Working...
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 61 of 151 for:    Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | Prostatectomy

A Study of Neoadjuvant Hormone Therapy in Patient With Advanced Prostate Cancer Undergoing Radical Prostatectomy.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03971110
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 3, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Brief Summary:
This is A Multi-centre, Single-arm, Prospective, Interventional Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Neoadjuvant Hormone Therapy using Zoladex (Goserelin) and Casodex (Bicalutamide) in Patients with Advanced Prostate Cancer Undergoing Radical Prostatectomy, to assess the efficacy by resectability rate of neoadjuvant hormone therapy (NHT) in subjects with advanced prostate cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Advanced Prostate Cancer Drug: Zoladex and Casodex Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Neoadjuvant hormonal treatment (NHT) for clinically localised prostate cancer consists of complete androgen blockade (CAB) preceding either radiotherapy or surgery. The rational for this approach is based on the assumption that NHT will reduce both the tumour and normal prostatic tissue volume, and induce cancer regression by the mechanism of apoptosis [1].

Most randomized clinical trials show that NHT reduces the incidence of positive surgical margins after radical prostatectomy and apparently determines tumour downstaging, however no advantage has been documented in terms of biochemical disease progression [for example, time to prostate specific antigen (PSA) increase] between treated and untreated patients [2-8]. Because of relatively low biological aggressiveness of prostatic carcinoma, many patients will need to be followed for a considerable time before drawing significant conclusions on the effects of NHT on survival [2,4,7,10]. A large sample of 393 radical prostatectomy specimens were evaluated in 3 treatment groups, which were immediate surgery, 12 weeks of NHT (Zoladex and Casodex), and 24 weeks of NHT. Patients included clinical stage B (T2a and T2b) and stage C (T3a and T3b). Systemic hormonal treatment, whether 12 weeks or 24 weeks of NHT, is able to "downstage" the primary tumour and decrease the positive margin rate before definitive localised treatment [11].

Currently treatment of patients with oligometastatic prostate cancer is undergoing dramatic changes [12]. The local treatment of the primary tumour might provide a survival benefit to men with metastatic and lymph node-positive disease. Similar observations have been made in treatment of metastatic lesions with life-prolonging, rather than palliative intent [13-17].

This study is proposed primarily to observe the efficacy and safety of 24-week NHT (Zoladex and Casodex) in patients with locally advanced or oligometastatic prostate cancer. Progression status and survival will be followed-up for up to 2 years after NHT.

This is a multi-centre, single-arm and prospective study to explore the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant hormone therapy (NHT) for advanced prostate cancer patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). A total of 104 subjects with locally advanced and oligometastatic prostate cancer at clinical stage of T3 and T4 will be enrolled at almost 20 centres in China.

The eligible subjects will receive Casodex 50 mg orally per day in combination with Zoladex 10.8 mg implant subcutaneously every 12 weeks as neoadjuvant therapy for 24 weeks, and then will be assessed for resectability of the primary tumour. The subjects will undergo a RP [RALP (robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy), laparoscopic RP or RRP (radical retropubic prostatectomy)] plus eLND thereafter if the primary tumour is assessed as resectable. Surgical margin status and involvement of bilateral pelvic lymph nodes will be evaluated. Subjects will be prescribed post-surgical treatment such as continuous ADT and metastasis-directed therapy upon investigator's discretion and be followed-up for up to 2 years.

Progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) will be collected during this study.

For the subjects with unresectable primary tumour after NHT, PFS and OS will also be collected in the follow-up for up to 2 years after 24 weeks of CAB.


Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 104 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-centre, Single-arm, Prospective Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of Neoadjuvant Hormone Therapy Using Zoladex (Goserelin) and Casodex (Bicalutamide) in Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer Undergoing Radical Prostatectomy.
Estimated Study Start Date : July 31, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 10, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 10, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Zoladex and Casodex
Subjects who are diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer at clinical stage of T3 and T4 (N0 or N1, M0 or M1 with five or fewer extra-pelvic lesions) are the target population of this study. The eligible subjects will receive Casodex 50 mg orally per day in combination with Zoladex 10.8 mg implant subcutaneously as neoadjuvant therapy per 12 weeks for up to 24 weeks.
Drug: Zoladex and Casodex
The eligible subjects will receive Casodex 50 mg orally per day in combination with Zoladex 10.8 mg implant subcutaneously as neoadjuvant therapy per 12 weeks for up to 24 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Resectability rate for primary tumour (the resectability will be assessed by central review using a digital rectal examination and confirmed by CT or MRI) [ Time Frame: at 24 week ]
    To assess the efficacy by resectability rate of neoadjuvant hormone therapy (NHT) in subjects with advanced prostate cancer


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Radical prostatectomy rate [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 week ]
    Which will be derived using the number of patient who will conduct the radical prostatectomy at 24 week.

  2. The mean PSA by the end of NHT [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 week ]
    which will be derived using the value of mean PSA by the end of NHT

  3. Percentage of positive surgical margin for primary tumour [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 week ]
    Which will be derived using the number of positive surgical margin at 24 week

  4. Incidence of seminal vesicle invasion [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 week. ]
    Which will be derived using the value of incidence of seminal vesicle invasion at 24 week

  5. Percentage of pathological downstaging [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 week ]
    Which will be derived using the number of pathological downstaging at 24 week.

  6. surgical-related variables at 12 weeks, potent rates in erectile function at 12 weeks after surgery [ Time Frame: From 24 week to 36 week ]
    Which will be derived using the value of observe surgical-related variables and complications at week 36

  7. PFS [ Time Frame: From baseline to the end of study ]
    Which will be derived using the number of PFS at the end of study

  8. AEs/SAEs [ Time Frame: From baseline to 28 week ]
    To evaluate the safety of NHT using goserelin and bicalutamide

  9. PSA change from baseline [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 week ]
    Which will be derived using the value of PSA at the baseline.

  10. Involvement of bilateral pelvic lymph nodes [ Time Frame: From baseline to 24 week ]
    Which will be derived using the value of involvement of bilateral pelvic lymph nodes at 24 week.

  11. OS [ Time Frame: From baseline to the end of study ]
    Which will be derived using the number of OS at the end of study.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosed within the past 12 months with T2DM according to 1999 WHO criteria
  2. Men and women aged at least 18 years at screening.
  3. Either not received oral anti-diabetic drugs or had been on short-term (1 month) treatment that had been discontinued 3 months before enrolment.
  4. HbA1c ≥ 7.5% and ≤ 10.5% at screening and HbA1c ≥ 7.0% and ≤ 10.5% at pre-randomization visit.
  5. FPG ≤ 13.3 mmol/L (≤ 240 mg/dL) .
  6. BMI≥18.5 kg/m2 and ≤ 45.0 kg/m2 .
  7. C-peptide ≥0.33nmol/L(≥1.0 ng/mL).
  8. Able and willing to provide written informed consent and to comply with the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Women who are pregnant, intending to become pregnant during the study period, currently lactating females, or women of child-bearing potential not using highly effective, medically approved birth control methods.
  2. Diagnosis or history of:

    1. Acute metabolic diabetic complications such as ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state
    2. Diabetes insipidus.
  3. Requirement for insulin therapy. Symptoms of poorly controlled diabetes, including but not limited to, marked polyuria and polydipsia with >10% weight loss during the 3 months before enrollment.
  4. Triglycerides (fasting) > 9.3 mmol/L (> 800 mg/dL).
  5. Patients with clinically apparent hepatobiliary disease, including but not limited to chronic active hepatitis and/or severe hepatic insufficiency. ALT or AST > 3x upper limit of normal (ULN), or serum total bilirubin (TB) >34.2 μmol/L (>2 mg/dL).
  6. Patiens with following renal disease history or renal disease related features:

    1. History of unstable or rapidly progressing renal disease;
    2. Patients with moderate /severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease (eGFR< 60 mL/min/1.73 m2)
    3. Urinary albumin: creatinine ratio >1800 mg/g;
    4. Serum creatinine (Cr) ≥133 μmol/L (≥1.50 mg/dL) for male subjects; Serum Cr≥124 μmol/L (≥1.40 mg/dL) for female subjects;
    5. Conditions of congenital renal glycosuria.
  7. Severe uncontrolled hypertension defined as SBP ≥180 mmHg and/or BP ≥110 mmHg;Patients with SBP < 95mmHg.
  8. Any of the following cardiovascular diseases within 6 months of the enrollment visit:

