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Study of the Anti-FGF23 Antibody, Burosumab, in Adults With XLH

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03920072
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kyowa Kirin Pharmaceutical Development Ltd

Brief Summary:
This is phase 3b open-label, international, multicenter study to continue to monitor the long-term safety and efficacy of burosumab in adult patients with XLH that participated in previous clinical trials with burosumab (UX023-CL303 / UX023-CL304).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
X-linked Hypophosphatemia Drug: Burosumab Phase 3

Detailed Description:

XLH is a rare, genetic disorder that is serious, chronically debilitating and represents an unmet medical need. XLH is the most common inherited form of rickets and the most common inherited defect in renal tubular phosphate transport. XLH is transmitted as an X-linked dominant disorder. Mutations resulting in the loss of function of PHEX form the genetic basis for XLH. More than 300 different PHEX gene mutations have been identified in patients with XLH (PHEXdb); however, few definitive correlations have been observed between specific mutations and phenotypic severity.

Patients with XLH have hypophosphatemia due to excessive serum FGF23 levels. FGF23 reduces serum phosphorus levels by two distinct mechanisms of action. The primary mechanism is to inhibit phosphate reabsorption in the proximal tubule of the kidney. The secondary mechanism is to decrease phosphate absorption by the small intestine through the inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D production in the kidney.

Burosumab has the potential to block or reduce FGF23 action and improve phosphate homeostasis in XLH patients. Burosumab binds the amino-terminal domain of FGF23 that interacts with the FGF-binding portion of the combination FGFR1/Klotho receptor, preventing FGF23 from binding to and signaling from its receptor. Both intact and fragmented FGF23 polypeptides are immunoprecipitated with burosumab. By inhibiting FGF23, burosumab restores tubular reabsorption of phosphate (as measured by the ratio of renal tubular maximum reabsorption rate of phosphate to glomerular filtration rate [TmP/GFR]) from the kidney and increases the production of 1,25(OH)2D that also enhances intestinal absorption of phosphate. The dual action on kidney reabsorption and intestinal absorption improves serum phosphorus levels, which is expected to improve bone mineralization and reduce the diverse bone and non-bone manifestations associated with hypophosphatemia in XLH patients.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 38 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Open-label, international, multicenter
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3b Open-label Study of the Anti-FGF23 Antibody, Burosumab (KRN23) in Adult Patients With X-linked Hypophosphatemia (XLH)
Actual Study Start Date : March 7, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 31, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Open label
All subjects will be administered subcutaneously burosumab every 4 weeks at the dosage defined in study UX023-CL303 or UX023-CL304 until December 2019 or when the drug becomes commercially available.
Drug: Burosumab
Burosumab is a sterile, clear, colourless and preservative free solution supplied in single-use 5ml vials containing 1mL of burosumab at a concentration of 30mg/mL
Other Names:
  • KRN23
  • Crysvita




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of subjects achieving mean serum phosphorus levels above the LLN (2.5mg/dL[0.81mmol/L]), as averaged across dose cycles between baseline and their last administered dose. [ Time Frame: Serum phosphorous levels will be monitored from Screening and every 12 weeks until the end of the study, at approximately 88 weeks. ]
    To establish the effect of burosumab treatment on maintaining serum phosphorus levels to within normal range in adults with XLH.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effect of burosumab on pre-existing pseudofracture healing will be monitored by centrally read targeted X-Ray [ Time Frame: Targetted X-Rays at ongoing fracture sites will be taken at the End of Study Visit, approximately week 88. ]
    Targeted radiography at locations pre-determined by the skeletal survey performed during UX023-CL303 or UX023-CL304 will be taken to monitor healing of pseudofractures and/or fractures.

  2. Effect of burosumab on Patient's Impression of Improvement to indicate patient's perception of efficacy of treatment. [ Time Frame: The PGI questionnaire will be administered at baseline and then every 24 weeks for up to 88 weeks. ]
    The Patient's Impression of Improvement will be captured using the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) scale, an instrument widely used in chronic pain trials to indicate the patient's perception about the efficacy of treatment. The PGI-I is self-administered and improvement is rated on a 7-point categorical scale ranging from "very much improved" to "very much worse."

  3. Effect of burosumab on patients walking ability measured using the 6 Minute Walk Test. [ Time Frame: The 6MWT will be measured at Baseline and then every 24 weeks for up to 88 weeks ]
    Patient's motor function by sustained walking will be evaluated using the 6 Minute Walk Test. (6MWT). The percent predicted values for the 6MWT will be calculated using published normative data based on age, gender and height.

  4. Effect of burosumab on Patient mobility assessed using the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG). [ Time Frame: The TUG Test will be assessed at Baseline and then every 24 for up to 88 weeks ]
    The TUG assesses transitions during ambulatory activity incorporating strength, agility and dynamic balance assessments. The TUG score will be reported as the time (in seconds) that a subject takes to rise from a chair, walk three meters (approximately 10 feet), turn around, walk back to the chair and sit down.

  5. Effect of burosumab on stiffness and physical function will be assessed using WOMAC. [ Time Frame: The WOMAC questionnaire will be administered at Baseline and then every 24 weeks for up to 88 weeks ]
    The patient's impression of their stiffness and physical function will be assessed by administering the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire- a 24 item patient reported questionnaire. The WOMAC will be administered in a 5-point Likert-scale format using descriptors of none, mild, moderate, severe and extreme corresponding to an ordinal scale of 0 to 4. Higher scores on the WOMAC indicate worse stiffness and functional limitations.

  6. Effect of burosumab on patient's pain severity and the impact of pain on functioning will be assessed using the Short-form Brief Pain Inventory questionnaire. [ Time Frame: The BPI will be administered at Baseline and then every 24 weeks for up to 88 weeks. ]
    The patient's recall of pain over a 24 hour period will be captured by administering the short form of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) questionnaire. The BPI evaluates the condition of all pain over the previous 24 hours. Two dimensions are measured: pain severity (worst, least, average and now) and the impact of pain on functioning (pain interference with general activity, walking, work, mood, enjoyment of life, relations with others and sleep).

  7. Effect of burosumab on patient's fatigue and the interference of fatigue on daily life over a 24 hour period. [ Time Frame: The BFI will be administered at Baseline and then every 24 weeks for up to 88 weeks ]
    The patient's recall of fatigue will be captured by administering the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) questionnaire. The BFI is a self-reported questionnaire consisting of nine items related to fatigue that are rated on a 0 to 10 numerical rating scale with a recall period of 24 hours. Two dimensions are measured: fatigue and the interference of fatigue on daily life. The change from baseline to post-baseline visits will be assessed.

  8. Effect of burosumab on bone metabolism and phosphate homeostasis using urinary phosphorus as PD marker. [ Time Frame: Pharmacodynamic analysis will be conducted at Baseline and every 12 weeks for up to 88 weeks ]
    Pharmacodynamic assessment.

  9. Effect of burosumab on enthesopathy will be monitored by centrally read targeted X-Ray. [ Time Frame: Lateral foot views (bilateral) will be obtained at screening and at End of Study, approximately week 88. ]
    Lateral foot views (bilateral) will be obtained in all subjects at Screening (as part of skeletal survey) and at End of Study (EOS). Size of enthesopathy spurs at both the superior and inferior calcaneus will be measured in two dimensions.

  10. Effect of burosumab on bone metabolism and phosphate homeostasis using Serum Phosphorus as PD marker. [ Time Frame: Pharmacodynamic analysis will be conducted at Baseline and every 12 weeks for up to 88 weeks. ]
    Pharmacodynamic assessment.

  11. Effect of burosumab on bone metabolism and phosphate homeostasis using serum 1, 25(OH)2D as PD marker. [ Time Frame: Pharmacodynamic analysis will be conducted at Baseline and every 12 weeks for up to 88 weeks. ]
    Pharmacodynamic assessment.

  12. Effect of Burosumab on phosphate reabsorption as measured by the ratio of renal tubular maximum reabsorption rate of phosphate to glomerular filtrate [TmP/GFR]. [ Time Frame: Pharmacodynamic analysis will be conducted at Baseline and every 12 weeks for up to 88 weeks. ]
    Pharmacodynamic assessment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects who provide written informed consent after the nature of the study has been explained, and prior to any research-related procedures.
  2. Subjects who successfully completed Study UX023-CL303 or UX023-CL304. Subjects should have completed the study up to and including the final study visit. Subjects who were prematurely discontinued due to adverse events, Sponsor's decision or Investigator's decision will not be enrolled in this study. Subjects' enrolment is not dependent on any response to Primary or Secondary endpoints in studies UX023-CL303 or UX023-CL304.
  3. Willing to provide access to prior medical records for the collection of historical growth, biochemical and radiographic data, and disease history.
  4. Must, in the opinion of the investigator, be willing and able to complete all aspects of the study, adhere to the study visit schedule and comply with the assessments.
  5. Females of child-bearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test at Screening and be willing to have additional pregnancy tests during the study. Females considered not to be of child-bearing potential include those who have been in menopause for at least two years prior to Screening, or have had tubal ligation at least one year prior to Screening, or have had a total hysterectomy or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. If sexually active, male and female subjects must be willing to use one highly effective method of contraception for the duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia, defined as serum calcium levels outside the age-adjusted normal limits and deemed as clinically significant in the opinion of the investigator.
  2. Presence of a concurrent disease or condition that would interfere with study participation or affect safety in the opinion of the investigator or Sponsor.
  3. Use of any investigational product other than burosumab or investigational medical device within 30 days prior to Screening, or requirement for any investigational agent prior to completion of all scheduled study assessments.
  4. Subjects with major protocol deviations in Study UX023-CL303 or UX023-CL304 which in the view of the investigator places the subject at high risk of poor treatment compliance or of not completing the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03920072


Contacts
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Contact: Stephen Greentree 00 44 1896 664 000 stephen.greentree@kyowakirin.com
Contact: Kerry Sandilands 00 44 1896 664 000 kerry.sandilands@kyowakirin.com

Locations
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France
CHU de Bicetre Recruiting
Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France, 94275
Contact: Hubert Lesur         
Principal Investigator: Peter Kamenicky         
Hopital Lariboisiere Not yet recruiting
Paris, France, 75010
Contact: Sylvie Fernandez         
Principal Investigator: Martine Cohen-Solal         
Hopital Cochin Recruiting
Paris, France, 75014
Contact: Sami Kolta         
Contact: Karine Briot         
Principal Investigator: Christian Roux         
Ireland
St. Vincent's University Hospital Not yet recruiting
Dublin, Ireland, D04 T6F4
Contact: Laura Feeney         
Principal Investigator: Rachel Crowley         
Italy
Azienda ospedaliera universitaria Careggi Not yet recruiting
Florence, Italy, 50139
Contact: Caterina Fossi         
Principal Investigator: Maria Luisa Brandi         
United Kingdom
Western General Hospital Not yet recruiting
Edinburgh, United Kingdom, EH4 2XU
Contact: Morag Charles         
Principal Investigator: Stuart Ralston         
National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery-University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Not yet recruiting
London, United Kingdom, WC1N 3BG
Contact: Xiangming Chen         
Principal Investigator: Robin Lachmann         
Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre - Oxford University Hospitals Nhs Trust Not yet recruiting
Oxford, United Kingdom, OX3 7LD
Contact: Pam Lovegrove         
Principal Investigator: Kassim Javaid         
Northen General Hospital Not yet recruiting
Sheffield, United Kingdom, S5 7AU
Contact: Jennifer Walsh         
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Walsh         
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust Not yet recruiting
Stanmore, United Kingdom, HA7 4LP
Contact: Jacqueline Vinton         
Principal Investigator: Richard Keen         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kyowa Kirin Pharmaceutical Development Ltd
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Peter Kamenicky CHU de Bicêtre

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Responsible Party: Kyowa Kirin Pharmaceutical Development Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03920072     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BUR02
First Posted: April 18, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 18, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hypophosphatemia
Familial Hypophosphatemic Rickets
Phosphorus Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Rickets, Hypophosphatemic
Rickets
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Hypophosphatemia, Familial
Renal Tubular Transport, Inborn Errors
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Metal Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Calcium Metabolism Disorders
Vitamin D Deficiency
Avitaminosis
Deficiency Diseases
Malnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Antibodies
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs