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Acalabrutinib and Venetoclax Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Patients With CLL at High Risk of Infection or Early Treatment

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03868722
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 26, 2022
Stichting Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland
Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
Karolinska Institutet
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Carsten Utoft Niemann, Rigshospitalet, Denmark

Brief Summary:

Many patients with CLL have a weakened immune system due to their disease. It increases their risk of developing serious, treatment-requiring infections such as blood poisoning or pneumonia, which in the worst case may end with fatal outcomes.

Serious infections due to CLL are responsible for one third of all deaths among CLL patients. PreVent-ACaLL study will investigate whether a combination of two known types of cancer drugs can reduce the risk of infection and thus mortality when given preventively to newly diagnosed CLL patients.

A newly developed register-based computer model can predict which patients are at high risk in order to develop infections as a result of their CLL. A preventive treatment might be initiated before patients need chemotherapy. In this way, the cancer disease might be "reset" so that the immune system, which is inhibited by CLL, is restored and the risk of fatal infections is minimized.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
CLL Drug: Acalabrutinib Drug: Venetoclax Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVE AND HYPOTHESIS Phase 2, randomized study of short-term, combined venetoclax and acalabrutinib treatment of newly diagnosed patients with CLL. For patients identified by CLL-TIM (the Machine Learning predictive algorithm, Treatment Infection Model) at high risk of infection and/or early CLL treatment, it is tested whether grade 3-Infection-free, treatment-free survival can be improved by three months of venetoclax+acalabrutinib treatment. Changes in immune dysfunction are measured by an extensive translational program for correlation with changes in infection.

BACKGROUND Infection and immune dysfunction in patients diagnosed with CLL leads to significant morbidity and mortality, as exemplified by the constant rate of infectious deaths in CLL over the last three decades, despite significant improvement in all other causes of death. This also affects patients who do not need treatment according to IWCLL criteria, thus infections are the leading cause of death among patients with CLL. Based on a novel machine learning algorithm, CLL-TIM, patients at high risk (>65% 2-years risk) of severe infection and/or CLL treatment can be identified at diagnosis. By a short period of preemptive treatment for these patients, the aim is to change the natural history of CLL and immune dysfunction.

METHODS The study is an intergroup study between the HOVON (Belgium, the Netherlands) and the Nordic (Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland) CLL study groups. For the phase 2 study, 4-8 sites with the capacity of the extensive translational immune phenotyping and/or timely shipment of samples will be selected. Patients are randomized between venetoclax+acalabrutinib treatment for three months or observation. For each treatment arm, 25 patients are needed (50 in total). Thorough assessment of immune function before, during and after treatment as well as detailed reporting on infectious complications, the proof of concept of the PreVent-ACaLL study's capacity to change the natural history of immune dysfunction in CLL by short-term venetoclax-acalabrutinib treatment will be made.

PERSPECTIVES By addressing the unmet need of improving immune function for newly diagnosed CLL patients with high risk of infections and/or early CLL treatment, the aim is to change the paradigm for CLL treatment and the natural history of the disease.

If the phase 2 trial demonstrates a clear signal for safety with indication of benefit for patients in the treatment arm, an extension phase 3 study is planned with the potential to change the future management of CLL.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 212 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomization has to occur within 42 days after the first tests for screening were performed. Patients will be randomly assigned to treatment vs observation through 1:1 randomization process with stratification according to country, TP53 aberration status and IGHV mutational status. Treatment or observation period has to be initiated within 14 days after randomization.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Short-term Combined Acalabrutinib and Venetoclax Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Patients With CLL at High Risk of Infection and/or Early Treatment, Who do Not Fulfil IWCLL Treatment Criteria.
Actual Study Start Date : October 11, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2029
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 31, 2030

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment arm
Treatment with Acalabrutinib and Venetoclax is initiated within 14 days after randomization.
Drug: Acalabrutinib
Acalabrutinib 100 mg BID from cycle 1 day 1 for 3 cycles of 28 days.
Other Name: Calquence

Drug: Venetoclax
Venetoclax, ramp up during the first five weeks starting cycle 1 day 1, 7 days treatment on each dose level (20-50-100-200-400 mg), thereafter 400 mg once daily for a total of 3 cycles of 28 days.
Other Names:
  • Venclexta
  • Venclyxto

No Intervention: Observation arm
Observation period is initiated within 14 days after randomization.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Grade 3-Infection-free survival [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after finishing treatment ]
    Grade 3-Infection-free survival in the treatment arm compared to the observation arm

  2. Event-free survival [ Time Frame: 2 years after enrollment ]
    Event-free survival, event being either grade ≥3 infection or CLL treatment

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event-free survival [ Time Frame: 12 weeks after treatment initiation,1 year and 2 years after enrollment ]
    Event-free survival, event being either grade ≥3 infection or CLL treatment

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Assessed at 12 weeks, 1 year and 2 years from treatment/observation initiation ]
    Overall survival

  3. Treatment free survival [ Time Frame: Assessed at 12 weeks, 1 year and 2 years from treatment/observation initiation ]
    Treatment free survival

  4. Rate of infections [ Time Frame: assessed at 12 weeks, 1 year and 2 years from treatment/observation initiation ]
    Rate of infections

  5. Rate of infections grade ≥3 [ Time Frame: assessed at 12 weeks, 1 year and 2 years from treatment/observation initiation ]
    Rate of infections

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. CLL diagnosed according to IWCLL criteria within one year prior to randomization
  2. High risk of infection and/or progressive treatment within 2 years according to CLL-TIM
  3. IWCLL treatment indication not fulfilled
  4. Life expectancy > 2 years
  5. Age at least 18 years
  6. Ability and willingness to provide written informed consent and adhere to study procedures and treatment
  7. Adequate bone marrow function as indicated by platelets above 100 x 10E9, hemoglobin above 10 g/dL and neutrophils above 1 x 10E9
  8. Creatinine clearance above 30 mL/min directly measured with 24hr urine collection or calculated according to the modified formula of Cockcroft and Gault
  9. Adequate liver function as indicated by a total bilirubin≤ 2 x, AST/ALT ≤ 2.5 x the institutional ULN value, unless directly attributable to the patient's CLL or to Gilbert's Syndrome.
  10. Negative serological testing for hepatitis B (HBsAg negative and anti-HBc negative; patients positive for anti-HBc may be included if PCR for HBV DNA is negative and HBV-DNA PCR is performed every month until 12 months after last treatment cycle), negative testing for hepatitis C RNA within 6 weeks prior to registration.
  11. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG) performance status 0-2.
  12. Woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) who are sexually active must use highly effective methods of contraception during treatment and for 2 days after the last dose of investigational drugs.
  13. Willing and able to participate in all required evaluations and procedures in this study protocol including swallowing capsules without difficulty.
  14. Ability to understand the purpose and risks of the study and provide signed and dated informed consent and authorization to use protected health information

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior CLL treatment (including monoclonal antibodies, chemotherapy, small molecules)
  2. Transformation of CLL (Richter's transformation)
  3. Previous autoimmune disease as AIHA (autoimmune hemolytic anemia) or ITP (idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura) treated with immune suppression or uncontrolled AIHA or ITP
  4. History of PML
  5. Uncontrolled or active infection
  6. Malignancies other than CLL requiring systemic therapies (except anti-hormonal therapies) or considered to impact survival
  7. Requirement of therapy with strong CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 inhibitors/inducers or anticoagulant therapy with vitamin K antagonists
  8. History of bleeding disorders or current platelet inhibitors or anticoagulant therapy
  9. History of clinically significant cardiovascular disease such as arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of screening, or any Class 3 or 4 cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification, or corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 msec at screening.
  10. History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to registration.
  11. Use of investigational agents which might interfere with the study drug within 28 days prior to registration.
  12. Vaccination with live vaccines 28 days prior to registration.
  13. Major surgery less than 30 days before start of treatment.
  14. Known hypersensitivity to any active substance or to any of the excipients of one of the drugs used in the trial.
  15. Pregnant women and nursing mothers (a negative pregnancy test is required for all women of childbearing potential within 7 days before start of treatment; further pregnancy testing will be performed regularly).
  16. Fertile men or women of childbearing potential unless: surgically sterile or ≥ 2 years after the onset of menopause or willing to use two methods of reliable contraception including one highly effective contraceptive method (Pearl Index <1) and one additional effective (barrier) method during study treatment and for 18 months after the end of study treatment.
  17. Legal incapacity.
  18. Persons who are in dependence to the sponsor or an investigator
  19. Persons not considered fit for the trial by the investigator
  20. Malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel that is likely to affect absorption, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease, partial or complete bowel obstruction, or gastric restrictions and bariatric surgery, such as gastric bypass.
  21. Presence of a gastrointestinal ulcer diagnosed by endoscopy within 3 months before screening.
  22. Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitor/inducer.
  23. Prothrombin time/INR or aPTT (in the absence of Lupus anticoagulant) > 2x ULN.
  24. Requires treatment with proton pump inhibitors (eg, omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, dexlansoprazole, rabeprazole, or pantoprazole). Subjects receiving proton pump inhibitors who switch to H2-receptor antagonists or antacids are eligible for enrollment to this study.
  25. Major surgical procedure within 7 days of first dose of study drug. Note: If a subject had major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from any toxicity and/or complications from the intervention before the first dose of study drug.
  26. Breastfeeding or pregnant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03868722

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Contact: Carsten U Niemann, MD, PhD +45 35457830 carsten.utoft.niemann@regionh.dk
Contact: Bitten Aagaard, RN +45 35455791 bitten.aagaard@regionh.dk

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Rigshospitalet Recruiting
Copenhagen, Denmark, 2100
Contact: Carsten U Niemann, MD, PhD    +45 3545 7830    carsten.utoft.niemann@regionh.dk   
Principal Investigator: Carsten U Niemann, MD, PhD         
Herlev og Gentofte Hospital Recruiting
Herlev, Denmark, 2730
Contact: Lisbeth Enggaard, MD    +45 3868 9118    lisbeth.enggaard@regionh.dk   
Principal Investigator: Lisbeth Enggaard, MD         
Sjællands Universitetshospital Roskilde Recruiting
Roskilde, Denmark, 4000
Contact: Christian B Poulsen, MD    +4547324809    cbpo@regionsjaelland.dk   
Principal Investigator: Christian B Poulsen, MD         
Albert Schweitzer Hospital Recruiting
Dordrecht, Netherlands, 3318
Contact: Mark-David Levin, MD    +31 (078) 6523787    m-d.levin@asz.nl   
Principal Investigator: Mark-David Levin, MD         
Ikazia Hospital (Ikazia Ziekenhuis) Recruiting
Rotterdam, Netherlands, 3083
Contact: Fransien de Boer, MD, PhD    +31 0102975837    fr.de.boer@ikazia.nl   
Principal Investigator: Fransien de Boer, MD, PhD         
Karolinska University Hospital Recruiting
Stockholm, Sweden, 171 76
Contact: Anders Österborg, MD, PhD    +46851773385    anders.osterborg@sll.se   
Principal Investigator: Anders Österborg, MD, PhD         
Principal Investigator: Jeanette Lundin, MD, PhD         
Örebro University Hospital Recruiting
Örebro, Sweden, 701 85
Contact: Magdalena Kattström, MD    +46 19 602 10 00    magdalena.kattstrom@regionorebrolan.se   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rigshospitalet, Denmark
Stichting Hemato-Oncologie voor Volwassenen Nederland
Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)
Karolinska Institutet
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Principal Investigator: Carsten U Niemann, MD, PhD Rigshospitalet, Denmark

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Responsible Party: Carsten Utoft Niemann, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Rigshospitalet, Denmark
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03868722    
Other Study ID Numbers: PreVent-ACaLL
First Posted: March 11, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 26, 2022
Last Verified: October 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Restricted access based on individual agreements based on Danish and EU legislation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Antineoplastic Agents