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Role of On-site CT-derived FFR in the Management of Suspect CAD Patients (TARGET)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03901326
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 3, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 21, 2019
Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing
First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University
Qilu Hospital of Shandong University
Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
Tongji Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yundai Chen, Chinese PLA General Hospital

Brief Summary:
The primary of this registry is to evaluate whether the availability of CTA/CT-FFR procedure could effectively optimize the flow of clinical practice of stable chest pain versus conventional clinical pathway in decision making, avoid the overuse of invasive procedure, finally improve clinical prognosis and reduce total medical expenditure. This registry is randomized, open labeled, prospective designed and will be performed in 6 Chinese hospitals. Approximately 1200 subjects will be enrolled and subsequently assigned to either routine clinically-indicated diagnostic care group (CID arm) or CTA/CT-FFR care group (CTA/CT-FFR arm) via computer-generated random numbers (1:1 ratio)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Coronary Artery Disease Diagnostic Test: CT-FFR Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Based on the clinical fact that less stress single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and stress magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are performed rather than stress exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) in China, more patients undergo coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA) for determining whether they should be sent to catheter lab. However, nearly 30% of patients sent to catheter lab were found without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and this invasive procedure was unnecessary and overused partly. Fortunately, fractional flow reserve (FFR) based non-invasive CT algorithm technology (CT-FFR) showed a great potential in detecting functional myocardial ischemia related to coronary specific lesion (Discovery-Flow, DEFACTO and NXT trial)[1-3]. Moreover, clinical care guided by CT-FFR could provide benefits with equivalent clinical outcomes and lower expenditure, compared with routine clinical care over 1-year follow-up (Platform trial). On the other aspect, ADVANCE trial revealed that CT-FFR modified treatment recommendation was associated with less negative invasive coronary angiography (ICA), predicted revascularization and identified subjects at low risk of adverse events through 90 days in real-world. However, these studies was not randomized designed and selection bias still existed. So our registry is aim to evaluate whether CTA/CT-FFR outperforms the regular diagnostic care in ruling out patients without significantly obstructive CAD before catheter lab and improving clinical prognosis during follow-up in a randomized design.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1216 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effect of On-site CT-derived Fractional Flow Reserve on the Management Making for the Patients With Stable Chest Pain (TARGET Trial)
Actual Study Start Date : May 10, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CTA/CT-FFR care group
If the subjects are randomly allocated to CTA/CT-FFR arm, they will be examined by DeepFFR for three major epicardial arteries. If CT-FFR value of one or more major coronary arteries is less than 0.75, ICA will be performed directly; if CT-FFR is 0.75-0.8 (including 0.8), physicians will decide whether to start intensive drug therapy or ICA; if CT-FFR value is more than 0.8, only drug therapy will be needed. The clinical management plan will be suggested including optimal medical therapy, ICA, PCI, CABG and other intervention according to the result of this non-invasive examination.
Diagnostic Test: CT-FFR
When subjects are randomized to the CTA/CT-FFR arm, FFR based on the coronary CTA imaging will be measured. DeepFFR workstation is very dedicated software utilizing the original CTA imaging to meter simulated FFR values in artificial intelligence model.The first step is to extract a 3D coronary artery model and generate coronary centerlines which are similar to the routine reconstruction of coronary CTA. The centerlines are extracted using a minimal path extraction filter. Then a novel path-based deep learning model, referred to DeepFFR, is used to predict the simulated FFR values on the vascular centerlines. Deep learning algorithm is used to establish characteristic sample database of coronary hemodynamics characteristic parameters. When deep training model is proved to be valid, it is applied to a new lesion-specific measurement. Lesion-specific CT-FFR is defined as simulated FFR value 2-3cm downstream of an interest lesion.

No Intervention: routine clinically-indicated diagnostic care group
If the subjects are randomized to CID arm, attending physicians will decide next step of diagnosis and treatment, such as exercise ECG, stress cardiac echo, SPECT. According to the results of examination combined with risk factors assessment and clinical manifestations, physicians should provide recommendation whether the subjects would undergo ICA or not.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of ICA without obstructive CAD or intervention [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
    Percentage of those with planned ICA in whom no significant obstructive CAD (no stenosis≥50% by core lab quantitative analysis or invasive FFR≤0.8) is found or interventions (including stent implantation, balloon dilation and bypass graft) are performed during ICA within 90 days.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major adverse cardiovascular event [ Time Frame: 90 days,6 months,12 months ]
    Major adverse cardiovascular event include death, myocardial infarction (MI), major complications from cardiovascular (CV) procedures or testing, and unstable angina hospitalization

  2. Medical expenditure [ Time Frame: 90 days,12 months ]
    Medical expenditure by intention to treat at both 90 days and 12 months cumulatively

  3. Quality of life score [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Quality of life score evaluated as quality of life (QOL), which is measured by Seattle Angina Questionnaire Scale, used 11-item instrument that measures patient reported symptoms, function and QOL for subjects with CAD within 12 months

  4. Cumulative radiation exposure [ Time Frame: 90 days, 12 months ]
    Cumulative radiation exposure for any examination within 90 days and 12 months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • New or worsening chest pain suspicious for clinically significant coronary artery disease
  • Coronary CTA result showed that the diameter stenosis is more than 30% in one major coronary artery at least (coronary artery diameter greater than 2.5mm)
  • Intermediate likelihood of CAD based on CAD Consortium Score
  • No prior evaluation for this episode of symptoms
  • Agree to participate in this clinical study and sign written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed or suspected acute coronary syndrome requiring hospitalization or urgent or emergent testing
  • Hemodynamically or clinically unstable condition systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg or serious atrial or ventricular arrhythmias
  • Persistent resting chest pain felt to be ischemic despite adequate therapy
  • Known CAD with prior myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or any angiographic evidence of ≥50% stenosis in any major coronary artery
  • Any invasive or non-invasive anatomic or functional cardiovascular test for detection of CAD, including ICA and exercise ECG within the previous 12 months
  • Known significant congenital, valvular (moderate and above) or cardiomyopathy process (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or reduced systolic left ventricular function ≤ 40%) which could explain cardiac symptoms
  • Contraindication to undergo coronary CTA, including but not limited to allergy to iodinated contrast agent, unable to receive β-blockers if needed during CT procedural, pregnancy, serum creatinine ≥1.5 mg/dL
  • Unable to provide written informed consent or participate in long-term follow-up

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03901326

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Contact: Junjie Yang, MD 86-13581662680
Contact: Dongkai Shan, MD 86-15910616698

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China, Beijing
Chinese PLA General Hospital Recruiting
Beijing, Beijing, China, 100853
Contact: Junjie Yang, MD         
Contact: Dongkai Shan, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Chinese PLA General Hospital
Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing
First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University
Qilu Hospital of Shandong University
Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University
Tongji Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Yundai Chen, Ph.D. Chinese PLA General Hospital


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Responsible Party: Yundai Chen, Director of Cardiology Department, Chinese PLA General Hospital Identifier: NCT03901326     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S2019-025-01
First Posted: April 3, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 21, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Yundai Chen, Chinese PLA General Hospital:
Coronary artery disease
Coronary computed tomographic angiography
Fractional flow reserve
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases