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Quantification of Estradiol's Impact on Nucleotides in Cellular Populations of the Lower GI Tract

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03917420
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 17, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Brief Summary:

Purpose: To Assess the impact of high and low in vivo estradiol exposure on PrEP (Pre-exposure prophylaxis) nucleotide concentrations in different cellular populations of the lower GI (gastrointestinal) tract and to quantify the relationship between estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone on PrEP nucleotide concentrations in rectal and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. As well as the relationship between estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone on PrEP concentrations in plasma.

Participants: Healthy, cisgender female, volunteers, aged 18-49 inclusive on the date of screening with an intact gastrointestinal system and regular menstrual cycle.

Procedures (methods): Participants will take a single daily dose of study drug for five days before each sampling visit. The visits will be scheduled during the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle (approximately days 2-5 after the first day of menses, Visit 1) when estradiol is predicted to be the lowest and the late follicular phase (approximately days 12-15 after the first day of menses, Visit 2) when estradiol is predicted to be highest. Samples of blood, rectal cells, and rectal tissue will be collected at both Visits 1 and 2. All participants will complete a follow-up safety visit within 14 days of completing study sampling.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV/AIDS Drug: Tenofovir 300Mg Oral Tablet Drug: Emtricitabine 200 MG Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Participants will be enrolled, and sampling visits will be scheduled to correspond with their menstrual cycles. Five days prior to the first scheduled sampling visit, participants will come to the clinic to have a repeat urine pregnancy test performed to verify eligibility. After verification, participants will be given a single dose of the study medication, Truvada®. Study staff will witness the dose and assess for any adverse reactions post dose. Participants will be sent home with a supply of 4 additional doses of Truvada® for them to take at scheduled times for the next 4 days with study staff observing via video call. Study staff will assess for adverse events during each dosing call. Starting 72 hours before each sampling visit, participants will be required to switch to a low fiber diet and abstain from inserting anything rectally. Twelve hours prior to each sampling visit, participants will be required to abide by a clear liquid diet. Participants will be seen as an outpatient at the Clinical Translational Research Center (CTRC) at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) for these sampling visits. At these visits, participants will have blood samples drawn to measure peripheral blood mononuclear cells and serum hormone concentrations. Participants will also have rectal cells collected via cytobrush and rectal tissue collected via rectal biopsy. After all samples have been collected, participants will be evaluated for adverse events and be discharged. Within 14 days of completion of the second sampling visit, for a follow-up visit. At this visit, blood will be obtained to check safety labs.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Quantification of Estradiol's Impact on Nucleotides in Different Cellular Populations of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
Actual Study Start Date : March 26, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tenofovir/Emtricitabine
Participants will take 5 once daily doses above noted combination tab at 200mg/300mg before each sampling visit
Drug: Tenofovir 300Mg Oral Tablet
Once daily dose of the combo tab x 5 days pre-sampling
Other Name: Truvada

Drug: Emtricitabine 200 MG
Once daily dose of the combo tab x 5 days pre-sampling
Other Name: Truvada




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tenofovir diphosphate concentrations in mixed rectal cells collected via cytobrush vs CD4+ T cells isolated from rectal tissue biopsies during the early (low estradiol) follicular phases of the menstrual cycle. [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    Fmol/million cells

  2. Tenofovir diphosphate concentrations in mixed rectal cells collected via cytobrush vs CD4+ T cells isolated from rectal tissue biopsies during the late (high estradiol) follicular phases of the menstrual cycle. [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    Fmol/million cells

  3. Emtricitabine triphosphate concentrations in mixed rectal cells collected via cytobrush vs CD4+ T cells isolated from rectal tissue biopsies during the early (low estradiol) follicular phases of the menstrual cycle. [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    Fmol/million cells

  4. Emtricitabine triphosphate concentrations in mixed rectal cells collected via cytobrush vs CD4+ T cells isolated from rectal tissue biopsies during the late (high estradiol) follicular phases of the menstrual cycle. [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    Fmol/million cells


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Estradiol concentrations in serum [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    ng/mL

  2. progesterone concentrations in serum [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    ng/mL

  3. testosterone concentrations in serum [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    ng/mL

  4. tenofovir diphosphate concentrations in peripheral blood mononuclear cells [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    Fmol/million cells

  5. emtricitabine concentrations in peripheral blood mononuclear cells [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    Fmol/million cells

  6. tenofovir concentrations in plasma [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    ng/mL

  7. emtricitabine concentrations in plasma [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]
    ng/mL



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   Only cisgender pre-menopausal females will be eligible to enroll
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy cisgender pre-menopausal female participants between the ages of 18 and 49 years, inclusive on the date of screening (Healthy is defined as no irregular menstrual cycles or clinically relevant abnormalities identified by a detailed medical history, full physical examination, including blood pressure and pulse rate measurement, and clinical laboratory tests.
  • Regular menstrual cycles defined as at least 1 day of menses occurring every 21-35 days)
  • Estimated calculated creatinine clearance (eCcr) of at least 60 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula where: eCcr (female) in mL/min = [(140 - age in years) x (weight in kg) x 0.85] / (72x serum creatinine in mg/dL).
  • Negative serum pregnancy test at screening
  • All participants should be using at least one of the following methods of contraception* from the screening visit through 72 hours prior to inpatient admission (at which time the women will be asked to remain abstinent until after their follow-up visit):

    1. Non continuous systemic hormonal contraceptives that permit intermittent menstruation
    2. IUD (non-hormonal intrauterine device) placed at least 1 month prior to study enrollment
    3. Bilateral tubal ligation (Sterilization)
    4. Vasectomized male partners
    5. Condom + Spermicide
    6. *Unless engaged in sexual activity with female only sex partners or abstinent for at least 3 months prior with no intention of becoming sexually active during the study period. Any history of recent or present concomitant male sex partners will be addressed and ruled out in the context of screening participants for eligibility for the protocol
  • Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the subject has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial.
  • Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and other trial procedures.
  • Subject must be willing to abstain from sexual intercourse, and all and intrarectal objects and products for at least 72 hours prior to Sampling #1 until study completion.
  • Subject must be HIV-1 and Hepatitis B and C negative as documented on screening labs.
  • Subject must not be actively involved in the conception process and must be non-lactating.
  • Subject must be able to swallow pills and have no allergies to any component of the study product

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence or history of clinically significant hematological, renal, endocrine, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, psychiatric, neurologic, or allergic disease (including documented drug allergies, but excluding untreated, asymptomatic, seasonal allergies at time of dosing).
  • Participants with a history of hysterectomy
  • Participants who are pregnant, possibly pregnant or lactating
  • History of febrile illness within five days prior to first dose.
  • Any condition possibly affecting drug absorption (eg, gastrectomy or other significant alterations of the gastrointestinal tract)
  • A positive urine drug screen.
  • An untreated-positive test for syphilis, gonorrhea, or Chlamydia at screening.
  • Any clinically relevant laboratory chemistry or hematology result Grade 2 or greater according to the Division of AIDS Laboratory Grading Tables
  • Treatment with an investigational drug within 4 months preceding the first dose of study product.
  • History of regular alcohol consumption exceeding 14 drinks (1 drink = 5 ounces (150 mL) of wine or 12 ounces (360 mL) of beer or 1.5 ounces (45 mL) of spirits) per week.
  • Participation in a clinical trial involving rectal biopsies within 6 months preceding the first dose of trial medication.
  • Blood donation of approximately 1 pint (500 mL) within 56 days prior to dosing.
  • Any condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, is likely to interfere with follow-up or ability to take the study medication appropriately.
  • Unwilling or unable to comply with the dietary and concomitant drug restrictions in regard to study drug administration as outlined in the study procedures and prohibited medications sections.
  • Women utilizing continuous hormonal contraception options such as Seasonique, injectables, implants, and hormonal IUDs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03917420


Contacts
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Contact: Heather M Asher Prince, MPA, PA-C 9199625344 princeH@med.unc.edu
Contact: Mackenzie Cottrell, PharmD, MS 9198430321 mlcottre@email.unc.edu

Locations
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United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Recruiting
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Contact: Heather Asher Prince, MPA, PA-C    919-962-5344    princeH@med.unc.edu   
Contact: Mackenzie Cottrell, PharmD, MS    919 843 0321    mlcottre@email.unc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mackenzie Cottrell, PharmD, MS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mackenzie Cottrell, PharmD, MS University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

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Responsible Party: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03917420     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-0333
Pending ( Other Grant/Funding Number: NIAID )
First Posted: April 17, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 17, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Response to individual request for raw data. Any resulting publication from this proposal will include the principle investigator or a co-investigator listed on the application as corresponding author. Raw de-identified datasets will be shared with requesting scientists at the discretion of principle investigator to foster scientific openness in an ethical and responsible manner.
Supporting Materials: Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Upon acceptance of final manuscript for publication for an indefinite time period
Access Criteria: Before data will be shared, a data use agreement will be put in place in accordance with local regulations. The requestor will need to obtain appropriate ethics approval.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tenofovir
Emtricitabine
Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
Estradiol
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Estrogens
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs