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A Study to Evaluate the Feasibility of Screening Relatives of Patients Affected by Non-Syndromic Thoracic Aortic Diseases (ReST)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03861741
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 4, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Leicester

Brief Summary:
The primary hypothesis is that a tailored programme of genetic and imaging screening of first- and second-degree relatives of patients affected by non-syndromic forms of thoracic aortic diseases will identify individuals at risk of death from these conditions. These individuals would constitute specific population of patients, requiring dedicated imaging surveillance and/or earlier prophylactic aortic surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Screening Aortic Aneurysm and Dissection Genetic Disease Genetic: WES Diagnostic Test: MRI Diagnostic Test: TTE Other: Questionnaire Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Diseases involving the thoracic aorta (the major artery in the body) are a major health problem affecting an increasing number of people worldwide.

In particular, a group of these conditions termed Non-Syndromic Aortic Diseases (NS-TAD), can develop without any obvious symptoms or external features which prevents early identification. Unfortunately, if not treated, the aorta may enlarge and lead to dissection, a life-threatening medical emergency. For this reason, the investigators believe it might be helpful to investigate relatives of patients undergoing surgery for thoracic aortic disease to understand if there are tests that could help identify and treat this condition at the right time.

Therefore the investigators propose to conduct a feasibility study to identify the practical issues and challenges that would need to be overcome in order to perform a successful tailored genetic (by collecting a small blood sample) and imaging (with exams such as echocardiography and MRI) screening in such population of individuals.

Moreover, all participants will receive two questionnaires to ask their opinion about the study and to measure their levels of anxiety and depression, to judge whether and how this study has affected their emotional status.

The study will be carried out at the Department of Cardiovascular Sciences Glenfield Hospital, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This pilot study will recruit relatives of 16 patients with a diagnosis of non-syndromic thoracic aortic disease. As many FDR and SDR of the proband (index patient) as possible will be recruited into the study (family based analysis). They will be screened through complete clinical evaluations, genetic tests (whole exome sequencing) and imaging modalities (TTE and MRI) for the presence of newly NS-TADs.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Study to Evaluate the Feasibility of Screening Relatives of Patients Affected by Non-Syndromic Thoracic Aortic Diseases: The ReST Study
Actual Study Start Date : March 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Participants
All participants will be screened through complete clinical evaluations, genetic tests and imaging modalities (TTE and MRI) for the presence of newly Non Syndromic-Thoracic Aortic Diseases. Demographic and clinical data from all participants will be collected using case report forms, and by accessing their medical records. Data on imaging investigations will be obtained from TTE and MRI. Blood samples will be used for the purpose of isolation of genetic material and subsequent whole exome sequencing along with the analysis of selected loci. Additional citrated blood samples and plasma will be collected and stored for the potential analysis of circulating microvesicles and miRNA.
Genetic: WES
A peripheral venous blood sample will be processed internally, and externally subjected to WES. Only genetic material from relatives of probands in which a mutation has been identified will be sequenced.
Other Name: Whole exome sequencing

Diagnostic Test: MRI
A MRI of the thoracic aorta will be performed in all relatives able to attend the Glenfield Hospital and who have no contra-indications to this imaging modality; pulse-wave velocity will be recorded.
Other Name: Magnetic resonance imaging

Diagnostic Test: TTE
TTE screening will be performed by a trained physiologist. Aortic diameter will be measured from the parasternal long-axis view at the sinuses of Valsalva and at the widest level of the ascending aorta. All measurements will be made in end-diastole.
Other Name: Trans-thoracic echocardiography

Other: Questionnaire
Acceptability questionnaires will be submitted to assess a baseline score of depression/anxiety that will be compared with a follow up value at three months




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of genetic diagnosis [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    Frequency of first and second degree relatives with newly identified genetic loci associated with NS-TADs.

  2. Rate of diagnosis through imaging modalities [ Time Frame: At the end of recruitment stage, an average of 6 months ]
    Frequency of newly diagnosed TAD through imaging modalities in first- and second-degree relatives of probands affected by NS-TADs.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Genetic variants [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    Genetic variants associated with NS-TADs, identified from a panel of 55 loci, and rate of identification of each mutation.

  2. Family rate of genetic carriers [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    Rate of genetic carriers in each affected family.

  3. Penetrance [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    Genetic penetrance of the NS-TADs (proportion of individuals carrying a particular variant of a gene that are also affected by NS-TAD).

  4. Mode of inheritance [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    Pattern of inheritance of the NS-TADs.

  5. Male: female preponderance [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    Male: female preponderance of NS-TADs.

  6. Aortic Compliance [ Time Frame: Imaging tests completion, an average of 6 months. ]
    Measured as an MRI feature of affected and unaffected thoracic aortas.

  7. Aortic Distensibility [ Time Frame: Imaging tests completion, an average of 6 months. ]
    Measured as an MRI feature of affected and unaffected thoracic aortas.

  8. Rates of concomitant external and cardiovascular characteristics [ Time Frame: Baseline clinical assessment ]
    Rates of concomitant cardiovascular diseases (e.g. patent ductus arteriosus, cerebrovascular aneurysm) and external physical features (e.g. pectus excavates, livedo reticularis).

  9. Response rate [ Time Frame: Baseline clinical assessment ]
    Response rates (recruitment) among the probands and their relatives.

  10. Acceptability questionnaires [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months follow up ]

    Semi-quantitative evaluation of the participant experience awareness and acceptability of the screening and consent process, obtained by questionnaires administered to the patients and relatives.

    Scales will be composed by 10 items, each can be rated with a score from 1 to 5. No threshold will be preset. Descriptive statistics will be used to present the results.


  11. Depression evaluation [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months follow up ]
    Semi-quantitative evaluation of the impact of the screening process on depression in probands and their relatives (baseline and 3 months), based on Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) score. Score range goes from 0 to 27, proposed cut-off for active treatment is 15.

  12. Anxiety evaluation [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months follow up ]
    Semi-quantitative evaluation of the impact of the screening process on anxiety in probands and their relatives (baseline and 3 months), based on Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) score. Score range goes from 0 to 21, proposed cut-off for further assessment is 10.

  13. Health-related Quality of Life evaluation [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months follow up ]
    Semi-quantitative evaluation of the impact of the screening process on health-related quality of life in probands and their relatives (baseline and 3 months), based on Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) score. Said questionnaire is made up of eight scales, which are the weighted sums of the items for each section; a score of zero corresponds to maximum disability while 100 correlates to no disability.

  14. Resource use of genetic screening [ Time Frame: 3 months follow up ]
    Resource uses in terms of unitary costs of the genetic screening process.

  15. Resource use of imaging screening [ Time Frame: 3 months follow up ]
    Resource uses in terms of unitary costs of the imaging screening process.

  16. Resource use (hospital visits) [ Time Frame: 3 months follow up ]
    Number of participants reaching the research centre.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. NS-TAD probands operated on (n=16).
  2. FDR and SDR, aged 16 and above:

    1. At least two relatives willing to participate in the screening programme.
    2. Relatives able to understand English.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Probands with syndromic aortopathies, including Marfan Syndrome, Loeys-Dietz Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome, aneurysm-osteoarthritis syndrome, arterial tortuosity syndrome, and cutis laxa syndrome.
  2. Probands with aortic lesions associated with trauma and infections.
  3. Probands/relatives unable to give informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03861741


Locations
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United Kingdom
Department of Cardiovascular Sciences
Leicester, Leicestershire, United Kingdom, LE3 9QP
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Leicester
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Gavin J Murphy, Prof University of Leicester
Principal Investigator: Giovanni Mariscalco, Prof University of Leicester
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by University of Leicester:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] July 25, 2018

Publications:
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Responsible Party: University of Leicester
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03861741    
Other Study ID Numbers: 0676
First Posted: March 4, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Leicester:
screening, aortic disease, mortality, genetic testing, imaging
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Aneurysm
Aortic Aneurysm
Aortic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases