Rate of Cancer of Granular Mixed Laterally Spreading Tumors (GM-LST) (LST GM)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03836131|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 11, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2019
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in men and the second in women worldwide, with 1.65 million new cases and almost 835,000 deaths in 2015. CRC is still a major cause of mortality associated with cancer, although the wide spread of the screening program has led to a reduction in the mortality rate compared to the last decades.
CRCs derive from precancerous lesions that may be polypoid or non-polypoid according to the Paris classification. Thus, resection in an early stage could led to a CRC mortality reduction.
Laterally spreading tumors (LST) are non-polypoid lesions of at least 1 cm in diameter that have lateral growth rather than upward or downward growth.
The prevalence of LSTs ranges from 1 to 6% of all colorectal lesions. LSTs can be divided into two groups: granular LSTs, which include homogeneous and granular mixed forms and non-granular (NG) LSTs, which include pseudo-depressed and flat-elevated forms.
Histologically, 90% of LSTs are adenomas and having a low incidence of invasive neoplasia, these lesions can be removed endoscopically.
However, as evidenced by a recent meta-analysis published by Bogie Roel MM et al on Endoscopy, the type of LST and the distal or proximal colonic localization could represent predictors of submucosal invasion and could simplify the therapeutic decision for the removal of these lesions. GM-LSTs and pseudo-depressed NG-LSTs predominantly localize in the distal portion of the colon and have a submucosal invasion rate of 10,5% and 31,6% respectively.
LSTs can be removed both through endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). The main limitation of EMR is that large lesions require a piecemeal approach, resulting in a non-optimal histological evaluation and a high risk of recurrence. ESD instead allows a higher rate of en bloc resections, thus resulting more curative and reducing the risk of having partial and incomplete resections, which can lead to disease recurrence/non curative resection.
LST-GM are characterized by the presence of a granular appearance with a main nodule and represent approximately 1/4 of the LSTs. There are no guidelines indicating the proper resective technique of these lesions.
The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) suggests to consider ESD for the removal of colorectal lesions that are > 20 mm in size, with a depressed and irregular morphology or a non-granular surface pattern, as these lesions have a high probability of having a limited submucosal invasion. Moreover ESD can be used to treat lesions that cannot be completely removed with standard polypectomy or EMR.
The investigators propose to perform a multicenter retrospective observational study to define the percentage of cancer in patients with GM-LSTs treated with endoscopic resection in order to evaluate the correlation between pre-resection and post-resection characteristics, defining the best therapeutic approach (en bloc or piecemeal) and avoiding incomplete endoscopic resections or unnecessary surgical procedures.
|Condition or disease|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||2000 participants|
|Official Title:||Rate of Cancer of Granular Mixed Laterally Spreading Tumors (GM-LST): A Restrospective Multicentric Analysis|
|Actual Study Start Date :||December 31, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2019|
- The percentage of cancer in patients with GM-LSTs treated with endoscopic resection. [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03836131
|Contact: Alessandro Repici, MDemail@example.com|
|Humanitas Research Hospital||Recruiting|
|Milano, Italy, 20089|
|Contact: Alessandro Repici, MD 0039-02-82244507 firstname.lastname@example.org|