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Number of Meals With Adequate Protein Intake and Functionality in Middle to Older Aged Mexican Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03871582
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 12, 2019
Last Update Posted : March 21, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Hospital General de Occidente
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Juan Ricardo Lopez y Taylor, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Mexico

Brief Summary:
The objective of this study was to analyze if the number of meals with adequate protein intake is associated with functionality in middle to older aged mexican adults.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Aging Other: No intervention

Detailed Description:

Dietary protein intake per meal was assessed with 24-h dietary recalls to determine the number of meals with adequate protein intake (>30 g, >0.4 g/kg). Functionality was assessed with self-reported questionnaires about daily living activities (Barthel), and instrumental activities of daily living (Lawton). Subjects were categorized according the number of meals with adequate protein intake (zero meals, one meal, two or three meals), and their functionality score for both questionnaires (high, middle, and low scores).

With multinomial logistic regression, the investigators assessed if consuming zero or one meal with adequate protein intake could be associated with lower functionality in comparison with consuming two or three meals with enough protein. The logistic regression was adjusted for covariables (age, sex, BMI categories for the elderly, number of diagnosed diseases, inadequate protein intake per day [<1.2 g/kg/d]).


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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 190 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Number of Meals With Adequate Protein Intake and Functionality in Middle to Older Aged Mexican Adults
Actual Study Start Date : January 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2017

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Participants
Middle to older aged (>50 years) Mexican adults attending to the Geriatrics Department from the Western General Hospital (Zapopan, Jalisco,Mexico).
Other: No intervention
Cross-sectional




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Functionality on Instrumental Activities of Daily Living - Lawton questionnaire [ Time Frame: One day ]
    Functionality score for instrumental activities of daily living (assessed with Lawton questionnaire). This instrument assess how well the subject perform some daily activities involving tools (e.g. handling finances, taking medication, using the telephone). The instrument consists on five items for men and eight for women, and each item is coded for 0 or 1 depending on if subjects are capable to successfully complete the activity. Therefore, the score ranges from 0 to 5 in men and 0 to 8 in women, the higher the score, the more functional the subj

  2. Functionality on Activities of Daily Living - Barthel questionnaire [ Time Frame: One day ]
    Functionality score for activities of daily living (assessed with Barthel questionnaire). This instrument assess how well the subject perform some daily activities (e.g. dressing, using stairs). The instrument consists on ten items for both men and women coded as 0 or multiples of 5 (i.e. 5, 10, 15) depending on if subjects are capable to successfully complete the activity. The score ranges from 0 to 100 for both men and women, the higher the score, the more functional the subject.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 95 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Middle to older aged Mexican adults attending to the Geriatrics Department at the Western General Hospital (Hospital General de Occidente) for their usual medical screening or first time assessment.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects able to stand up and walk independently or with walking sticks only.
  • Subjects able to answer questionnaires independently or with minimum caregivers' assistance

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects reporting any kind of hospitalization within the last year.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03871582


Locations
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Mexico
Instituto de Ciencias Aplicadas a la Actividad Física y al Deporte
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, 44430
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Mexico
Hospital General de Occidente
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alejandro Gaytán-González University of Guadalajara

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Responsible Party: Juan Ricardo Lopez y Taylor, Director of the Institute of Applied Sciences for Physical Activity and Sport, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Mexico
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03871582     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HGO-ICAAFYD18-3
First Posted: March 12, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 21, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Juan Ricardo Lopez y Taylor, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Mexico:
Protein intake
Older adults
Mexican adults
Functionality