Mindfulness-based Dance/Movement Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03986489|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 14, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 15, 2021
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and credibility of a mindfulness-based dance/movement therapy (M-DMT) protocol that is delivered online; to assess and improve methodological procedures for conducting a randomized controlled trial (RCT) test of M-DMT; and to demonstrate proof of principle by gathering information about the process of change between M-DMT and a control condition.
This is the first study to address the potential of M-DMT as a creative, non-opioid intervention for chronic back pain. Therefore, the findings of this study will provide important methodological and protocol data and substantive pilot data necessary for the next phase of this line of research, namely a fully powered RCT to evaluate efficacy and treatment mechanisms of action. Data obtained as part of this study will be instrumental for informing the systematic evaluation of M-DMT for chronic back pain care.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Chronic Low-back Pain||Behavioral: Mindfulness-based dance/movement therapy (M-DMT) Behavioral: Chronic pain social support group||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||64 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Mindfulness-based Dance/Movement Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 1, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 2022|
Experimental: Mindfulness-based dance/movement therapy
Participants assigned to the M-DMT group condition will receive care as usual plus 12 weekly 90-minute group M-DMT sessions delivered online by a board-certified dance/movement therapist. The therapist is instructed to follow the M-DMT manualized protocol.
Behavioral: Mindfulness-based dance/movement therapy (M-DMT)
M-DMT includes benefits of physical activity, group psychotherapy, mindfulness training, and an art-based intervention in a unified practice. Each online session focuses on different psycho-educational topics about chronic low back pain management and links these topics with specific M-DMT activities that incorporate mindfulness-based principles and techniques.
Other Name: Dance/Movement Therapy
Active Comparator: Chronic pain social support group
Participants assigned to the control condition will participate in a 12-session (90-minute session/week) online social support group.
Behavioral: Chronic pain social support group
The therapist will facilitate online open group discussions about participants' experiences with or reactions to the topic of discussion and will promote empathy among group members. The therapist will use client-centered, reflective listening techniques but will not prescribe any specific recommendations for change.
Each week, SSG participants will receive emails with brief information about the topic discussed during the group session.
- Feasibility of Recruitment: Number of participants eligible [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Number of participants eligible for randomization to the study intervention
- Recruitment Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Proportion of participants randomized relative to total trial referrals
- Recruitment time [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Number of participate enrolled per month
- Feasibility of recruiting male participants: Proportion of male participant enrolled [ Time Frame: Baseline ]Proportion of male participant enrolled to the study
- Treatment Completion Rate [ Time Frame: 12 weeks following receipt of treatment ]We expect 80% of participants to complete at least 9/12 M-DMT sessions
- Retention Rate [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]Proportion of participants who complete follow-up questionnaires
- Reason for withdrawal [ Time Frame: 12 weeks following receipt of treatment ]Assessed by an open-ended question, "What was the reason for discontinuing your participation?" administered by a study staff during a phone interview
- M-DMT intervention credibility and expectancy [ Time Frame: 1 week ]Credibility/Expectancy Questionnaire (range 3-27; higher scores reflect greater treatment expectancy and rationale credibility)
- Treatment Fidelity [ Time Frame: 1-12 weeks ]Treatment fidelity assessment form developed by the researcher (range: varies between sessions depending on the number of items included in the particular session; A total score of 80% and higher reflects adequate treatment fidelity)
- Treatment satisfaction and acceptability: Likert-scale survey [ Time Frame: 12 weeks post-randomization ]via Likert-scale surveys; on scale of 1 to 5, 1 being not satisfied; 5 being very satisfied (i.e higher number, better outcome).
- M-DMT intervention acceptability [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]Exit interview based on an interview protocol developed by the researcher
- Adverse Event [ Time Frame: 1 -12 weeks ]Number of adverse events
- Pain intensity: PROMIS® Pain Intensity-Short Form (SF)3a [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline pain intensity at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]PROMIS® Pain Intensity-Short Form (SF)3a (A 5-point (from 1= Had no pain to 5= Very Severe) rating scale is used in each of the 3 items; higher results mean higher intensity of pain.
- Pain interference: PROMIS® Pain Interference -8a [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline pain interference at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]PROMIS® Pain Interference -8a (A 5-point (from 1= Not at all to 5= Very much) rating scale is used on each of the 8 items; higher scores reflect greater pain interference
- Chronic pain acceptance: Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline chronic pain acceptance at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (A seven-point (from 0= Never to 6 = Always) rating scale is used in each of the 20 items; higher results mean high pain acceptance)
- Mindfulness [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline mindfulness at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale (A 4-point (Rarely/not at all to almost always) rating scale is used in each of the 12 items; higher values reflect higher mindful qualities
- Physical activity (Accelerometry data) [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline physical activity at 12, and 24-week time points ]An accelerometer, ActiGraph GT9X will be used to measure the change in participants physical activity between baseline and 2 endpoints (12 and 24 weeks)
- Physical activity (Self-report data) [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline physical activity at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]Self-report assessment of physical activity will be done through UCLA Activity Scale (One item out of 10 will be checked to best describe current activity level)
- Physical Function [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline physical function at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]PROMIS® Physical function-20a (A 5-point (5= without any difficulty to 1= Unable to do) rating scale is used in each of the 20 items; higher values reflect higher abilities to physically function
- Depression [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline depression at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]PROMIS® Emotional Distress-Depression-SF 4a (A 5-point (1= Never to 5= Always) rating scale is used in each of the 4 items; higher values reflect higher levels of depression
- Sleep Disturbance [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline sleep disturbance at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]PROMIS® Sleep Disturbance-4a (A 5-point (5= Very poor to 1= Very good) rating scale is used in each of the 4 items; higher values reflect higher levels of sleep disturbances
- Pain Catastrophizing: Pain Catastrophizing Scale [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline pain catastrophizing at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]Pain Catastrophizing Scale - short form(SF)-4a (A 4-point (0= Not at all to 4= All the time) rating scale is used in each of the 4 items; higher scores reflect greater pain catastrophizing
- Kinesiophobia [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline kinesiophobia at 6, 12, and 24-week time points ]Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (A 4-point (1= Strongly disagree to 4= Strongly agree) rating scale is used in each of the 11 items; higher values reflect higher levels of kinesiophobia
- Patient Perception of Change [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]Score on single item Patient Global Impression of Change Rating (range: 1 (No change) to 7 (a great deal better))
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03986489
|Contact: Minjung Shim, PhDemail@example.com|
|Contact: Adam Gonzalez, PhDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19102|
|Contact: Minjung Shim, PhD 267-359-5592 email@example.com|
|Contact: Bradt, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Minjung Shim, PhD||Drexel University|
|Principal Investigator:||Adam Gonzalez, PhD||Stony Brook University|