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'ADVANCE' (A Pilot Trial)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03858322
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 28, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 2, 2023
Mayo Clinic
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rachel Freedman, MD, MPH, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This study is being conducted to carefully study how chemotherapy is tolerated in group of patients age 70.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Carboplatin Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This clinical trial is dedicated to patients age 70 and older and is focused on understanding how the investigators can improve upon breast cancer outcomes for older women, a group of patients who often do worse than younger patients and who are not well represented in clinical trials to date. Through this clinical trial, the investigators aim to better understand the side effects, experiences, and changes in physical function that may occur with chemotherapy. The investigators are also very interested in the genomics (or gene-changes) and biological changes that may occur in breast cancers in older women that may be different from the changes we see in younger patients.

Even though the chemotherapy agents being used in this study are used frequently when treating breast cancer, The investigators have limited information on how these agents are tolerated in older patients. This research study is called a Feasibility Study, because the investigators will be closely monitoring how easily it is to administer chemotherapy to a relatively small group of participants (up to 40) and to what degree side effects occur. The investigators will administer commercially available chemotherapy agents used in breast cancer in the specific setting of the treating older patients with early-stage breast cancer and with some mild modification of how these agents are given and in what combination.

For participants with triple negative breast cancer, paclitaxel and carboplatin will be administered in standard, weekly doses. Both agents are FDA-approved for use in early breast cancer. However, carboplatin and paclitaxel are not typically used as a 'stand-alone' treatment for breast cancer, meaning they are often used together along with other chemotherapy agent(s) over a longer period.

For participants with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, paclitaxel and cyclophosphamide will be administered, which are both FDA-approved agents to treat breast cancer as part of a longer regimen to treat early breast cancer. In this clinical trial the investigators are modifying the way the chemotherapy is delivered so that it may be more tolerable than the longer treatment course. This clinical trial does not limit the use of other chemotherapy or other treatments being recommended for breast cancer, but any other recommended treatments would be given after the participants receive their paclitaxel and carboplatin on the clinical trial.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 41 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: 'ADVANCE' (A Pilot Trial) ADjuVANt Chemotherapy in the Elderly: Developing and Evaluating Lower-Toxicity Chemotherapy Options for Older Patients With Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : March 21, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 10, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 21, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Carboplatin + Paclitaxel
  • Paclitaxel will be administered intravenously 3 times per cycle
  • Carboplatin will be administered intravenously 3 times per cycle
Drug: Paclitaxel
The drug work by damaging the RNA or DNA that tells the cell how to copy itself in division. If the cells are unable to divide, they die.

Drug: Carboplatin
The drug work by damaging the RNA or DNA that tells the cell how to copy itself in division. If the cells are unable to divide, they die.

Experimental: Cyclophosphamide + Paclitaxel
  • Paclitaxel will be administered intravenously 3 times per cycle
  • Cyclophosphamide will be administered once per cycle
Drug: Paclitaxel
The drug work by damaging the RNA or DNA that tells the cell how to copy itself in division. If the cells are unable to divide, they die.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
The drug work by damaging the RNA or DNA that tells the cell how to copy itself in division. If the cells are unable to divide, they die.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity and receipt of planned therapy (feasibility) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Examine the number of treatments received divided by the denominator of 12 treatments

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse events [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Using CTCAE standard reporting

  2. NCI PRO-CTCAE [ Time Frame: 2 Years ]
    Examine patient reported CTCAEs on study treatment and their agreement with provider reports.

  3. Consequences of toxicity or disease events [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Frequency of hospitalizations, deaths, emergency room visits

  4. Invasive disease-free survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    recurrences and survival as per STEEP definitions and whether recurrences are local or distant

  5. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    We will examine the time from study registration to death

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   70 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed breast cancer that is human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2-negative) per the most recent 2018 ASCO CAP guidelines94
  • Estrogen Receptor and Progesterone immunohistochemistry (IHC) status must be known; any status is eligible, but this will define in which cohort a patient will enroll:
  • Additional eligibility for cohort 1: Triple negative disease- defined as IHC staining of <10% for ER and PR per local pathology review
  • Additional eligibility for cohort 2: Hormone receptor-positive disease defined as IHC for ER or PR >/= 10% per local pathology review
  • Men and women are eligible
  • Age 70 and older at the time of protocol registration
  • Non-metastatic, invasive breast cancer (scans are not required to document non-metastatic disease- any staging work-up is up to the treating provider's discretion)
  • Recommended to have either neoadjuvant chemotherapy or adjuvant chemotherapy per their treating provider.
  • Any surgery, nodal assessment, radiation, hormonal therapy is left up to the treating provider but should not occur concurrently with study therapy. If any additional chemotherapy is planned by a treating provider, this must occur AFTER all study-related chemotherapy is completed.
  • Any patient receiving pre-operative hormonal therapy and who is then recommended for adjuvant chemotherapy is eligible, though hormonal therapy should be held during study treatment administration
  • All study-related chemotherapy must be given prior to surgery if neoadjuvant therapy is planned or adjuvantly if postoperative chemotherapy is planned. For example, giving 6 doses pre-operatively and 6 doses postoperatively is not allowed on study.
  • There are no restrictions on life expectancy, ECOG Performance Status, or baseline blood values or organ function; Appropriateness of chemotherapy treatment is left up to the treating provider but providers should be ok with the full starting doses of each agent.
  • Participants must be willing to fill out surveys over time or designate a proxy to answer on their behalf.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Patients who do not speak or read English are eligible as long as adequate interpreter services are available or the surveys are available in the preferred language (i.e. PRO surveys are available in many languages)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who have already received chemotherapy for the current cancer. Prior diagnoses of breast cancers are allowed, provided that the treating provider feels that the current cancer represents a new primary breast cancer and not recurrent disease.
  • Participants who are receiving any other investigational or anti-cancer agents. Any additional radiation, hormonal therapy or chemotherapy planned should be administered once the study treatments have completed.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cyclophosphamide, carboplatin, and paclitaxel.
  • Prior chemotherapy receipt is allowed in the setting of treatment of other/prior cancers, but no prior carboplatin (cohort 1), cyclophosphamide (cohort 2), or paclitaxel (both cohorts) receipt in the last 2 years is allowed (given toxicity and possible efficacy concerns

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03858322

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United States, California
City of Hope National Medical Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center (DF/BWCC) at Milford Regional Medical Center
Milford, Massachusetts, United States, 01757
Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center (DF/BWCC) in Clinical Affiliation with South Shore Hospital
South Weymouth, Massachusetts, United States, 02190
United States, North Carolina
Novant Health Oncology Specialists
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27103
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Mayo Clinic
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Principal Investigator: Rachel Freedman, MD, MPH Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Rachel Freedman, MD, MPH, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] February 26, 2020

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Rachel Freedman, MD, MPH, Principal Investigator, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03858322    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19-031
First Posted: February 28, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 2, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: BCH - Contact the Technology & Innovation Development Office at www.childrensinnovations.org or email TIDO@childrens.harvard.edu BIDMC - Contact the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Technology Ventures Office at tvo@bidmc.harvard.edu BWH - Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation DFCI - Contact the Belfer Office for Dana-Farber Innovations (BODFI) at innovation@dfci.harvard.edu MGH - Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Rachel Freedman, MD, MPH, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute:
Breast Cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists