Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 1 of 1 for:    Using a Narrative-Based Approach to Reducing Indoor Tanning
Previous Study | Return to List | Next Study

Social Media Indoor Tanning Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03834974
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 8, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sherry Pagoto, University of Connecticut

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research is to develop a social media delivered intervention to reduce unprotected sun exposure in young adults with a history of tanning.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Skin Cancer Behavioral: Sun Safety Social Media Challenge Behavioral: Digital Health Social Media Challenge Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
We will use social marketing theory and a user-centered design approach to develop a social media intervention that engages young adults with a history of tanning to practice sun safety behaviors. We will incentivize young adults who have a history of tanning to create social media posts that encourage their peers to engage in sun safety. Focus groups of tanners guided the development of the intervention. Investigators will conduct a pilot feasibility trial where participants will be randomized to a condition in which they are incentivized to create sun safety social media messages to be posted on a sun safety social media account or a condition in which they are incentivized to create social media messages about how to use technology to support healthy lifestyle behaviors to be posted on a health technology social media account. The intervention will last 4 weeks. Feasibility outcomes include recruitment, retention, acceptability, participation, social media message engagement (likes, comments, shares), persuasive impact of messages, unprotected sun exposure, sun protection, and tanning behavior. This work will inform a fully powered randomized trial testing the efficacy of this intervention.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 66 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Using a Narrative-Based Approach to Reducing Indoor Tanning
Actual Study Start Date : June 6, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 28, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : October 28, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Tanning

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sun Safety Social Media Challenge
During this 4-week intervention, participants will be incentivized to create sun safety social media messages that will be distributed on our sun safety Twitter and Facebook feeds.
Behavioral: Sun Safety Social Media Challenge
Participants will attend a webinar to learn how to create effective social media posts about sun safety and be oriented to the social media accounts on which the messages will be posted. They will be informed that posts should include a sun safety message (e.g., promoting sunscreen use and protective clothing/hats or discouraging risk behaviors like tanning and burning). They will be encouraged to be creative so that the message gets likes and shares. Participants will be encouraged to follow the feeds to see the engagement on their posts, to share the posts in their feed, and to see other participants' posts. Participants will receive a $10 Amazon gift card per post for a maximum of 6 posts ($60). The participant who created the post that receives the most likes, comments, and shares each week will win a $50 Amazon gift card.

Active Comparator: Digital Health Social Media Challenge
During this 4-week intervention, participants will be incentivized to create posts that promote the use of technology to engage in healthy lifestyle behaviors (diet, exercise) on our digital health Twitter and Facebook feeds.
Behavioral: Digital Health Social Media Challenge
Participants will attend a webinar to learn how to create effective social media posts about using technology to get healthy and be oriented to the social media accounts on which the messages will be posted. They will be informed that posts should mention some way that technology (e.g., mobile apps, wearables) can be used to promote a healthy habit (e.g., diet, exercise). They will be encouraged to be creative so that the message gets likes and shares. Participants will be encouraged to follow the feeds to see the engagement on their posts, to share the posts in their feed, and to see other participants' posts. Participants will receive a $10 Amazon gift card per post for a maximum of 6 posts ($60). The participant who created the post that receives the most likes, comments, and shares each week will win a $50 Amazon gift card.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recruitment [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    The number of responses to recruitment ads, % of total respondents that were eligible, % of total respondents and eligible respondents who consented, and characteristics of those consented (e.g., gender, age, race) will be tracked.

  2. Retention [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    The % of participants in each condition who complete the follow-up assessment.

  3. Acceptability [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    A 5-point Likert scale rating of how likely participants would be to recommend the intervention to a friend, and how likely they would be to participate again.

  4. Participation [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    The number of posts created by participants

  5. Post engagement [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    The number of likes, replies, and shares/RTs each participant post received.

  6. Desirability of tanning [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    5 point Likert ratings of the following features of tanning: favorability, appeal, sanitary, fear for personal safety, trustworthiness of industry (indoor tanning), and disgusting (tanning beds).

  7. Desirability of tanning [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    5 point Likert ratings of the following features of tanning: favorability, appeal, sanitary, fear for personal safety, trustworthiness of industry (indoor tanning), and disgust (tanning beds).

  8. Desirability of tanning alternatives [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    5 point Likert scale items on the following features of sunless tanning products and services: favorability, appeal, sanitary, fear for personal safety, trustworthiness of industry, and disgusting.

  9. Desirability of tanning alternatives [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    5 point Likert scale items on the following features of sunless tanning products and services: favorability, appeal, sanitary, fear for personal safety, trustworthiness of industry, and disgusting.

  10. Persuasive impact of participant messages [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    A single 0-10 item of how persuaded the participant is by a message created by another participant.

  11. Contamination [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    The number of control participants who report they saw the sun safety Twitter or Facebook feeds.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tanning intentions [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Three items assessed intentions to tan even once, intentions to tan regularly in the next year, and intentions to quit on a 7-point scale (1=definitely will not, 7=definitely will).

  2. Tanning intentions [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    Three items assessed intentions to tan even once, intentions to tan regularly in the next year, and intentions to quit on a 7-point scale (1=definitely will not, 7=definitely will).

  3. Sun Exposure [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    How many hours the participant spent outside per day between 10am and 4pm

  4. Sun Exposure [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    How many hours the participant spent outside per day between 10am and 4pm

  5. Outdoor tanning [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    How many times and for how long in the last 4 weeks the participant went outside for the purpose of tanning in the sun.

  6. Outdoor tanning [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    How many times and for how long in the last 4 weeks the participant went outside for the purpose of tanning in the sun.

  7. Sun Protection [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Rating of how often sun protection (sunscreen, protective clothing) was used in the past month

  8. Sun Protection [ Time Frame: 4-week follow-up ]
    Rating of how often sun protection (sunscreen, protective clothing) was used in the past month

  9. Indoor tanning behavior [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Number of indoor tanning visits in the previous month

  10. Indoor tanning behavior [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Number of indoor tanning visits in the previous month

  11. Sunburn [ Time Frame: baseline ]
    Number of sunburns in the past month

  12. Sunburn [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    Number of sunburns in the past month



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ages 18-30
  • Tanned indoors or outdoors at least once in the past year
  • Intends to tan indoors or outdoors this summer
  • Daily user of any social media platform

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No smartphone
  • Does not use a social media platform daily
  • Lives in a state with an average temperature <75 degrees in May
  • Inability to provide consent due to mental illness or a cognitive impairment
  • Non-English speaking
  • Prisoner

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03834974


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Connecticut
University of Connecticut
Storrs, Connecticut, United States, 06269
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Connecticut
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Sherry L Pagoto, PhD University of Connecticut
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Sherry Pagoto, Professor, University of Connecticut
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03834974    
Other Study ID Numbers: H17-305
R21CA226133-01 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: February 8, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Skin Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Skin Diseases