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Efficacy and Safety of Oral OPS-2071 in Participants With Crohn's Disease Showing Symptoms of Active Inflammation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03850509
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Sponsor Decision)
First Posted : February 21, 2019
Results First Posted : June 15, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 15, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
IQVIA Pvt. Ltd
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects and safety of OPS-2071 (150, 300, or 600 mg twice a day [BID]) versus placebo, as add-on therapy in participants with Crohn's disease who show symptoms of active inflammation despite being on ongoing treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Crohn's Disease Drug: OPS-2071 Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
OPS-2071 is a novel agent that is currently being developed for the treatment of Crohn's disease and was previously investigated for the treatment of enteric infection, including those caused by Clostridium difficile. OPS-2071 belongs to the fluoroquinolone family of compounds and has shown anti-inflammatory and potent antibacterial activity in in vitro and in vivo assays. OPS-2071 is anticipated to be effective in the treatment of Crohn's disease due to its unique mode of action. In vitro investigations of OPS-2071 showed a dual mechanism of action, including a potent, broad spectrum antibacterial effect and a strong anti-inflammatory effect that translated into significant attenuation of numerous cytokines, including TNF-alpha (TNF-α) screening.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Participants are assigned to one of two or more groups in parallel for the duration of the study
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Two or more parties are unaware of the intervention assignment.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Proof-of-Concept Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Orally Administered OPS-2071 for 12 Weeks in Subjects With Crohn's Disease Showing Symptoms of Active Inflammation Despite Ongoing Treatment
Actual Study Start Date : February 25, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 22, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : May 22, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Crohn's Disease

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: OPS-2071 150 mg BID
Participants were to receive OPS-2071 150 mg, tablets, orally, twice daily (BID) in the morning and evening (8 to 12 hours apart) with 240 milliliters (mL) of water for up to 12 weeks.
Drug: OPS-2071
OPS-2071 300 mg, tablets, orally, BID.

Experimental: OPS-2071 300 mg BID
Participants received OPS-2071 300 mg, tablets, orally, BID in the morning and evening (8 to 12 hours apart) with 240 mL of water for up to 6 weeks.
Drug: OPS-2071
OPS-2071 300 mg, tablets, orally, BID.

Experimental: OPS-2071 600 mg BID
Participants were to receive OPS-2071 600 mg, tablets, orally, BID in the morning and evening (8 to 12 hours apart) with 240 mL of water for up to 12 weeks.
Drug: OPS-2071
OPS-2071 300 mg, tablets, orally, BID.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received OPS-2071-matched placebo, tablets, orally, BID in morning and evening (8 to 12 hours apart) with 240 mL of water for up to 4 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
OPS-2071-matched placebo, tablets, orally, BID.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Clinical Remission Based on Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) Score [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    Clinical remission was defined as CDAI score <150 at Week 12. The CDAI evaluated severity of signs and symptoms of Chron's Disease. Some components of the CDAI were reported by the investigator (physical examination for the presence of an abdominal mass and extraintestinal complications, laboratory results for hematocrit levels, and weight) while other components were determined with data collected in a participant diary (number of liquid or soft stools, number of antidiarrheal medications, abdominal pain score, and general well-being). The index values of 150 and below were associated with quiescent disease; values above that indicated active disease, values >=220 indicated moderate to severe disease, and values above 450 were seen with extremely severe disease.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Endoscopic Response Based on Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's Disease (SES-CD) [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    Endoscopic response was defined as a reduction of the SES-CD by at least 50%, at Week 12. The SES-CD is a total score that indicates endoscopic disease activity status based on endoscopy results regarding the size of ulcers, surface ulceration, affected surface size, and presence of luminal narrowing. Each item is scored from 0-3, with total score from 0-60 . Higher score indicates more severe endoscopic activity.

  2. Change From Baseline in the SES-CD Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1) and Week 12 ]
    The SES-CD is a total score that indicates endoscopic disease activity status based on endoscopy results regarding the size of ulcers, surface ulceration, affected surface size, and presence of luminal narrowing. Each item is scored from 0-3, with a total score from 0-60. A higher score indicates more severe endoscopic activity. A negative change from baseline indicates improvement.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Two-item Participant Reported Outcome (PRO-2) Remission [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    PRO-2 remission was defined as stool frequency =< 3 times per day and abdominal pain =< 1 at Week 12. The PRO-2 is a symptom control measure based on 2 participant-reported components (stool frequency and abdominal pain) of the CDAI (on an 11-point scale where 0=no pain to 10=worst imaginable pain). A weekly score was calculated for the liquid or soft stool frequency and a separate weekly score was calculated for abdominal pain, in each case based on daily symptom reporting. PRO2 is a composite index consisting of weighted scoring of both variables. PRO2 scores ranges from 0 to approximately 45, higher score indicates higher disease activity.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Clinical Response Based on CDAI Score [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    Clinical response was defined as at least a 25% decrease in the CDAI score at Week 12. The CDAI evaluated the severity of signs and symptoms of Chron's Disease. Some components of the CDAI were reported by the investigator (physical examination for the presence of an abdominal mass and extraintestinal complications, laboratory results for hematocrit levels, and weight) while other components were determined with data collected in a participant diary (number of liquid or soft stools, number of antidiarrheal medications, abdominal pain score, and general well-being). The index values of 150 and below were associated with quiescent disease; values above that indicated active disease, values >=220 indicated moderate to severe disease, and values above 450 were seen with extremely severe disease.

  5. Percentage of Participants With Endoscopic Remission Based on SES-CD [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    Endoscopic remission was defined as an SES-CD total score of 0 to 2; or a score of 0 to 4, with no individual subscore greater than 1 at Week 12. The SES-CD is a total score that indicates endoscopic disease activity status based on endoscopy results regarding the size of ulcers, surface ulceration, affected surface size, and presence of luminal narrowing. Each item is scored from 0-3, with a total score from 0-60. A higher score indicates more severe endoscopic activity.

  6. Percentage of Participants With a Decrease in the CDAI Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    Percentage of participants who had a decrease of at least => 100 points in CDAI scores were to be reported. The CDAI evaluated the severity of signs and symptoms of Chron's Disease. Some components of the CDAI were reported by the investigator (physical examination for the presence of an abdominal mass and extraintestinal complications, laboratory results for hematocrit levels, and weight) while other components were determined with data collected in a participant diary (number of liquid or soft stools, number of antidiarrheal medications, abdominal pain score, and general well-being). The index values of 150 and below were associated with quiescent disease; values above that indicated active disease, values >=220 indicated moderate to severe disease, and values above 450 were seen with extremely severe disease.

  7. Percentage of Participants With at Least One Treatment-Emergent Adverse Event (TEAE) and Serious Adverse Event (SAE) [ Time Frame: From the signing of the informed consent form up to early termination (up to approximately 9 weeks) ]
    An adverse event (AE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical trial participant and that does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. An SAE is defined as any fatal; life-threatening; persistently or significantly disabling or incapacitating; required in-patient hospitalization or prolonged hospitalization; a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or other medically significant event that, based upon appropriate medical judgment, may have jeopardized the subject and may have required medical or surgical intervention. A TEAE is defined as an AE that occurred after the administration of investigational medicinal product (IMP).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female participants between the ages of 18 and 70 years, inclusive
  • Diagnosis of Crohn's disease localized in the ileum and/or colon, with active mucosal inflammation and visible lesion(s), documented by centrally read ileocolonoscopy and a Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's Disease (SES-CD) ≥ 6 (≥ 4 for isolated ileal disease).
  • Participants who do not have an optimal response (daily stool frequency > 3 and pain score > 1) to their current ongoing treatment of biologics (eg, first anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α] monoclonal antibody), immunosuppressants, low-dose steroids, or 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) formulations.
  • Participants who are on stable Crohn's disease medications for at least 4 weeks.
  • Participants with a CDAI score between 180 and 450 points, inclusive.
  • Participants who are willing and able to follow the trial protocol and have signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Females who are breast-feeding and/or who have a positive pregnancy test result prior to receiving IMP.
  • Sexually active males or WOCBP who do not agree to practice 2 different methods of birth control or remain abstinent during the trial and for 30 days after the last dose of IMP. If employing birth control, 2 of the following precautions must be used: vasectomy, tubal ligation, intrauterine device, birth control pill, birth control implant, or birth control depot injection. A vaginal diaphragm, condom with spermicide, or sponge with spermicide may also be used as measures to prevent pregnancy, but must be used in combination with at least one of the previous methods.
  • Participants taking any nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that cannot be stopped or replaced.
  • Use of prednisone or prednisolone > 30 mg/day or budesonide > 9 mg/day within 4 weeks prior to screening; or intravenous steroids within 4 weeks prior to screening.
  • Participants taking antithrombotic drugs.
  • Participants with symptomatic bowel stenosis, fistula, or stoma; or with more than 2 bowel resections.
  • Participants with short bowel syndrome.
  • participants with known existing aortic aneurysm, or who are at risk for an aortic aneurysm, such as participants with peripheral atherosclerotic vascular diseases, uncontrolled hypertension, certain genetic conditions such as Marfan syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and elderly participants (over the age of 70).
  • Participants with known or suspected (family history, unexplained syncope) long QT syndrome or QTcF > 470 msec for females or > 450 msec for males at baseline.
  • Participants with inadequate organ function, as follows:

    • Serum creatinine > 1.5x the upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Aspartate aminotransferase or alanine aminotransferase levels > 1.5x ULN
    • Total bilirubin > 1.5x ULN. Elevated unconjugated bilirubin related to Gilbert's syndrome is allowed.
  • Use of antibiotics (eg. metronidazole, rifaximin, tinidazole, ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin) within 15 days prior to screening or for greater than 2 months within the past year. A short course (maximum of 5 days) of antibiotics will be permitted during the trial, as needed, for indications other than Crohn's disease.
  • Known hypersensitivity to quinolones or other significant adverse reaction to quinolones.
  • Conditions or circumstances that could prevent completion of the trial according to the judgment of the investigator, including an uncontrolled comorbidity, heart condition, or dysfunction of any other organ; peripheral neuropathy; known arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, or paroxysmal tachycardia; history of myasthenia gravis; history of drug or alcohol abuse, mental illness, or noncompliance with treatments or visits; or known immune-deficiency.
  • HIV infection, viral hepatitis, prior organ transplant, or malignant disease that is not in remission for at least 3 years, with the exception of basal cell carcinoma.
  • Participants who have used any investigational drug within 2 months prior to screening.
  • Blood donation in the last 2 months.
  • Use of inhibitors of UGT1A1 and UGT1A9 (eg, Silybin, diclofenac, mycophenolic acid, efavirenz, regorafenib) and BCRP (eg, Estrone, 17β-estradiol, flavonoids, herb extracts, gefitinib, imatinib, tamoxifen, novobiocin, nelfinavir, ritonavir, dipyridamole, fumitremorgin C, Ko143, cyclosporine, curcumin, eltrombopag, omeprazole, ivermectin).
  • Participants with a history of treatment failure with 2 or more biologics.
  • Participants with risk factors for tendon rupture (ie, psoriasis, ankylosing spondylitis, competitive athletes, renal failure, diabetes mellitus) or who have a history of tendon rupture and/or ongoing tendinopathy.
  • Participants with systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg.
  • Participants taking quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide, encainide, flecainide, sotalol, amiodarone, ibutilide, dronedarone, or propafenone.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03850509


Locations
Show Show 31 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
IQVIA Pvt. Ltd
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 22, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] June 9, 2020

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Responsible Party: Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03850509    
Other Study ID Numbers: 341-201-00004
2019-000176-41 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 21, 2019    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 15, 2021
Last Update Posted: June 15, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Anonymized Individual participant data (IPD) that underlie the results of this study will be shared with researchers to achieve aims pre-specified in a methodologically sound research proposal. Small studies with less than 25 participants are excluded from data sharing.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data will be available after marketing approval in global markets, or beginning 1-3 years following article publication. There is no end date to the availability of the data.
Access Criteria: Otsuka will share data on an Otsuka-owned remotely accessible data sharing platform with Python and R analytical software. Research requests should be directed to clinicaltransparency@Otsuka-us.com
URL: https://clinical-trials.otsuka.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:
Crohn's disease
Inflammatory bowel disease
Fluoroquinolones
Inflammation
Intestine
Digestive tract
Abdominal pain
Diarrhea
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Crohn Disease
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Intestinal Diseases