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Parent's Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Oral Health of Their Children With Primary Dentition: A Cross-sectional Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03919903
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mennatallah Ahmed Mohamed Helal, Cairo University

Brief Summary:
Study aims to assess Parents Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Oral Health of their Children with Primary Teeth.

Condition or disease
Oral Health Knowledge

Detailed Description:

Dental caries is a chronic slowly progressing localized destruction of dental hard tissues by the acidic products formed as result of carbohydrates fermentation by bacteria due to disturbance in equilibrium between tooth minerals and plaque products through time. (Trindade et al., 2014) It's a worldwide disease affecting all ages both sexes with different socioeconomic levels. Dental caries commonly affects children and adversely affects their quality of life and so their weight and growth if left untreated (Gokhale and Nuvvula, 2015). The environmental factor is a very valuable factor affecting dental caries especially the mother and the family as whole, the family habits are directly influencing their children (Suma G and Anisha P, 2017). As parents are the primary decision makers for children and their first role models, their oral health knowledge, attitude and practice as well as habits influence their children (Dikshit et al., 2018).

There is lack of data about parent's oral health knowledge, attitude and practice and their implications on their children in Egypt.

Acquiring information about oral health knowledge of parents, will help identifying those children who are at risk of dental caries consequently it will be possible to offer the proper preventive and curative measures for them.

So, we need to know the effect of oral health knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of parents on caries prevalence of their children.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 301 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Parent's Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Oral Health of Their Children With Primary Dentition: A Cross-sectional Study
Estimated Study Start Date : August 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Dental Health

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Parents Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Questionnaire is the measurement tool for the primary outcome, questionnaires will be admitted to the parents in the waiting area of the diagnostic clinic of Pediatric dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University.The questionnaire consists of 28 questions; 10 related to knowledge, 6 to attitude, 8 to practice and 4 general questions. The response will be assessed by using a scoring system, where scores are based on correct answers. For the knowledge and practice items, the right answer is coded as 1 and the wrong answer as 0. For attitude items score 1 indicates a positive attitude, while score 0 indicates a negative attitude. The individual scores will then be summed up to yield a total score. Maximum possible score will be 10, 6 and 8 for KAP respectively. Mean Score of <40% and≥ 40 % are considered as inadequate and adequate performance respectively. (Dikshit et al., 2018) The questionnaire was translated in Arabic language.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Caries Prevalence in their children [ Time Frame: one year ]
    Caries Prevalence in the children will be assessed by clinical examination. Examination will be performed at the diagnostic clinic of the Pediatric dentistry department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University. Patient assessment chart will be used for recording the oral assessment data. The oral assessment of every child will be done by a single operator under good lighting condition using mouth mirror and probe to detect the presence of carious (whether smooth or pits and fissure caries), missed (extracted) and filled teeth (Cypriano et al., 2005).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 8 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Parents of children with primary dentition

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy children and their parents.
  • Children with primary dentition.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Parents refuse to participate.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03919903

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Contact: Mennatallah Ahmed, Bachelors degree 00201009230087
Contact: Soad Abdel Moneim, Associate Professor 00201005654355

Sponsors and Collaborators
Cairo University
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Mennatallah Ahmed Mohamed Helal, General Dentist, Cairo University Identifier: NCT03919903    
Other Study ID Numbers: Parent's Oral Health Knowledge
First Posted: April 18, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No