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PET Imaging of Neuroinflammation in Neurodegenerative Diseases Via a Novel TSPO Radioligand

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03958630
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

Aging-related progressive neurological disorders include frontotemporal dementia, Lou Gehrig s disease, and Alzheimer s disease. Little is known about what causes these disorders. Brain inflammation may be involved. Researchers want to see if scans using radioactive drugs can show brain inflammation.

Objective:

To see if the drug [11C]ER176 can show inflammation in the brain in people with certain progressive neurological disorders compared to healthy adults. Also to find genes that might be associated with or cause these disorders.

Eligibility:

People ages 18 and older with an aging-related neurological disorder, and healthy adults

Design:

Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical exam, neurological exam, psychiatric history, and blood tests.

Participants will have 2-5 visits for the first session. They will have 2 PET scans and 1 MRI scan. They may have 3 more sessions: 6 months to about 18 months later, 1 year after that, and about 30 months to 5 years after the first visit. There may be up to 20 total visits.

For the scans, participants will lie on a bed that slides into the scanners. For the PET scans, a strap will fix their head in place. A radioactive drug will be injected through a catheter. A needle will guide a thin plastic tube into an arm vein. Additional catheters may be put in place to draw blood. Each PET will take 2 hours. The MRI will take 30 60 minutes.

At each session, participants will have a brief interview, medical history, physical exam, blood and urine tests, heart tests, and memory and thinking tests. They may donate blood for DNA tests.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dementia Drug: 11C-ER176 Drug: 11C-PIB Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Objectives

The primary objective is to explore if human subjects with neurodegenerative diseases exhibit different level of neuroinflammation, as measured by brain uptake of a 3rd generation [11C]ER176 TSPO ligand, compared to control subjects. The secondary objectives are to determine, 1) if [11C]ER176 TSPO brain uptake shows disease-specific patterns across different neurodegenerative diseases and/or genetic mutations, and 2) if longitudinal imaging of individual patients shows a correlation between interval change of tracer uptake and disease progression.

Study population

Adults referred with a clinical diagnosis or with an increased risk of frontotemporal dementia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer s disease, other related adult-onset neurodegenerative disorders, or healthy control subjects.

Design

Participants will undergo a general and neurological exam, a standard battery of neuropsychological tests to measure cognitive function, blood tests for analysis of TSPO polymorphisms, MRI of the brain, and PET imaging with the [11C]ER176 TSPO radioligand and [11C]PIB amyloid radioligand. Participants will be invited to return for repeat evaluations approximately 1, 2, and 3-5 years after their initial evaluation.

Outcome measures

Brain PET and MRI scans will be co-registered for anatomic definition of regions of interest, and SUV will be calculated in various brain regions. [11C]ER176 PET data will be analyzed with compartmental modeling. [11C]PIB PET and MRI data will be adjunctly used for segregating the collected data by disease subtype. For the primary objective, we will compare TSPO radioligand uptake of healthy controls compared to subjects with neurodegenerative diseases. For secondary objectives, we will determine if neuroanatomical regions of tracer uptake differ across different neurodegenerative disease subtypes, and if interval change of tracer uptake correlates with disease progression in longitudinal imaging of individual subjects.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: PET Imaging of Neuroinflammation in Neurodegenerative Diseases Via a Novel TSPO Radioligand
Actual Study Start Date : July 3, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 3, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 3, 2023


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PET scan
Healthy and Patients
Drug: 11C-ER176
PET biomarker for inflammation

Drug: 11C-PIB
PET biomarker for amyloid




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Distribution of inflammation in brain determined with PET imaging [ Time Frame: day of the PET scan ]
    distribution of inflammation in brain


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in inflammation over time [ Time Frame: 5 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Patients will be included if they

  • Are age 18 or older

    • Have the ability to understand and sign an informed consent, or have a DPA or a court-appointed guardian (or be able to understand the DPA process to appoint a DPA) to provide consent for adults without consent capacity
    • Have been given a diagnosis by a neurologist of frontotemporal dementia, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, primary progressive aphasia, semantic dementia, motor neuron disorder, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, primary lateral sclerosis, progressive bulbar palsy, corticobasal syndrome, Huntington disease, Alzheimer s disease, or other related adult-onset neurodegenerative disease

      2. Subjects with an increased risk of neurodegenerative diseases will be included if they

    • Are age 18 or older
    • Are able to give written informed consent
    • Have known family history or other risk of an adult-onset genetic neurodegenerative disease, and/or mutation in a gene known to cause an adult-onset neurodegenerative disease

      3. Healthy subjects will be included if they

    • Are age 18 or older
    • Are willing and able to complete all study procedures
    • Are able to give written informed consent
    • Are medically healthy
    • Are enrolled in 01-M-0254 The Evaluation of Participants with Mood and Anxiety Disorders and Healthy Volunteers (PI: Dr. Carlos Zarate) or 17-M-0181, Recruitment and Characterization of Healthy Research Volunteers for NIMH Intramural Studies (PI: Dr. Joyce Chung)

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Patients or subjects with an increased risk of neurodegenerative diseases will be excluded if they

    • Have other major neurological or medical diseases that may cause progressive weakness or cognitive dysfunction, such as structural brain or spinal cord disease, metabolic diseases, paraneoplastic syndromes, infectious diseases, peripheral neuropathy or radiculopathy or other significant neurological abnormalities
    • Have an unstable medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigators, makes participation unsafe (e.g., active infection or untreated malignancy)
    • Require daytime ventilator support at the time of study entry
    • Are unable to travel to NIH
    • Have recent exposure to radiation related to research (e.g., PET from other research) that, when combined with this study, would be above the allowable limits
    • Have inability to lie flat and/or lie still on camera bed for at least two hours, including claustrophobia, overweight greater than the maximum for the scanner, and uncontrollable behavioral symptoms, which will be screened by an interview with patient and/or caregiver during the screening visit
    • Are pregnant or breastfeeding
    • Have current drug/alcohol abuse or dependence
    • Are unable to have an MRI scan (e.g., pacemakers or other implanted electrical devices, brain stimulators, dental implants, aneurysm clips (metal clips on the wall of a large artery), metallic prostheses (including metal pins and rods, heart valves, and cochlear implants), permanent eyeliner, implanted delivery pumps, or shrapnel fragments, metal fragments in the eye)
    • NIMH employees/staffs or NIH employees who are subordinates/relatives/co-workers of investigators
  2. Healthy subjects will be excluded if they

    • Have any history of medical illness or injury with the potential to affect study data interpretation or to be any medical contraindication to the procedures performed in the study, including active infection and untreated malignancy.
    • Have clinically significant laboratory abnormalities based on test performed under screening protocol 01-M-0254 or 17-M-0181
    • Have recent exposure to radiation related to research (e.g., PET from other research) that, when combined with this study, would be above the allowable limits
    • Have inability to lie flat on camera bed for at least two hours, including claustrophobia and overweight greater than the maximum for the scanner
    • Are pregnant or breastfeeding
    • Have current drug/alcohol abuse or dependence
    • Are unable to have an MRI scan (e.g., pacemakers or other implanted electrical devices, brain stimulators, dental implants, aneurysm clips (metal clips on the wall of a large artery), metallic prostheses (including metal pins and rods, heart valves, and cochlear implants), permanent eyeliner, implanted delivery pumps, or shrapnel fragments, metal fragments in the eye)
    • NIMH employees/staffs or NIH employees who are subordinates/relatives/co-workers of investigators

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03958630


Contacts
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Contact: Maria D Ferraris Araneta, C.R.N.P. (301) 496-9423 ferrarism@mail.nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Robert B Innis, M.D. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03958630    
Other Study ID Numbers: 190095
19-M-0095
First Posted: May 22, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 6, 2019
Last Verified: August 29, 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) ):
Fronto Temporal Dementia
Amyloid
Neuroinflammation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dementia
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders