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Safety Study of SLC-391 in Subjects With Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03990454
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
SignalChem Lifesciences Corporation

Brief Summary:

SLC-391 is a novel, potent and specific small molecule inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinase AXL with desirable potency and pharmaceutical properties. It has demonstrated antiproliferative activity against different tumour cell lines in vitro and efficacy in different animal models including nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and (acute myeloid leukemia (AML) models. It has also exhibited strong synergy with other approved targeted therapies in different animal models.

This is the first clinical study with SLC-391. The goals of this study are to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamic profile of SLC-391, and then to identify a safe and pharmacologically active dose for evaluation in subsequent cohorts or clinical studies. In addition, change from baseline of possible blood biomarkers (soluble AXL and Gas 6) may be evaluated.

This is an open-label, multicentre, phase 1, dose-escalation, first in human study to evaluate the safety of SLC-391 administered orally (once or twice daily) in 21-day cycles to subjects with advanced solid tumours.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumor Drug: SLC-391 Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The study will employ a 3+3 dose-escalation design. Cohorts (same dose level) of 3 to 6 evaluable subjects will participate in a dose-escalation scheme in which the dose of SLC-391 will be increased in each consecutive cohort. Evaluation of a cohort of ≥ 3 subjects that have completed a 21-day cycle (cycle 1) is required prior to defining a new SLC-391 dose and schedule for the next cohort. Dose-escalation decisions by the Data Review Committee will take into account all available data including PK/pharmacodynamic data and the safety profile of prior cohorts. Based on all available emerging data, alternative dosing schedules, frequency, or dose reductions may be considered.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-label, Dose-escalationStudy of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of the AXL Inhibitor SLC-391 Administered Orally to Subjects With Solid Tumours
Actual Study Start Date : September 17, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Safety

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose escalation

The starting dose will be 25 mg/day and subsequent doses will be determined after an internal review by Data Review Committee of all available safety, PK and PD data from the minimum required number of subjects who complete cycle 1. All dose-escalation decisions and the rationale for progressing to the next cohort will be documented.

A subject may continue treatment with SLC-391 in 21-day cycles until the treatment discontinuation criteria are met.

Drug: SLC-391
SLC-391 is an AXL inhibitor

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with Adverse Events (AEs) as assessed by NCI-CTCAE v5.0 [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    To assess AEs as criteria of safety of oral SLC-391

  2. Maximum Tolerated Dose of SLC-391 [ Time Frame: 21 days ]
    To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of SLC-391

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area under the plasma concentration versus time curve (AUC) of SLC-391 [ Time Frame: Day 1 predose through to Day 21 post-final dose ]
    Changes in AUC over time in subjects taking SLC-391 once or twice daily.

  2. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Day 1 predose through to Day 21 post-final dose ]
    Cmax is the maximum observed plasma concentration in ng/mL

  3. Time to the Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Day 1 predose through to Day 21 post-final dose ]
    Tmax is the time in hours to reach Cmax following dosing

  4. Terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) [ Time Frame: Day 1 predose through to Day 21 post-final dose ]
    The time in hours required for the plasma level of the study drug to decrease by one-half during the terminal elimination phase

  5. Recommended Dose of SLC-391 for future trials [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of SLC-391

  6. Preliminary efficacy of SLC-391 [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Determine tumour response defined by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) 1.1 to SLC-391

  7. Number of Participants with Clinically Significant Changes From Baseline in Laboratory Parameters [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Laboratory investigation includes hematology, biochemistry, urinalysis, and Serology.

  8. Number of Participants with Clinically Significant Changes From Baseline in Vital Signs [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Vital sign measurements includes blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory temperature, and oral temperature.

  9. Number of Participants with Clinically Significant Changes From Baseline in electrocardiogram (ECGs) Findings [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    ECG parameters includes heart rate, PR interval, QRS, QT, and QTcF.

  10. Number of Participants with Clinically Significant Changes From Baseline in physical examinations [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be 18 years of age or older at the time of signing the informed consent.
  • Have a histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of a solid tumour malignancy that is advanced and/or metastatic or unresectable and for which standard or curative measures do not exist or are no longer effective.
  • Have measurable disease as per the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) 1.1 or as per a modified RECIST, if applicable.
  • Have a performance status score of 0 or 1 according to the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale.
  • Be able to ingest oral medication.
  • Have adequate organ function,
  • Have recovered to ≤ grade 1 from the effects of any prior cancer therapy, except for alopecia; irreversible neuropathy should have recovered to ≤ grade 2. Toxic effects also include laboratory test abnormalities.
  • Be afebrile at baseline prior to SLC-391 administration (ie, < 38.0 °C).
  • Have a life expectancy greater than 3 months, in the Investigator's opinion.
  • The following time must have elapsed between previous therapy for cancer and first dose of SLC-391:

    1. At least 4 weeks since previous cancer-directed therapy, including investigational agents or devices (cytotoxic agents, targeted therapy including monoclonal antibodies, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, and prior radiotherapy) with the exception of nitrosoureas/mitomycin where 6 weeks since these therapies.
    2. At least 4 weeks or 5 times the elimination half-life (whichever is shortest) of any investigational agents, including drugs, biologics, or combination products.
    3. At least 4 weeks since any major surgery.
  • Sexually active women of child-bearing potential and sexually active male subjects with a female partner of child-bearing potential or pregnant must agree to use acceptable methods of contraception to avoid pregnancy from screening, for the duration of the study, and for 3 months after the last dose of study drug. Male subjects must also agree to refrain from donating sperm for the duration of the study, including during dose interruptions and for 3 months after the last dose administered.
  • Be able and willing to provide signed informed consent and comply with the requirements, assessment schedule, dosing schedule, and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and study protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior use of any AXL inhibitor
  • Localised or metastatic prostate cancer subjects who are concurrently receiving abiraterone or enzalutamide. Those subjects on stable (>3 months) anti-cancer hormonal therapy are allowed.
  • Refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, GI bleeding, ulceration, or perforation within 12 weeks prior to the first dose of the study drug, or significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of the study drug.
  • History of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class ≥ III/IV), cerebrovascular accident, transient ischaemic attack, limb claudication at rest, stroke or subarachnoid hemorrhage, coagulopathy, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism in the 3 months prior to consent.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (≥ 160/100 mmHg).
  • History of or ongoing symptomatic dysrhythmias, uncontrolled atrial or ventricular arrhythmias, or heart block (excluding 1st degree block, consisting of PR interval prolongation only). Controlled atrial fibrillation is allowed.
  • QTcF interval > 480 msec.
  • Severe respiratory illness that significantly impacts functional status in daily life including a known history of active tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis).
  • History of significant weight loss (≥ 7 kgs/15 lbs) within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • History of primary immunodeficiency or those with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or known active hepatitis B (HBV; including core antibody and surface antigen; AntiHBc and HBsAg, respectively) or hepatitis C (HCV) infection. Note: No testing for HIV, Hepatitis B or C is required unless mandated by a local health authority.
  • Active uncontrolled infection, or an unstable or severe intercurrent medical condition that requires treatment.
  • History of solid organ transplant or bone marrow transplant.
  • Any condition or illness that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise subject safety or interfere with the evaluation of the safety of the study drug and jeopardises compliance with the protocol and study visits.
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Note: Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e., without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment.
  • History of prior malignancy, except for the following: curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (nonmelanoma skin cancer); cervical or vaginal intra-epithelial neoplasia; or noninvasive breast cancer in situ at screening. Subjects with other curatively treated malignancies who have had no evidence of metastatic disease and a > 2-year disease-free interval may be enrolled after approval by the Medical Monitor or SignalChem Lifesciences (SLC) designee.
  • Females who are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding.
  • Hypersensitivity to the study drug or excipients (lactose, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, and gelatin capsule shell).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03990454

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Contact: Zaihui Zhang, PhD 1-604-232-4600 ext 114 zzhang@signalchemcorp.com
Contact: Madhu Singh, PhD 1-604-992-9352 msingh@signalchemcorp.com

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Canada, Ontario
Juravinski Cancer Centre Recruiting
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V 5C2
Contact: Robin Eady         
Principal Investigator: Sebastien Hotte, MD         
The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Center Recruiting
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1H 8L6
Contact: Lena McAleer         
Principal Investigator: Scott Laurie, MD         
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Contact: Tuhina Paul         
Principal Investigator: Natasha Leighl, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
SignalChem Lifesciences Corporation
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Study Director: Zaihui Zhang, PhD SignalChem Lifesciences Corporation
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Responsible Party: SignalChem Lifesciences Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03990454    
Other Study ID Numbers: SLC-391-101
First Posted: June 19, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2023
Last Verified: March 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by SignalChem Lifesciences Corporation:
AXL Inhibitor
Solid Tumor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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