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K0706 for Patients Diagnosed With Dementia With Lewy Bodies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03996460
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 24, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 2, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Sun Pharma Advanced Research Company Limited
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fernando Pagan MD, Georgetown University

Brief Summary:

This study evaluates the safety and tolerability of treatment with K0706 in Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB).

The hypothesis is that K0706 will be safe and tolerable and that this drug will alter CSF and plasma biomarkers in DLB. Clinical assessments of cognitive, behavioral and motor functioning will also be evaluated. A total of 45 participants will be randomized 1:1:1 into 3 groups (n=15/per group) to be treated with oral daily doses of 96 mg K0706 (group 1), 192mg K0706 (group 2) or matching placebo (group 3) for 12 weeks, followed by 4-week wash-out period.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dementia With Lewy Bodies Drug: Placebo oral capsule Drug: 96 mg of K0706 Drug: 192 mg K0706 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is an alpha-synucleinopathy and the second most common form of dementia in the elderly. DLB shares striking neuropathological and clinical similarities with both Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). DLB and PD are characterized by death of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the nigro-striatal system and formation of intra-neuronal alpha-synuclein inclusions known as Lewy bodies (LBs). Misfolded alpha-synuclein aggregates within LBs and apha-synuclein (SYN) is the highest genetic risk factor for PD and DLB followed by the microtubule associated protein tau (MAPT) . At autopsy alpha-synuclein, hyper-phosphorylated tau (p-tau) and amyloid plaques are all detected in the brains of individuals with DLB. Therefore, the neuropathology of DLB overlaps with both PD and AD, and includes alpha-synuclein accumulation in LBs, p-tau and beta-amyloid deposition . Potential cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, including alpha-synuclein, dopamine metabolites homovanillic acid (HVA) and 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) , total tau and p-tau and amyloid beta peptides (Abeta 40/42) may be commonly shared in AD, PD and DLB. The core clinical features of DLB, include dementia and Parkinsonism in addition to hallucinations, cognitive fluctuations and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorders (RBD) . L-Dopa replacement therapies and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors may partially control motor and cognitive symptoms, respectively in DLB. Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) and antipsychotics manage the behavioral but worsen motor symptoms in DLB. There is a major unmet medical need for further research into DLB to identify potential therapies for this disease and provide significant insights into the treatment of other Parkinsonian and memory disorders. A major challenge facing DLB is to develop a therapy that can halt neuronal death and alleviate cognitive, motor and behavioral symptoms. No therapeutic approach exists to alter the levels of neurotoxic proteins such as alpha-synuclein and halt DA and other neuronal death in DLB. One mechanism to degrade neurotoxic proteins is autophagy , which is a process by which the cell can degrade its own contents. There is evidence that autophagy is impaired in neurodegeneration , leading to failure of degradation of protein aggregates, including misfolded alpha-synuclein. Importantly, autophagy is exploited therapeutically in several diseases, including adult chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) induce autophagy, leading to destruction of rapidly dividing tumor cells in CML and degradation of neurotoxic proteins, including alpha-synuclein, beta-amyloid and p-tau in PD and AD models. Sun Pharma Advanced Research Company Limited (SPARC Ltd.) is developing K0706, for the treatment of adult patients with chronic phase, accelerated phase, or blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) that is resistant or intolerant to prior TKI therapy or Philadelphia positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) that is resistant or intolerant to prior TKI therapy; and its ability to slow down progression of PD. Using allometric scaling and an average human body weight of 70kg an oral dose of 15-30mg/kg once daily in mice corresponds to an oral human equivalent dose (HED) of 85-160 mg which is within the tolerated dose in both CML and PD. Therefore, the effects of 96 mg K0706 and 192 mg K0706 versus matching placebo taken daily by mouth for 12 weeks, followed by a 4 week wash-out period will be evaluated in individuals diagnosed with DLB. The data obtained from this study will serve as a proof of concept for future placebo-controlled, double-blind studies in patients diagnosed with DLB, AD, or PD.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The effects of 92mg of K0706 versus 196mg of K0706 versus matching placebo taken daily by mouth for 12 weeks, followed by a 4 week wash-out period in individuals diagnosed with DLB will be evaluated.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:

Participants will be randomized by a Biostatistician by an internet based randomization module into three groups. The researchers include : Primary investigator , Sub-Investigators ,Clinical Coordinators, Nurse Practitioners, and Clinical Research unit (CRU) staff.

The investigators will be blinded to the dosage. Medications for any patient will be labeled by the CRU with a package medical identification number (Med. Id). A patient specific patient identification number (Pat. Id.) will be assigned to each patient. The investigator will have to note the Pat.Id on the designated medication package number after randomization.

Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Impact of K0706 on Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics and Clinical Outcomes in Dementia With Lewy Bodies (DLB)
Actual Study Start Date : September 5, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Forty five (45) participants will be recruited and randomized into 3 arms (1:1:1). Fifteen (15) patients in arm 1 (group 1) will receive the matching placebo (8 x Placebo capsules) ("sugar pill") orally once daily for 12 weeks (90 days).
Drug: Placebo oral capsule
Fifteen (15) patients in group 1 will receive the matching placebo ("sugar pill") eight (8) capsule orally daily for 12 weeks (90 days) without food.
Other Name: Placebo

Active Comparator: 96 mg of K0706
Forty five (45) participants will be recruited and randomized into 3 arms (1:1:1) .Fifteen (15) patients in arm 2 (group 2) will receive the 96 mg of K0706 (4 x 24 mg K0706 and 4 Placebo capsules) orally once daily for 12 weeks (90 days).
Drug: 96 mg of K0706
Fifteen (15) patients in group 2 will receive the 96 mg of K0706 (4 x 24 mg of K0706) orally and four placebo capsules daily for 12 weeks (90 days) without food.

Active Comparator: 192 mg of K0706
Forty five (45) participants will be recruited and randomized into 3 arms (1:1:1) .Fifteen (15) patients in arm 3 (group 3) will receive 192 mg of K0706 (8 x 24 mg K0706 capsules) orally once daily for 12 weeks(90 days).
Drug: 192 mg K0706
Fifteen (15) patients in group 3 will receive the 192 mg of K0706 (8 x 24 mg of K0706) orally daily for 12 weeks (90 days) without food.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evidence of treatment-emergent adverse effects (safety and tolerability) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The investigators will determine safety and tolerability by using the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) of interest, including myelosuppression, urinary, pancreatic and hepatic disorders, gastrointestinal (GI), kidney disorders, Corrected QT-interval (QTc)prolongation as per SPARC Ltd Investigator Brochure (IB).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measurement of K0706 concentration in plasma [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Concentration of K0706 will be measured in the plasma

  2. Measurement of K0706 concentration in CSF [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Concentration of K0706 will be measured in the CSF

  3. Measurement of Biomarker concentration in plasma [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Concentration of DLB related plasma biomarkers, including HVA, DOPAC, Abeta40/42, total tau, ptau231/181 and total and oligomeric alpha-synuclein will be measured.

  4. Measurement of Biomarker concentration in CSF [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Concentration of DLB related CSF biomarkers, including HVA, DOPAC, Abeta40/42, total tau, ptau231/181 and total and oligomeric alpha-synuclein will be measured.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Measurement of the effects of K0706 on Cognition using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The MoCA is designed as a rapid screening instrument for mild cognitive dysfunction. It assesses different cognitive domains, including attention and concentration, executive functions, memory, language, visuo-constructional skills, conceptual thinking, calculations and orientation. Scores range between 0 and 30 where 30 is the highest score and 0 is the lowest score.

  2. Measurement of the effects of K0706 on Cognition using the Trail Making Test (TMT) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The Trail Making Test (TMT) is a neuropsychological test of visual attention and task switching. It consists of two parts in which the subject is instructed to connect a set of 25 dots as quickly as possible while still maintaining accuracy. The test can provide information about visual search speed, scanning, speed of processing, mental flexibility, as well as executive functioning. The time to complete the test is measured.

