Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

miR-142-3p as Potential Biomarker of Synaptopathy in MS

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03999788
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 27, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Diego Centonze, Neuromed IRCCS

Brief Summary:

Inflammatory synaptopathy is a prominent pathogenic mechanism in multiple sclerosis (MS) and in its mouse model, which can cause excitotoxic damage by long-lasting excessive synaptic excitation and, consequentially, drives disease progression by leading to motor and cognitive deficits. As synaptopathy occurs early during the disease course and is potentially reversible, it represents an appealing therapeutic target in MS.

Although reliable biomarkers of MS synaptopathy are still missing, recent researches highlighted miR-142-3p as a possible candidate. Indeed, miR-142-3p has been described to promote the IL-1beta-dependent synaptopathy by downregulating GLAST/EAAT1, a crucial glial transporter involved in glutamate homeostasis. Furthermore, mir-142-3p has been suggested as a putative negative MS prognostic factor and a target of current MS disease modifying therapies.

The hypothesis of this study is that miR-142-3p represents a good biomarker for excitotoxic synaptopathy to predict MS course, and, possibly, treatment efficacy at individual level, including both pharmacological strategies and non-pharmacological interventions, like therapeutic transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to ameliorate MS spasticity. To this aim, the role of miR-142-3p in MS synaptopathy, its potential impact on the efficacy of disease-modifying treatments currently used in MS therapy as well as the influence of genetic variants (SNPs) of miR-142-3p and GLAST/EAAT1 coding genes on the responsiveness to therapeutic TMS, will be further investigated in the study. By validating miR-142-3p as potential biomarker of synaptopathy, it is expect to improve MS prognosis and personalized therapies.

Patients with MS, who will undergo neurological assessment, conventional brain MRI scan, and CSF and blood withdrawal for diagnostic and clinical reasons at the Neurology Unit of IRCCS INM-Neuromed will be enrolled in the study. Neurophysiological, biochemical and genetic parameters together with lower limb spasticity will be evaluated. Subjects, who will undergo blood sampling and/or lumbar puncture for clinical suspicions, later on not confirmed, will be recruited as control group.

A subgroup of MS patients showing lower limb spasticity will be included in a two-week repetitive TMS stimulation protocol (iTBS) to correlate the patient responsiveness to this non-pharmacological treatment with MS-significant SNPs of both miR-142-3p and GLAST/EAAT1 coding genes.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Spasticity Procedure: lumbar puncture and blood withdrawal Procedure: Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) therapeutic protocol for spasticity Not Applicable

  Show Detailed Description

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1000 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Relevance of miR-142-3p as Potential Biomarker of Synaptopathy in Multiple Sclerosis
Estimated Study Start Date : December 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: multiple sclerosis patients
lumbar puncture, microRNAs quantification in CSF samples, SNPs analysis in blood samples
Procedure: lumbar puncture and blood withdrawal
lumbar puncture performed to detect OCB for diagnostic purposes and blood withdrawal for SNP screening

Experimental: control subjects
lumbar puncture, microRNAs quantification in CSF samples, SNPs analysis in blood samples
Procedure: lumbar puncture and blood withdrawal
lumbar puncture performed to detect OCB for diagnostic purposes and blood withdrawal for SNP screening

Experimental: multiple sclerosis patients with spasticity and selected SNPs
iTBS therapeutic protocol
Procedure: Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) therapeutic protocol for spasticity
iTBS will be delivered over the scalp site corresponding to the leg area of primary motor cortex contralateral to the affected limb. The active motor threshold (AMT) will be defined as the minimum stimulation intensity required to evoke a liminal motor potential from the Soleus muscle during voluntary contraction. The stimulation intensity will be about 80% of AMT. The iTBS stimulation protocol consists of 10 bursts, each burst composed of three stimuli at 50 Hz, repeated at a theta frequency of 5 Hz every 10 s for a total of 600 stimuli (200 s). If no MEP will be detectable from the contralateral leg, the site of stimulation will be determined as symmetrical to the motor hot spot. If no MEP will be detectable even from the contralateral leg the coil will be held tangentially to the scalp with its centre placed 1 cm ahead and 1 cm lateral from CZ (10-20 EEG system). In these cases, stimulation intensity will be set to 50% of the maximum stimulator output.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. CSF concentration of miR-142-3p [ Time Frame: T0 (enrollment); MS patients vs Control subjects ]
    Quantification of CSF levels of miR-142-3p by qPCR analysis. Relative quantification will be performed by 2^(-ddCt) method.

  2. CSF concentration of soluble molecules [ Time Frame: T0 (enrollment); MS patients vs Control subjects ]
    Quantification of CSF inflammatory molecules (TNF, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17, IFN-γ, IL1ra, IL-22, IL-2, IL-2ra, IL-10, IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-12p40, IL-8) by Luminex multiplex assays; neurofilaments, beta amyloid, tau proteins and growth factors (like NGF, PDGF and BDNF) by Luminex multiplex assays. Data will be expressed as pg/ml.

  3. Clinical disability assessment by Progression Index calculation for correlation analysis with CSF-miR-142-3p levels [ Time Frame: Changes from T0 (enrollment) to T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months) of follow-up ]
    Clinical disability will be certified by a qualified neurologist through the Progression Index (PI) calculated as EDSS combined with disease duration (EDSS/disease duration). Disease duration is estimated as the number of years from onset to the most recent assessment of disability and EDSS scale ranging from 0 to 10 in 0.5 unit increments that represent higher levels of disability.

  4. Clinical disability assessment by MSFC calculation for correlation analysis with CSF-miR-142-3p levels [ Time Frame: Changes from T0 (enrollment) to T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months) of follow-up ]

    The Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) is a three-part composite clinical measure. Three variables were recommended as primary measures: Timed 25-Foot walk; 9-Hole Peg Test; and Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT- 3"). The results from each of these three tests are transformed into Z-scores and averaged to yield a composite score for each patient at each time point.

    There are 3 components:

    1. the average scores from the four trials on the 9-HPT;
    2. the average scores of two 25-Foot Timed Walk trials;
    3. the number correct from the PASAT-3. The scores for these three dimensions are combined to create a single score that can be used to detect change over time. This is done by creating Z-scores for each component. MSFC Score = {Zarm, average + Zleg, average + Zcognitive} / 3.0 (Where Zxxx =Z-score) Increased scores represent deterioration in the 9-HPT and the 25-Foot Timed Walk, whereas decreased scores represent deterioration in the PASAT-3.

  5. Neuroradiological assessment for correlation analysis with CSF-miR-142-3p levels [ Time Frame: Changes from T0 (enrollment) to T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months) of follow-up ]
    By conventional MRI (1.5 Tesla) the following parameters will be evaluated: dual-echo proton density, FLAIR, T1-WI, T2-WI, and contrast-enhanced T1-WI after intravenous gadolinium (Gd) infusion (0.2 ml/kg). A new Gd+ lesion is defined as a typical area of hyperintense signal on postcontrast T1-WI. A new or newly enlarging lesion on T2-WI is defined as a rounded or oval lesion arising from an area previously considered as normal appearing brain tissue and/or showing an identifiable increase in size from a previously stable-appearing lesion. An active scan is defined as showing any new, enlarging or recurrent lesion(s) on postcontrast T1- and T2-WI.

  6. Neurophysiological assessments for correlation analysis with CSF-miR-142-3p levels [ Time Frame: Changes from T0 (enrollment) to T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months) of follow-up ]

    To assess synaptic excitability by SICI, ICF and LICI, motor thresholds will be calculated at rest as the lowest stimulus intensity able to evoke MEPs of about 50uV in 5 out of 10 consecutive trials (cts), and during a slight voluntary contraction of the target muscle (20-30% of the max voluntary contraction) as the lowest intensity able to evoke MEPs > 100uV in 5 out of 10 cts. The mean peak-to-peak amplitude of the conditioned MEP (cMEP), at each interstimulus interval (ISI), will be expressed as a percentage of the mean peak-to-peak amplitude of the test MEP (tMEP).

    PAS-induced LTP-like plasticity will be expressed as changes of the average MEPs size at each time point after PAS compared to the average baseline MEPs size. Before PAS, 25 MEPs, evoked by single TMS pulses over the APB motor hot spot set at an intensity to obtain MEPs size of about 1mV peak-to-peak, will be collected. The same stimulus intensity will be used to obtain 25 MEPs 0', 30' and 60' after PAS.


  7. Statistical correlation of miR-142-3p levels in MS CSF with disease and neurophysiological parameters [ Time Frame: T0 (enrollment), T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months). ]

    To investigate miR-142-3p association with synaptopathy-driven disease progression (measured in terms of clinical or radiological changes and TMS variables), multivariable generalized linear models (GLM) will be applied considering miR level in the CSF as an independent variable adjusting for demographical, clinical, neuroradiological, neurophysiological, biochemical factors and treatments.

    In the case of unsuccessful identification, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) will be performed to evaluate the miR contribution with other molecules in the CSF (as cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, neurofilaments, beta amyloid and tau protein) to synaptopathy-driven disease progression to reduce the number of variable examined and increase the power of multivariate analysis. Statistical correlations will be repeated on the identified PCA components including miR-142-3p as part of the component. The significance level is established at p<0.05.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Statistical correlation of miR-142-3p levels in MS CSF with patient's responsiveness to disease modifying therapies (DMTs). [ Time Frame: Time Frame: T0 (enrollment); Changes from T0 (enrollment) to T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months) of follow-up ]
    miR-142-3p levels in the CSF will be assessed at T0, as reported above. The responsiveness to the DMT, who MS patients underwent as part of their clinical routine, will be evaluated according to clinical and neuroradiological parameters considered in the primary outcomes. Changes in such parameters will be evaluated at different time points during a six-year follow-up (T12-T0; T24-T0, T24-T12, etc). Both univariable and multivariable approaches and stratification of patients based on DMT treatment will be performed.The significance level is established at p<0.05.

  2. Genotyping of SNPs in SLC1A3 and MIR-142 genes for correlation analysis with disease parameters [ Time Frame: Time Frame: T0 (enrollment); Changes from T0 (enrollment) to T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months) of follow-up ]

    Genetic screening will be performed on peripheral blood withdrawn from MS patients at T0. The following SNPs in MIR142 gene coding for miR-142-3p: rs550842646, rs377637047, rs562696473, rs529802001, rs547987105, rs573562920, rs544684689 and rs549927573, and in SLC1A3 gene coding for GLAST/EAAT1: rs137852620, rs2032892, rs2562582, rs4869675, rs4869676, rs2269272, rs2269273, rs1049522, rs1049524 and rs2731886, will be analyzed.

    Univariable and multivariable correlations of minor allele presence of each screened SNP with clinical, neuroradiological and neurophysiological parameters, detected in the primary outcomes (T0, T12, T24, T36, T48, T60, T72), will allow the identification of SNPs relevant to disease progression. The significance level is established at p<0.05.


  3. Lower limb spasticity assessment by H/M amplitude ratio for the therapeutic TMS substudy [ Time Frame: Changes from T0 (enrollment) to T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months) of follow-up; Changes from the starting day (W0) to the end of the 2-week iTBS protocol (W2). ]

    Lower limb spasticity will be evaluated in all recruited MS patients at T0 and during 6-year-follow-up. A subgroup of MS patients with lower-limb spastic symptoms and carrying SNPs in in SLC1A3 and MIR-142 genes relevant to disease progression will undergo therapeutic iTBS protocol daily for two weeks (interventional substudy) and spasticity will be assessed also immediately before the beginning (W0) and after 2 weeks at the end of the protocol (W2).

    The H/M amplitude ratio of the Soleus H reflex will be evaluated by EMG recordings as an index of spinal excitability. Compound motor action potentials (cMAPs) and H reflex will be evoked by electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve. The maximum amplitudes of the H reflex (H) and CMAP (M) potentials will be measured from peak to peak and H/M ratio was calculated by dividing the maximal amplitude of H wave by that of M wave.


  4. Lower limb spasticity assessment by MAS score for the therapeutic TMS substudy [ Time Frame: Changes from T0 (enrollment) to T12 (12 months), T24 (24 months), T36 (36 months), T48 (48 months), T60 (60 months) and T72 (72 months) of follow-up; Changes from the starting day (W0) to the end of the 2-week iTBS protocol (W2). ]

    Lower limb spasticity will be evaluated in all recruited MS patients at T0 and during 6-year-follow-up. A subgroup of MS patients with lower-limb spastic symptoms and carrying SNPs in in SLC1A3 and MIR-142 genes relevant to disease progression will undergo therapeutic iTBS protocol daily for two weeks (interventional substudy) and spasticity will be assessed also immediately before the beginning (W0) and after 2 weeks at the end of the protocol (W2).

    The Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) assesses resistance during passive soft-tissue stretching ranging from 0 to 4 score.


  5. Statistical correlation of response to iTBS treatment with MS-significant SNPs of both SLC1A3 and MIR-142. [ Time Frame: T0 (enrollment); Changes from the starting day (W0) to the end of the 2-week iTBS protocol (W2). ]
    Minor allele presence of each screened SNP in SLC1A3 and MIR-142, identified at T0 as relevant to disease progression (see above), will be correlated with changes in spasticity parameters (the H/M amplitude ratio of the Soleus H reflex and MAS score) upon the iTBS treatment (W2-W0). The significance level is established at p<0.05.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ability to provide written informed consent to the study;
  • Diagnosis of MS definite according to 2010 revised McDonald's criteria (Polman et al., 2011);
  • Age range 18-65 (included);
  • EDSS range between 0 and 6 (included);
  • Ability to participate to the study protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to provide written informed consent to the study;
  • Altered blood count;
  • Female with positive pregnancy test at baseline or having active pregnancy plans in the following months after the beginning of the protocol;
  • Contraindications to gadolinium (MRI);
  • Contraindications to TMS;
  • Patients with comorbidities for neurological disease other than MS, included other neurodegenerative chronic diseases or chronic infections (i.e tubercolosis, infectious hepatitis, HIV/AIDS);
  • Unstable medical condition or infections;
  • Use of medications with increased risk of seizures (i.e. Fampridine, 4- Aminopyridine);
  • Concomitant use of drugs that may alter synaptic transmission and plasticity (cannabinoids, L-dopa, antiepiletics, nicotine, baclofen, SSRI, botulinum toxin).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03999788


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Diego Centonze, MD +39 3934444159 centonze@uniroma2.it
Contact: Mario Stampanoni Bassi, MD +39 2460181370 mario_sb@hotmail.it

Locations
Layout table for location information
Italy
IRCCS Neuromed
Pozzilli, Isernia, Italy, 86077
Sponsors and Collaborators
Neuromed IRCCS
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Diego Centonze, MD IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli, Isernia Italy

Publications:

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Diego Centonze, Haed of Neurology Unit, Neuromed IRCCS
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03999788     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: miR-142-3p_MSSynPathyBiomarker
RF-2018-12366144 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Italian Ministry of Health )
First Posted: June 27, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 4, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Diego Centonze, Neuromed IRCCS:
microRNA
Multiple Sclerosis
synaptopathy
lower limb spasticity
transcranial magnetic stimulation
repetitive TMS stimulation protocol
GLAST/EAAT1
single nucleotide polymorphisms
Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Muscle Spasticity
Multiple Sclerosis
Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Muscle Hypertonia
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms