Major surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to initiation of trial treatment.
  • Severe infection within 4 weeks prior to initiation of trial treatment, including, but not limited to, hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia.
  • Treatment with therapeutic oral or intravenous antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to initiation of trial treatment.
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation.
  • Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, or may render the patient at high risk from treatment complications.
  • Treatment with a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of trial treatment, or anticipation of need for such a vaccine during trial treatment or within 5 months after the final dose of trial treatment.
  • Current treatment with anti-viral therapy for hepatitis B virus.
  • Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti-cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4, anti-programmed cell death-1, and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies.
  • Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including, but not limited to, interferon and interleukin-2 within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives of the drug [whichever is longer]) prior to initiation of trial treatment
  • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication (including, but not limited to, corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha agents) within 2 weeks prior to initiation of trial treatment, or anticipation of need for systemic immunosuppressive medication during trial treatment.
  • History of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins.
  • Current use of anticoagulants at therapeutic levels.
  • Prior active malignancy within the previous 2 years with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or cervical cancer in place that have undergone potentially curative therapy.
  • Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  • Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or to any component of the atezolizumab formulation.
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding, or intention of becoming pregnant during trial treatment or within 5 months after the final dose of trial treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04020809


Contacts
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Contact: Houston Methodist Cancer Center 713-441-0629 ccresearch@houstonmethodist.org
Contact: Ashley Holder, M.D. 713-441-0629 ccresearch@houstonmethodist.org

Sponsors and Collaborators
Ashley Holder, MD
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ashley Holder, M.D. Houston Methodist Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: Ashley Holder, MD, Assistant Professor of Surgery, The Methodist Hospital System
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04020809     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ML41440
First Posted: July 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Keywords provided by Ashley Holder, MD, The Methodist Hospital System:
atezolizumab
neoadjuvant
cutaneous melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Skin Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Atezolizumab
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs