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Bladder PREserVation by RadioTherapy and Immunotherapy in BCG Unresponsive Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (PREVERT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03950362
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 15, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut Paoli-Calmettes

Brief Summary:

About two-thirds of newly diagnosed cases of bladder cancer are non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). It is advocated that patients with high-risk NMIBC receive an adjuvant course of intravesical Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) as first-line treatment. However, a substantial proportion of patients will 'fail' BCG. Radical cystectomy remains the treatment of choice for NMIBC who have failed intravesical therapy, but there are situations when surgery is not feasible due to competing co-morbidities or a patient's desire for bladder preservation. For these patients, the potential options available are limited.

In MIBC, radiotherapy (RT) in association with chemotherapy, has been shown to produce 10-year overall survival rates comparable to those of radical cystectomy in selected cases. At the opposite, results from trials assessing radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy in patients with NMIBC are less documented and discordant.

Immunotherapy with immune-checkpoint blockade therapies is increasing as an option and has shown very promising results for several cancers, including bladder carcinoma.

An established body of published work has shown that radiation enhances many of the steps needed for the generation of antigen-specific immune responses, including inflammatory tumor-cell death, dendritic cell activation, and antigen cross-presentation. Several groups have reported improved local control when checkpoint blockade immunotherapy is added to radiation in different tumor types. On the one hand, radiotherapy might stimulate the induction of local endogenous immune responses by anti-PD-1 treatment. On the other hand, active immune stimulation by anti-PD-1 treatment within the tumor microenvironment might maximize radiation-induced antitumor immunity.

Combination immunoradiotherapy using PD-1/PD-L1 signaling blockade could therefore offer an interesting strategy in bladder tumors, especially as an optional bladder preservation treatment for BCG unresponsive NMIBC.

The originality of the therapeutic strategy is the use of radiation (local treatment) combined with checkpoint blockade immunotherapy (systemic treatment). Radiotherapy might increase response rates by creating a more permissive tumor microenvironment through increasing PD-L1 expression on tumor cells and stimulating the accumulation and activation of CD8+ T cells.

Avelumab seems to have a specific cytotoxic activity suggesting its interest in local control of the disease, especially in association with radiotherapy.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer Drug: Avelumab Device: Radiotherapy Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 67 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Bladder PREserVation by RadioTherapy and Immunotherapy in BCG Unresponsive Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : June 15, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 15, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 15, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer
Drug Information available for: Avelumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Radiotherapy associated to immunotherapy
  • Radiotherapy: 60-66 Gy in 30-33 Fractions (2 Gy/fractions) given to the whole bladder
  • Concomitant administration of Avelumab 10mg/kg Infuse IV over 30-minutes: 1 cycle 5 days before External Beam RadioTherapy, then every 21 days x 8 cycles (6 months)
Drug: Avelumab
Administration of Avelumab 10mg/kg Infuse IV over 30-minutes: 1 cycle 5 days before External Beam RadioTherapy, then every 21 days x 8 cycles (6 months)

Device: Radiotherapy
60-66 Gy in 30-33 Fractions (2 Gy/fractions) given to the whole bladder




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. High-risk recurrence-free survival at 1 year [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Delay between date of inclusion and reappearance of high-risk disease (high grade, T1, or CIS) at cystoscopy



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 years.
  • ECOG performance status ≤2.
  • Patients having provided written informed consent prior to any study-related procedures.
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 months.
  • High risk NMIBC (high grade, T1, or CIS) histologically confirmed by a systematic 2nd look complete re-TURBT.
  • BCG unresponsive NMIBC defined as persistent high-grade disease at 6 months despite adequate BCG treatment (BCG refractory) or recurrence of high-grade disease within 6 months of the last BCG exposure (BCG relapsing disease).
  • Inclusion within 9 months after last BCG exposure.
  • Patient unfit for radical cystectomy because of age, comorbidities, or patient's refusal.
  • No sign of pelvic involvement or distant metastasis on CT scan.
  • Haematological and biological parameters allowing pelvic radiotherapy and anti-PDL1 administration:

    • White blood cell count ≥4000/mm3
    • Platelet count ≥100000 cells/mm3
    • Haemoglobin level ≥9 g/dL or corrected after transfusion
    • Glomerular filtration rate ≥25 mL/min.
    • Adequate hepatic function: AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤2.5 x ULN, or ≤3.5 x ULN in the case of concurrent disease with known etiology and for which a corrective treatment is possible.
  • Patients of childbearing potential: use of a medically acceptable method of contraception during the study and for 120 days after the last study treatment.
  • Patients affiliated to the social security scheme.
  • Patients willing and able to comply with the scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other study procedures indicated in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Stage ≥pT2 tumors.
  • Low grade recurrence / Ta recurrence after BCG therapy.
  • Recurrence > 1 year after last BCG instillation.
  • Prior pelvic irradiation.
  • Histology other than urothelial or squamous cell carcinomas (e.g., adenocarcinomas, micropapillary, sarcomas, or small cell histological types).
  • History of neoplastic disease, during the 3 years before registration, except completely resected cutaneous basal-cell carcinomas, carcinoma in-situ or localized prostate cancer without biochemical recurrence following definitive treatment.
  • Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint inhibitors, including anticytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (anti-CTLA-4), anti-programmed death-1 receptor (anti-PD-1), and anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1) therapeutic antibodies.
  • Contraindications for pelvic radiotherapy (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03950362


Contacts
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Contact: Dominique Genre, MD +33491223778 drci.up@ipc.unicancer.fr

Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut Paoli-Calmettes

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Responsible Party: Institut Paoli-Calmettes
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03950362     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: prevert-IPC 2018-046
First Posted: May 15, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 16, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Institut Paoli-Calmettes:
non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer
radiotherapy
immunotherapy
quality of life

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs