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TCRαβ-depleted Progenitor Cell Graft With Additional Memory T-cell DLI, Plus Selected Use of Blinatumomab, in Naive T-cell Depleted Haploidentical Donor Hematopoietc Cell Transplantation for Hematologic Malignancies

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03849651
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 21, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 17, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Brief Summary:

Patients less than or equal to 21 years old with high-risk hematologic malignancies who would likely benefit from allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Patients with a suitable HLA matched sibling or unrelated donor identified will be eligible for participation ONLY if the donor is not available in the necessary time.

The purpose of the study is to learn more about the effects (good and bad) of transplanting blood cells donated by a family member, and that have been modified in a laboratory to remove the type of T cells known to cause graft-vs.-host disease, to children and young adults with a high risk cancer that is in remission but is at high risk of relapse. This study will give donor cells that have been TCRαβ-depleted. The TCR (T-cell receptor) is a molecule that is found only on T cells. These T-cell receptors are made up of two proteins that are linked together. About 95% of all T-cells have a TCR that is composed of an alpha protein linked to a beta protein, and these will be removed. This leaves only the T cells that have a TCR made up of a gamma protein linked to a delta protein. This donor cell infusion will be followed by an additional infusion of donor memory cells (CD45RA-depleted) after donor cell engraftment.

This study will be testing the safety and effects of the chemotherapy and the donor blood cell infusions on the transplant recipient's disease and overall survival.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) NK-Cell Leukemia Hodgkin Lymphoma Non Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML) Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) Drug: Cyclophosphamide Biological: Fludarabine Drug: Thiotepa Drug: Melphalan Biological: G-csf Drug: Mesna Device: CliniMACS Biological: ATG (rabbit) Drug: Blinatumomab Biological: TCRα/β+ Biological: CD19+ Biological: CD45RA-depleted DLI Phase 2

  Show Detailed Description

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 140 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: TCRαβ-depleted Progenitor Cell Graft With Additional Memory T-cell DLI, Plus Selected Use of Blinatumomab, in Naive T-cell Depleted Haploidentical Donor Hematopoietc Cell Transplantation for Hematologic Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : January 31, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Transplant participants

Participants receive a conditioning regimen of ATG (rabbit),Cyclophosphamide 60 mg/kg intravenous once daily, mesna, fludarabine, thiotepa, melphalan, followed by HPC,A Infusion(TCRα/β+ and CD19+ depleted),HPC, A infusion (if needed to achieve goal CD34+ cell dose.CD45RA-depleted DLI will be given at least two weeks after engraftment. Blinatumomab will be given at least one week post-DLI, and only to patients with CD19+ malignancies. G-csf 5mcg/kg subcutaneous or intravenous daily until ANC >2000 for 2 consecutive days.

Cells for infusion are prepared using the CliniMACS system.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide

Cyclophosphamide is a nitrogen mustard derivative. It acts as an alkylating agent that causes cross-linking of DNA strands by binding with nucleic acids and other intracellular structures, thus interfering with the normal function of DNA.

intravenously (IV) once daily (QD) on day -9

Other Name: Cytoxan

Biological: Fludarabine

Fludarabine phosphate is a synthetic purine nucleoside analog. It acts by inhibiting DNA polymerase, ribonucleotide reductase and DNA primase by competing with the physiologic substrate, deoxyadenosine triphosphate, resulting in inhibition of DNA synthesis.

fludarabine phosphate IV QD on days -8 to -4

Other Name: Fludara

Drug: Thiotepa
Thiotepa is a cell-cycle nonspecific polyfunctional alkylating agent.
Other Name: Thioplex

Drug: Melphalan

Melphalan, a derivative of nitrogen mustard, is a bifunctional alkylating agent. Melphalan is active against tumor cells that are actively dividing or at rest.

melphalan IV QD on days -2 to -1

Other Name: Alkeran

Biological: G-csf
G-csf (granulocytic colony stimulating factor), is a biosynthetic hematopoietic agent that is made using recombinant DNA technology in cultures of Escherichia coli. G-CSF stimulates production, maturation and activation of neutrophils. In addition, endogenous G-CSF enhances certain functions of mature neutrophils, including phagocytosis, chemotaxis and antibody--dependent cellular cytotoxicity.
Other Names:
  • Neupogen
  • Filgrastim

Drug: Mesna
Mesna is a synthetic sulfhydryl (thiol) compound. Mesna contains free sulfhydryl groups that interact chemically with urotoxic metabolites of oxaza-phosphorine derivatives such as cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide. Following glomerular filtration, mesna disulfide is rapidly reduced in the renal tubules back to mesna, the active form of the drug.
Other Name: Mesnex

Device: CliniMACS
Cells for infusion are prepared using the CliniMACS
Other Name: CliniMACS Prodigy

Biological: ATG (rabbit)

Anti-thymocyte globulin is a purified, pasteurized, gamma immune globulin, obtained by immunization of rabbits with human thymocytes.

rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin IV daily over 6 hours on days -5 to -3,

Other Name: Thymoglobulin

Drug: Blinatumomab

Blinatumomab is a bispecific CD19-directed CD3 T-cell engager that mediates formation of a synapse between T cells and the CD19+ target cell, resulting in lysis of that CD19+ cell.Blinatumomab will be given to patients with a history of CD19+ malignancy as determined by St. Jude hematopathologist review of current and historical specimens and reports.

blinatumomab IV for 28 days beginning at least 1 week post-DLI

Other Name: Blincyto

Biological: TCRα/β+
IV on day 0 and may receive an additional dose on day 1

Biological: CD19+
IV on day 0 and may receive an additional dose on day 1

Biological: CD45RA-depleted DLI
infusion IV




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum effective dose for prophylactic CD45RA-depleted DLI [ Time Frame: 90 days after the transplant date of the last enrolled patient. ]
    Description: A maximum effective dose of CD45RA-depleted DLI is defined as the maximum value of doses that satisfy the proportion of patients with their memory T cell count measured at week 4 post-DLI more than 300/uL is more than 50% and the toxicity of grade 3-4 aGVHD is less than 20%.

  2. One-year Event Free Survival (EFS) after completion of the protocol [ Time Frame: One year after the transplant date of the last enrolled patient ]
    Proportion of patients who are alive and relapse free one year after the date of transplant. (Events=relapse, death)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The number of patients experiencing Blinatumomab permanent discontinuation due to toxicity [ Time Frame: 120 days after transplant date of the last enrolled patient ]
    If the drug is held for more than 2 weeks due to toxicity, it will be permanently discontinued

  2. The estimate of cumulative incidence of relapse [ Time Frame: One year after the transplant date of the last enrolled patient ]
    The cumulative incidence of relapse will be estimated using Kalbfleisch-Prentice method. Death is the competing risk event. The Kaplan-Meier estimates of Overall Survival (OS) and Event Free Survival (EFS) along with their standard errors will be calculated. OS is defined as time from transplantation to death or last follow-up, whichever comes first. EFS is defined as time from transplantation to events including relapse, graft failure, death due to any cause and last follow-up, whichever comes first. The participants are alive at the time of analysis without events will be censored.

  3. The cumulative incidence of acute and chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD) [ Time Frame: One year after the transplant date of the last enrolled patient ]
    The cumulative incidence of acute and chronic (GVHD) will be estimated using Kalbfleisch-Prentice method. Death is the competing risk event. The severity of acute GVHD and chronic GVHD will be described.

  4. The cumulative incidence of transplant related mortality [ Time Frame: 100 days after the transplant date of the last enrolled patient ]
    The cumulative incidence of transplant related mortality will be estimated using Kalbfleisch-Prentice method. Death before day 100 of other reasons are the competing risk events.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Transplant Recipient

  • Age less than or equal to 21 years.
  • Does not have a suitable HLA-matched sibling donor (MSD) or volunteer 10/10 HLA-matched unrelated donor (MUD) available in the necessary time for progenitor cell donation.
  • Has a suitable single haplotype matched (≥ 3 of 6) family member donor.

High risk hematologic malignancy. High risk ALL in CR1. Examples include, but not limited to: t(9;22) with persistent or recurrent transcript, hypodiploid cytogenetics, MRD >1% at the end of induction, M2 or greater marrow at the end of induction, recurrent or rising MRD after induction, Infants with MLL fusion or t(4;11), relapse after prior CART therapy.

ALL in High risk CR2. Examples include, but not limited to t(9;22), BM relapse <36 mo CR1 or <6mo after completion of therapy, any T-ALL, very early (< 6mo CR1) isolated CNS relapse, late BM relapse with poor response to standard reinduction therapy(e.g. MRD positive or recurrence after two blocks), relapse after prior CART therapy.

ALL in CR3 or subsequent.

AML in high risk CR1 (diagnosis of AML includes myeloid sarcoma). Examples include but not limited to: preceding MDS or MDS-related AML, FAB M0, FAB M6, FAB M7 with high risk genetics such as ML not t(1;22), MRD > 0.1% after two cycles of induction, MRD > 1% after one cycle of induction, FLT3-ITD in combination with NUP98-NSD1 fusion or WT1 mutation, any high risk cytogenetics such as: DEK-NUP214 [t(6;9)], KAT6A-CREBBP [t(8;16)], RUNX1-CBFA2T3 [t(16;21)], -7, -5, 5q-, KMT2A-MLLT10 [t(6;11)], KMT2A-MLLT4 [t(10;11)], inv(3)(q21q26.2), CBFA2T3-GLIS2 [inv(16)(p13.3q24.3)], NUP98-KDM5A [t(11;12)(p15;p13)], ETV6-HLXB [t(7;12)(q36;p13)], NUP98-HOXA9 [t(7;11)(p15.4;p15)], NUP98-NSD1.

AML in CR2 or subsequent.

  • Therapy related AML, with prior malignancy in CR > 12mo
  • MDS, primary or secondary
  • NK cell, biphenotypic, or undifferentiated leukemia in CR1 or subsequent.
  • CML in accelerated phase, or in chronic phase with persistent molecular positivity or intolerance to tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma in CR2 or subsequent after failure of prior autologous HCT, or unable to mobilize progenitor cells for autologous HCT.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in CR2 or subsequent after failure of prior autologous HCT, or unable to mobilize progenitor cells for autologous HCT.
  • JMML
  • If prior CNS leukemia, it must be treated and in CNS CR
  • Does not have any other active malignancy other than the one for which this HCT is indicated.
  • No prior allogeneic HCT, and no autologous HCT within the previous 12 months.

Patient must fulfill pre-transplant organ function criteria:

  • Left ventricular ejection fraction > 40%, or shortening fraction ≥ 25%.
  • Creatinine clearance (CrCl) or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 50 ml/min/1.73m2.
  • Forced vital capacity (FVC) ≥ 50% of predicted value; or pulse oximetry ≥ 92% on room air if patient is unable to perform pulmonary function testing.
  • Karnofsky or Lansky (age-dependent) performance score ≥ 50 (See APPENDIX A).
  • Bilirubin ≤ 3 times the upper limit of normal for age.
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 5 times the upper limit of normal for age.
  • Not pregnant. If female with child bearing potential, must be confirmed by negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to enrollment.
  • Not breast feeding
  • Does not have current uncontrolled bacterial, fungal, or viral infection.

Inclusion Criteria for Haploidentical Donor

  • At least single haplotype matched (≥ 3 of 6) family member
  • At least 18 years of age.
  • HIV negative.
  • Not pregnant as confirmed by negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to enrollment (if female).
  • Not breast feeding.

Regarding donation eligibility, is identified as either:

  • Completed the process of donor eligibility determination as outlined in 21 CFR 1271 and agency guidance; OR
  • Does not meet 21 CFR 1271 eligibility requirements, but has a declaration of urgent medical need completed by the principal investigator or physician sub-investigator per 21 CFR 1271.

Exclusion Criteria:

-


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03849651


Contacts
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Contact: Brandon Triplett, MD 866-278-5835 referrainfo@stjude.org

Locations
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United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Recruiting
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Contact: Brandon Triplett, MD    866-278-5833      
Contact: Brandon Triplett, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Brandon Triplett, MD St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03849651     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HAP2HCT
First Posted: February 21, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 17, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: Yes
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Melphalan
Thiotepa
Fludarabine
Fludarabine phosphate
Blinatumomab
Antibodies, Bispecific
Mesna
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors