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Trial record 20 of 243 for:    Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | Headache

Mobilization Versus Manipulation for the Treatment of Cervicogenic Headaches

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03919630
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 18, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 22, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Joshua Cleland, DPT, OCS, Franklin Pierce University

Brief Summary:
There is currently a gap within the literature as to the effects of a thrust versus non-thrust mobilizations techniques specifically to the upper cervical spine C0-C3 along with home exercise program to help reduce frequency and intensity of cervicogenic headaches. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of in treating headaches using non-thrust or thrust mobilizations in addition to postural corrective exercises on patient outcomes measures.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cervicogenic Headache Other: Thrust Mobilization Other: Non-Thrust Mobilizations Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Cervicogenic headaches are classified as secondary headaches and typically rise from a musculoskeletal, cervical spine, disc, or soft tissue elements and are accompanied by neck pain. Dominant features of cervicogenic headache include unilateral head pain, external pressure over the ipsilateral upper neck, limited cervical range of motion, and trigger attacks by various neck motions. Cervicogenic headaches typically originate from the atlanto-occipital and upper 3 segments of the cervical spine and can radiate to the head or face region. Physical therapist have for some time been treating cervicogenic headaches with a variety of different treatment techniques ranging from conservative therapy, passive and active range of motion, stretching for cervical, strengthening exercises for the upper extremity, and manual therapy. However, little is known about the effects of thrust and non-thrust manipulative physical therapy treatments along with exercises to help reduce cervicogenic headaches. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of physical therapy in treating headaches using non-thrust to the upper 3 segments of the cervical spine or thrust mobilizations to the upper 3 segments, plus the addition of postural corrective exercises in treating cervicogenic headaches.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 48 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Non-Thrust Versus Thrust Mobilizations to the Upper Segments of Cervical Spine Plus Exercise for Treatment of Cervicogenic Headaches
Estimated Study Start Date : May 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cervical Thrust Mobilizations
Once therapist has assessed subject and has found the patients most comparable sign they will be performing a high velocity thrust at the end of the patients available range, as described by Maitland's Approach. The thrust will be performed only once. The therapist will perform either a localized cervical rotation thrust which primary movement is rotation or a longitudinal cephalad C1 and C2 thrust, both targeting the upper cervical spine.
Other: Thrust Mobilization
Once therapist has assessed subject and has found the patients most comparable sign they will be performing a high velocity thrust at the end of the patients available range, as described by Maitland's Approach. The thrust will be performed only once. The therapist will perform either a localized cervical rotation thrust which primary movement is rotation or a longitudinal cephalad C1 and C2 thrust, both targeting the upper cervical spine

Active Comparator: Cervical Non-Thrust Mobilizations
Therapists will perform unilateral posterior to anterior mobilization (UPA) or central posterior to anterior (CPA) mobilizations grades I-IV as described above by Maitland concepts at levels C0-C3 which reproduce the patient's most comparable sign. Therapists will be instructed to perform 3x 30 second bouts of mobilizations at that level.
Other: Non-Thrust Mobilizations
Therapists will perform unilateral posterior to anterior mobilization (UPA) or central posterior to anterior (CPA) mobilizations grades I-IV as described above by Maitland concepts at levels C0-C3 which reproduce the patient's most comparable sign. Therapists will be instructed to perform 3x 30 second bouts of mobilizations at that level.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Neck Disability Index [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4-weeks and 1-month follow-up ]
    The Neck Disability Index contains 10 items, seven related to activities of daily living, two related to pain, and one item related to concentration. Each item is scored from 0-5 and the total score is expressed as a percentage, with higher scores corresponding to greater disability.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Numeric Pain Rating scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1 hour, 48 hours, 4-weeks and 1-month follow-up ]
    Patients will be asked to indicate the intensity of their pain using an 11-point scale ranging from 0 ("no pain") to 10 ("worst pain imaginable").

  2. Headache Impact Test [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4-weeks and 1-month follow-up ]
    The Headache Impact Test is a 6 item self-report, questionnaire and the responses on all questions are summed to produce a total score ranging from 36 to 78, with higher scores indicating a greater impact of headache on daily life.

  3. Global Rating of Change Scale [ Time Frame: 48 hours, 4-weeks and 1-month follow-up ]
    Patients will be asked to rate their overall perception of improvement since beginning treatment on a scale ranging from -7 (a very great deal worse) to zero (about the same) to +7 (a very great deal better).

  4. Patient Acceptable Symptom State [ Time Frame: 4-weeks and 1-month follow-up ]
    The Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS) is used to define the level of symptoms beyond which patients consider themselves well. The PASS question: "Taking into account all the activities you have during your daily life, your level of pain, and also your functional impairment, do you consider that your current state is satisfactory?" with response options "yes" or "no".

  5. Active cervical range of motion [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1 hour, 48 hours, 4-weeks ]
    The active cervical range of motion (ACROM) assessment of the cervical spine will include flexion and extension in the sagittal plane, lateral flexion in the frontal plane and rotation in the transverse plane. A single inclinometer and Cervical Range of Motion Device will be used to collect ACROM.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient must be English-speaking and have appropriate medical literacy to participate in the study
  2. The physical examination must yield a reproducible familiar/concordant neck, head, jaw symptom or dysfunction
  3. Pain reports of at least 2/10 for a headache or neck pain intensity
  4. Neck Disability reports of at least a 20% or greater impact
  5. Patients that report having at least two headaches within one month

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. The presence of any know red flags (i.e., tumor, metabolic diseases, RA, osteoporosis, prolonged history of steroid use, etc.)
  2. Patients who exhibit any red flag symptoms: positive upper or lower motor neuron testing. Signs or symptoms consistent cervical myelopathy or radiculopathy with nerve root compression (muscle weakness involving a major muscle group of the upper extremity, diminished upper extremity muscle stretch reflex, or diminished or absent sensation to pinprick in any upper extremity dermatome
  3. Patients who exhibit any red flag symptoms of cervical instability tests, or have a positive VBI or CAD testing, showing signs of the 5 D's (dizziness, drop attacks, dysarthria, dysphagia, diplopia) or patient who have signs of 3 N's (Nystagmus, nausea, other neurological symptoms).
  4. Prior surgery to the cervical spine or head (including cerebral shunts)
  5. Women who are pregnant in their third trimester

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Responsible Party: Joshua Cleland, DPT, OCS, Professor, Franklin Pierce University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03919630     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: JC432019
First Posted: April 18, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 22, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Post-Traumatic Headache
Headache
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Headache Disorders, Secondary
Headache Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases