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Mathematical Modeling to Predict Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03983538
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 12, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 12, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New Mexico Cancer Care Alliance

Brief Summary:
This is a feasibility study evaluating the use of a mathematical model to predict response to standard neoadjuvant anthracycline / taxane based chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Breast Cancer Other: Mathematical modeling to predict response to chemotherapy

Detailed Description:

This is a feasibility study evaluating the use of a mathematical model to predict response to standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer. Chemotherapy will be protocol-approved chemotherapy regimen containing intravenous Doxorubicin (or Epirubicin), Cyclophosphamide, and Paclitaxel (or Docetaxel).

Patients receive a protocol-approved chemotherapy regimen containing Doxorubicin (or Epirubicin), Cyclophosphamide, and Paclitaxel (or Docetaxel) based on the patient and/or physician preference.

Mathematical modeling using the patient's diagnostic core biopsy and baseline MRI of the breast will be used to predict the response to above therapy.

Following the completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgical approach and adjuvant radiation and endocrine therapy are left to the discretion of the treating physicians.


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Single Center Pilot Study Evaluating the Use of Mathematical Modeling to Predict Response to Neoadjuvant Anthracycline / Taxane Based Chemotherapy in Women With HER2 Negative Stage II and III Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : June 2, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 16, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Patients receiving chemotherapy
Patients receive a protocol-approved chemotherapy regimen containing Doxorubicin (or Epirubicin), Cyclophosphamide, and Paclitaxel (or Docetaxel) based on the patient and/or physician preference.
Other: Mathematical modeling to predict response to chemotherapy
Mathematical modeling using the patient's diagnostic core biopsy and baseline MRI of the breast will be used to predict the response to above therapy.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility of using diagnostic needle core biopsy to mathematically predict ƒkill-path in women with breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    To assess the feasibility of using diagnostic needle core biopsy to mathematically predict ƒkill-path (fraction of tumor cells killed calculated using data obtained from histopathology) in 10 women with stage II-III Her2-negative, Estrogen Receptor (ER) positive or negative infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast undergoing neoadjuvant anthracycline / taxane based chemotherapy.

    Calculation of patient specific distribution of liver portal radii or characteristic vessel radius (rb), BVF, and the distance that drugs diffuse through tumor tissue (L) and ƒkill-path (using the investigators' mathematical model) will be obtained via analysis of pre-chemotherapy hematoxylin and eosin (H and E) stained section of diagnostic needle core biopsy specimen. Feasibility of the primary objective will be claimed if the necessary minimum samples are collected to calculate these parameters in 60% of patients.


  2. Feasibility of calculating tumor BVF from pre-chemotherapy gadolinium enhanced MRI of the breast in women with breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    To assess the feasibility of calculating patient specific fraction of blood volume within the tumor (tumor BVF) using data obtained from radiographic imaging (ƒkill-rad) from pre-chemotherapy gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast in 10 women with stage II-III Her2-negative, ER positive or negative infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast undergoing neoadjuvant anthracycline / taxane based chemotherapy.

    Calculation of patient specific BVF (using the investigators' mathematical model) will be obtained via analysis of pre-chemotherapy gadolinium enhanced MRI of the breast. Feasibility of the secondary objective will be claimed if the necessary minimum samples are collected to calculate these parameters in 60% of patients.


  3. Feasibility of calculating ƒkill-rad from pre-chemotherapy gadolinium enhanced MRI of the breast in women with breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant anthracycline / taxane based chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    To assess the feasibility of calculating patient specific fraction of tumor cells killed using data obtained from radiographic imaging (ƒkill-rad) from pre-chemotherapy gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast in 10 women with stage II-III Her2-negative, ER positive or negative infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast undergoing neoadjuvant anthracycline / taxane based chemotherapy.

    Calculation of patient specific ƒkill-rad (using the investigators' mathematical model) will be obtained via analysis of pre-chemotherapy gadolinium enhanced MRI of the breast. Feasibility of the secondary objective will be claimed if the necessary minimum samples are collected to calculate these parameters in 60% of patients.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Association between ƒkill-path and ƒkill-rad as calculated with the investigator's mathematical model and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy at the time of surgery [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    To evaluate the association between fraction of tumor cells killed using data obtained from histopathology (ƒkill-path) and ƒkill-rad as calculated with the investigators' mathematical model and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy at the time of surgery.

    The secondary endpoint for describing the association between ƒkillpath and ƒkill-rad is the Spearman correlation coefficient between the two. Endpoints for describing the association between ƒkill-path or ƒkillrad and response will be the mean (SD) and median (Q1-Q3) of ƒkillpath and ƒkill-rad for responders and non-responders. Response will be defined by 1) complete pathologic response (pCR) within the breast and 2) pCR and/or CPS+ EG score < 2 (3).


  2. Association between ƒkill-path and ƒkill-rad and biomarkers as calculated with a mathematical model [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    To evaluate the association between ƒkill-path and ƒkill-rad as calculated with the investigators' mathematical model and biomarkers associated with tumor angiogenesis, metabolism, acid-base regulation, stress response and invasion.

    The secondary endpoints for describing the association between ƒkill-path and ƒkill-rad and biomarkers associated with tumor angiogenesis, metabolism, acid-base regulation, stress response and invasion are the Spearman correlation coefficients for continuous biomarker measures, or means (SD) and medians (Q1-Q3) of ƒkill-path and ƒkill-rad by levels of categorical biomarkers.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Women with Stage II-III HER2 negative breast cancer who are candidates for neoadjuvant anthracycline / taxane based chemotherapy
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women with newly diagnosed human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, estrogen receptor (ER) positive or negative, progesterone receptor (PR) positive or negative infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) of the breast
  • Clinically stage II-III
  • Patients with inflammatory, multifocal, multicentric and synchronous bilateral breast cancers are allowed. However, in patients with inflammatory breast cancer, patients must have a measurable, biopsied mass within the breast pre-chemotherapy.
  • Willing and able to provide informed consent
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status 0 or 1
  • Patients must be able to receive neoadjuvant anthracycline / taxane based chemotherapy in the opinion of the treating physician. Criteria include:

    • Adequate bone marrow function, as defined by peripheral granulocyte count of ≥ 1,500/mm3, and platelet count ≥100,000/mm3
    • Adequate renal function with creatinine levels ≤ 1.5 X the upper limit of normal and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >30.
    • Adequate liver function with a bilirubin, Alkaline phosphatase and transaminases (ALT and AST) of ≤ 1.5 X the institutional upper limit of normal.
    • Multigated acquisition (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO) demonstrating a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) within institutional normal limits
  • Women of reproductive potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 90 days following completion of therapy. A woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  • Patients may also co-enroll in trials that compare local therapies, or compare systemic adjuvant therapies.
  • Patients must have had (or be scheduled to have) a pre neoadjuvant chemotherapy MRI of the breast with gadolinium contrast as part of their planned routine breast cancer care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must not have had surgery or radiation or begun chemotherapy or endocrine therapy for their breast cancer prior to registration.
  • Patients must not be pregnant or nursing due to the possibility of harm to a fetus or nursing infant from this treatment regimen.
  • Presence of electrically, magnetically, or mechanically activated implants including cardiac pacemakers, cochlear implants, magnetic surgical clips or prosthesis that would preclude MRI.
  • History of severe claustrophobia
  • History of allergic reaction to gadolinium
  • Patients must not have metastatic disease
  • Baseline sensory/motor neuropathy > grade 2
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease
  • Serious intercurrent infection or nonmalignant medical illness
  • Creatinine clearance prohibiting the use of gadolinium (eGFR < 30)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03983538


Locations
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United States, New Mexico
University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87131
Sponsors and Collaborators
New Mexico Cancer Care Alliance
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ursa Brown-Glaberman, MD University of New Mexico Cancer Center

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Responsible Party: New Mexico Cancer Care Alliance
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03983538     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: INST 1411
First Posted: June 12, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 12, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases