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Efficacy of MVA-NP+M1 in the Influenza H3N2 Human Challenge Model

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03883113
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 20, 2019
Results First Posted : March 18, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 18, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vaccitech (UK) Limited

Brief Summary:
A Phase 2, single center, randomized, double blind study evaluating the safety, efficacy, and immunogenicity of MVA NP+M1 in the H3N2 human influenza challenge model; on healthy adult volunteers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Influenza Biological: MVA-NP+M1 Biological: Saline Biological: H3N2 (A/Belgium/2417/2015) Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The study consists of an outpatient vaccination phase (155 participants), and at least 2 months later an inpatient challenge phase (134 participants). Participants are randomized 93:62 to receive either MVA-NP+M1 or Placebo. Up to 20 participants will be challenged over several 3-week blocks, and the remainder at the final 3-week block for a total of 80 MVA-NP+M1 and 54 Placebo recipients challenged.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 145 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Efficacy of MVA-NP+M1 in the Influenza H3N2 Human Challenge Model
Actual Study Start Date : June 3, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 16, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : April 17, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Flu Flu Shot Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MVA-NP+M1 & H3N2 Challenge Virus
Vaccination administered: MVA-NP+M1 (IM injection, 0.5 ml, 1.5 x10^8 pfu.); Challenge Virus administered: H3N2 (nasal spray, 0.5 ml, 1.0x10^6 TCID50/ml)
Biological: MVA-NP+M1
Trial Vaccine

Biological: H3N2 (A/Belgium/2417/2015)
Challenge Agent

Placebo Comparator: Saline Placebo & H3N2 Challenge Virus
Vaccination administered: Sodium Chloride (IM injection, 0.5 ml, 0.9%); Challenge Virus administered: H3N2 (nasal spray, 0.5 ml, 1.0x10^6 TCID50/ml)
Biological: Saline
Sodium Chloride Placebo

Biological: H3N2 (A/Belgium/2417/2015)
Challenge Agent




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Degree of Nasopharyngeal Viral Shedding as Determined by Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction qPCR [ Time Frame: Throughout 9 days (Day2, Day3, Day4, Day5, Day6, Day7, Day8, Day9, Day10) after viral Inoculation (Day1) of the challenge phase. Nasal swabs taken twice a day (b.i.d) at least 8 hours apart. ]
    Measure of nasopharyngeal viral shedding during challenge; recorded as viral area under curve (vAUC) as determined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). vAUC is calculated by plotting the log viral particles number/ml for each time point against time and is using the trapezoidal rule.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number and Percentage of Virologically Confirmed Influenza-Like Illness [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    Incidence (frequency tabulation) of laboratory-confirmed influenza-like illness compared between vaccine and placebo arms Virologically confirmed influenza-like illness (ILI) is defined as having respiratory or flu-like symptom occurring on two consecutive days, along with a positive qPCR or qCulture result.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Attack Rate of Challenge Agent (qRT-PCR) [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    The attack rate is defined as the percentage of inoculated participants with at least two consecutive positive swabs as determined by qRT-PCR within the timespan of two consecutive days

  3. Percentage of Participants With Quantitative Culture Attack Rate of Challenge Agent (qCulture) [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    The attack rate is defined as the percentage of inoculated participants with at least two consecutive positive swabs as determined by qCulture within the timespan of two consecutive days

  4. Time to Start of Viral Shedding (qPCR) From Virus Inoculation [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    The Time to Start of Viral Shedding (qPCR) is calculated as (datetime of first of two positive swabs (qPCR) within 2 consecutive days - challenge datetime)/(60*60)

  5. Time to Start of Viral Shedding (qCulture) From Virus Inoculation [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    Time to Start of Viral Shedding (qCulture) is calculated as (datetime of first of two positive swabs (qCulture) within 2 consecutive days - challenge datetime)/(60*60)

  6. Peak Viral Shedding (qPCR) After the Virus Inoculation [ Time Frame: 9 days from Day 2 to Day 10 ]
    This is measured by the highest viral load concentration by qPCR

  7. Peak Viral Shedding (qCulture) After Virus Inoculation [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    This is measured by the highest viral load concentration by qCulture.

  8. Time to Peak of Viral Shedding (qPCR) From the Viral Inoculation [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    This is calculated as (datetime of highest viral load concentration (qPCR) - challenge datetime)/(60*60)

  9. Time to Peak of Viral Shedding (qCulture) From the Viral Inoculation [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    This is calculated as (datetime of highest viral load concentration (qCulture) - challenge datetime)/(60*60)

  10. Duration of Viral Shedding (qPCR) After the Virus Inoculation [ Time Frame: 9 days from day2 to day10 ]
    It is calculated as (datetime of first negative swab (qPCR) following the last positive swab (qPCR) - datetime of first positive of two positive swabs (qPCR) within 2 consecutive days)/(60*60)

  11. Duration of Viral Shedding (qCulture) After the Virus Inoculation [ Time Frame: 9 days from day 2 to day 10 ]
    It is calculated as (datetime of first negative swab (qCulture) following the last positive swab (qCulture) - datetime of first positive of two positive swabs (qCulture) within 2 consecutive days)/(60*60)

  12. Total Area Under the Curve (AUC) of Self-reported Influenza Total Symptom Score (SSC AUC) [ Time Frame: 11 days from Day 1 to Day 11 ]

    Total symptom scores were compared for MVA-NP+M1 vs. Placebo from Day1 to Day11 post-challenge as AUC of composite score.

    Symptoms were collected twice a day (lymphadenopathy once a day) on a Symptom Score Card(SSC).

    SSC recorded scores for each 16 general (gastrointestinal/body systemic) and 12 local (upper/lower respiratory tract) symptoms, on the scale per timepoint (for example Day2,AM).

    Participants rated the severity of symptoms, higher scores indicating a more severe symptom.

    The scores ranged from 0 to 3 (0:symptom free, 1:mild, 2:moderate, 3:severe).The SSC also contained the question whether the subject felt well to go to work "today" (yes/no). The Overall SSC score was calculated, as the Arithmetic Mean of the Scores collected across all 28 items on the card per Timepoint and ranged from 0 to maximum 3.

    The SSC AUC [0-11 days] was derived based on the Overall SSC score against time (*hour), using the linear trapezoidal rule and it ranged from 0 to 110 Score*hour.


  13. Total Days of Fever [ Time Frame: 11 days from Day 1 to Day 11 ]
    Total days of fever for MVA-NP+M1 vs. Placebo

  14. Average Total Mucus Production [ Time Frame: 11 days from Day 1 to Day 11 ]

    Total mucus weight of used tissue (regardless of take rate) for MVA-NP+M1 vs. Placebo.

    Total mucus production was only be calculated in case all tissues were returned (sum of clean and used tissues returned should be 20 tissues for each bag).


  15. T Cell Responses as Defined by ELISpot Assay in Relation to the Primary Endpoint, Symptom Scores and Influenza Incidence [ Time Frame: 3 months (day 0, day 8 and day 28 of the vaccination period and day -1 and day 28 of the challenge period) ]

    T Cell Response was assessed for IFN gamma and granzyme B, on the peripheral blood mononuclear cell using a double-colour enzymatic ELISpot assay.

    For each of them, three stimulation antigens were assessed: nucleoprotein NP, matrix1 M1 and a negative control, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO).

    The number of spot-forming T cell colonies per well (i.e. 200,000 cells) +/- standard deviation for the total response to NP+M1 is reported.

    The endpoint was recorded as the mean spot-forming units per million peripheral blood mononuclear cells in the peptide-stimulated wells minus the mean DMSO control wells for the sample. T cell responses over time (sampling timepoints) were then assessed in relation to the primary endpoint, symptom scores, and influenza incidence.


  16. Number of Participants With MVA-NP+M1 Vaccination Related Adverse Events and Symptoms, Measured by Self-reported Symptoms [ Time Frame: 7 days following vaccination ]
    Occurrence of solicited local and systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms for 7 days following vaccination; self-reported symptoms recorded using paper diaries

  17. Number of Participants With H3N2 Challenge Related Adverse Events and Symptoms, Measured by Self-reported Symptoms [ Time Frame: 17 days following vaccination ]
    Occurrence of solicited local and systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms; self-reported symptoms recorded using questionnaires and adverse event monitoring


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Severity of Individual Symptoms for MVA-NP+M1 vs. Placebo [ Time Frame: 11 days ]
    Severity of individual self-reported symptoms for MVA-NP+M1 vs. Placebo

  2. Total Symptom Score Time to Start, Time to Peak and Duration [ Time Frame: 11 days ]

    Time to start; time to peak and duration of total self-reported symptom score, regardless of take rate

    Influenza Symptom Score Card of FLU010 - Solicited symptoms for generalized, and upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms scored by severity (0: absent, 1: mild, 2: moderate, or 3: severe).


  3. Correlation of T Cell Phenotypes With Illness Outcomes [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Correlation of antigen specific T Cell phenotypes with illness outcomes

  4. Vaccination Effect on Antibody Responses by ELISpot and ICS Assays [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Antibody responses of MVA-NP+M1 vs Placebo following influenza challenge measured by ELISpot and Intracellular Cytokine Staining (ICS)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy males and females aged ≥18 and ≤55 years of age at the point of enrolment.
  • Non-smokers or those who stopped smoking ≥ 3 months prior to screening 1 visit.
  • Willingness to remain in isolation for the duration of the study.
  • A female participant is eligible for this study if she is not pregnant or breast feeding and 1 of the following:

    1. Of non-childbearing potential (i.e., women who have had a hysterectomy or tubal ligation or are postmenopausal, as defined by no menses in greater than or equal to 1 year).
    2. Of childbearing potential but has been and agrees to continue practicing highly effective contraception or abstinence (if this is the preferred and usual lifestyle of the participant) from 6 months prior to vaccination to 6 months after administration of the influenza challenge virus. Highly effective methods of contraception include 1 or more of the following:

    i. male partner who is sterile (vasectomised) prior to the female participants entry into the study and is the sole sexual partner for the female participant; ii. hormonal (oral, intravaginal, transdermal, implantable or injectable); iii. an intrauterine hormone-releasing system (IUS); iv. an intrauterine device (IUD) with a documented failure rate of < 1%; v. bilateral tubal occlusion.

  • Pre-challenge serum microneutralization test (MNT) against A/Belgium/4217/2015 (H3N2) challenge strain < 20.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • BMI < 19 and > 32.
  • Presence of any significant acute or chronic, uncontrolled medical (or psychiatric) illness including a history of chronic respiratory illness.
  • History of seasonal hay fever or a clinically significant seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR), including the use of symptomatic prescription only medication and non-prescription medication.
  • History or evidence of autoimmune disease or known immunodeficiency of any cause - with the exception of atopic dermatitis/eczema and atopic rhinitis.
  • Any history of anaphylaxis in reaction to vaccination or history of allergic reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine.
  • History of lung disease (Asthma, COPD).
  • Current smokers or those who stopped smoking < 3months prior to screening 1 visit.
  • Positive diagnostic tests for HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C indicating active infection.
  • Evidence of drug abuse or a positive urine drug screen or alcohol breath test.
  • Chronic use of any medication or other product (prescription or over-the-counter), for symptoms of rhinitis or nasal congestion or for any chronic nasopharyngeal complaint, or chronic use of any intranasal medication for any indication that has not ceased within 30 days prior to screening 1.
  • Receipt of any investigational drug within 3 months prior to vaccination, or prior participation in a clinical trial of any influenza vaccine, or any investigational vaccine or experimental influenza viral challenge delivered directly to the respiratory tract within 1 year prior to challenge.
  • Receipt of the 2018/2019 seasonal flu vaccine.
  • Receipt of any live vaccines within the 4 weeks prior to vaccination.
  • Any laboratory test which is abnormal and which is deemed by the Investigator(s) to be clinically significant.
  • Receipt of any systemic chemotherapy agent at any time.
  • Physician reported influenza or a syndrome consistent with influenza (as judged by the investigator) in the previous 6 months.
  • Known allergy to treatments for influenza (including but not limited to oseltamivir).
  • History of frequent epistaxis (nose bleeds).
  • Any nasal or sinus surgery within 6 months of Viral Challenge or any significant abnormality, either of which results in alteration of the anatomy of the nose or nasopharynx (including significant nasal polyps).
  • Volunteers with household contacts who are at risk for serious or severe complications of influenza disease including, but not limited to: persons ≥ 65 years; presence of significant chronic cardiopulmonary, metabolic, renal, or neurological conditions; immunosuppression due to any condition or therapies; BMI >40.
  • Participants that are an employee or family member of the Investigator or study site personnel may not be enrolled.
  • Any other finding that, in the opinion of the Investigator, deems the participant unsuitable for the study.

EXCLUSION (CHALLENGE PERIOD ONLY)

  • Abnormal spirometry assessed to be clinically significant.
  • Known close contact with anyone known to have influenza in the past 7 days at the time of quarantine.
  • Influenza-like illness (ILI) symptoms as assessed at the admission to clinic on Day -2 prior to challenge.
  • Presence of fever, defined as participant presenting with a temperature reading of > 38.0°C on admission to quarantine.
  • Qualitative Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results positive for viral infection. However, participants may be included into later challenge cohort.
  • Acute use of any medication or other product, prescription or over-the-counter, for symptoms of rhinitis or nasal congestion within 7 days prior to challenge. This includes any oral corticosteroid or beta agonist containing nasal spray.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03883113


Locations
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Belgium
SGS Life Sciences, Clinical Pharmacology Unit (CPU)
Antwerp, Belgium, 2060
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vaccitech (UK) Limited
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Robin Rogiers, MD SGS S.A.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Vaccitech (UK) Limited:
Study Protocol  [PDF] July 10, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] June 15, 2020

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Responsible Party: Vaccitech (UK) Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03883113    
Other Study ID Numbers: FLU010
First Posted: March 20, 2019    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 18, 2021
Last Update Posted: March 18, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Influenza, Human
Respiratory Tract Infections
Infections
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases