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FUlvestrant in Gynecological Cancers That Are Potentially Hormone Sensitive: the FUCHSia Study (FUCHSia)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03926936
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 25, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 26, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Kom op tegen Kanker (Stand-up-to-Cancer), the Flemish cancer society
FWO Research Fund Flanders
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Frederic Amant, University Hospital, Gasthuisberg

Brief Summary:
In this phase 2 clinical trial, the aim is to evaluate the efficacy of the ER-antagonist Fulvestrant in women with estrogen receptor positive (ER+) low grade gynecological cancers. The primary objective of the study is to determine the response rate (RR) upon Fulvestrant treatment, comprising either partial or complete response, as determined by RECIST v1.1 criteria for each tumor type. The secondary objectives are to: (1) determine progression-free survival (PFS) upon Fulvestrant treatment, after 3 years, in each tumor type group (2) assess clinical benefit (CB) upon Fulvestrant treatment, comprising complete response, partial response and stable disease, as determined by RECIST v1.1 criteria, in each tumor type group (3) assess duration of response in each tumor type group (4) assess safety and tolerability of Fulvestrant administration in each tumor type group (5) assess quality of life (QoL) and symptoms in each tumor type group. As exploratory objectives, the aim is to: (1) evaluate the feasibility of 16α-18F-fluoro-17β-estradiol (18F-FES) PET imaging for detection of ER expression (2) determine the value of sequential 18F-FES PET scans in predicting response to Fulvestrant (3) collect tumor biopsies and cf-DNA from patients enrolled in the trial. These samples will be subsequently characterized at the genetic level, to identify adaptive response mechanisms to Fulvestrant treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma Adenosarcoma of Uterus Leiomyosarcoma Uterus Endometrial Cancer Sex Cord Stromal Tumor Serous Ovarian Tumor Drug: Fulvestrant Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label, Single Arm, Prospective, Multi-center, Tandem Two Stage Designed, Phase II Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Fulvestrant in Women With Recurrent/Metastatic Estrogen Receptor Positive Gynecological Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : March 13, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Low-grade uterine sarcoma Drug: Fulvestrant
intramuscular injection (2x 250mg), once every 2 weeks for the first month, and then monthly until completion of the study

Experimental: low-grade endometrial carcinoma Drug: Fulvestrant
intramuscular injection (2x 250mg), once every 2 weeks for the first month, and then monthly until completion of the study

Experimental: sex cord stromal tumors Drug: Fulvestrant
intramuscular injection (2x 250mg), once every 2 weeks for the first month, and then monthly until completion of the study

Experimental: low-grade serous ovarian cancer Drug: Fulvestrant
intramuscular injection (2x 250mg), once every 2 weeks for the first month, and then monthly until completion of the study




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rate [ Time Frame: week 24 ]
    partial or complete response, as determined by RECIST v1.1 criteria


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. progression-free survival [ Time Frame: week 156 ]
    progression-free survival after 3 years

  2. clinical benefit [ Time Frame: week 24 ]
    Clinical benefit is defined as the number of patients having complete response, partial response or stable disease, as determined by RECIST v1.1 criteria

  3. duration of response [ Time Frame: up to week 156 ]
  4. number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v5.0 [ Time Frame: up to 56 days after stop study treatment ]
  5. EQ-5D quality of life assessment [ Time Frame: Quality of life questionnaires will be completed by the patients at baseline and thereafter 3-monthly up to week 156 ]

    Quality of life as measured by the EQ-5D questionnaire. EQ-5D has 2 parts—the EQ-5D descriptive system and the EQ visual analog scale (EQ VAS). The descriptive system comprises 5 health states (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression), which will be converted into a summary index according to the EQ-5D user guide. The EQ VAS records the self-rated health on an analog scale. For both EQ-5D index and EQ VAS, a higher score indicates a better health status.

    Descriptive statistics of the subscores and the summary score at each visit and the difference with baseline will be reported.


  6. EORTC QLQ-C30 quality of life assessment [ Time Frame: Quality of life questionnaires will be completed by the patients at baseline and thereafter 3-monthly up to week 156 ]

    Quality of life as measured by the EORTC-QLQ-C30 questionnaire. For EORTC QLQ-C30, functional scores (emotional, role, cognitive, physical, and social) will be pooled and a summary score will be calculated according to Giesinger et al. A higher score indicates better health for functioning and global health status, whereas for the symptom scales a lower score indicates a lower level of symptom burden.

    Descriptive statistics of the subscores and the summary score at each visit and the difference with baseline will be reported.



Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Detection of ER expression by 18F-FES PET imaging [ Time Frame: up to week 156 ]

    16α-18F-fluoro-17β-estradiol (18F-FES) positron emission tomography (PET) technique uses a radiolabeled estrogen derivative and allows non-invasive, repetitive imaging of the ER receptor, mainly the α subtype.

    This technique has been validated for measurement of ER expression in breast cancer.

    PET parameters will be derived from the PET data at baseline and will be correlated to the treatment response and the survival of the patients (PFS and OS). Liver metastases will not be included in the analysis due to high physiologic background uptake.


  2. Predicting response to Fulvestrant by sequential 18F-FES PET imaging [ Time Frame: up to week 156 ]

    16α-18F-fluoro-17β-estradiol (18F-FES) positron emission tomography (PET) uses a radiolabeled estrogen derivative and allows non-invasive, repetitive imaging of the ER, mainly the α subtype. This technique has been validated for measurement of ER in breast cancer and it has been shown that lesions with no or limited reduction of 18F-FES uptake are at risk for early progression and thus therapy failure.

    The relationship between the absolute value of the PET parameters, and their change between baseline and Week 4, will be correlated to treatment response and survival of the patients.

    The hypothesis is that responding patients will have a median reduction of FES uptake on pre- and post-fulvestrant 18F-FES-PET (at Week 4) of >75% (based on SUVmax). All patients with CR or PR according to RECIST will be classified as having responded to Fulvestrant treatment. The response rate is hypothesized to be higher in the 18F-FES responder group than in the 18F-FES non-responder group.


  3. Genomic analysis of blood and tumor biopsies [ Time Frame: up to week 156 ]

    Core biopsies and blood from patients will be collected and stored in a biobank.

    cf-DNA will be isolated from plasma and copy number alterations will be measured by shallow whole-exome sequencing.

    DNA will be extracted form core biopsies and will be subject to ER/chromatin analysis, shallow whole-exome sequencing and targeted sequencing.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent prior admission to the study
  • Age ≥ 18 years at the moment of signing the informed consent
  • Recurrent or metastatic low grade uterine sarcomas (low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma, low grade adenosarcoma without sarcomatous overgrowth and low grade leiomyosarcoma), low-grade endometrial carcinomas, sex cord stromal tumors (granulosa cell tumors...) and low grade serous ovarian cancer
  • Measurable disease, according to RECIST v1.1 criteria, assessed by CT scans
  • ER-positive tumors based on immunohistochemistry, assessed using the Allred scoring system (based on intensity and percentage of positive cells, see Appendix 4), and archival tissue available
  • At least and maximum of 1 prior line of hormonal therapy (tamoxifen, progestins and/or aromatase inhibitors). Response on 1st line hormonal therapy must have lasted for at least 3 months.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status: 0-2
  • Demonstrate adequate organ function: platelets > 100 x 10E9/L, serum total bilirubin < 1.5x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) (patients with confirmed Gilbert's syndrome may be included in the study), alanine transaminase or aspartate transaminase < 2.5x ULN if no demonstrable liver metastases or < 5x ULN in presence of liver metastases
  • Post-menopausal status as defined by (i) age 60 or more, or (ii) age 45-59 and satisfying the following criteria: amenorrhea for at least 12 months and FSH in postmenopausal range, or (iii) ≥ 18 years of age and having had a bilateral oophorectomy
  • Be willing to receive 18F-FES PET scan. Exceptions will be made in case of (i) patients living far from one of the imaging centers and for whom travelling would be a too high burden for their physical conditions; (ii) patients who received tamoxifen within 8 weeks prior to study Day 1. These patients will be enrolled, but they will not receive a FES PET scan
  • Be willing to donate a core tumor biopsy if technically feasible

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any other active malignancy or primary malignancy diagnosed within the previous 5 years, except for adequately treated squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ cervical carcinoma
  • Patients currently receiving (and unwilling to discontinue) any estrogen replacement therapy.
  • Patients participating in a study or having participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy (or used an investigational device) within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1
  • Patients who received prior chemo- or targeted therapy within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered from adverse events (i.e., adverse event not resolved to ≤ Grade 1 or baseline), due to a previously administered agent
  • Patients with no archival tissue available, except for patients from whom an additional fresh core biopsy can be obtained for ER assessment
  • Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination or clinical laboratory finding that, in the investigator's opinion, gives reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug, may affect the interpretation of the results, render the patient at high risk from treatment complications or interfere with obtaining informed consent.
  • Any condition not permitting compliance with the study protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03926936


Contacts
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Contact: Frédéric Amant, MD PhD +32 16 344273 frederic.amant@uzleuven.be
Contact: Sileny Han, MD PhD sileny.han@uzleuven.be

Locations
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Belgium
UZ Antwerp Not yet recruiting
Edegem, Belgium, 2650
Contact: Peter Van Dam, MD PhD       peter.van.dam@uza.be   
Principal Investigator: Peter Van Dam, MD PhD         
UZ Gent Recruiting
Gent, Belgium, 9000
Contact: Lore Lapeire, MD PhD       lore.lapeire@ugent.be   
Principal Investigator: Lore Lapeire, MD PhD         
AZ Sint Maarten Recruiting
Mechelen, Belgium, 2800
Contact: Karin Leunen, MD PhD       karin.leunen@emmaus.be   
Principal Investigator: Karin Leunen, MD PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Patrick Berteloot, MD PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Frederic Amant
Kom op tegen Kanker (Stand-up-to-Cancer), the Flemish cancer society
FWO Research Fund Flanders
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Frédéric Amant, MD PhD UZ Leuven

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Responsible Party: Frederic Amant, Professor, University Hospital, Gasthuisberg
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03926936     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S60857
2017-005018-76 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 25, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 26, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by Frederic Amant, University Hospital, Gasthuisberg:
fulvestrant
low-grade gynecological cancer
efficacy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ovarian Neoplasms
Endometrial Neoplasms
Leiomyosarcoma
Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal
Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors
Adenosarcoma
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Sarcoma
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Endometrial Stromal Tumors
Neoplasms, Gonadal Tissue
Fulvestrant
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Estrogen Antagonists