  3. Measuring the effects of K0706 on Cognition using the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - cognitive (ADAS-cog). [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    ADAS-cog aims to evaluate cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease. ADAS-cog was included in this LBD study to better capture potential changes in activities of daily living (ADL) and non-ADLs and severity of cognitive impairment. Points for errors in each task are added up and the greater the dysfunction, the greater the score.

  4. Measuring the effects of K0706 on Behavior using the Alzheimer's disease Cooperative Study-Activity of Daily Living scale. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    ADCS-ADL is an activity of daily living inventory to assess functional performance. Using a structured interview format, study partners are queried as to whether participants attempted each item in the inventory during the prior 4 weeks and their level of performance. The ADCS-ADL includes some items from traditional basic ADL tests as well as instrumental (complex) activities of daily living. It is a 23 item scale that provide a total score from 0-78 with a lower score indicating greater severity.

  5. Measuring the effects of K0706 on Behavior using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The NPI is a multi-item instrument to assess psychopathology in Azheimer's disease based on interview with the study partner. The NPI evaluates both the frequency and severity of 10 neuropsychiatric disturbances. Frequency assessments range from 1 (occasionally, less than once per week) to 4 (very frequently, once or more per day or continuously) as well as severity (1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe). The overall score and the score for each subscale are the product of severity and frequency.

  6. Measuring the effects of K0706 on Behavior using the Clinical Assessment of Fluctuation (CAF) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The CAF consists of seven items of confusional behavior (falls, fluctuation, drowsiness, attention, disorganized thinking, altered level of consciousness, communication), scores for which are summed to provide a severity score for fluctuating confusion ranging from 0 to 21.

  7. Measuring the effects of K0706 on Behavior using the Irritability-Apathy Scale (IAS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The IAS measures apathy and irritability in patients with dementia. The IAS is a 28-item self-administered questionnaire collecting information about different aspects of irritability and apathy utilizing a 0-3 scale for each item to indicate severity. Both a patient and a study partner version can be administered. The IAS will be completed separately by Subjects and Study Partners. A higher total score indicates higher severity.

  8. Measuring the effects of K0706 on Behavior using the Problem Behaviors Assessment short form (PBA-s) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    PBA-s is a structured interview in which a trained interviewer rates the frequency and severity of neuropsychiatric symptoms through observation and the reporting of the Subject and Study Partner. Symptoms rated include depressed mood, suicidal ideation, anxiety, irritability, angry or aggressive behavior, apathy, perseverative thinking or behavior, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, delusional or paranoid thinking, hallucinations, and disoriented behavior. Each behavioral problem is rated for both severity and frequency on a 0-4- point scale; severity and frequency ratings are then multiplied to provide an overall score for each symptom.

  9. Measuring the effects of K0706 on Motor Function by using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)-I-III. [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    UPDRS-I-III is used to follow the longitudinal course of Parkinson's disease. The UPDRS is made up of these sections: Part I: evaluation of mentation, behavior, and mood. Part II: self-evaluation of the activities of daily life (ADLs) Part III: clinician-scored monitored motor evaluation. Part IV: complications of therapy. Part V: Hoehn and Yahr staging of severity of Parkinson's disease. Part VI: Schwab and England ADL scale.

  10. Measuring the effects of K0706 on Motor Function by using the Timed-Up-And-Go (TUG). [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Timed Up and Go (TUG) is an assessment of mobility, balance, walking ability, and fall risk. It measures the time that a person takes to rise from a chair, walk three meters, turn around, walk back to the chair, and sit down.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent
  2. Capable of providing informed consent and complying with study procedures. Subjects who are unable to provide consent may use a Legally Authorized Representative (LAR)
  3. Age of 25-90 years, medically stable
  4. Clinical diagnosis of DLB according to McKeith et al (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28592453) with both dementia MoCA≥14 and Parkinsonian defined as bradykinesia in combination with rest tremor, rigidity or both UPDRS I-III ≤ 50 and UPDRS-III between 20-40.
  5. Dementia and Parkinsonism must be present with at least one other symptom such as fluctuation, visual hallucinations or REM sleep behavioral disorder (RBD)
  6. Stable on Levodopa no more than 800mg daily, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, dopamine agonists for at least 6 weeks
  7. Stable on monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MOA-B) for at least 4 weeks before enrollment and during the trial
  8. Stable concomitant medical and/or psychiatric illnesses in the judgement of the PI
  9. Corrected QT interval (QTc) 350-470 ms, inclusive
  10. Participants must be willing to undergo Lumbar puncture (LP) at baseline and 3 months after treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Medical history of liver or pancreatic disease, GI ulcers and Chron's disease, kidney, GI, or blood problems
  2. Abnormal liver function defined as Aspartate aminotransferase ( AST) and/or Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 100% the upper limit of the normal
  3. Renal insufficiency as defined by a serum creatinine > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal or proteinuria
  4. History of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), clinically significant chronic hepatitis, or other active infection
  5. Hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia, or long QT syndrome- QTc≥471 ms or concomitant drugs known to prolong the QTc interval and history of any cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction or cardiac failure, angina, arrhythmia
  6. History or presence of significant cardiac conditions including: cardiovascular or cerebrovascular event (e.g. myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or stroke), congestive heart failure, first, second- or third-degree atrioventricular block, sick sinus syndrome, or other serious cardiac rhythm disturbances, any history of Torsade de Pointes.
  7. Treatment with any of the following drugs at the time of screening or the preceding 30 days, and/or planned use over the course of the trial: Treatment with Class IA or III antiarrhythmic drugs (e.g. quinidine), treatment with QT prolonging drugs (www.crediblemeds.org)- excluding SSRIs (e.g. Citalopram, Escitalopram, Paroxetine, Sertraline, Duloxetine, Trazodone, etc.). Should treatment with any of these agents be required, therapy with K0706 should be interrupted.
  8. Females must not be lactating, pregnant or with possible pregnancy
  9. Clinical signs indicating syndromes other than DLB including, AD idiopathic PD, corticobasal degeneration, supranuclear gaze palsy, multiple system atrophy, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, signs of frontal dementia, history of stroke, head injury or encephalitis, cerebellar signs, early severe autonomic involvement, Babinski sign
  10. Current evidence or history in past two years of epilepsy, focal brain lesion, head injury with loss of consciousness or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition ( DSM-IV) criteria for any active major psychiatric disorder including psychosis, major depression, bipolar disorder, alcohol or substance abuse
  11. Evidence of any significant clinical disorder or laboratory finding that renders the participant unsuitable for receiving an investigational drug including clinically significant or unstable hematologic, hepatic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, metabolic, renal or other systemic disease or laboratory abnormality.
  12. Active neoplastic disease, history of cancer five years prior to screening, including breast cancer (history of skin melanoma or stable prostate cancer are not exclusionary)
  13. Contraindications to LP: prior lumbosacral spine surgery, severe degenerative joint disease or deformity of the spine, platelets < 100,000, use of Coumadin/warfarin, or history of a bleeding disorder.
  14. Must not be on any immunosuppressant medications
  15. Must not be enrolled as an active participant in another clinical study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03996460


Contacts
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Contact: Myrna Joy J Arellano, RN (202)-444-7273 mja6@gunet.georgetown.edu
Contact: Ingrid Bremer, MBChB, MS (202) 687 7581 ib319@georgetown.edu

Locations
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United States, District of Columbia
MedStar Georgetown University Hospital Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007
Contact: Fernando L Pagan, MD    202-444-8525    fpogan01@gunet.georgetown.edu   
Contact: Sara Matar, BS    5715283575    sm3469@georgetown.edu   
Principal Investigator: Fernando L Pagan, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Charbel E Moussa, MD,PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Georgetown University
Sun Pharma Advanced Research Company Limited
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Fernando L Pagan, MD Georgetown University

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Fernando Pagan MD, Associate Professor Of Neurology , Director of Movement Disorder Program, Medical Director of NPF COE at GUH , Fellowship Director, Georgetown University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03996460    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00000266
First Posted: June 24, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 2, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dementia
Lewy Body Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Movement Disorders