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Personalized Mobility Interventions Using Smart Sensor Resources for Lower-Limb Prosthesis Users

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03930199
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab

Brief Summary:
The goal of this research is to analyze data from smartphone-based and wearable sensors, using advanced machine-learning and data-mining techniques, and to combine this information with performance-based measures, participant-reported measures, and structured interviews to create a clinical toolbox to (i) identify individuals who exhibit reduced prosthesis use (compared to expected usage levels based on K-level designation and/or participant goals of community mobility and social interaction), (ii) identify prosthetic/physical and psychological factors that limit prosthesis use, and (iii) determine the effect of targeted interventions to increase prosthesis use and facilitate achievement of participant goals. Objective sensor-based measurement of home and community activities will allow for the correlation of real-world function to in-clinic assessments and to monitor changes resulting from rehabilitation interventions in real time. Machine-learning and data mining techniques will be used to identify a subset of measures from this toolbox that sensitively and accurately reflect real-world function, enabling clinicians to predict and assess activity and provide effective interventions to optimize prosthesis use. The goal of this project, to improve overall performance with respect to activities of daily living and other real-world activities, thus addresses the FY17 OPORP Focus Area of Orthotic or Prosthetic Device Function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Amputation Other: Needs-based intervention (physical, psychological, or both) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The overall goal of this research is to create a clinical toolkit to predict prosthesis use and function in the community. With this toolkit, clinicians will be able best determine an individual's K-Level designation, resulting in increased prosthesis use.

Aim 1: Determine whether a participant's prosthesis use matches the assigned K-level and/or self-reported goals and, if not, determine the reason(s) using an expert panel to evaluate data from performance-related measures, participant-reported measures, and smartphone and prosthesis sensors (clinical toolbox).

Aim 2: Quantify the effects of targeted physical intervention (prosthesis repair/refit, physical rehabilitation) or psychological intervention (motivational interviewing) or both on activity levels and patient goals.

Aim 3: Identify measure(s) that sensitively predict prosthesis use to create a clinically deployable toolkit to evaluate and optimize prosthesis use in the community.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 125 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Upon enrollment, participants will be provided two sensors to track mobility and prosthesis use. Participants will wear the sensors continuously for 3 months and then will return to complete a set of assessments. The result of these assessments and analysis of sensor data will determine if the participant is meeting mobility goals and expected prosthesis use. Participants not meeting goals or prosthesis use will receive an intervention for 3 months. The intervention may include prosthetic care and physical therapy, or motivational interviewing, or both. During these 3 months, sensors will continue to monitor activity. After completion of intervention, participants will repeat the set of assessments and those who have improved in mobility goals and/or prosthesis use will continue to be monitored with sensors for an additional 3 months, after which the set of assessments will be completed a final time, assessing the maintenance of mobility goals and prosthesis use.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Personalized Mobility Interventions Using Smart Sensor Resources for Lower-Limb Prosthesis Users
Estimated Study Start Date : June 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Artificial Limbs

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Not Meeting Mobility Goals
After the first three months of sensor monitoring, participants not meeting goals will receive an intervention (others will be removed from the study). The intervention assigned is not pre-determined, but will be assigned by an expert panel based on the individual needs determined from the assessment results and monitoring data. The intervention may include prosthetic care, physical therapy, motivational interviewing or other related psychological interventions, or a combination thereof. After three months of intervention, assessments are performed again and if improvement in prosthesis use is determined, participants are monitored for another three months to assess maintenance of prosthesis use (participants showing no improvement are removed from the study before these final three months of monitoring).
Other: Needs-based intervention (physical, psychological, or both)
Individuals identified as having physical issues (poor prosthesis fit, function, comfort or physical conditioning) will receive prosthetic care and physical therapy. This includes adjusting socket fit, component fit and repair, and in some instances replacement. Rehabilitation strategies include gait and prosthesis use retraining, balance fall-prevention, and range-of-motion training, strengthening, pain management, and activities of daily living training, based on participant-reported mobility goals. Individuals whose prosthesis use is reduced due to psychological issues will be provided with motivational interviewing and other related psychological interventions. During these interventions participant will be asked to set personal goals using a semi-structured interview that explores facilitators and barriers to wearing their prosthesis. If both physical and psychological issues are present, participant may receive both types of interventions simultaneously.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pre-intervention:10 Meter Walk Test (10MWT) [ Time Frame: Week 12-13 ]
    Assesses subject walking speed in meters per second for 10 meters. Subjects will repeat each measure 3 times at their normal self-selected walking speed and 3 times at a fast speed while still able to maintain safety.

  2. Pre-intervention: 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) [ Time Frame: Week 12-13 ]
    The 6 minute walk test is performed as an objective evaluation of functional exercise capacity. The test measures the distance that the patient can walk on a flat, hard surface, indoors, in a period of 6 minutes. The walk test is patient self-paced and assesses the level of functional capacity. Patients are allowed to stop and rest during the test, however, the timer does not stop. If the patient is unable to complete the time, the time stopped is noted and reason for stopping prematurely is recorded. This test will be administered while wearing a mask to measure oxygen consumption.

  3. Pre-intervention: Berg Balance Scale Test [ Time Frame: Week 12-13 ]
    This test is a standardized 14-item objective measure of postural stability and static balance; it is an established fall predictor in adults. Balance is measured during various tasks on a 5 point scale, ranging from 0-4. "0" indicates the lowest level of function and "4" the highest level of function, with a total possible score of 56. A score of 20 or less indicates a high fall risk.

  4. Post-intervention:10 Meter Walk Test (10MWT) [ Time Frame: Week 24-25 ]
    Assesses subject walking speed in meters per second for 10 meters. Subjects will repeat each measure 3 times at their normal self-selected walking speed and 3 times at a fast speed while still able to maintain safety.

  5. Post-intervention: 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) [ Time Frame: Week 24-25 ]
    The 6 minute walk test is performed as an objective evaluation of functional exercise capacity. The test measures the distance that the patient can walk on a flat, hard surface, indoors, in a period of 6 minutes. The walk test is patient self-paced and assesses the level of functional capacity. Patients are allowed to stop and rest during the test, however, the timer does not stop. If the patient is unable to complete the time, the time stopped is noted and reason for stopping prematurely is recorded. This test will be administered while wearing a mask to measure oxygen consumption.

  6. Post-intervention: Berg Balance Scale Test [ Time Frame: Week 24-25 ]
    This test is a standardized 14-item objective measure of postural stability and static balance; it is an established fall predictor in adults. Balance is measured during various tasks on a 5 point scale, ranging from 0-4. "0" indicates the lowest level of function and "4" the highest level of function, with a total possible score of 56. A score of 20 or less indicates a high fall risk.

  7. Delayed post-intervention:10 Meter Walk Test (10MWT) [ Time Frame: Week 40-41 ]
    Assesses subject walking speed in meters per second for 10 meters. Subjects will repeat each measure 3 times at their normal self-selected walking speed and 3 times at a fast speed while still able to maintain safety.

  8. Delayed post-intervention: 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) [ Time Frame: Week 40-41 ]
    The 6 minute walk test is performed as an objective evaluation of functional exercise capacity. The test measures the distance that the patient can walk on a flat, hard surface, indoors, in a period of 6 minutes. The walk test is patient self-paced and assesses the level of functional capacity. Patients are allowed to stop and rest during the test, however, the timer does not stop. If the patient is unable to complete the time, the time stopped is noted and reason for stopping prematurely is recorded. This test will be administered while wearing a mask to measure oxygen consumption.

  9. Delayed post-intervention: Berg Balance Scale Test [ Time Frame: Week 40-41 ]
    This test is a standardized 14-item objective measure of postural stability and static balance; it is an established fall predictor in adults. Balance is measured during various tasks on a 5 point scale, ranging from 0-4. "0" indicates the lowest level of function and "4" the highest level of function, with a total possible score of 56. A score of 20 or less indicates a high fall risk.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pre-intervention: Amputee Mobility Predictor (AMP) [ Time Frame: Week 12-13 ]
    The AMP is a tool used to predict the ambulatory potential of lower limb amputees, and measure function post-rehabilitation. It was developed to provide a more objective approach to rating amputees under the various K Classifications. The test can be performed with or without the prosthesis. The test involves activities of transfers, balance and walking. Score is out of 39 with each item scored in the range of 0-2.

  2. Pre-intervention: Modified Falls Efficacy Scale (mFES) [ Time Frame: Week 12-13 ]
    The mFES is self-report questionnaire consisting of 14 items which is designed to measure fear of falling in the elderly. It assesses an individual's perception of balance during activities of daily living by asking "how confident are you that you can do the following activities without falling."

  3. Post-intervention: Amputee Mobility Predictor (AMP) [ Time Frame: Week 24-25 ]
    The AMP is a tool used to predict the ambulatory potential of lower limb amputees, and measure function post-rehabilitation. It was developed to provide a more objective approach to rating amputees under the various K Classifications. The test can be performed with or without the prosthesis. The test involves activities of transfers, balance and walking. Score is out of 39 with each item scored in the range of 0-2.

  4. Post-intervention: Modified Falls Efficacy Scale (mFES) [ Time Frame: Week 24-25 ]
    The mFES is self-report questionnaire consisting of 14 items which is designed to measure fear of falling in the elderly. It assesses an individual's perception of balance during activities of daily living by asking "how confident are you that you can do the following activities without falling."

  5. Delayed post-intervention: Amputee Mobility Predictor (AMP) [ Time Frame: Week 40-41 ]
    The AMP is a tool used to predict the ambulatory potential of lower limb amputees, and measure function post-rehabilitation. It was developed to provide a more objective approach to rating amputees under the various K Classifications. The test can be performed with or without the prosthesis. The test involves activities of transfers, balance and walking. Score is out of 39 with each item scored in the range of 0-2.

  6. Delayed post-intervention: Modified Falls Efficacy Scale (mFES) [ Time Frame: Week 40-41 ]
    The mFES is self-report questionnaire consisting of 14 items which is designed to measure fear of falling in the elderly. It assesses an individual's perception of balance during activities of daily living by asking "how confident are you that you can do the following activities without falling."



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 89 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Unilateral or bilateral lower limb amputation at transtibial or transfemoral level
  • Ability to wear and use a prosthesis
  • Designated K-level 2 - 4, or equivalent
  • Prescription of definitive prosthesis
  • Veterans Affairs participants must receive care through the Veterans Affairs or related remote-site clinic
  • Age: 18-89 years—to reflect the age range of eligible participants at Department of Defense and Veterans Affairs study sites, including young, combat-injured Service Members and healthy older Veterans, aged 70-80.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Co-morbidities that limit prosthesis use, independently of prosthetic function, training, or motivation, such as stroke, obesity, severe traumatic brain injury, and neuralgia, which require interventions outside the scope of this study. Suitability to participate in the study will be determined by the individual's physician.
  • Unable or unwilling to learn to use the smartphone app or to allow transmission of study data
  • Unable or unwilling to provide informed consent
  • Residing in an area with poor cell phone coverage

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03930199


Contacts
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Contact: Rachel H Maronati, BS (312) 238-7116 rmaronati@sralab.org
Contact: Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD (312) 238-6875 a-jayaraman@northwestern.edu

Locations
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United States, Illinois
Shirley Ryan AbilityLab Not yet recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Contact: Rachel Maronati, BS    312-238-7116    rmaronati@sralab.org   
Contact: Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD    (312) 238-6875    a-jayaraman@northwestern.edu   
United States, Maryland
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Center for Rehabilitation Sciences Research Not yet recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20889
Contact: Bradford Hendershot, PhD       bradford.d.hendershot2.civ@mail.mil   
United States, Minnesota
Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care System Not yet recruiting
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55417
Contact: John Ferguseon, PhD       John.Ferguson1@va.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Shirley Ryan AbilityLab
Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD Shirley Ryan AbilityLab
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] October 17, 2018


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Responsible Party: Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD, Principal Investigator, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03930199     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU00208186
First Posted: April 29, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 29, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab:
Prosthesis
Amputation
Prosthetic
Amputee
Smartphone
Sensors
Mobility