Working...
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Inhibition of α-synuclein Cell-cell Transmission by NMDAR Blocker, Memantine

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03858270
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 28, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Navid Seraji-Bozorgzad, Wayne State University

Brief Summary:
Lewy Body Dementia (LBD), is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer's Disease. Dementia is defined as a serious loss in cognitive ability due to damages or disease in the brain beyond what is normal aging. With Lewy Body Dementia, protein deposits, or Lewy Bodies, accumulate in nerve cells throughout the brain, affecting motor control, memory and thinking. LBD can also form with the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). PD is a degenerative nervous system disorder that affects movement ability. Using more sensitive MRI imaging techniques the investigators are attempting to see if disease progression can be monitored more closely. At the same time, the study medication Memantine will be compared to a placebo to determine if it can be used to slow the progression of PD. The purpose of this study is to assess if disease progression can be better monitored through brain imaging and if Memantine will help slow disease progression.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parkinson Disease Drug: Memantine Other: Placebo Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Inhibition of α-synuclein Cell-cell Transmission by NMDAR Blocker, Memantine
Estimated Study Start Date : March 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 1, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 1, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Memantine
Memantine will be started at 10 mg tablet once/day for a week at bedtime. After one week Memantine will be administered at 10 mg tablet twice/day for 51 weeks.
Drug: Memantine
Memantine will be started at 10 mg tablet once/day for a week at bedtime. After one week Memantine will be administered at 10 mg tablet twice/day for 51 weeks.
Other Name: Namenda

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo will be started at 10 mg tablet once/day for a week at bedtime. After one week placebo will be administered at 10 mg tablet twice/day for 51 weeks.
Other: Placebo
Placebo will be started at 10 mg tablet once/day for a week at bedtime. After one week Placebo will be administered at 10 mg tablet twice/day for 51 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) Scores (baseline to year-1) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline RAVLT at year 1 ]
    Investigate the effects of Memantine administration on the global cognitive status and executive function

  2. Change in Trail test performance time (baseline to year-1) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Trail test at year 1 ]
    Investigate the effects of Memantine administration on visual attention and task switching

  3. Change in Stroop Color Word Test performance (baseline to year-1) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Stroop Color Word Test at year 1 ]
    Investigate the effects of Memantine administration on cognitive interference and processing speed

  4. Change Judgment of Line Orientation test performance score (baseline to year-1) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Judgment of Line Orientation test at year 1 ]
    Investigate the effects of Memantine administration on visuospatial skills


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the Intracellular volume (ICV), as measured by MRI NODDI sequence, in multiple brain regions, baseline to year-1. [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to year-1 of ICV for each brain region mentioned above. ]
    ICV component is calculated from the NODDI MRI, using available software, for dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, precuneous, anterior cingulate, posterior cingulate, hippocampus, entorhinal cortex, thalamus, caudate, putamen, association visual cortex, and primary visual cortex. The change in ICV fro each region will be calculated from baseline to year-1, and would constitute a regional outcome measure, but due to the number of regions, they have all been described under outcome#5, since they have the same unit of measurement. Group comparisons (i.e. placebo v. memantine for each region) will be corrected for multiple comparisons as appropriate (E.g Bonferroni )

  2. Change in the mean kurtosis (MK), an index of tissue complexity, as measured by MRI diffusion kurtosis (DKI) sequence sequence, in multiple brain regions (mentioned in outcome #5), baseline to year-1. [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to year-1 of MK for each brain region mentioned above. ]
    MK is calculated from the DKI MRI, using available software, for regions mentioned in outcome #5. The change in MK from each region will be calculated from baseline to year-1. Group comparisons (i.e. placebo v. memantine for each region) will be corrected for multiple comparisons as appropriate (E.g Bonferroni )

  3. Change in cortical thickness (Cth), as measured by MRI T1 sequence, in multiple brain regions (mentioned in outcome #5), baseline to year-1. [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to year-1 of Cth for each brain region mentioned above. ]
    Cth is calculated from T1 MRI, using available software, for regions mentioned in outcome #5. The change in Cth from each region will be calculated from baseline to year-1. Group comparisons (i.e. placebo v. memantine, for each region) will be corrected for multiple comparisons as appropriate (E.g Bonferroni )

  4. Change in fractional anisotropy (FA), as measured by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) sequence, in multiple brain regions (mentioned in outcome #5), baseline to year-1. [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to year-1 of FA for each brain region mentioned above. ]
    Utilizing FA to investigate white matter integrity in corpus callosum, inferior longitudinal fasciculus, and corona radiata. The change in FA from each region will be calculated from baseline to year-1. Group comparisons (i.e. placebo v. memantine, for each region) will be corrected for multiple comparisons as appropriate (E.g Bonferroni )



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosed with idiopathic PD for at least 2 or more years
  2. 45 to 85 years of age
  3. Have been on stable doses of anti-Parkinson medication
  4. Able to give informed consent
  5. Able to undergo brain MRI
  6. Unilateral symptoms
  7. A score of 26 or greater on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA), a measure of a patients short-term memory recall, the ability to determine visual-spatial relationships of objects, attention, concentration, working memory, language and orientation to time and place
  8. Use of one method of medically approved contraceptive

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of any surgical intervention for treating PD (i.e. deep brain stimulation)
  2. Extreme physical disability
  3. History or current diagnosis of unstable psychiatric condition
  4. Presence of dementia or any other condition that prevents the ability of the participant to provide fully informed consent
  5. Other brain disease
  6. Treatment with Memantine 30 days prior to baseline
  7. Females who are pregnant or nursing
  8. Presence of interacting medications with Memantine or co-morbid medical conditions that may be exacerbated by this agent
  9. Moderately significant drug interactions with Dextromethorphan, Amantadine, Sodium Bicarbonate, and Acetazolamide
  10. Previous Allergic reaction to Memantine
  11. Any genetic form of PD

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Navid Seraji-Bozorgzad, Assistant Professor, Wayne State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03858270     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09282018
First Posted: February 28, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Memantine
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents