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Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone With or Without Daratumumab in Treating Patients With High-Risk Smoldering Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03937635
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 6, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 7, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )

Brief Summary:
This phase III trial studies how well lenalidomide and dexamethasone works with or without daratumumab in treating patients with high-risk smoldering myeloma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as lenalidomide and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as daratumumab, may induce changes in the body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving lenalidomide and dexamethasone with daratumumab may work better in treating patients with smoldering myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Smoldering Plasma Cell Myeloma Biological: Daratumumab Drug: Dexamethasone Drug: Lenalidomide Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Other: Questionnaire Administration Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 288 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Daratumumab to Enhance Therapeutic Effectiveness of Revlimid in Smoldering Myeloma (DETER-SMM)
Actual Study Start Date : April 30, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2028


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (daratumumab, lenalidomide, dexamethasone)
Patients receive daratumumab IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of courses 1-2, days 1 and 15 of courses 3-6, and day 1 of courses 7-24. Patients also receive lenalidomide PO daily on days 1-21 and dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 in courses 1-12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Daratumumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-CD38 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Darzalex
  • HuMax-CD38
  • JNJ-54767414

Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • Revlimid

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Experimental: Arm II (lenalidomide, dexamethasone)
Patients receive lenalidomide PO daily on days 1-21 and dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of courses 1-12. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Dexamethasone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • Visumetazone

Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • Revlimid

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to death due to any cause, or censored at date last known alive, assessed up to 15 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier (KM) method and compared using a stratified log-rank test. Stratified cox proportional hazards regression will produce a treatment hazard ratio estimate.

  2. Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) score [ Time Frame: Baseline to 24 cycles of treatment (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    A general effect size measure of half standard deviation will be used to establish the minimally important difference. Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation [SD], median, range) will be used to evaluate the distribution of levels and changes for the set of health-related quality of life (QOL) evaluations. Levels and changes will also be assessed graphically. Changes from baseline will be analyzed using linear mixed models based on restricted maximum likelihood estimation with covariance matrix maximizing Akaike information criteria. Models with treatment, assessment time, and treatment by assessment time interaction with and without other predictors will be fit. If there is substantial missingness, will analyze the data according to the methods described in Schluchter and Schluchter, Greene and Beck.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From randomization until disease progression or death due to any cause, or censored at date of last disease evaluation, assessed up to 15 years ]
    Will be estimated using the KM method and compared using a stratified log-rank test. Stratified cox proportional hazards regression will produce a treatment hazard ratio estimate.

  2. Best response on treatment based on International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria [ Time Frame: At 12 and 24 months ]
    Response will be tabulated by category. Response rates of very good partial response (VGPR) or better and partial response (PR) or better will be compared using the Fisher's exact test. Ineligible patients are excluded from the analysis and unevaluable patients are counted in the denominator.

  3. Incidence of adverse events by worst grade and type for treated patients determined using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days post-treatment ]
    Will monitor the toxicities experienced by all treated patients. Will compare rates of worst grade 3 or higher non-hematologic treatment-related events using the Fisher's exact test.

  4. Incidence of grade 3 or higher infusion-related reactions over course 1 determined based on CTCAE [ Time Frame: During cycle 1 of treatment (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    Will monitor the toxicities experienced by all treated patients. Will compare rates of worst grade 3 or higher non-hematologic treatment-related events using the Fisher's exact test.

  5. Stem cell (SC) mobilization failure [ Time Frame: After 4 to 6 cycles of treatment (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    Defined as not collecting a minimum of 5x10^6 CD34 cells per kilogram weight. SC mobilization and type of growth factor support will be summarized overall and by treatment arm with descriptive statistics.

  6. Early SC mobilization feasibility [ Time Frame: Up to 6 cycles of treatment (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients less than 65 years of age treated for 6 courses who opt for SC mobilization. SC mobilization and type of growth factor support will be summarized overall and by treatment arm with descriptive statistics.

  7. Type of growth factor support [ Time Frame: During 4 to 6 cycles of treatment (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    SC mobilization and type of growth factor support will be summarized overall and by treatment arm with descriptive statistics.

  8. Change in FACT-G score [ Time Frame: From treatment end to 6 months post-treatment ]
    A general effect size measure of half standard deviation will be used to establish the minimally important difference. Descriptive statistics (mean, SD, median, range) will be used to evaluate the distribution of levels and changes for the set of health-related QOL evaluations. Levels and changes will also be assessed graphically. Changes from baseline will be analyzed using linear mixed models based on restricted maximum likelihood estimation with covariance matrix maximizing Akaike information criteria. Models with treatment, assessment time, and treatment by assessment time interaction with and without other predictors will be fit. If there is substantial missingness, will analyze the data according to the methods described in Schluchter and Schluchter, Greene and Beck.

  9. Levels of FACT-G score at each assessment time point [ Time Frame: From baseline, at 3, f7, 13, 19 cycles of treatment, and early discontinuation of treatment, assessed up to 24 cycles of treatment (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    A general effect size measure of half standard deviation will be used to establish the minimally important difference. Descriptive statistics (mean, SD, median, range) will be used to evaluate the distribution of levels and changes for the set of health-related QOL evaluations. Levels and changes will also be assessed graphically. Changes from baseline will be analyzed using linear mixed models based on restricted maximum likelihood estimation with covariance matrix maximizing Akaike information criteria. Models with treatment, assessment time, and treatment by assessment time interaction with and without other predictors will be fit. If there is substantial missingness, will analyze the data according to the methods described in Schluchter and Schluchter, Greene and Beck.

  10. Time to worsening of FACT-G [ Time Frame: From baseline until a decrease of 9 points, or censored at date of last assessment, assessed up to 6 months post-treatment ]
    Will be analyzed with Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox regression with the related treatment arm as the only factor. Correlation between time to worsening of symptoms with PFS and OS will be assessed with Kendall's Tau adjusted for censored observations.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Cumulative dose calculated as the sum of all doses taken across all cycles [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Cumulative dose will be calculated overall and by cycle. Data will be summarized by treatment arm with descriptive statistics and graphically over time. Patients will be classified into dichotomous groups based on a 75% relative dose intensity cutoff (< 75% versus [vs] >= 75% represents poor vs good treatment adherence). The proportion of patients with poor lenalidomide treatment adherence will be compared between arms using the Fisher's exact test. In addition, multi-variable logistic regression analysis will be conducted to identify the baseline factors associated with calculated good treatment adherence.

  2. Dose intensity calculated as cumulative dose received divided by treatment duration [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Dose intensity will be calculated overall and by cycle. Data will be summarized by treatment arm with descriptive statistics and graphically over time. Patients will be classified into dichotomous groups based on a 75% relative dose intensity cutoff (< 75% vs >= 75% represents poor vs good treatment adherence). The proportion of patients with poor lenalidomide treatment adherence will be compared between arms using the Fisher's exact test. In addition, multi-variable logistic regression analysis will be conducted to identify the baseline factors associated with calculated good treatment adherence.

  3. Relative dose intensity calculated as the dose intensity divided by planned dose intensity [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Dose intensity will be calculated overall and by cycle. Data will be summarized by treatment arm with descriptive statistics and graphically over time. Patients will be classified into dichotomous groups based on a 75% relative dose intensity cutoff (< 75% vs >= 75% represents poor vs good treatment adherence). The proportion of patients with poor lenalidomide treatment adherence will be compared between arms using the Fisher's exact test. In addition, multi-variable logistic regression analysis will be conducted to identify the baseline factors associated with calculated good treatment adherence.

  4. Duration of treatment [ Time Frame: From randomization to date off treatment, or censored at the date of last treatment, assessed up to 24 months ]
    Treatment duration in each arm will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods and compared between arms with the log-rank test.

  5. Time to progression [ Time Frame: From randomization to progression, or censored at date of last disease evaluation, assessed up to 15 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  6. Presence, frequency, interference, amount and/or severity of select patient reported outcomes (PRO)-CTCAEs [ Time Frame: Assessed at each treatment cycle, from cycle 1 of treatment to end of treatment, up to 24 cycles of treatment (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, median, range) will be used to summarize selected PRO-CTCAEs tabulated at each cycle overall and by arm. Will map PRO-CTCAEs with provider reported adverse events (AEs) and evaluate differences in incidence and worst severity. Items correspond to 5 attributes measured [frequency (F), severity (S), interference (I), presence/absence (P) and amount (A)] based on multiple choice questions. Response for each attribute except P which is binary is on a 5-point Likert scale with 5 indicating 'almost constantly' frequency, 'very severe' severity, 'very much' amount or 'very much' interference. An overall PRO-CTCAE score will be calculated at each time point.

  7. Overall PRO-CTCAE score [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Defined as the sum of item scores on all symptomatic adverse events (AEs). Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize selected PRO-CTCAEs tabulated at each cycle overall and by arm. Will map PRO-CTCAEs with provider reported AEs and evaluate differences in incidence and worst severity. An overall PRO-CTCAE score will be calculated at each time point.

  8. Adherence Starts with Knowledge (ASK)-12 scores [ Time Frame: At 7, 13, and 19 cycles of treatment (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize ASK-12 scores tabulated at cycles 7, 13 and 19 overall and by arm. Differences between arms will be evaluated based a t-test (or Wilcoxon rank sum test). Patients will also be classified into high versus low likelihood of medication adherence groups according to tertile distributions (lowest tertile vs second and top). Association between likelihood of medication adherence and calculated treatment adherence dichotomous groups will be evaluated in patients with both ASK-12 and treatment data at cycles 7, 13 and 19 post randomization. In addition, multivariable logistic regression analysis will be conducted to identify the baseline factors associated with low likelihood of medication adherence.

  9. PRO compliance rate [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients who submit the given PRO instrument among those eligible at each time point which excludes those missing by design (due to death or disease progression, early treatment discontinuation).

  10. PRO completion rate [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients who complete given PRO instrument based on the instrument's scoring system among those eligible at each time point.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be diagnosed with asymptomatic high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) within the past 12 months. High-risk is defined by any one of the following factors:

    • Abnormal serum free light chain ratio (=< 0.125 or >= 8.0 and involved chain < 100 mg/L) by serum free light chain (FLC) assay
    • Serum M-protein level >= 3 gm/dL
    • Presence of t(4;14) or del 17p or 1q gain by conventional cytogenetics or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies.
  • Bone marrow aspirate and/or biopsy is required to be performed within 28 days prior to randomization and must demonstrate 10-59% clonal plasma cells.
  • >= 1 g/dL on serum protein electrophoresis (within 28 days prior to randomization).
  • >= 200 mg of monoclonal protein on a 24 hour urine protein electrophoresis (within 28 days prior to randomization).

    • NOTE: In the rare situation where the serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP) is felt to be unreliable, then quantitative immunoglobulin levels on nephelometry or turbidometry can be accepted.
  • SPEP, urine protein electrophoresis (UPEP), and serum FLC are required to be performed within 28 days prior to randomization.

    • NOTE: UPEP (on a 24-hour collection) is required; no substitute method is acceptable. Urine must be followed monthly if the baseline urine M-spike is >= 200 mg/24 hour (hr), and urine in addition to serum must be followed in order to confirm a very good partial response (VGPR) or higher response.
  • Patients must have no lytic lesions, no known plasmacytoma, and no unexplained hypercalcemia (i.e., > 11 mg/dL or 1mg/dL above upper limit of normal [ULN]).
  • Hemoglobin >= 11 g/dL (within 28 days prior to randomization).
  • Platelet count >= 100,000 cells/mm^3 (within 28 days prior to randomization).
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500 cells/mm^3 (within 28 days prior to randomization).
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min (within 28 days prior to randomization).
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL (within 28 days prior to randomization).
  • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) and serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) =< 2.5 times the upper limit of normal (within 28 days prior to randomization).
  • Patients must not have any prior or concurrent systemic or radiation therapy for the treatment of myeloma. Patients must also not have contraindication to deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis/aspirin.
  • Patients must not have more than one focal marrow lesion on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of either pelvis or spine.
  • Concurrent use of erythropoietin is not allowed while on study therapy.
  • Prior or glucocorticosteroid therapy for the treatment of multiple myeloma is not permitted. Prior systemic glucocorticosteroid use for the treatment of non-malignant disorders is permitted; concurrent use after registration on the study should be restricted to the equivalent of prednisone 10 mg per day. Prior or concurrent topical or localized glucocorticosteroid therapy to treat non-malignant comorbid disorders is permitted.
  • Patients must not have active, uncontrolled seizure disorder. Patients must not have had a seizure in the last 6 months.
  • Patients must not have uncontrolled intercurrent illness including uncontrolled hypertension, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, uncontrolled psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit compliance with the study, or a prior history of Stevens Johnson syndrome.
  • Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2.
  • Patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance are not eligible.
  • Patients must not have grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy per CTCAE.
  • Patients must not have active, uncontrolled infection.
  • Patients may have a history of current or previous deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism but are required to take some form of anti-coagulation as prophylaxis if they are not currently on full-dose anticoagulation.
  • Patients should not have New York Heart Association classification III or IV heart failure at baseline.
  • Patients with a history of prior malignancy are eligible provided they were treated with curative intent and have been free of disease for the time period considered appropriate for cure of the specific cancer. For most diseases this time frame is 5 years.
  • Patients must agree to register into the mandatory Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of REMS.
  • Women must not be pregnant due to potential harm to the fetus from daratumumab and lenalidomide. All females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a blood test or urine study with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to the first dose of lenalidomide and again within 24 hours prior to the first dose of lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing while on treatment. A female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must either abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study or agree to use TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME for 1) at least 28 days before starting study treatment; 2) while participating in the study; 3) during dose interruptions; and 4) for at least 28 days after the last dose of protocol treatment (FCBP who are assigned to Arm A and receive daratumumab must extend this contraception requirement to 3 months after the last dose of protocol treatment). Women must also agree to not breastfeed during this same time period. Men must agree to either abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study or use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP while participating in the study and for 28 days after the last dose of protocol treatment even if they have had a successful vasectomy. Men must also agree to abstain from donating sperm while on study treatment and for 28 days after the last dose of protocol treatment even if they have had a successful vasectomy. Both women and men must both agree to abstain from donating blood during study participation and for at least 28 days after the last dose of protocol treatment.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)+ patients with undetectable HIV viral loads tested within 6 months are eligible.
  • Patients should not have a history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to daratumumab, lenalidomide, or dexamethasone.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03937635


  Show 321 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Natalie S Callander ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

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Responsible Party: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03937635     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EAA173
NCI-2018-02611 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
EAA173 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
EAA173 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 6, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 7, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Smoldering Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Hypergammaglobulinemia
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Lenalidomide
Daratumumab
BB 1101
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids