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Gadoxetate Sodium Enhanced MRI as a Biomarker for Aggressive Prostate Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03960788
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2019 by Sadhna Verma, University of Cincinnati.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : May 23, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 23, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sadhna Verma, University of Cincinnati

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to test to see if Gadoxetate Sodium is a useful contrast agent for detecting prostate cancer during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Gadoxetate Sodium is an FDA approved contrast agent that is currently used to detect liver cancer. Gadoxetate Sodium shows promise in identifying more aggressive prostate cancers at earlier stages. The study will also test to see if specific genes are expressed in the left over tissue samples from previous prostate fusion biopsy. The investigators hypothesize that Gadoxetate Sodium-enhanced MRI can differentiate aggressive prostate cancer and predict its early recurrence.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer of the Prostate Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Drug: Gadoxetate Sodium Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

A substantial body of evidence implicates androgen hormones, such as testosterone, play a key role in aggressive prostate carcinogenesis, and much work has been done to evaluate the relationship between the concentration of testosterone and clinical outcome of patients with prostate cancer. Several uptake transporters localized to the cell membrane have shown to enhance steroid hormone uptake, and these same transporters are also expressed within the prostate where they could increase the capability of neoplastic cells to use testosterone. One group of uptake carriers is the organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) superfamily encoded by SLCO genes. OATPs are localized to normal human hepatocytes. OATP1B3, a member of this family, is also expressed by cancer cells derived from aggressive prostate cancer. Studies have shown that in prostate cancer, testosterone uptake by cells occurs via OATP1B3, and its presence increases from undetectable levels in normal prostatic tissue and benign hyperplasia to marked expression in aggressive prostate cancer.

Current prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis methods have false positives and are limited in predicting cancer recurrence. Gadoxetate Sodium is a magnetic resonance imaging agent which is FDA-approved gadolinium chelate for detecting hepatocellular carcinoma, as normal hepatocytes express OATP1B3 while most hepatocellular carcinomas do not. Gadoxetate Sodium acts as a substrate for OTAP1B3, therefore, OATP1B3 positive prostate tumors can potentially be visualized on MR imaging. Making this contrast agent useful in the evaluation of OATP1B3 status in patients with aggressive PCa and potentially serve as a prognostic and treatment biomarker.

The investigators hypothesize that Gadoxetate Sodium -enhanced MRI can differentiate aggressive PCa and predict its early recurrence. The investigators aim to enroll 50 patients and sort them into localized or metastatic PCa, based on tumor grade. Subjects that agree to participate will be scheduled for a research pelvic MRI with the Gadoxetate Sodium contrast within 3 weeks of their office visit. The procedure is be conducted as a standard pelvic MRI but instead of gadolinium contrast being administered, Gadoextate Sodium will be dosed at 0.1/mL per kilogram of body weight (as prescribed on the contrast label). Once the subject has undergone the research MRI scan using Gadoxetate Sodium, the MRI and assigned enhancement ratios will be reviewed. Contrast enhancement ratios (CERs) will be calculated to evaluate the difference in the degree of enhancement between the tumors and normal tissue. Subject demographic information, medical history and enhancement ratios will be recorded in the study database.

Previously obtained remnant biopsy samples from enrolled subjects will be used for transcriptome and epigenome profiling using genome-wide and targeted gene approaches.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Gadoxetate Sodium Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) as a Biomarker for Aggressive Prostate Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : January 2, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MRI with Gadoxetate Sodium
Subjects will receive Gadoxetate Sodium during MRI.
Drug: Gadoxetate Sodium
Gadoxetate Sodium is an FDA approved contrast agent to be used during magnetic resonance imaging.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of Gadoxetate Sodium to gadolinium in effectiveness of identification of prostate cancer as measured by contrast enhancement ratios [ Time Frame: 3 weeks from consent ]

    This single outcome will be measured by comparing the contrast enhancement ratio from pre-study images from participating subjects originally imaged with gadolinium enhanced contrast against contrast enhancement ratios from subjects receiving Gadoxetate Sodium enhanced scans. The measurements taken using the enhancement ratios will be for two areas of interest in the prostate in tumor tissue and these will be collected from pre-study, and post-study images only.

    A contrast enhancement ratio is a quantitative measure used to assess the degree of enhancement (brightness) between normal and abnormal tissue in imaging.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of the contrast enhancement ratio of OATP1B3 + and - samples taken from post-Gadoxetate Sodium subjects to determine if Gadoxetate Sodium to determine if it differentiates androgen resistant cancers. [ Time Frame: 3 weeks from consent ]

    This single outcome will be measured by collecting a tumor tissue biopsy post scan with Gadoxetate Sodium, performing a molecular analysis for the genetic marker OATP1B3 (agent present in resistant cancers) and comparing the contrast enhancement ratio in those samples that have OATP1B3 to those samples without.

    A contrast enhancement ratio is a quantitative measure used to assess the degree of enhancement (brightness) between normal and abnormal tissue in imaging.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Only Males may apply due to condition under study.
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject is greater than or equal to 18 years old.
  • Subjects with clinically localized OR advanced prostate cancer with biopsy confirmation and sufficient tissue available (obtained before Gadoxetate Sodium injection) for OATP1B3 expression.
  • Subjects must have a prior MRI with gadolinium obtained as part of their standard of care for comparison available. This may have been obtained as part of an image guided biopsy.
  • Serum creatinine within 3 weeks prior to Gadoxetate Sodium MRI less than or equal to 1.8mg/dl and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) must be greater than 60 ml/min/1.73m.
  • Patients must have normal liver function as defined below: total bilirubin less than 2 times normal institutional limits or greater than 3.0 mg/dl in patients with Gilbert s syndrome AST(SGOT) and ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 3 times institutional upper limit of normal
  • Ability of subject to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects that have received a prostatectomy
  • Subjects with known hypersensitivity and allergy to gadolinium contrast agents
  • Subjects with chronic kidney disease or acute kidney injury. Chronic Kidney disease is GFR<30. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as an abrupt or rapid decline in renal filtration function and is screened by excluding patient's that have a GFR <60 within 3 weeks of their scan, as well as screening patients on the day of the scan for kidney disease and contraindications using the standard form based on the Updated ACR Screening Recommendations on Gadolinium Based MR Contrast Agents, Renal Disease Patients. Patients who show signs of renal disease from this form will be excluded from the study.
  • Subjects with contraindications to MRI
  • Subjects with pacemakers, cerebral aneurysm clips, shrapnel injury, or other implanted electronic devices or metal not compatible with MRI

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03960788

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Contact: Nicky Kurtzweil 5135840904
Contact: Melanie Gruen 15135848131

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United States, Ohio
University of Cincinnati Recruiting
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267
Contact: Benjamin Quast    513-584-0220   
Principal Investigator: Sadhna Verma, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Cincinnati
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Principal Investigator: Sadhna Verma, MD University of Cincinnati
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Responsible Party: Sadhna Verma, Adjunct Professor, University of Cincinnati Identifier: NCT03960788    
Other Study ID Numbers: EOVIST
First Posted: May 23, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 23, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases