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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    NCT03924895
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Perioperative Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Cystectomy or Perioperative Pembrolizumab Plus Enfortumab Vedotin Plus Cystectomy Versus Cystectomy Alone in Cisplatin-ineligible Participants With Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer (MK-3475-905/KEYNOTE-905/EV-303)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03924895
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 23, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 26, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Seagen Inc.
Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
A global, randomized phase III study to evaluate perioperative pembrolizumab with radical cystectomy + pelvic lymph node dissection (RC+PLND) versus RC+PLND alone in cisplatin-ineligible patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Urinary Bladder Cancer, Muscle-invasive Drug: Pembrolizumab Procedure: Surgery (radical cystectomy (RC) plus Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection [PLND]) Drug: Enfortumab Vedotin Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 836 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase 3 Study Evaluating Cystectomy With Perioperative Pembrolizumab and Cystectomy With Perioperative Enfortumab Vedotin and Pembrolizumab Versus Cystectomy Alone in Cisplatin-Ineligible Participants With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer (KEYNOTE-905/EV-303)
Actual Study Start Date : July 24, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 26, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 12, 2027

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pembrolizumab + Surgery
Participants receive 3 preoperative cycles of pembrolizumab, followed by standard of care surgery, followed by 14 cycles of postoperative pembrolizumab. Each cycle is 21 days.
Drug: Pembrolizumab
Pembrolizumab 200 mg by intravenous (IV) infusion, given on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle.
Other Names:
  • KEYTRUDA®
  • MK-3475

Procedure: Surgery (radical cystectomy (RC) plus Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection [PLND])
Surgical RC+PLND will be done in accordance with the American Urological Association (AUA)/American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)/Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) guidelines.

Active Comparator: Surgery alone
Participants receive standard of care surgery alone.
Procedure: Surgery (radical cystectomy (RC) plus Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection [PLND])
Surgical RC+PLND will be done in accordance with the American Urological Association (AUA)/American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)/Society of Urologic Oncology (SUO) guidelines.

Experimental: Enfortumab Vedotin + Pembrolizumab + Surgery
Participants receive 3 preoperative cycles of enfortumab vedotin + pembrolizumab, followed by standard of care surgery, followed by 6 cycles of postoperative enfortumab vedotin + pembrolizumab, followed by 8 cycles of pembrolizumab alone. Each cycle is 21 days.
Drug: Enfortumab Vedotin
Enfortumab vedotin 1.25 mg/kg by intravenous (IV) infusion, given on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle.
Other Names:
  • Padcev
  • ASG-22CE
  • ASG-22ME




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic Complete Response (pCR) Rate in All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 3 months (Time of surgery) ]
    Pathologic complete response rate is defined as the percentage of participants having pCR. pCR is defined as absence of viable tumor (pT0N0) in examined tissue from RC and PLND, as determined centrally.

  2. Pathologic Complete Response Rate in Participants Whose Tumors Express PD-L1 Combined Positive Score (CPS) ≥10 [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 3 months (Time of surgery) ]
    Pathologic complete response rate is defined as the percentage of participants having pCR. pCR is defined as pT0 in examined tissue from RC and PLND, as determined centrally.

  3. Event-Free Survival (EFS) in All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 5.5 years ]
    EFS is defined as the time from randomization to the first occurrence of any of the following events: progression of disease that precludes RC surgery or failure to undergo RC surgery in participants with residual disease, gross residual disease left behind at the time of surgery, local or distant recurrence as assessed by imaging and/or biopsy, or death due to any cause.

  4. Event-Free Survival in Participants Whose Tumors Express PD-L1, CPS ≥10 [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 5.5 years ]
    EFS is defined as the time from randomization to the first occurrence of any of the following events: progression of disease that precludes RC surgery or failure to undergo RC surgery in participants with residual disease, gross residual disease left behind at the time of surgery, local or distant recurrence as assessed by imaging and/or biopsy, or death due to any cause.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) in All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 6.5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause.

  2. Overall Survival in Participants Whose Tumors Express PD-L1, CPS ≥10 [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 6.5 years ]
    OS is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause.

  3. Disease-Free Survival (DFS) in All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 5.5 years ]

    DFS is defined as the time from first post-surgery baseline scan until:

    • local or distant recurrence as assessed by imaging and/or biopsy
    • Death due to any cause

  4. Disease-Free Survival in Participants Whose Tumors Express PD-L1, CPS ≥10 [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 5.5 years ]

    DFS is defined as the time from first post-surgery baseline scan until:

    • local or distant recurrence as assessed by imaging and/or biopsy
    • Death due to any cause

  5. Pathologic Downstaging (pDS) Rate in All Participants [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 3 months (Time of surgery) ]
    Pathologic downstaging rate is defined as the percentage of participants having pDS. pDS is defined as participants with a tumor classification of <pT2 (includes pT0, pTis, pTa, pT1) and N0 in examined tissue from RC and PLND.

  6. Pathologic Downstaging (pDS) Rate in Participants Whose Tumors Express PD-L1, CPS ≥10 [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 3 months (Time of surgery) ]
    Pathologic downstaging rate is defined as the percentage of participants having pDS. pDS is defined as participants with a tumor classification of <pT2 (includes pT0, pTis, pTa, pT1) and N0 in examined tissue from RC and PLND.

  7. Number of Participants Experiencing Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 6.5 years ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease (new or worsening) temporally associated with the use of study therapy, regardless of whether or not a causal relationship with the study therapy can be determined.

  8. Number of Participants Discontinuing Study Drug Due to Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 1 year ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign, symptom, or disease (new or worsening) temporally associated with the use of study therapy, regardless of whether or not a causal relationship with the study therapy can be determined.

  9. Number of Participants Experiencing Perioperative Complications [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 1 year ]
    The number of participants who experience perioperative complications will be presented.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) cT2-T4aN0M0 or cT1-T4aN1M0 with predominant (≥50%) urothelial histology. Participants with mixed histology are eligible provided the urothelial component is ≥50%. Urothelial carcinomas not originating from the bladder are not eligible. Participants whose tumors show any of the following variant histologies are not eligible: plasmacytoid, clear cell, lipid rich, giant cell, sarcomatoid, and/or neuroendocrine component.
  • Clinically non-metastatic bladder cancer determined by imaging
  • Eligible for radical cystectomy (RC) + pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND ), and agreement to undergo curative intent standard RC + PLND (including prostatectomy if applicable)
  • Ineligible for treatment with cisplatin, as defined by meeting at least one of the following criteria:

    • Impaired renal function with measured or calculated CrCl 30 to 59 mL/min
    • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 2
    • Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v.4 Grade ≥2 audiometric hearing loss
    • New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III heart failure
  • Transurethral resection (TUR) of a bladder tumor that is submitted and adequate to determine determine pathologic stage pT2-T4a or pT1, urothelial histology, and PD-L1 status. For confirmation of stages T2-T4a, TUR biopsy samples must include detrusor muscle.
  • ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2
  • Adequate organ function
  • A male participant is eligible to participate if he agrees to use contraception and refrain from donating sperm during the intervention period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of enfortumab vedotin. If the male participants are receiving pembrolizumab only or undergoing surgery only, there are no contraception requirements.
  • A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and at least 1 of the following conditions applies: Not a (woman of childbearing potential) WOCBP or a WOCBP who agrees to use a highly effective contraceptive method or be abstinent from heterosexual intercourse (as their preferred and usual lifestyle) during the intervention period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab and at least 60 days after the last dose of enfortumab vedotin. A female participant must agree not to donate eggs during this period as well.
  • A WOCBP must have a negative highly sensitive pregnancy test within 24 hours before the first dose of study intervention.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known additional non-urothelial malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment ≤3 years of study randomization, with certain exceptions
  • ≥ N2 or M1 disease
  • Received any prior systemic antineoplastic treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC)
  • Received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), or anti-programmed cell death 1 ligand 2 (PD-L2), or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor
  • Received prior systemic anticancer therapy including investigational agents within 3 years prior to randomization
  • Received any prior radiotherapy to the bladder
  • Received a partial cystectomy of the bladder to remove any non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) or MIBC
  • Received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug
  • Current participation in or participation in a study of an investigational agent or use of an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study intervention
  • Ongoing sensory or motor neuropathy Grade 2 or higher
  • Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or receipt of chronic systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study drug. Physiologic replacement doses of corticosteroids are permitted for participants with adrenal insufficiency.
  • Hypersensitivity to monoclonal antibodies (including pembrolizumab) and/or any of their excipients
  • Severe (≥ Grade 3) hypersensitivity to any enfortumab vedotin excipient contained in the drug formulation of enfortumab vedotin
  • Active keratitis or corneal ulcerations. Participants with superficial punctate keratitis are allowed if the disorder is being adequately treated in the opinion of the investigator.
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic therapy in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not considered a form of systemic therapy and is allowed.
  • History of uncontrolled diabetes
  • History of (noninfectious) pneumonitis that required steroids, or current pneumonitis.
  • Active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03924895


Contacts
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Contact: Toll Free Number 1-888-577-8839 Trialsites@merck.com

Locations
Show Show 148 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Seagen Inc.
Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03924895    
Other Study ID Numbers: 3475-905
MK-3475-905 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
2018-003809-26 ( Other Identifier: EudraCT Number )
KEYNOTE-905 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
EV-303 ( Other Identifier: Astellas Protocol Number )
First Posted: April 23, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 26, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Programmed Cell Death-1 (PD1, PD-1)
Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PDL1, PD-L1)
Pembrolizumab (MK-3475)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Muscle Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Soft Tissue Neoplasms
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents