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Trial record 21 of 38 for:    MM-398

Second-line Therapy for Patients With Progressive Poorly Differentiated Extra-pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (NET02)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03837977
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 12, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Leeds
Servier
National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr Mairéad McNamara, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust

Brief Summary:

There is currently no standard treatment beyond first-line etoposide/platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with progressive poorly differentiated extra-pulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma. Therefore the treatment of patients whose disease progresses on or after this first-line treatment is an area of unmet need.

Combination regimens such as irinotecan/5-fluorouracil/folinic acid are a second-line treatment option currently used in Europe and world-wide for this subset of patients. However, there is currently no trial evidence supporting this treatment regimen in these patients.

Results of the NAPOLI-1 phase III trial of liposomal irinotecan in the treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma after gemcitabine-based therapy reported improved survival for those patients who received a combination of liposomal irinotecan with 5-FU/folinic acid compared to those patients who received 5-FU/folinic acid alone. Liposomal irinotecan has been found to show an improved distribution into tumour tissue in comparison to irinotecan, and this may have clinical benefit in patients with extra-pulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma.

Docetaxel is standardly used as a second-line treatment option in patients with small cell lung cancer who have progressed on primary etoposide-platinum combination therapy. Therefore this drug could also have clinical benefit in patients with extra-pulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma as the biology of the disease is similar to small cell lung cancer.

The overall aim of the NET-02 trial is to select a treatment for continuation to a Phase III trial. The intention of the trial is to determine whether liposomal irinotecan/5-fluorouracil/folinic acid and docetaxel are sufficiently active in this population of patients. If both treatments are found to be efficacious, selection criteria will be applied to select a treatment to take forward.

102 eligible participants will be randomised to receive either liposomal irinotecan/5-fluorouracil/folinic acid given every 14 days, or docetaxel given every 21 days. Participants will be treated for a minimum of 6 months or until discontinuation of treatment as per protocol.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Oncology Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Drug: Liposomal Irinotecan Drug: Fluorouracil Drug: Folinic Acid Drug: Docetaxel Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 102 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The study is a randomised controlled trial. One hundred and two eligible participants will be randomised (1:1)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-centre, Randomised, Parallel Group, Open-label, Phase II, Single-stage Selection Trial of Liposomal Irinotecan (Nal-IRI) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/Folinic Acid or Docetaxel as Second-line Therapy in Patients With Progressive Poorly Differentiated Extra-pulmonary Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (NEC))
Actual Study Start Date : November 13, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 1, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 1, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: nal-IRI, 5-FU and racemic folinic acid
liposomal Irinotecan (naI-IRI) (80mg/m*2 intravenously over 90 minutes (± 10 minutes) prior to Fluorouracil (5-FU) 5-FU 2400 mg /m*2 BSA infusor over 46 hours racemic folinic acid (as per local standard practice) every 14 days
Drug: Liposomal Irinotecan
Arm I
Other Name: Onivyde

Drug: Fluorouracil
Arm I

Drug: Folinic Acid
Arm I

Active Comparator: docetaxel
75mg/m*2 intravenously over 60 minutes) every 21 days]
Drug: Docetaxel
Arm II




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival defined as a binary outcome (progression-free or not) [ Time Frame: treatment start date until 6 months, assessed at 8 weekly intervals by CT scan ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival defined as time from randomisation to progression or death from any cause. [ Time Frame: randomisation until 6 months after the last participant is randomised (end of trial), assessed at 8 weekly intervals by CT scan and death is continuously assessed ]
    Individuals will be censored if they are lost to follow-up or still alive and progression-free at the time of analysis.

  2. Overall survival defined as time from randomisation to death from any cause. [ Time Frame: randomisation until 6 months after the last participant is randomised (end of trial), death is continuously assessed ]
    Individuals will be censored if they are lost to follow-up or still alive and progression-free at the time of analysis.

  3. Objective response rate defined using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1. [ Time Frame: start of treatment until 6 months after the last participant is randomised (end of trial) ]
  4. Toxicity defined as the number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by common terminology criteria for adverse events (CTCAE) v5.0. [ Time Frame: treatment start date until 6 months after the last participant is randomised (end of trial), assessed at 2 (nal-IRI/5-FU/folinic acid) or 3 (docetaxel) weekly intervals ]
  5. Quality of life assessed according to the patient reported outcome measures; European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) C30 [ Time Frame: randomisation until 6 months after the last participant is randomised (end of trial), assessed at 6 weekly intervals ]
  6. Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) measurements. [ Time Frame: baseline until 6 months after the last participant is randomised (end of trial), assessed at 6 weekly intervals ]
  7. Quality of life assessed according to the patient reported outcome measures; European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ) GINET21. [ Time Frame: randomisation until 6 months after the last participant is randomised (end of trial), assessed at 6 weekly intervals ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥18 years and life expectancy ≥3 months.
  2. Diagnosed with poorly differentiated (as defined by the World Health Organisation in 2010, Ki 67 ≥20%) extra-pulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC grade 3, confirmed by histology). (Carcinoma of unknown primary is allowed if lung primary has been excluded following review by the multi-disciplinary team).
  3. Prior treatment with first-line platinum-based chemotherapy for NEC in the advanced setting and ≥28 days from Day 1 of the previous treatment cycle.
  4. Documented radiological evidence of disease progression OR discontinuation of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy due to intolerance.
  5. Measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1
  6. Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤2
  7. Adequate renal function with serum creatinine ≤1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) and creatinine clearance ≥50ml30ml/min according to Cockroft-Gault or Wright formula. If the calculated creatinine clearance is less than 30 ml/min, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) may be assessed using either Cr51-EDTA or 99mTc-DTPA clearance method to confirm if GFR is ≥30 ml/min).
  8. Adequate haematological function: Hb ≥90g/L, WBC ≥3.0 x 109/L, ANC ≥1.5 x 109/L, platelet count ≥100 x 109/L.
  9. Adequate liver function: serum total bilirubin 1.5 x ULN (biliary drainage is allowed for biliary obstruction) and ALT and/or AST 2.5 x ULN in the absence of liver metastases, or 5 x ULN in the presence of liver metastases.
  10. A negative pregnancy test is required at registration in women of childbearing potential.
  11. Men and women of reproductive potential must agree to use a highly effective form of contraception during the study and for 6 months following the last dose of trial treatment. In addition, male participants should use a condom during study participation and for 6 months following the last dose of trial treatment.
  12. Patients must be able to provide written informed consent.
  13. Patients must be able and willing to comply with the terms of the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity reaction to any of the components of study treatment or their excipients.
  2. Use (including self-medication) within one week of randomisation and for the duration of the study of any of the following: St. John's wort, grapefruit, Seville oranges, medicines known to inhibit UGT1A1 (e.g. atazanavir, gemfibrozil, indinavir) and medicines known to inhibit or induce either CYP3A4 or CYP3A5
  3. Previous treatment (for neuroendocrine carcinoma) with any of the components of combination chemotherapy regimens detailed in this study (nal-IRI or 5-FU or irinotecan or topoisomerase inhibitors or taxane-based therapy).
  4. Incomplete recovery from previous therapy in the opinion of the investigator (surgery/adjuvant therapy/radiotherapy/chemotherapy in advanced setting), including ongoing peripheral neuropathy of Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2 from previous platinum-based therapy.
  5. Concurrent palliative radiotherapy involving target lesions used for this study (<28 days from discontinuation of radiotherapy). Radiotherapy for non-target lesions is allowed if other target lesions are available outside the involved field.
  6. Patients must not have a history of other malignant diseases (within the previous 3 years, and there must be no evidence of recurrence), other than:

    • Extra-pulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma.
    • Non-melanoma skin cancer where treatment consisted of resection only or radiotherapy.
    • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) where treatment consisted of resection only.
    • Cervical carcinoma in situ where treatment consisted of resection only.
    • Superficial bladder carcinoma where treatment consisted of resection only.
  7. Documented brain metastases, unless adequately treated (surgery or radiotherapy only), with no evidence of progression and neurologically stable off anticonvulsants and steroids.
  8. Clinically significant gastrointestinal disorder (in the opinion of the treating clinician) including hepatic disorders, bleeding, inflammation, obstruction, or diarrhoea ≥CTCAE grade 1 (at time of study entry).
  9. Severe arterial thromboembolic events (myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, stroke) less than 6 months before inclusion.
  10. New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias or uncontrolled blood pressure .
  11. Severe bone marrow failure or bone marrow depression after radiotherapy or treatment with other antineoplastic agents (defined as haematological values of haemoglobin or white blood cells or neutrophils or platelets not meeting inclusion criteria).
  12. Known active hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus or HIV infection.
  13. Active chronic inflammatory bowel disease.
  14. Breastfeeding women.
  15. Evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases which, in the view of the treating clinician, makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial.
  16. Evidence of significant clinical disorder or laboratory finding which, in the opinion of the treating clinician, makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial.
  17. Medical or psychiatric conditions that impair the ability to give informed consent.
  18. Any other serious uncontrolled medical conditions (in the opinion of the treating clinician).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03837977


Contacts
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Contact: Jayne Swain 0113 343 4108 NET02@leeds.ac.uk

Locations
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United Kingdom
The Beaston West of Scotland Cancer Center, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Recruiting
Glasgow, United Kingdom
Contact: Nicholas Reed         
Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust Recruiting
London, United Kingdom
Contact: Rohini Sharma         
The Christie NHS Foundation Trust Recruiting
Manchester, United Kingdom, M20 4BX
Weston Park Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, NHS Trust Recruiting
Sheffield, United Kingdom
Contact: Jonathan Wadsley         
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Christie NHS Foundation Trust
University of Leeds
Servier
National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mairead McNamara The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, The University of Manchester

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Responsible Party: Dr Mairéad McNamara, Chief Investigator, The Christie NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03837977     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CFTSp116
First Posted: February 12, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Adenocarcinoma
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Docetaxel
Irinotecan
Fluorouracil
Leucovorin
Levoleucovorin
Folic Acid
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidotes