Cognitive and Motor Training in Pediatric Posterior Fossa Tumor Survivors
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03951246|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 23, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Childhood Cancer Cognitive Impairment Motor Skills Disorders Posterior Fossa Tumor||Other: Cognitive and Motor Training||Not Applicable|
The death rates from posterior fossa tumors (PFT) have declined significantly over the past decades. Children and adolescents who survived this kind of tumor without metastases demonstrate 5-year survival rates of 90%. Standard treatment for posterior fossa tumors includes surgical rejection, which can be combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, treatment factors can cause the impairment of motor and cognitive functions, which influence negatively speech, academic achievements, and quality of life. Such an outcome can be induced by tumor growth process as well. One of the most essential consequences of the disease is cognitive deficiency in the areas of attention, working memory, and executive functions.
The cerebellum pathology often causes deficits of motor skills. Considering that motor system has a hierarchal organization, PFT can cause the impairment of all the system, starting with gross motor skills and ending in the finest eye movements. The cerebellum has been shown to control voluntary eye movements, particularly such parameters as accuracy and velocity of saccades, fixation duration, etc.
Given the effect of probable deficits on a child's daily life, the issue of cognitive and motor remediation programs is in the spotlight today. There is some evidence that interventions targeting cognitive functions (e.g. working memory, short-term memory, attention, planning) and motor skills (gross and fine motor skills, muscle strength, agility) can be effective in these patients.
However, only few of remediation programs focus on visual-motor co-ordination and saccadic eye movements system, despite the fact that they provide the basis for higher-level functions, such as sustained attention, working memory, and planning.
The research conducted in Clinical Rehabilitation Research Center "Russkoe Pole" has revealed that treatment gains in the areas of motor skills, and specifically saccadic eye movements, are positively associated with the enhancement of attention and working memory. Given this, the investigators can suggest that this improvement is connected with the reduction of extra saccadic movements and consequently the decrease of irrelevant information to be processed. This mechanism can be generalized to the other executive functions, such as shifting, inhibition, and planning.
This trial will allow the investigators to determine potential feasibility of rehabilitation program targeting motor and cognitive functions, as well as the saccadic system, in pediatric posterior fossa tumor survivors.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||60 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||The Effect of Cognitive and Motor Training on Executive Functions, Motor Skills, and Saccadic Eye Movements System in Pediatric Posterior Fossa Tumor Survivors|
|Actual Study Start Date :||November 1, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 21, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 21, 2018|
Experimental: Training Group
Training Group recieved cognitive and Motor training included 6 sessions using the following training devices.
Other: Cognitive and Motor Training
In the first phase of the trial, all participants (patients and healthy children) will complete cognitive and motor functions assessment.
Then the sample of patients who have cognitive/motor impairment will be randomized to an either Intervention or Control group.
In the second phase of the trial, survivors in the Intervention Group will receive 6 sessions of cognitive and motor training during two weeks, and survivors in Control Group will undergo …..
After this treatment phase, motor and cognitive functions assessment will be conducted in all patients once again.
In the third phase, the Control Group will be provided the active intervention (i.e. 6 sessions of cognitive and motor training during two weeks), while the Intervention Group engages in passive reading.
After this, motor and cognitive functions assessment will be carried out in all patients once again.
No Intervention: Control Group
Control Group didn`t recieved any cognitive and motor training. They visited swimming pool and physical therapy.
- Eye tracking [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline Eye tracking mesuares up to 2 weeks and follow-up after 4 weeks from Baseline ]Following outcomes are mesuared: Execution time, Number of Fixations, Scan Path, Mean Duration of Fixations, Mean Saccades Amplitude, Ellipse Square
- VMI [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline VMI mesuares up to 2 weeks and follow-up after 4 weeks from Baseline ]Following outcomes are mesuared: Visual-motor integration, Visual perception, Motor coordination.
- Dynavision [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline Dynavision mesuare up to 2 weeks and follow-up after 4 weeks from Baseline ]Following outcome are mesuared: Reaction Time
- Fitlight [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline Fitlight mesuare up to 2 weeks and follow-up after 4 weeks from Baseline ]Following outcome are mesuared: Reaction Time
- Neurotracker [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline Neurotracker mesuare up to 2 weeks and follow-up after 4 weeks from Baseline ]Following outcome are mesuared: Score
- CANTAB [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline CANTAB mesuare up to 2 weeks and follow-up after 4 weeks from Baseline ]Following outcomes are mesuared: Pattern Recognition Memory Immediate, Pattern Recognition Memory Delayed, Spatial Recognition Memory, Spatial Working Memory (Mistakes), Spatial Working Memory (Strategy), Spatial Span, Rapid Visual Processing (Mistakes), Rapid Visual Processing (Median Latency)
- BOT-2 [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline BOT-2 mesuare up to 2 weeks and follow-up after 4 weeks from Baseline ]Following outcomes are mesuared: Fine Motor Skills, Gross Motor Skills, Coordination, Strength and Agility, General Score
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03951246
|Dmitry Rogachev Federal Research and Clinical Centre of Paediatric Haematology, Oncology and Immunology|
|Moscow, Russian Federation, 117997|