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Comparison Between Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique and Audio-visual Distraction Technique in Reducing Dental Anxiety in Children During Dental Visit

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03923088
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 22, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dina Hussien Abdelhafez, Cairo University

Brief Summary:
Dental anxiety is fear associated with the thought of visiting the dentist for preventive care and dental procedures. Children with dental anxiety characterized by crying before dental checkup, tachycardia and aggressively clinging to the accompanying parent. It has been cited as the fifthmost common cause of anxiety by Agras et al. Dental anxiety may have major and long-lasting implications for the child and their family. Cohen et al reported that dental anxiety affects an individual's life in multiple ways. The physiological impacts included signs and symptoms of the fright response and feelings of exhaustion after a dental appointment, while the cognitive impacts included an array of negative thoughts, beliefs, and fears. Dental anxiety in children could remain a problem in adulthood if not handled properly thus it will affect oral health and psycho-social condition. This research is conducted to deliver different concepts in psychological and behavioral techniques in management of anxious pediatric dental patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dental Anxiety Behavioral: jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation technique Behavioral: audio-visual distraction technique Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison Between Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique and Audio-visual Distraction Technique in Reducing Dental Anxiety in Children During Dental Visit ; Randomized Clinical Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : June 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anxiety

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation technique Behavioral: jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation technique
This involves tensing specific muscle groups for 5-7 seconds, followed by 20 seconds of relaxation. The method can be demonstrated chairside, and should be practiced and rehearsed by the patient at home. Four major muscle groups are commonly tensed and relaxed. These are: 1) feet, calves, thighs, and buttocks; 2) hands, forearms, and biceps; 3) chest, stomach, and lower back; and 4) head, face, throat, and shoulders

Experimental: audiovisual distraction technique Behavioral: audio-visual distraction technique
audiovisual distraction not only leads to full involvement of scenes (visual and auditory), but it also induces a positive emotional reaction resulting in a relaxed experience.

No Intervention: conventional



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. cooperation measured by modified venham rating scale [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]
    Modified Venham rating scale provides details of positive and negative child's behavior. The scale ranges from total cooperation (0) to no cooperation (5)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 9 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children: 6 to 9 years old children. Teeth: tooth requiring dental treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children having allergy to local anaesthesia or systemic problem. Refusal of participation Mentally ill or mentally retarded children

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Responsible Party: Dina Hussien Abdelhafez, principal investigator Dina Hussien Abdelhafez, Cairo University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03923088     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01234
First Posted: April 22, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 22, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders