Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Maintenance With Niraparib In Patients With Advanced Urothelial Cancer After 1st-line Platinum-based Chemotherapy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03945084
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 10, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Tesaro, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Massimo Di Maio, University of Turin, Italy

Brief Summary:

This is a 2-arm, prospective, randomized (2:1 ratio), open-label, multi-centre, phase II study conducted in patients affected by unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer receiving niraparib plus best supportive care versus best supportive care as maintenance therapy after a first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.

The primary objective of the trial is to evaluate the efficacy of niraparib plus Best Supportive Care (BSC) vs. BSC alone, as maintenance treatment, in terms of prolongation of progression-free survival (PFS), in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer that obtained disease control (objective response or stable disease) with first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Urothelial Carcinoma Drug: Niraparib Other: Best supportive care Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a 2-arm, prospective, randomized (2:1 ratio), open-label, multi-centre, phase II study conducted in patients affected by unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer receiving niraparib plus best supportive care versus best supportive care as maintenance therapy after a first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.

The primary objective of the trial is to evaluate the efficacy of niraparib plus Best Supportive Care (BSC) vs. BSC alone, as maintenance treatment, in terms of prolongation of progression-free survival (PFS), in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer that obtained disease control (objective response or stable disease) with first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.

Poly-adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors sensitivity is based on the presence of truncating and missense mutations in genes associated with the homologous recombination pathways. In The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset approximately 34% of bladder urothelial carcinoma harbored these mutations. Furthermore, in this study we plan to select a population potentially sensible to niraparib, by enrolling patients responding to platinum, indeed we know that there is a cross-sensitivity and a cross-resistance between platinum drugs and PARP inhibitors in urothelial carcinoma.

PFS is commonly adopted as primary endpoint in randomized phase II trials. Randomized design for phase II trials has been increasingly adopted in recent years, to allow a formal comparison between experimental and standard treatment. This should lead to a better interpretation of the results obtained with the experimental treatment, that are in most cases difficult to interpret in the absence of controls.

The sample size of the study is calculated with "relaxed" statistical criteria. The study design will verify if the experimental treatment (Niraparib) is promising enough to warrant a phase 3 trial for efficacy compared to observation.

A total of 65 PFS events are needed to provide 80% power to detect an hazard ratio (HR) of 0.57 (1.75), corresponding to a median increase in progression-free survival from 4 to 7 months, with one-tailed alpha 0.1.

With an accrual duration of 24 months, and additional 6 months of follow up after the completion of recruitment, 77 patient need to be randomized (26 assigned to control arm and 51 assigned to experimental arm) to obtain the 65 events needed.

Sample size of the phase II trial is too small to plan a formal analysis of interaction of treatment efficacy with type of response at first line treatment (i.e. objective response vs. stable disease). However, type of response to first line treatment will be among stratification factor for randomization, so the 2 treatment groups will be balanced. Exploratory subgroup analysis of treatment efficacy in patient who have obtained objective response with first line and in patients who have obtained stable disease with first line will be performed.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 77 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 2-arm, prospective, randomized (2:1 ratio), open-label, multi-centre, phase II study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized, Trial of Niraparib Versus Best Supportive Care as Maintenance Treatment In Patients With Locally Advanced Or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer Whose Disease Did Not Progress After First-line Platinum-based Chemotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : August 27, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental Arm
Patients assigned to experimental arm will receive Niraparib 300 mg or 200 mg daily (based on weight and platelet count) plus best supportive care (BSC), in 28-day cycles, until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or death.
Drug: Niraparib

Niraparib will be administered as a flat-fixed, continuous daily dose:

≥77 kg and ≥150,000 µL: 300 mg (3 X 100 mg capsules) daily <77 kg or <150,000 µL: 200 mg (2 X 100 mg capsules) daily*

* For patients whose starting dose is 2 capsules once daily, escalation to 3 capsules once daily will be permitted if no treatment interruption or discontinuation will be required during the first 2 cycles of therapy

Other Name: Zejula

Other: Best supportive care

In both treatment arms, Best Supportive Care (BSC) is defined as a comprehensive assessment of symptoms, with timely application of symptom control measures, in order to maximize patient's quality of life.

BSC does not include any active antitumoral treatment, and will be given according to local guidelines and the normal practice of each participating institution.

BSC will include use of opioid analgesics, other supportive drugs, radiotherapy, administered with the exclusive aim of improving tumor symptoms (e.g. pain, haematuria, etc.), according to Investigator's judgment.


Control Arm
Patients assigned to control arm will receive best supportive care alone, until disease progression or death.
Other: Best supportive care

In both treatment arms, Best Supportive Care (BSC) is defined as a comprehensive assessment of symptoms, with timely application of symptom control measures, in order to maximize patient's quality of life.

BSC does not include any active antitumoral treatment, and will be given according to local guidelines and the normal practice of each participating institution.

BSC will include use of opioid analgesics, other supportive drugs, radiotherapy, administered with the exclusive aim of improving tumor symptoms (e.g. pain, haematuria, etc.), according to Investigator's judgment.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    PFS is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the earlier date of assessment of progression, or death by any cause in the absence of progression. Progression will be assessed following Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria ( v.1.1 ), using investigator's review.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of patients with complete response (CR) or partial response (PR), as assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria (v.1.1)

  2. Duration of response (DoR) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    DoR is defined as the time between the date of documented response and the date of first documented sign of clinical or radiological progression

  3. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    OS is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of death by any cause

  4. Progression-free survival at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Progression-free survival at 6 month is defined as the rate of patients who are progression-free 6 months after randomization

  5. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The study will collect information about the incidence of treatment-emergent AEs (TEAEs), coded and graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.03

  6. Health-related quality of life [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The study will collect information about patient health-related quality of life using European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) C30. Multi-item scales are computed by calculating the mean raw scores of single items and transforming them linearly so that all scales range from 0 to 100. For single items, only linear transformation is performed. For functioning scales (i.e. those exploring physical, role, emotional, cognitive and social functioning and global health status), the higher the value the better the level of function; for symptoms scales and items, the higher the value the worse the severity of symptoms.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. BReast CAncer gene (BRCA) mutation status (exploratory) [ Time Frame: Assessed on blood sample collected at baseline ]
    The study will collect blood sample from archival material of each patient at screening to assess BRCA mutation status.

  2. Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD) status (exploratory) [ Time Frame: Assessed on tumor tissue collected at baseline ]
    The study will collect tumor tissue from archival material of each patient at screening to assess HRD status



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant must have histologically/cytologically confirmed, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium (transitional cell carcinoma either pure or mixed histology)
  2. Measurable disease (per RECIST v1.1) prior to the start of first-line chemotherapy
  3. Prior first-line chemotherapy must have consisted of at least 4 cycles and no more than 6 cycles of platinum containing regimen (cisplatin or carboplatin)
  4. No evidence of progressive disease following completion of first-line chemotherapy (i.e., ongoing complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) per RECIST v1.1 guidelines )
  5. Patients must be enrolled within 4 weeks of scans demonstrating stable disease/partial-complete response and no more than 6 weeks after receiving the last standard chemotherapy dose
  6. Participant must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
  7. Participant must be ≥ 18 years of age
  8. Participant must have adequate bone marrow and organ function, defined as follows:

    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/µL
    • Platelets ≥ 100,000/µL
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault equation
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (≤2.0 in patients with known Gilberts syndrome) OR direct bilirubin ≤ 1 x ULN
    • Aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase ≤ 2.5 x ULN unless liver metastases are present, in which case they must be ≤ 5 x ULN
  9. Participant receiving corticosteroids is eligible if their dose is stable for least 4 weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy.
  10. Participant must agree to not donate blood during the study or for 90 days after the last dose of study treatment.
  11. Female participant has a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to taking study treatment if of childbearing potential and agrees to abstain from activities that could result in pregnancy from screening through 180 days after the last dose of study treatment, or is of non-childbearing potential. Non-childbearing potential is defined as follows (by other than medical reasons):

    • ≥45 years of age and has not had menses for >1 year
    • Patients who have been amenorrhoeic for <2 years without history of a hysterectomy and oophorectomy must have a follicle stimulating hormone value in the postmenopausal range upon screening evaluation
    • Post-hysterectomy, post-bilateral oophorectomy, or post-tubal ligation. Documented hysterectomy or oophorectomy must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure or confirmed by an ultrasound. Tubal ligation must be confirmed with medical records of the actual procedure, otherwise the patient must be willing to use 2 adequate barrier methods throughout the study, starting with the screening visit through 180 days after the last dose of study treatment.

    Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception for the patient.

  12. Participant must agree to not breastfeed during the study or for 180 days after the last dose of study treatment.
  13. Male participant agrees to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study treatment through 180 days after the last dose of study treatment. Note: Abstinence is acceptable if this is the established and preferred contraception for the patient.
  14. Participant must be able to understand the study procedures and agree to participate in the study by providing written informed consent
  15. Blood sample availability, to determine germline BRCA mutation status
  16. Archived tumor tissue sample availability to determine homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) status

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant must not be simultaneously enrolled in any interventional clinical trial
  2. Participant must not have had major surgery ≤ 3 weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy and participant must have recovered from any surgical effects.
  3. Participant must not have received investigational therapy ≤ 4 weeks, or within a time interval less than at least 5 half-lives of the investigational agent, whichever is shorter, prior initiating protocol therapy.
  4. Participant must not have received radiation therapy encompassing >20% of the bone marrow within 2 weeks; or any radiation therapy within 1 week prior to Day 1 of protocol therapy.
  5. Participant must not have a known hypersensitivity to niraparib components or excipients.
  6. Participant must not have been treated previously with a known PARP inhibitor agent
  7. Participant must not have received a transfusion (platelets or red blood cells) ≤ 4 weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy.
  8. Participant must not have received colony stimulating factors (e.g., granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, or recombinant erythropoietin) within 4 weeks prior initiating protocol therapy.
  9. Participant must not have experienced any known Grade 3 or 4 anemia, neutropenia or thrombocytopenia due to prior chemotherapy that persisted > 4 weeks.
  10. Participant must not have any known history of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  11. Participant must not have a serious, uncontrolled medical disorder, nonmalignant systemic disease, or active, uncontrolled infection. Examples include, but are not limited to, uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia, recent (within 90 days) myocardial infarction, uncontrolled major seizure disorder, unstable spinal cord compression, superior vena cava syndrome, or any psychiatric disorder that prohibits obtaining informed consent
  12. Participant must not have a diagnosis of any other malignancy within 2 years prior to randomization, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the breast or of the cervix, low grade prostate cancer on surveillance without any plans for treatment intervention, or prostate cancer that has been adequately treated with prostatectomy or radiotherapy and currently with no evidence of disease or symptoms.
  13. Participant must not have history of or known spinal cord compression, or carcinomatous meningitis, or evidence of symptomatic brain or leptomeningeal disease on screening CT or MRI scan. However treated, stable and asymptomatic brain metastases are allowed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03945084


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Massimo Di Maio, MD +390115082032 massimo.dimaio@unito.it
Contact: Francesca Vignani, MD +390115082056 francesca.vignani@gmail.com

Locations
Show Show 20 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Turin, Italy
Tesaro, Inc.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Massimo Di Maio, MD Department of Oncology, University of Turin
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Massimo Di Maio, Associate Professor of Medical Oncology, Department of Oncology, University of Turin, Italy
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03945084    
Other Study ID Numbers: Meet-URO 12
First Posted: May 10, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 8, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Niraparib
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents