Impact of Challenging Engagement on Cognition in Older Adults (engAGE)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03962439|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 24, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 24, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cognitive Change||Behavioral: High-Demand Photography Behavioral: Moderate-Demand Photography Behavioral: At-Home Engagement||Not Applicable|
Show Detailed Description
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||90 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Impact of Challenging Engagement on Cognition in Older Adults: A Clinical Trial|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||June 1, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||February 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 2020|
Experimental: High-Demand Photography
A structured, high-demand photography course targeting 210 hours of engagement over 16 weeks.
Behavioral: High-Demand Photography
The high-demand photography group will receive 2.5 hours of instruction, twice a week, in a structured high-demand digital photography course plus 10 hours per week working on a special project at the research site without any formal instruction.
Other Name: Productive Engagement Group (High)
Active Comparator: Moderate-Demand Photography
A structured, moderate-demand photography course targeting 210 hours of engagement over 16 weeks.
Behavioral: Moderate-Demand Photography
The moderate-demand photography group will receive 2.5 hours of instruction, twice a week, in a structured moderate-demand digital photography course plus 10 hours per week working on a special project at the research site without any formal instruction.
Other Name: Productive Engagement Group (Moderate)
Placebo Comparator: At-Home Engagement Group
Participation, alone at home, in tasks that are relatively low in intellectual engagement.
Behavioral: At-Home Engagement
The placebo control group will engage, alone at home, in tasks that are relatively low in intellectual engagement such as listening to music and radio or completing work-books that rely primarily on activation of knowledge.
Other Name: Placebo Control
- Mean Change in Episodic Memory Function [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]
Cognitive function will be measured using an episodic memory composite score. This score is composed of three tasks that measure episodic memory: National Institutes of Health (NIH) Picture Sequence Memory Test, Woodcock-Johnson Memory for names, and Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test. See secondary outcomes 11-13 for more information on each measure.
A normalized distribution of the dependent variables from these measures will be created by applying a rank-ordered Blom transformation to pretest and posttest scores. The transformed scores will then be averaged to create the episodic memory composite score. Cronbach's alpha will be calculated to test the internal reliability of the episodic memory construct. These measurements will be taken at baseline, and then following the intervention.
- Mean Change in Neural Modulation Capacity - Primary Brain Outcome Measure [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Brain activity drawn from four brain regions associated with effortful processing and memory-cingulate, precuneus, intraparietal sulcus, and inferior temporal gyrus-will be measured using fMRI. The primary fMRI task involves making living/nonliving judgments to presented words. Participants view a series of 128 nouns for 2500 ms each and judge whether each noun refers to a living or non-living item with a button press (yes or no). Half the words are living and half non-living. Moreover, half of the items within each category are easy to classify (e.g., LION or RADIO) or hard to classify (e.g., VIRUS or ZOMBIE), based on the categorical ambiguity of the item. This task measures modulation capacity between ambiguous and non-ambiguous words, where high modulation reflects greater neural efficiency and low modulation reflects poorer neural efficiency. These measurements will be taken at baseline, and then following the intervention (16 weeks later).
- Speed of Processing [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Speed of processing is a construct that measures how rapidly individuals can process information. In the digit comparison task, participants have 45s to decide whether two strings of numbers, either 3, 6, or 9 digits in length, are the same or different. The dependent variable (DV) is the number of items compared correctly summed across sections. In the WAIS Digit Symbol Task, participants are shown nine geometric symbols that are each assigned to a digit from 1 to 9. They are then presented with randomized digits and asked to draw the corresponding symbol below each digit as quickly as possible for 90s. The DV is the number of items matched correctly in 90s. The NIH Toolbox Pattern Comparison task asks participants to discern whether two side-by-side pictures are the same or not. The DV is the number of items correct in a 90s period. For each task, a higher DV value indicates higher speed of processing.
- Working Memory [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Working memory measures the ability of individuals to simultaneously manipulate and store information. The NIH Toolbox List Sorting Task requires immediate recall and sequencing of different visually and orally presented stimuli. Pictures of different foods and animals are displayed with accompanying audio recording and written text (e.g., "elephant"), and the participant is asked to say the items back in size order from smallest to largest, first within a single dimension (either animals or foods, called 1-List) and then on 2 dimensions (foods, then animals, called 2-List). The score is equal to the number of items recalled and sequenced correctly, and more items indicate higher working memory capacity. In the Letter-Number Sequencing task, participants listen to an increasingly longer series of numbers and letters (e.g., 1-J-A-6) and are asked to rearrange the information and repeat the numbers first in ascending order and then the letters in alphabetical order (e.g., 1-6-A-J). More
- Reasoning [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Reasoning involves an individual's ability to recognize novel patterns and to effectively use these patterns to solve similar problems. In the Raven's Progressive Matrices task, participants are presented with visual patterns that have one piece missing and must determine which pattern out of 6 or 8 options is required to complete that visual pattern. Problems are divided into four sets of six items arranged by increasing difficulty. Participants are given 15 min to complete 24 problems, and the outcome is the number of items answered correctly in those 15 min. The ETS Letter Sets task involves presenting participants with 5 sets of letters, each set made up of 4 letters and being asked to determine which set of letters does not follow the same rule as the other 4 sets of letters. Participants have 14 min to complete 30 problems, and the outcome is number of items correct minus .25*(number of items incorrect). For both tasks, higher outcome values indicate higher reasoning ability.
- Crystallized Intelligence [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Crystallized intelligence provides estimation about the participant's world or vocabulary-based knowledge. In the ETS Advanced Vocabulary task, participants compare a target word with 5 other words and select the 1 word that means the same or most nearly the same as the target word. Participants are given 8 min to answer 36 problems, and the outcome is the number of items correct minus .25 * (number of items incorrect). The Shipley Vocabulary task requires participants to compare a target word with 4 other words and select the 1 that means the same or most nearly the same as the target word. This task is untimed, and the outcome is the number of correct answers. The National Adult Reading Test (NART) comprises 50 written words which all have irregular spellings (e.g. "aisle"), so as to test the participant's vocabulary rather than pronunciation ability. The outcome is the number of correct answers. For each task, a higher outcome value indicates higher crystallized intelligence.
- Large-scale Brain Measures [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]We will use the procedures that members of our group previously described in Chan et al., 2014 to get a single measure of resting-state system segregation (both at baseline and following the intervention). This measure is calculated as the difference between the mean magnitudes of between-system correlations from the within-system correlations as a proportion of mean within-system correlation. Values greater than 0 reflect relatively lower between-system correlations in relation to within-system correlations (i.e., stronger segregation of systems), and values less than 0 reflect higher between-system correlations relative to within-system correlations (i.e., diminished segregation of systems).
- Radial Diffusivity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Radial diffusivity measures axonal/myelin damage by assessing water diffusion perpendicular to white matter fibres. Increased diffusivity (as measured in eigenvalues) indicate greater demyelination and therefore lower neural integrity.
- Axial Diffusivity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Axial diffusivity measures water diffusion that is parallel to white matter fibres. In contrast to radial diffusivity, a decrease in the axial diffusivity metric (in eigenvalues) is indicative of axonal damage.
- Fractional Anisotropy [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Fractional anisotropy ranges from 0 to 1, and describes the degree of anisotropy (the property of substances to exhibit variations in physical properties along different axes) of a diffusion process. A value of 0 means that diffusion is isotropic, i.e. it is unrestricted (or equally restricted) in all directions. A value of 1 means that diffusion occurs only along one axis and is fully restricted along all other directions. This measure reflects fibre density, axonal diameter, and myelination in white matter.
- NIH Picture Sequence Memory Test [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]This measure involves showing pictured objects and activities that are thematically related to participants. The pictures are then minimized and moved to boundary of the screen throughout the trial in their fixed spatial order until all of the pictures in the sequence have been displayed. The pictures are then removed from their boundary locations and placed in a random assortment in the center of the screen. Participants are asked to move the pictures back into the sequence demonstrated as accurately as possible. The scores for this task consist of the number of adjacent pairs of pictures remembered correctly over 3 learning trials, with higher scores indicating better performance. These variables factor into the episodic memory composite score.
- Woodcock-Johnson Memory for Names [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]Participants are shown illustrations of space creatures while being told names for each creature. They are asked to recall the names of the space creatures by pointing to their corresponding illustration. Starting with 1 space creature, each trial adds 1 space creature to the list until the participant reaches a total of 12 learned creatures. This task is scored as a sum of the correct responses, with higher scores indicating better performance, and is a variable in the episodic memory composite score.
- Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 16 weeks ]The RAVLT a test of verbal learning and declarative memory. During the test, 15 nouns that are read aloud for 5 consecutive trials. Each trial is followed by a free recall test (participant is asked to recall the words that were just read to them). The sum of correctly recalled words across 5 trials is called the total raw score. On completion of Trial 5, an interference list of 15 words (List B) is presented, followed by a free recall test of that list. After a 20-min delay, the examinee is again required to recall the words from list A - this is called the delay raw score. The raw scores on both the total recall and the delay trials (number of words correct across trials 1-5) are converted to standardized T-scores (Mean=50; SD=10; range 20-100) based on participant age and gender. The scores are presented as T-scores, with higher scores indicative of better performance, and are incorporated into the episodic memory composite score.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03962439
|Contact: Avanti Dey, PhDemail@example.com|
|Contact: Hector Gonzalez, BSfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Texas|
|The engAGE Center: A Community Based Engagement Environment||Recruiting|
|Irving, Texas, United States, 75039|
|Contact: Hector Gonzalez|
|Principal Investigator:||Denise Park, PhD||University of Texas at Dallas|