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A Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Treatment With PD-1 Inhibition (Nivolumab) With or Without IDO Inhibition (BMS-986205) and With or Without CTLA-4 Inhibition (Ipilimumab) in Resectable Stage III or IV Melanoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04007588
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 3, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Elizabeth Buchbinder, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This research study is studying different immunotherapy regimens as a possible treatment for stage III or IV resectable melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Stage III Melanoma Stage IV Drug: Nivolumab Drug: BMS-986205 Drug: Ipilimumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug to learn whether the drug works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means the drug is being studied.

The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has approved OPDIVO® (nivolumab), YERVOY® (ipilimumab), and a combination of the two as treatment options for metastatic melanoma.

The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved the combination of nivolumab and BMS-986205 as a treatment for any disease. This research study is looking for more information on the efficacy the combination of nivolumab and BMS-986205 in the treatment of melanoma.

Nivolumab, Ipilimumab, and BMS-986205 are types of immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works by encouraging the body's own immune system to attack the cancer cells. Nivolumab, Ipilimumab, and BMS-986205 work by stopping various molecules on cancer cells and body cells from working against the immune system's natural fight against cancer.

In this research study, the investigators are going to look at the following while the participants are receiving the study drug(s):

• The effectiveness (how well the drug works), safety, and tolerability of Nivolumab, BMS-986205 and Nivolumab, and Ipilimumab and Nivolumab in people with resectable stage III or IV melanoma


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Neoadjuvant Treatment With PD-1 Inhibition (Nivolumab) With or Without IDO Inhibition (BMS-986205) and With or Without CTLA-4 Inhibition (Ipilimumab) in Resectable Stage III or IV Melanoma
Estimated Study Start Date : November 30, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 1, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab+BMS-986205
  • Nivolumab will be administered intravenously Day 1 of each 28 day cycle.
  • BMS-986205 will be administered orally on a daily basis
Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab is a types of immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works by encouraging the body's own immune system to attack the cancer cells. Nivolumab work by stopping various molecules on cancer cells and body cells from working against the immune system's natural fight against cancer
Other Name: OPDIVO

Drug: BMS-986205
BMS-986205 is a types of immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works by encouraging the body's own immune system to attack the cancer cells. BMS-986205 work by stopping various molecules on cancer cells and body cells from working against the immune system's natural fight against cancer

Experimental: Nivolumab
-Nivolumab will be administered intravenously Day 1 of each 28 day cycle.
Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab is a types of immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works by encouraging the body's own immune system to attack the cancer cells. Nivolumab work by stopping various molecules on cancer cells and body cells from working against the immune system's natural fight against cancer
Other Name: OPDIVO

Experimental: Nivolumab+Ipilimumab
  • Nivolumab will be administered intravenously Day 1 of each 28 day cycle.
  • Ipilimumab will be administered intravenously every 6 weeks
Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab is a types of immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works by encouraging the body's own immune system to attack the cancer cells. Nivolumab work by stopping various molecules on cancer cells and body cells from working against the immune system's natural fight against cancer
Other Name: OPDIVO

Drug: Ipilimumab
Ipilimumab is a types of immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works by encouraging the body's own immune system to attack the cancer cells. Ipilimumab work by stopping various molecules on cancer cells and body cells from working against the immune system's natural fight against cancer
Other Name: YERVOY




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major Pathologic Response Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Complete Pathological response rate or near pathological complete response rate on each treatment arm


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recurrence free survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Time from treatment start to recurrence of melanoma

  2. Overall Survival Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Time from treatment start to death

  3. Changes In Infiltrating immune cells From Pre-Treatment To Time Of Excision [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Changes in immune cells in the tumor micro environment including CD8 T-cells

  4. Rates of adverse events and serious adverse events on the different treatment arms. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Rates of different grade adverse events on each treatment arm



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic or cytologic diagnosis of resectable stage III or IV cutaneous melanoma. Patients with melanoma of mucosal origin are not eligible. Patients with acral melanoma that fit criteria are eligible. Patients must have clinically detectable stage III (clinically detectable N1b, N1c, N2b, N2c, N3b or N3c) or stage IV resectable melanoma.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • ECOG performance status ≤2 (Karnofsky ≥60%, see Appendix A)
  • Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥2,000/mcL
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL
    • platelets ≥100,000/mcL
    • hemoglobin ≥9.0g/dL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤2.5 × institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine within normal institutional limits OR
    • creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with creatinine levels above institutional normal.
    • C-Reactive Protein < institutional ULN
  • Quantitative or qualitative G6PD assay results must not suggest underlying G6PD deficiency
  • Measurable disease (by CT, PET/CT or MRI)
  • Prior therapies including targeted therapy and immunotherapy are not allowed, with the exception of adjuvant Ipilimumab or Interferon-α-2b.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Ability to swallow pills intact and without GI issues which may impact medication absorption.
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception (Refer to Appendix B) for the duration of treatment with study treatment(s) plus 5 months post-treatment completion (i.e. 30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo approximately 5 half-lives).
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of study treatment.
  • Males who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment with study treatment(s) plus 7 months post-treatment completion (i.e. 90 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo approximately 5 half-lives). In addition, male participants must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during this time. This criterion applies to azoospermic males as well.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A history of prior treatment with PD-1 inhibitor, CTLA-4 inhibitor or IDO inhibition. Prior therapy with ipilimumab or Interferon-α-2b in the adjuvant setting is permitted. Participants may not have received live/attenuated vaccines within 30 days of first treatment.
  • Participants with uveal or mucosal melanoma
  • Participants with known brain metastases must have documented stability for at least 30 days directly prior to study enrollment and not be requiring active treatment for these. Prior radiation, surgery and stereotactic radiosurgery are allowed but must be completed four weeks prior to initiating therapy.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab, ipilimumab, methylene blue or BMS-986205. History or presence of hypersensitivity or idiosyncratic reaction to methylene blue.
  • Need for systemic steroids at the time of enrollment. Physiologic replacements at a dose of less than 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent is allowed.
  • Blood Methemoglobin > ULN, assessed in an arterial or venous blood sample or by co-oximetry
  • Participants with active ILD/pneumonitis or history of ILD/ pneumonitis requiring steroids.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with nivolumab or BMS-986205, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with nivolumab or BMS-986205. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.
  • Known active HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C patients. HIV-positive participants on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for an immunologic effect with the therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in participants receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Autoimmune disease that requires treatment at the time of enrollment. Participants with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  • Participant with a personal or family (ie, in a first-degree relative) history of cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency (previously called methemoglobin reductase deficiency) or other diseases that put them at risk of methemoglobinemia. All participants will be screened for methemoglobin levels prior to randomization.
  • Participant with a history of G6PD deficiency or other congenital or autoimmune hemolytic disorders. All participants will be screened for G6PD levels prior to randomization.
  • Participants must not have a history of life-threatening toxicity related to prior immune therapy (eg. anti-CTLA-4 or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways) except those that are unlikely to re-occur with standard countermeasures (eg. hormone replacement after adrenal crisis).
  • Treatment with botanical preparations (eg, herbal supplements or traditional Chinese medicines) intended for general health support or to treat the disease under study within 2 weeks prior to randomization.
  • History of other malignancy within 3 years prior to screening, with the exception of those with a negligible risk of metastasis or death (e.g., 5-year OS of > 90%), such as adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, non-melanoma skin carcinoma, localized prostate cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ, or Stage I uterine cancer.
  • Participants who have had major surgery requiring general anesthesia or significant trauma who have not recovered per physician determination for at least 14 days prior to randomization.
  • Participants with conditions known to interfere significantly with the absorption of oral medication, as per investigator judgment.
  • Participants with uncontrolled adrenal insufficiency.
  • Prior history of serotonin syndrome.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04007588


Contacts
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Contact: Elizabeth I Buchbinder, MD 617-632-6704 Elizabeth_buchbinder@dfci.harvard.edu

Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Ryan J Sullivan, MD       rsullivan7@partners.org   
Principal Investigator: Ryan S. Sullivan, MD         
Dana Farber Cancer Institute Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Contact: Elizabeth I Buchbinder, MD    617-632-6704    Elizabeth_buchbinder@dfci.harvard.edu   
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth I Buchbinder, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Elizabeth I Buchbinder, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

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Responsible Party: Elizabeth Buchbinder, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04007588     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-043
First Posted: July 3, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: BCH - Contact the Technology & Innovation Development Office at www.childrensinnovations.org or email TIDO@childrens.harvard.edu BIDMC - Contact the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Technology Ventures Office at tvo@bidmc.harvard.edu BWH - Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation DFCI - Contact the Belfer Office for Dana-Farber Innovations (BODFI) at innovation@dfci.harvard.edu MGH - Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Elizabeth Buchbinder, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents