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The Bihormonal iLet Bionic Pancreas Feasibility Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03840278
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 15, 2019
Results First Posted : December 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Beta Bionics, Inc.
Zealand Pharma
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Steven J. Russell, MD, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
Our objective is to evaluate the function of the bihormonal configuration of the ILet bionic pancreas delivering dasiglucagon when compared to the insulin-only configuration of the ILet bionic pancreas in a home-use study in adults with type 1 diabetes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Device: Bihormonal iLet Bionic Pancreas Device: Insulin-only Bionic Pancreas Drug: Dasiglucagon Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Our objective is to conduct a home-use study testing the Gen 3.2 iLet bionic pancreas system in the insulin-only configuration and the bihormonal configuration with dasiglucagion in 10 adult subjects (≥ 18 years old) with type 1 diabetes in a random-order crossover study under real-world conditions. The study will assess the safety and reliability of both iLet configurations. Our primary objective is to assess whether the iLet operates as designed comparing the insulin-only configuration of the Gen 3.2 iLet bionic pancreas system with the bihormonal configuration of the device using dasiglucagon at a concentration of 4 mg/ml. Our secondary objective is to assess the impact of both configurations of the Gen 3.2 iLet bionic pancreas system on glycemic control, quality of life, and treatment satisfaction among study participants, their caregivers, partners, and/or family members. The study follows a 2-treatment, 2-period crossover design, 2 and will consist of two 7-day study arms in random order: one bihormonal bionic pancreas arm using insulin lispro or insulin aspart and dasiglucagon, and one insulin-only bionic pancreas arm using insulin lispro or insulin aspart.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The study follows a 2-treatment, 2-period crossover design, 2 and will consist of two 7-day study arms in random order: one bihormonal bionic pancreas arm using insulin lispro or insulin aspart and dasiglucagon, and one insulin-only bionic pancreas arm using insulin lispro or insulin aspart.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Bihormonal iLet Bionic Pancreas Feasibility Study
Actual Study Start Date : May 15, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 3, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : July 3, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Bihormonal iLet first, then Insulin-Only iLet

Each sequence of the study will use the iLet Bionic Pancreas. The iLet is an autonomous infusion pump controlled by the bionic pancreas control algorithm that calculates and doses insulin and/or dasiglucagon based on glucose values received by the Dexcom G5 Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM).

For this sequence, participants first used the bihormonal iLet bionic pancreas for 1 week. They then used the insulin-only iLet bionic pancreas for 1 week.

Device: Bihormonal iLet Bionic Pancreas
Bihormonal iLet Bionic Pancreas using insulin and dasiglucagon

Drug: Dasiglucagon
Experimental stable glucagon for use in the iLet Bionic Pancreas

Experimental: Insulin-Only iLet first, then Bihormonal iLet

Each sequence of the study will use the iLet Bionic Pancreas. The iLet is an autonomous infusion pump controlled by the bionic pancreas control algorithm that calculates and doses insulin and/or dasiglucagon based on glucose values received by the Dexcom G5 Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM).

For this sequence, participants first used the insulin-only iLet bionic pancreas for 1 week. They then used the bihormonal iLet bionic pancreas for 1 week.

Device: Insulin-only Bionic Pancreas
Insulin-only iLet Bionic Pancreas using just insulin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Time That Valid CGM Glucose Readings Are Captured by the iLet Bionic Pancreas [ Time Frame: Days 1-7 ]
    Goal for the percentage of time that valid CGM glucose readings are captured by the iLet is ≥80%.

  2. Percentage of Time That Each Drug Channel of the iLet Bionic Pancreas is Available [ Time Frame: Days 1-7 ]
    Goal for the percentage of the time that each drug channel (insulin, and if applicable, glucagon) is available is ≥95%.

  3. The Ratio of Cumulative Drug Doses Delivered to Cumulative Drug Doses Attempted for Insulin and Dasiglucagon [ Time Frame: Days 1-7 ]
    Goal for the ratio of cumulative drug doses delivered to cumulative drug doses attempted is between 0.95 and 1.05, inclusive, for insulin and, if applicable, for glucagon.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Time With CGM Glucose < 54 mg/dl [ Time Frame: Days 2-7 ]
  2. Mean Continuous Glucose Monitor Glucose Concentration [ Time Frame: Days 2-7 ]
    Mean continuous glucose monitor glucose concentration measured days 2-7

  3. Proportion of Time Across Days 2-7 Within the CGM Glucose Range of 70-180 mg/dl [ Time Frame: Days 2-7 ]
  4. Mean Grams of Carbohydrate Per Day to Treat or Prevent Hypoglycemic Events (Reported Daily by Subjects) [ Time Frame: Days 1-7 ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years and have had clinical type 1 diabetes for at least one year
  2. Diabetes managed using an insulin pump for ≥ 3 months
  3. Prescription medication regimen stable for > 1 month (except for medications that will not affect the safety of the participant and are not expected to affect any outcome of the study, in the judgement of the principal investigator)
  4. Willing to wear one Dexcom CGM sensor, and up to two steel cannula infusion sets (6 mm Contact Detach) and change infusion sets frequently (if the subject is known not to tolerate steel infusion sets then a plastic set may be used)
  5. Have used a CGM for at least one cumulative month over the last 24 months
  6. Willing to stay within a 250-mile radius of the designated base throughout the study. Air travel is not permitted.
  7. Informed consent obtained before any trial-related activities
  8. Have a designated contact (an adult ≥ 18 years of age) willing to serve as an emergency contact for them throughout the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Unable to provide informed consent (e.g. impaired cognition or judgment)
  2. Unable to safely comply with study procedures and reporting requirements (e.g. impairment of vision or dexterity that prevents safe operation of the iLet, impaired memory, unable to speak and read English)
  3. Current participation in another clinical trial with administration of investigational drug.
  4. Current participation in another diabetes-related clinical trial that, in the judgment of the principal investigator, will compromise the results of this study or the safety of the participant
  5. Previous exposure to dasiglucagon (otherwise known as ZP4207)
  6. Pregnant (positive urine HCG), breast feeding, plan to become pregnant in the next 12 months, or sexually active without use of contraception

    1. Subjects must use acceptable contraception for the two weeks prior to the study, throughout the study and for the two weeks following the study.
    2. Acceptable contraception methods include:Oral contraceptive pills (OCP), Intrauterine Device (IUD, hormonal or copper), Male condoms, Female condoms, Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide, Contraceptive patch (such as OrthoEvra), Contraceptive implant (such as Implanon, Nexplanon), Vaginal ring (such as Nuvaring), Progestin shot (such as Depo-Provera), Male partner with a vasectomy proven to be effective by semen analysis
  7. Current alcohol abuse (intake averaging >4 drinks daily in last 30 days) or other substance abuse (use within the last 3 months of controlled substances other than marijuana without a prescription)
  8. Unwilling or unable or to avoid use of drugs that may dull the sensorium, reduce sensitivity to symptoms of hypoglycemia, or hinder decision making during the period of participation in the study (use of benzodiazepines or narcotics, even if by prescription, may be excluded according to the judgment of the principal investigator)
  9. Renal failure on dialysis
  10. History of cystic fibrosis, pancreatitis, or other pancreatic disease, including pancreatic tumor or insulinoma, or history of complete pancreatectomy
  11. Coronary artery disease that is not stable with medical management, including unstable angina, angina that prevents moderate exercise (e.g. exercise of intensity up to 6 METS) despite medical management, or within the last 12 months before screening a history of myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, enzymatic lysis of a presumed coronary occlusion, or coronary artery bypass grafting
  12. Abnormal EKG consistent with increased risk of malignant arrhythmia including, but not limited to, evidence of active ischemia, proximal LAD critical stenosis (Wellen's sign), or prolonged QT interval (> 440 ms). Other EKG findings, including stable Q waves, are not grounds for exclusion as long as the participant is not excluded according to other criteria. A reassuring evaluation by a cardiologist after an abnormal EKG finding may allow participation.
  13. Congestive heart failure with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification III or IV
  14. History of TIA or stroke in the last 12 months
  15. History of liver disease that is expected to interfere with the anti-hypoglycemic action of glucagon (e.g. liver failure or cirrhosis). Other liver disease (e.g. active hepatitis, steatosis, active biliary disease, any tumor of the liver, hemochromatosis, glycogen storage disease) may exclude the subject if it causes significant compromise to liver function or may do so in an unpredictable fashion.
  16. Personal history of pheochromocytoma, MEN 2A, MEN 2B, neurofibromatosis, or von Hippel-Lindau disease

    a.Fractionated metanephrines will be tested to rule out pheochromocytoma in patients with symptoms that could be related to a catecholamine secreting tumor, including those with: Episodic or treatment refractory (requiring 4 or more medications to achieve normotension) hypertension, Paroxyms of tachycardia, pallor or headache

  17. History of adrenal disease or tumor that has not undergone characterization for endocrine function
  18. Hypertension with systolic blood pressure ≥160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥100 mm Hg despite treatment
  19. Recent history of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or severe hypoglycemia in the last 6 months. Severe hypoglycemia is defined as an event that required assistance of another person due to altered consciousness, and required another person to actively administer carbohydrate, glucagon, or other resuscitative actions. This means that the participant was impaired cognitively to the point that he/she was unable to treat himself/herself, was unable to verbalize his/ her needs, was incoherent, disoriented, and/or combative, or experienced seizure or coma.
  20. History of more than 1 episode of DKA requiring hospitalization in the last 2 years
  21. History of more than 1 episode of severe hypoglycemia in the last year.
  22. Untreated or inadequately treated mental illness (indicators would include symptoms such as psychosis, hallucinations, mania, and any psychiatric hospitalization in the last year), or treatment with anti-psychotic medications that are known to affect glucose regulation.
  23. Electrically powered implants (e.g. cochlear implants, neurostimulators) that might be susceptible to RF interference
  24. Unable or unwilling to completely avoid acetaminophen for duration of study
  25. Established history of allergy or severe reaction to adhesive or tape that must be used in the study
  26. History of adverse reaction to glucagon (including allergy) besides nausea or vomiting
  27. History of severe hypersensitivity to milk proteins or lactose
  28. History of eating disorder within the last 2 years, such as anorexia, bulimia, or diabulemia or omission of insulin to manipulate weight
  29. Current or planned use of SGLT2 inhibitors (prior use more than 3 months prior to enrollment is acceptable; SGLT2 inhibitors should not be initiated during the trial)
  30. If using GLP1, pramlintide, or metformin must be on a stable dose for 3 months prior to enrollment (these agents should not be initiated during the trial)
  31. Required use of 2 or more steroid bursts in the 6 months prior to the trial
  32. History of intentional, inappropriate administration of insulin leading to severe hypoglycemia requiring treatment
  33. Any factors that, in the opinion of the site principal investigator or clinical protocol chair, would interfere with the safe completion of the study, including medical conditions that may require hospitalization during the trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03840278


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Beta Bionics, Inc.
Zealand Pharma
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Steven J Russell, MD, PhD Massachusetts General Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Steven J. Russell, MD, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital:
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Responsible Party: Steven J. Russell, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03840278    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2019P000252
19-002 ( Other Identifier: Zealand Pharma )
First Posted: February 15, 2019    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 16, 2019
Last Update Posted: December 16, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: Yes
Keywords provided by Steven J. Russell, MD, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital:
bionic pancreas
closed loop
glucagon
insulin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Pancrelipase
Pancreatin
Gastrointestinal Agents