Icing and Airflow Stimulation in Obstructive Lung Diseases
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03887364|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease||Other: Group A-Diaphragmatic breathing Other: Group B-Icing and Airflow Stimulation||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||126 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Effect of Ice and Airflow Stimulation Versus Controlled Breathing Exercises to Reduce Dyspnea in Patients With Obstructive Lung Disease|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 2, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 15, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 1, 2018|
Active Comparator: Group A-Diaphragmatic breathing exercise
Diaphragmatic breathing exercise
Other: Group A-Diaphragmatic breathing
Patient was in casual and agreeable position in which gravity helped the stomach, for example, a semi fowler's position. Hand was put on the rectus abdominis just beneath the foremost costal edge and requested that the patient take in gradually and profoundly through the nose. Persistent was told to keep the shoulder casual and upper chest very, enabling the belly to rise marginally. At that point persistent was guided to remain loose and breathed out gradually through the mouth. The patient rehearsed this 3 to 4 times and the rest time frame was given so patient couldn't hyperventilate.This group was given 10 reps of 3 sets with 4 weeks of follow up
Experimental: Group B-Icing and Airflow Stimulation
Icing and Airflow Stimulation
Other: Group B-Icing and Airflow Stimulation
Patient was lying comfortable in semi fowler position. Facial muscle icing was given using ice pack wrapped in cloth over cheeks and nose in butterfly pattern and over forehead for 5 minutes. Ice pack was applied on the patients face (around the cheek & nose) and accessory muscles (sternocleidomastoid muscles, upper trapezius) for single session of 5 to 10 minutes.
After that airflow stimulation was given with the help of table fan. Table fan was placed on the central area of face. Duration of the fan for the patient was at least 5 minutes to relive dyspnea and distance kept approximate of 60 centimeter (2 rulers).
- Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Changes from the Baseline, the digital spirometer is used in clinical setting to analyze peak expiratory flow PEF in Liter/second.
- Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Changes from the Baseline, the digital spirometer is used in clinical setting to analyze Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second FEV1 in Liters
- Forced vital Capacity (FVC) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Changes from the Baseline, the digital spirometer is used in clinical setting to analyze Forced vital Capacity in Liters
- Respiratory Rate [ Time Frame: 4 week ]Changes from Baseline. The respiratory rate is the rate at which breathing happens. This is normally estimated in breaths per minute and 12-20bpm normally, chest movements used for its measurement.
- Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Changes from baseline SPO2 was measured in percentage. Oxygen immersion is the division of oxygen-soaked hemoglobin with respect to add up to hemoglobin in the blood. Pulse oximeter measure it.
- BORG SCALE [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Changes from Baseline Borg scale measure rate of perceived exertion which ranges from 6 to 20. 6 means easy physical activity and 20 means severe.
- Medical Research Council (MRC) Breathlessness scale [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]Changes from Baseline, MRC Dyspnea scale: it comprises of five explanations that portray nearly the whole scope of respiratory inability from none (Grade 1) to relatively total inadequacy (Grade 5).
- ST. GEORGE RESPIRATORY QUESTIONAIRE [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]changes from baseline questionnaire was measured A 50-item questionaire designed to measure impact on health status(quality of life) in patients with obstructive airway disease including COPD.Total 34 variables are included which are furthur sbudivided into two components: symptoms and activity/impact each consisting of 17 components. A total Score is Calculated from 0 (no health Impairment) to 100 (Maximum health impairment). In addition to the total score, there is also a score for each domain: symptoms, activity, and Impact which are scored 0-100 as well.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03887364
|Riphah International University|
|Islamabad, Federal, Pakistan, 44000|
|Principal Investigator:||Iqbal Tariq, MS||Riphah International University|