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Effects of Consuming Red Meat on the Gut Microbiota in Young Adults (S51)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03885544
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 21, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 28, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wayne Campbell, Purdue University

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of consuming unprocessed and processed red meat on gut microbiota in young healthy adults in a cross-over, randomized controlled feeding trial.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diet Modification Other: Controlled Lacto-ovo vegetarian diet Other: Controlled Unprocessed red meat diet Other: Controlled processed red meat diet Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of consuming processed and unprocessed red meat on gut microbiota in young healthy adults in a cross-over, randomized controlled feeding trial. The hypothesis is that compared to consuming a meat-free lacto-ovo vegetarian (LOV) diet, (1) consuming the LOV diet with unprocessed red meat or processed red meat (omnivorous diet) will shift the gut microbiota with greater abundance of the bacteria Lactobacillus and other SCFA producers such as Clostridium XIVa, and no increase of pathogenic bacteria. The concentration of SCFA in stools will also increase in subjects consuming the unprocessed red meat diet. Compared to consuming a meat-free lacto-ovo vegetarian (LOV) diet, (2) consuming the LOV diet with processed beef and pork (omnivorous diet) will result in a comparable shift in gut microbiota as unprocessed red meat, except for greater abundance of taxa Erysipelotrichaceae and lower abundance of Lachnospiraceae.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This is a 24-week randomized controlled, crossover, single-blind study. Following a 5-wk pre-intervention baseline period, subjects will be randomly assigned to consume a controlled diet that either does not contain any red meat (lacto-ovo vegetarian, LOV), or contains unprocessed lean red meat, or contains processed lean red meat, for 3 weeks. After a 5-week dietary 'washout' period, they will consume one of the alternative diets for 3 weeks. After the second 5-week dietary 'washout' period, they will consume the remaining alternative diet for 3 weeks. Stool and fasting-state blood samples will be obtained at the end of study weeks 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15, 16, 19, 20, 23, and 24, which correspond to before and during the last 2 weeks of the three 3-wk controlled diet periods. Consecutive 4-day 24-hour urine samples will be collected within the assessment weeks of each dietary 'washout' period and control diet period (study weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24).
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Effects of Consuming Red Meat on the Gut Microbiota in Young Adults
Actual Study Start Date : January 9, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Vegetarian Diet

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Controlled lacto-ovo vegetarian diet
Subjects will be randomized and assigned into an intervention to consume the controlled lacto-ovo vegetarian diet without red meat for 3 weeks.
Other: Controlled Lacto-ovo vegetarian diet
Subjects will be randomized and assigned into an intervention to consume the controlled lacto-ovo vegetarian (LOV) diet for 3 weeks. All foods will be provided to subjects during the intervention. Each subject's energy requirement will be estimated using sex-specific equations published by the Institute of Medicine for weight maintenance during the intervention.

Experimental: Controlled unprocessed red meat diet
Subjects will be randomized and assigned into an intervention to consume the controlled lacto-ovo vegetarian diet with unprocessed red meat for 3 weeks.
Other: Controlled Unprocessed red meat diet
The unprocessed red meat diet will be the same as the LOV diet except that one 3-ounce portion of unprocessed red meat per day, 7 days per week (21 oz/wk) will be included. The unprocessed red meat will include beef tenderloin and pork loin. All foods will be provided to subjects during the intervention.

Experimental: Controlled processed red meat diet
Subjects will be randomized and assigned into an intervention to consume the controlled lacto-ovo vegetarian diet with processed red meat for 3 weeks.
Other: Controlled processed red meat diet
The processed red meat diet will be the same as the LOV diet except that one 3-ounce portion of processed red meat per day, 7 days per week (21 oz/wk) will be included. The processed red meat will include a variety of beef and pork luncheon meats with different methods of preservation. All foods will be provided to subjects during the intervention.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in gut microbiota composition [ Time Frame: 21 months. Stool samples will be obtained at the end of study weeks 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15, 16, 19, 20, 23, and 24, which correspond to before and during the last 2 weeks of the three 3-wk controlled diet periods. ]
    The hypothesis is that compared to consuming a meat-free lacto-ovo vegetarian (LOV) diet, (1) consuming the LOV diet with unprocessed red meat or processed red meat (omnivorous diet) will shift the gut microbiota with greater abundance of the bacteria Lactobacillus and other SCFA producers such as Clostridium XIVa, and no increase of pathogenic bacteria. Compared to consuming a meat-free lacto-ovo vegetarian (LOV) diet, (2) consuming the LOV diet with processed beef and pork (omnivorous diet) will result in a comparable shift in gut microbiota as unprocessed red meat, except for greater abundance of taxa Erysipelotrichaceae and lower abundance of Lachnospiraceae.

  2. Concentrations of short chain fatty acids (SCFA) [ Time Frame: 21 months. Stool samples will be obtained at the end of study weeks 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15, 16, 19, 20, 23, and 24, which correspond to before and during the last 2 weeks of the three 3-wk controlled diet periods. ]
    The hypothesis is that compared to consuming a meat-free lacto-ovo vegetarian (LOV) diet, the concentration of SCFA in stools will also increase in subjects consuming the unprocessed or processed red meat diet.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. metabolomics analysis [ Time Frame: Undecided. ]
    Saves of blood, urine, and stool samples will be kept for possible further metabolomics and foodomics analyses.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male or female,
  • 20-35 years old,
  • BMI 20.0-29.9 kg/m2,
  • fasting serum total cholesterol <240 mg/dL, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <160 mg/dL, triglycerides <400 mg/dL, and glucose <110 mg/dL;
  • systolic/diastolic blood pressure <140/90 mmHg;
  • body weight stable for 3 months prior (±3 kg); stable physical activity regimen 3 months prior;
  • medication use stable for 6 months prior and not using medications or supplements known to impact gut function;
  • on-smoking; not drinking more than 2 alcoholic drinks per day;
  • non-diabetic,
  • no history of gastrointestinal disorders, surgeries or cancers;
  • non-pregnant and not lactating.
  • Participants must be willing and able to consume the prescribed diets (lacto-ovo vegetarian and omnivorous).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • male or female < 20->35 years old,
  • BMI <20.0- >29.9 kg/m2,
  • fasting serum total cholesterol >240 mg/dL, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol >160 mg/dL, triglycerides >400 mg/dL, and glucose >110 mg/dL;
  • systolic/diastolic blood pressure >140/90 mmHg;
  • body weight stable for <3 months prior (±3 kg);
  • stable physical activity regimen < 3 months prior;
  • medication use unstable for 6 months prior and using medications or supplements known to impact gut function;
  • smoking;
  • drinking more than 2 alcoholic drinks per day;
  • diabetic,
  • history of gastrointestinal disorders, GI surgeries or GI cancers;
  • pregnant or lactating.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03885544


Contacts
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Contact: Jan K Green 7654966342 jkgreen@purdue.edu
Contact: Yu Wang, BS 765-4947922 wang3651@purdue.edu

Locations
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United States, Indiana
Purdue University Recruiting
West Lafayette, Indiana, United States, 47907
Contact: Yu Wang, BS    765-494-7922    wang3651@purdue.edu   
Contact: Caroline Clark, BS    765-494-7922    clark187@purdue.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Purdue University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Wayne W Campbell, Ph.D. Purdue University

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Responsible Party: Wayne Campbell, Principal Investigator, Purdue University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03885544     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1709019738
First Posted: March 21, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 28, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Wayne Campbell, Purdue University:
beef
pork
red meat
gut microbiota