PD-L1 Peptide Vaccination in High Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03850522|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Insufficient recruitment within planned enrolmentperiod.)
First Posted : February 21, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 15, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Smoldering Multiple Myeloma||Biological: PD-L1 peptide||Phase 2|
Smoldering multiple myeloma is an asymptomatic disorder with an annual risk of 10% of progression to the incurable cancer multiple myeloma. While many patients live for many years without progression, high risk patients have a median risk of progression of 29 months. No therapy has been approved for this indication. New treatments with limited adverse events are in high demand for this unmet medical need. An effective peptide vaccine would represent an ideal candidate, since vaccines generally have very low levels of side effects.
This study will explore if vaccination against the immune checkpoint molecule PD-L1 leads to responses in patients with high risk smoldering myeloma. PD-L1 is thought to play a role in the rate of progression from smoldering myeloma to symptomatic myeloma. Targeting this pathway with little risk of adverse events would potentially prevent or delay progression to symptomatic myeloma.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||6 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase IIa Trial of PD-L1 Peptide Vaccination as Monotherapy in High Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 18, 2019|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 10, 2021|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 10, 2021|
Vaccination with PD-L1 peptide
Biological: PD-L1 peptide
PD-L1 peptide (100 micrograms) emulsified with the adjuvant Montanide ISA-51 given subcutaneously 10 times every second week over the course of 26 weeks including a five-week break.
Other Name: IO103
- Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Planned analysis cut-off per patient: two weeks after last vaccination. ]Overall response rates (ORR) defined by IMWG criteria as PR+VGPR+CR+sCR during treatment and two weeks after end of treatment per patient.
- Immunogenicity of the PD-L1 vaccine [ Time Frame: Samples taken before, during and two weeks after last vaccination. ]Blood, skin biopsies and bone marrow samples will be assessed with ELISPOT assays for levels of immune response to the vaccine.
- Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Planned analysis cut-off per patient: two weeks after last vaccination ]Safety analysis will be conducted using the Safety Population defined as any patient receiving one dose of study treatment. For toxicity reporting, all adverse events and laboratory abnormalities will be graded and analyzed using CTCAE version 4 as appropriate.
- Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Planned analysis 2 years and 5 years post initiation of therapy. ]PFS from diagnosis is defined as the time from diagnosis to the disease progression or death from any cause. Patients who have not progressed or died are censored at the date last known progression-free. This will be compared with published progression rates.
- Time to progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: Planned analysis 2 years and 5 years post initiation of therapy. ]Time from diagnosis of SMM to progression to symptomatic myeloma compared to historical controls. Progression is defined as biochemical or diagnostic progression in accordance with the 2014 IMWG criteria for diagnosis of multiple myeloma which includes the classic CRAB-criteria as well as: Clonal bone marrow plasma cell percentage ≥ 60%, Free light chain ratio ≥ 100 (Involved FLC level must be ≥ 100mg/L),> 1 focal lesion on MRI studies (at least 5 mm in size)
- Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Planned analysis 2 years and 5 years post initiation of therapy. ]OS from diagnosis is defined as the time from diagnosis to the death of the patient.
- Quality of Life (QoL) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to two weeks after last vaccination ]measured by change in European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-30.
- Quality of Life (QoL) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to two weeks after last vaccination ]measured by change in EuroQoL 5D-5-Level (EQ-5D-5L).
- Quality of Life (QoL) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to two weeks after last vaccination ]measured by change in and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS).
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
Patient has confirmed SMM according to a definition derived from the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) definition (International Working Group, 2003)
- Serum M-component >30g/L and/or
- Urine M-component ≥ 500mg/24 hours and/or
- ≥10% clonal plasma cells in bone marrow
- and no CRAB criteria or myeloma defining events (see exclusion criteria)
High risk of progression to symptomatic multiple myeloma defined by the presence of ≥ 2 of the risk factors below:
- Bone marrow Plasma Cells (BMPCs) ≥ 20%
- M-component > 2g/dL
- FLC ratio > 20
- Age ≥18 years
- Performance status ≤ 2 (ECOG-scale)
- Expected survival > 3 months
Sufficient liver function, i.e.
- ALAT < 2.5 upper normal limit, i.e. ALAT <112 U/l
- Bilirubin < 30 U/l
- Women agreement to use contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last treatment.
- For men: agreement to use contraceptive measures and agreement to refrain from donating sperm.
The accepted contraceptive methods are
- Combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation. Oral, intravaginal or transdermal.
- Progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation. Oral, injectable, implantable.
- Intrauterine device (IUD)
- Intrauterine hormone-releasing system (IUS)
- Bilateral tubal occlusion
- Vasectomized partner
- Sexual abstinence
- Non-secretory myeloma
Patients fulfilling CRAB criteria:
i. C: Hypercalcemia,
1. s-Ca-ion >1,40 mmol/L, attributable to myeloma ii. R: Renal failure
- Estimated or measured creatinine clearance <40ml/min, attributable to myeloma
- Increased s-creatinine, attributable to myeloma
- Decrease in estimated or measured creatinine clearance <35% within a year, attributable to myeloma
- Renal biopsy-verified renal changes attributable to myeloma iii. A: Anemia, Hgb < 6,3mmol/L (10g/dl), attributable to myeloma iv. B: Bone lesions on X-ray, CT or PET-CT
- Evidence of myeloma defining events i. Clonal bone marrow plasma cell percentage ≥ 60% ii. Ratio of involved/uninvolved serum free light chain ratio ≥ 100 iii. >1 focal lesions on MRI studies, if clinically indicated
- Plasma cell leukemia
- Signs of amyloidosis
- Other malignancies in the medical history excluding basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ cervical cancer and patients cured for another malignant disease with no sign of relapse two years after ended treatment.
- Significant medical condition per investigators judgement e.g. severe Asthma/COPD, poorly regulated heart condition, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
- Acute or chronic viral infection e.g. HIV, hepatitis or tuberculosis
- Serious known allergies or earlier anaphylactic reactions.
- Known sensibility towards Montanide ISA-51
- Any active autoimmune diseases e.g. autoimmune neutropenia, thrombocytopenia or hemolytic anemia, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, myasthenia gravis, autoimmune glomerulonephritis, autoimmune adrenal deficiency, autoimmune thyroiditis etc.
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women.
- Fertile women not using secure contraception with a failure rate less than < 1%
- Patients taking immune suppressive medications incl. corticosteroids and methotrexate at the time of enrollment
- Psychiatric disorders that per investigator judgment could influence compliance.
- Treatment with other experimental drugs
- Concurrent treatment with other anti-cancer drugs.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03850522
|Department of Hematology, Universityhospital Herlev and Gentofte|
|Herlev, Denmark, 2730|
|Principal Investigator:||Nicolai Jørgensen, MD||Department of Hematology|
|Responsible Party:||Lene Meldgaard Knudsen, Head of Department, Department of Hematology, Herlev Hospital|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
2018-003990-93 ( EudraCT Number )
|First Posted:||February 21, 2019 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||April 15, 2022|
|Last Verified:||April 2022|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Undecided|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Smoldering Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Blood Protein Disorders
Immune System Diseases