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SCI Acute Intermittent Hypoxia and Non-Invasive Spinal Stimulation Combined With Gait Training

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03922802
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 27, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of California, Los Angeles
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab

Brief Summary:
This is a single blind, sham controlled crossover trial that will evaluate the effectiveness of acute intermittent hypoxia therapy (AIH) combined with transcutaneous (non-invasive) spinal cord stimulation on gait and balance function for individuals after spinal cord injury.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spinal Cord Injuries Spinal Cord Diseases Device: Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training Other: Sham Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training Other: Sham Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Sham Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • To determine whether acute intermittent hypoxia therapy (AIH) combined with transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation during ambulation training modulates spinal locomotor networks in individuals with spinal cord injury
  • To determine whether acute intermittent hypoxia therapy (AIH) combined with transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation during ambulation training improves locomotor function in individuals with spinal cord injury
  • To determine whether acute intermittent hypoxia therapy (AIH) combined with transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation during ambulation training improves symmetry of gait in individuals with spinal cord injury
  • To determine whether acute intermittent hypoxia therapy (AIH) combined with transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation during ambulation training improves standing posture and balance in individuals with spinal cord injury
  • To determine whether ambulation efficiency (improved cardiovascular conditioning) improves with a combination of AIH, transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation and ambulation training in individuals with spinal cord injury

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Locomotor Function Following Acute Intermittent Hypoxia (AIH) and Transcutaneous Electrical Spinal Cord Stimulation (tSCS) With Gait Therapy Versus Traditional Gait Therapy in Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury
Estimated Study Start Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training

May receive up to 45 minutes of AIH prior to up to 50 min of locomotion training with transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation. However, the amount of time spent in side-lying locomotion training, treadmill training and overground training will depend on individual tolerance and progression.

Intervention: Device: AIH prior to Noninvasive spinal stimulation during gait training

Device: Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training
Subjects will receive up to 45 minutes of AIH prior to receiving transcutaneous electrical spinal cord stimulation delivered by a Transcutaneous Spinal Cord Neurostimulator while performing locomotor activities.
Other Name: AIH + tSCS+ Gait

Sham Comparator: Sham Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training
May receive up to 45 minutes of Sham AIH prior to up to 50 min of locomotion training with transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation. However, the amount of time spent in side-lying locomotion training, treadmill training and overground training will depend on individual tolerance and progression.
Other: Sham Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training
Subjects will perform locomotor activities with transcutaneous electrical spinal cord stimulation after receiving sham acute intermittent hypoxia
Other Name: SHAM AIH + tSCS + Gait

Sham Comparator: Sham Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Sham Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training
May receive up to 45 minutes of Sham AIH prior to up to 50 min of locomotion training with sham transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation. However, the amount of time spent in side-lying locomotion training, treadmill training and overground training will depend on individual tolerance and progression.
Other: Sham Acute Intermittent Hypoxia + Sham Non Invasive Spinal Cord Stimulation + Gait Training
Subjects will perform locomotor activities with sham transcutaneous electrical spinal cord stimulation after receiving sham acute intermittent hypoxia
Other Name: SHAM AIH + SHAM tSCS + Gait




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Gait Symmetry [ Time Frame: Session 1 (baseline test, initial visit), After 5 intervention sessions (Post Test), 1 week post (1 week follow up Post) ]
    Participants will ambulate along Gait Rite electronic walkway 6 times (3 times per gait speed) to evaluate baseline gait pattern at both their self-selected and safe fast gait speed. The Gait Rite electronic walkway contains sensor pads encapsulated in a carpet and connected to a computer. The system can be laid over any flat surface and automates measuring temporal and spatial gait parameters. The Gait Rite electronic walkway for the study shall be a minimum of 14 feet long. The Gait Rite data capture was chosen as measurement of the patient's overall gait quality.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in 10 Meter Walk Test [ Time Frame: Session 1 (baseline test, initial visit), After 5 intervention sessions (Post Test), 1 week post (1 week follow up Post) ]
    This test will examine the patient's gait speed. Patients will be directed to walk at their preferred maximum but safe speed.

  2. Change in 6 Minute Walk Test Using VO2 Analysis [ Time Frame: Session 1 (baseline test, initial visit), After 5 intervention sessions (Post Test), 1 week post (1 week follow up Post) ]
    The 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) measures the distance a subject can walk indoors on a flat, hard surface in a period of 6 minutes, using assertive devices, as necessary. The test is a reliable and valid evaluation of functional exercise capacity and is used as a sub-maximal test of aerobic capacity and endurance. The test will be used to determine participant's gait efficiency at baseline and at study completion. The walk test is patient self-paced and assesses the level of functional capacity. Patients are allowed to stop and rest during the test, however, the timer does not stop. If the patient is unable to complete the time, the time stopped is noted and reason for stopping prematurely is recorded. This test will be administered while wearing a portable gas analysis system called the Cosmed K4B2 to measure oxygen consumption. This system measures oxygen consumption (VO2) and Carbon-dioxide production (VCO2) in a breath by breath fashion.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants have been diagnosed with a spinal cord injury below level C2
  • ASIA Impairment Scale Grade A-D
  • Participants are 18 years of age or older
  • Participants are at least 6 months post spinal cord injury
  • Participants with paraplegia or tetraplegia secondary to a single spinal cord injury
  • Participants are able to provide informed consent
  • Participants are not currently receiving regular physical therapy services
  • Participants who demonstrate at least a 10% change in isometric or isokinetic plantarflexion, dorsiflexion or knee extension force above baseline after a single bout of Acute Intermittent Hypoxia (AIH) during screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Individuals less than 18 years of age
  • Individuals less than 6 months post spinal cord injury
  • Individuals with ataxia
  • Individuals with multiple spinal cord injury history
  • Modified Ashworth score of 3 or greater in lower extremity
  • Pregnancy or nursing
  • Pacemaker or anti-spasticity implantable pumps
  • Active pressure sores
  • Unhealed bone fractures
  • Peripheral neuropathies
  • Painful musculoskeletal dysfunction due to active injuries or infections
  • Severe contractures in the lower extremities
  • Active urinary tract infection
  • Clinically significant depression, psychiatric disorders, or ongoing drug abuse
  • Diagnosed with any of the following medical conditions: congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, severe asthma, previous myocardial infraction, or known carotid/intracerebral artery stenosis
  • Individuals with a tracheostomy or who utilize mechanical ventilation.
  • Individuals who are currently enrolled in another interventional research study or in therapy related to upper extremity function.
  • Participants will be excluded if they have had a botulinum toxin injection to lower extremity musculature within the last 3 months. Participants will need to refrain from lower extremity botulinum toxin injections for the duration of the study. If participants wean off antispasticity medications to successfully complete the responsiveness to AIH screening session, they will need to refrain from the medications for the duration of the study.
  • Documented sleep apnea.
  • Orthopedic injuries or surgeries that would impact an individual's ability to use the lower extremity.
  • Traumatic brain injury or other neurological conditions that would impact the study.
  • Blood hemoglobin levels less than 10g/dL.

We will not include the following populations:

  • Adults unable to consent, unless accompanied by a legally authorized representative.
  • Individuals who are not yet adults (infants, children, teenagers)
  • Pregnant women
  • Prisoners

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03922802


Contacts
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Contact: Kelly A McKenzie, PT, DPT, NCS 312-238-7111 kmckenzie@sralab.org

Locations
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United States, Illinois
Shirley Ryan AbilityLab
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Contact: Kelly A McKenzie, PT, DPT, NCS         
Principal Investigator: Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Shirley Ryan AbilityLab
University of California, Los Angeles
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD Shirley Ryan AbilityLab
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Responsible Party: Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD, Director Max Nader Laboratory, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03922802    
Other Study ID Numbers: STU00211806
First Posted: April 22, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 27, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Arun Jayaraman, PT, PhD, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab:
Spinal Cord Injury
Stimulation
Spinal Stimulation
Noninvasive stimulation
Acute intermittent hypoxia
Hypoxia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal Cord Diseases
Hypoxia
Wounds and Injuries
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory