Study to Assess the Efficacy of Baloxavir Marboxil Versus Placebo to Reduce Onward Transmission of Influenza A or B in Households
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03969212|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 31, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 3, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Influenza||Drug: Baloxavir Marboxil Drug: Placebo||Phase 3|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||3160 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Double (Participant, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||A Phase IIIB, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Efficacy Study of Baloxavir Marboxil for the Reduction of Direct Transmission of Influenza From Otherwise Healthy Patients to Household Contacts|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 10, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||May 24, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 6, 2020|
Experimental: Baloxavir Marboxil
Participants who are IPs will receive a single oral dose of baloxavir marboxil. HHCs of the IPs will not receive study medication.
Drug: Baloxavir Marboxil
Participants who are IPs will receive either 40 mg (if weight less than 80 kg) or 80 mg (if weight more than or equal to 80 kg) of Baloxavir Marboxil as tablets. HHCs of IPs will not receive study medication.
Other Name: Xofluza
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants who are IPs will receive a single oral dose of placebo. HHCs of the IPs will not receive study medication.
Participants who are IPs will receive a matching placebo as tablets. HHCs of IPs will not receive study medication.
- Percentage of Household Contacts (HHCs) who become Polymerase Chain Reaction Positive (PCR+) for Influenza by Day 5 Post IP Randomization [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 5 (5 days) ]HHCs may be symptomatic or asymptomatic and their virus subtype must match that of the index patient (IP) in their household. The primary efficacy analysis population will consist of all enrolled unvaccinated HHCs of the randomized IPs.
- Percentage of HHCs who become PCR+ for Influenza by Day 9 Post IP Randomization [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 9 (9 days) ]HHCs must have their virus subtype match that of the IP, and include: (1) all HHC meeting primary endpoint, AND (2) all HHC cases detected after Day 5 Visit meeting the following criteria: (2a) included HHC case is in a household where another HHC has already met the primary endpoint, OR (2b) included HHC case is PCR (+) for influenza bearing treatment-emergent amino acid substitutions in the PA protein that have been associated with reduced susceptibility to baloxavir marboxil.
- Percentage of HHCs who become PCR+ for Influenza by Day 5 Post IP Randomization and Develop Influenza Symptoms at any Time During the Study [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 5 (5 days) ]HHCs ≥12 years old were defined symptomatic if (1) presence of temperature ≥38.0 Celsius and one respiratory symptom (cough, sore throat, nasal congestion) or (2) presence of one respiratory symptom and one general systemic symptom (headache, feverishness or chills, muscle or joint pain, fatigue), with or without fever. HHCs ≥2 and <12 years old were defined symptomatic if presence of temperature ≥38.0 Celsius and cough, nasal congestion, or rhinorrhea. Note: For HHCs of any age, respiratory or general systemic symptoms had to be either (1) new, or (2) worsened versus baseline with baseline symptoms due to a pre-existing comorbidity. HHCs must have their virus subtype match that of the IP.
- Percentage of Households with At Least One HHC who Meets Primary Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 5 (5 days) ]
- Percentage of IPs With Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 9 (9 Days) ]
- Change from baseline in health-related quality of life according to EuroQol 5 dimensions 5 (EQ-5D-5L; Appendix 3) questionnaire at Day 3 and Day 9 Visits (IPs only) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 3 and Day 9 ]The EQ-5D-5L is a self-reported health status questionnaire that consists of six questions used to calculate a health utility score for use in health economic analysis. There are two components to the EQ-5D-5L: a five-item health state profile that assesses mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression used to obtain an Index Utility Score, as well as a visual analogue scale (VAS) that measures health state. The VAS is designed to rate the participant's current health state on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the worst imaginable health state and 100 represents the best imaginable health state. An increase in the VAS score of 7 points or greater was defined as the threshold for a meaningful improvement.
- Change From Baseline in Work Productivity and Activity Impairment According to Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) plus Classroom Impairement Questions Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 9 ]The WPAI is a patient-reported measure which assesses the effect of general health and symptom severity on work productivity and regular activities. The General Health questionnaire asks participants to estimate the number of hours missed from work due to reasons related and unrelated to their health problems, as well as the total number of hours actually worked in the preceding 7-day period. The percentage of participants reporting that they were employed (working for pay) was assessed at baseline was assessed along with Absenteeism (work time missed), Presenteeism (impairment at work / reduced on-the-job effectiveness), Work productivity loss (overall work impairment / absenteeism plus presenteeism), and Activity Impairment.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03969212
|Contact: MV40618 www.roche.com/about_roche/roche_worldwide.htm||888-662-6728 (U.S. Only)||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Study Director:||Clinical Trials||Hoffmann-La Roche|