    1. Myocardial infarction;
    2. Cardiac surgery or revascularization (coronary artery bypass graft/percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty);
    3. Unstable angina;
    4. Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association Class III or IV;
    5. Transient ischemic attack or significant cerebrovascular disease.
  9. History of gastrointestinal disease or surgery including Roemheld Syndrome, severe hernia, intestinal obstruction, intestinal ulcer, gastroenterostomy, enterectomy, bariatric surgery or lap-band procedure.
  10. Malignancy within 5 years of the enrollment visit (with the exception of treated basal cell or treated squamous cell carcinoma).
  11. Known immunocompromised status, including but not limited to, individuals who had undergone organ transplantation or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  12. Any subject who, in the judgment of the investigator, was at risk for dehydration or volume depletion that might affect the interpretation of efficacy or safety data.
  13. History of bone fracture secondary to diagnosed severe osteoporosis.
  14. Currently unstable or serious cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, hematologic, oncologic, endocrine, psychiatric, or rheumatic diseases as judged by the Investigator.
  15. Replacement or chronic systemic corticosteroid therapy, defined as any dose of systemic corticosteroid taken for >4 weeks within 3 months before enrollment visit.
  16. Administration of sibutramine, phentermine, orlistat, rimonabant, benzphetamine, diethylpropion, methamphetamine, or phendimetrazine within 30 days of enrollment visit.
  17. Any subject who was currently abusing alcohol or other drugs or had done so within the last 6 months
  18. Donation of blood or blood products, blood transfusion, or participation in a clinical study requiring withdrawal of >400 mL of blood during the 6 weeks before the enrollment visit
  19. History of hypersensitivity reaction to dapagliflozin or acarbose. Allergies or contraindication to the contents of dapagliflozin tablets or acarbose tablests.
  20. Previous participation in a clinical trial with dapagliflozin.
  21. Administration of any other investigational drug within 30 days of planned enrollment to this study, or within 5 half-life periods of other investigational drugs.
  22. Subject is, in the judgment of the Investigator, unlikely to comply with the protocol or has any severe concurrent medical or psychological condition that may affect the interpretation of efficacy or safety data.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03971110


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: AstraZeneca Clinical Study Information Center 1-877-240-9479 information.center@astrazeneca.com

Locations
Layout table for location information
China, Anhui
The First Affilliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University Not yet recruiting
Hefei, Anhui, China
China, Hebei
The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical Univeristy Not yet recruiting
Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China
China, Henan
The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University Not yet recruiting
Zhengzhou, Henan, China
China, Hunan
Hunan Cancer Hospital Not yet recruiting
Changsha, Hunan, China
Principal Investigator: Weiqing Han         
China, Liaoning
The First Hospital of China Medical University Not yet recruiting
Shenyang, Liaoning, China
Principal Investigator: Chuize Kong         
China, Shanxi
The FirstAffiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University Not yet recruiting
Xi'an, Shanxi, China
China, Zhejiang
Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine Not yet recruiting
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital Not yet recruiting
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
China
Peking University First Hospital Not yet recruiting
Beijing, China
Principal Investigator: Liqun Zhou         
The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University Not yet recruiting
Changsha, China
West China Hospital, Sichuan University Not yet recruiting
Chengdu, China
The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University Not yet recruiting
Guangzhou, China
The Third Affilliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University Not yet recruiting
Guangzhou, China
Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Shanghai, China
The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University Not yet recruiting
Urumchi, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Xin Gao The Third Affiliated Hospital, SUN YAT-SEN University

Publications of Results:
1. Montironi R, Schulman CC. Pathological changes in prostate lesions after androgen manipulation. J Clin Pathol 1998; 51:5-12. 2. Witjes WP, Schulman CC, Debruyne FM. Preliminary results of a prospective randomized study comparing radical prostatectomy versus radical prostatectomy associated with neoadjuvant hormonal combination therapy in T2-3 N0 M0 prostatic carcinoma. Urology 1997;49(suppl):65-9. 3. Labrie F, Cusan L, Gomez JL, et al. Neoadjuvant hormonal therapy: the Canadian experience. Urology 1997;49(suppl):56-60. 4. Soloway MS, Sharifi F, Wajsman Z, et al. Random prospective study comparing radical prostatectomy alone versus radical prostatectomy preceded by androgen blockade in clinical stage B2 (T2bNxM0) prostate cancer. J Urol 1995; 154:424-8. 5. Hugosson J, Abrahamsson PA, Ahlgren G, et al. The risk of malignancy in the surgical margin at radical prostatectomy is reduced almost three-fold in patients given neoadjuvant hormone treatment. Eur Urol 1996; 29:413-16.

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03971110     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D8664C09827
First Posted: June 3, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 3, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Hormones
Goserelin
Bicalutamide
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists